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Rawls's 'A Theory of Justice'
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  • Jon Mandle, State University of New York, Albany
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Book description

A Theory of Justice, by John Rawls, is widely regarded as the most important twentieth-century work of Anglo-American political philosophy. It transformed the field by offering a compelling alternative to the dominant utilitarian conception of social justice. The argument for this alternative is, however, complicated and often confusing. In this book Jon Mandle carefully reconstructs Rawls's argument, showing that the most common interpretations of it are often mistaken. For example, Rawls does not endorse welfare-state capitalism, and he is not a 'luck egalitarian' as is widely believed. Mandle also explores the relationship between A Theory of Justice and the developments in Rawls's later work, Political Liberalism, as well as discussing some of the most influential criticisms in the secondary literature. His book will be an invaluable guide for anyone seeking to engage with this ground-breaking philosophical work.

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Contents

Bibliography
WORKS BY JOHN RAWLS
A Study in the Grounds of Ethical Knowledge (PhD Dissertation, Princeton University, 1950).
A Theory of Justice (Harvard University Press, 1971; rev. edn, 1999) (text citations to TJ).
“John Rawls: For the Record,” The Harvard Review of Philosophy (spring, 1991).
Political Liberalism (Columbia University Press, 1993; expanded edn, 2005) (text citations to PL).
Collected Papers, Freeman, Samuel, ed. (Harvard University Press, 1999).
The Law of Peoples (Harvard University Press, 1999).
Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy, Herman, Barbara, ed. (Harvard University Press, 2000).
Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, Kelly, Erin, ed. (Harvard University Press, 2001).
“Afterword: A Reminiscence” in Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth-Century Philosophy, Floyd, Juliet and Shieh, Sanford, eds. (Oxford University Press, 2001).
Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy, Freeman, Samuel, ed. (Harvard University Press, 2007).
A Brief Inquiry into the Meaning of Sin and Faith: With “On My Religion,” Nagel, Thomas, ed. (Harvard University Press, 2009).
BOOKS AND COLLECTIONS ON RAWLS AND A THEORY OF JUSTICE
Symposium on the Reception of Rawls in Europe,” European Journal of Political Theory, 1 (2002).
Barry, Brian, The Liberal Theory of Justice (Oxford University Press, 1973).
Blocker, H. Gene and Smith, Elizabeth H., eds., John Rawls's Theory of Social Justice (Ohio University Press, 1980).
Daniels, Norman, ed., Reading Rawls: Critical Studies on Rawls' ‘A Theory of Justice’ (Stanford University Press, 1989).
Freeman, Samuel, Justice and the Social Contract: Essays on Rawlsian Political Philosophy (Oxford University Press, 2007).
Freeman, SamuelRawls (Routledge, 2007).
Freeman, Samuel, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Rawls (Cambridge University Press, 2003).
Kukathas, Chandran and Pettit, Philip, Rawls: “A Theory of Justice” and its Critics (Stanford University Press, 1990).
Mandle, Jon, What's Left of Liberalism? An Interpretation and Defense of Justice as Fairness (Lexington Books, 2000).
Martin, Rex, Rawls and Rights (Kansas University Press, 1985).
Pogge, Thomas, Realizing Rawls (Cornell University Press, 1989).
Pogge, ThomasJohn Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice (Oxford University Press, 2007).
Richardson, Henry and Weithman, Paul, eds., The Philosophy of Rawls: A Collection of Essays, 5 vols. (Garland, 1999).
Talisse, Robert, On Rawls (Wadsworth, 2001).
Wolff, Robert Paul, Understanding Rawls: A Reconciliation and Critique of “A Theory of Justice” (Princeton University Press, 1977).
OTHER WORKS CITED
“The Good of Justice as Fairness,” Times Literary Supplement, May 5, 1972.
“Rawls is Given Two Awards for Book on Justice Theory,” The Harvard Crimson, December 7, 1972, www.thecrimson.com/article.aspx?ref=245388.
Ackerman, Bruce, “Political Liberalisms,” The Journal of Philosophy, 91 (1994).
Anderson, Elizabeth, “What is the Point of Equality?Ethics, 109 (1999).
Arneson, Richard, “Against ‘Complex Equality’” in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality, Miller, David and Walzer, Michael, eds. (Oxford University Press, 1995).
Barber, Benjamin, The Conquest of Politics (Princeton University Press, 1988).
Barry, Brian, “Political Argument after Twenty-Five Years: An Introduction to the Reissue” in Political Argument: A Reissue with a New Introduction (University of California Press, 1990).
Baynes, Kenneth, “Ethos and Institutions: On the Site of Distributive Justice,” Journal of Social Philosophy, 37 (2006).
Becker, Lawrence, “Against the Supposed Difference between Historical and End-State Theories,” Philosophical Studies, 41 (1982).
Berlin, Isaiah, “Does Political Theory Still Exist?” in Laslett, and Runciman, , Philosophy, Politics and Society (second series).
Brandt, Richard, A Theory of the Good and the Right (Oxford University Press, 1979).
Clark, Barry and Gintis, Herbert, “Rawlsian Justice and Economic Systems,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 7 (1978).
Cohen, G. A., “Robert Nozick and Wilt Chamberlain: How Patterns Preserve Liberty” [1977] in Self-Ownership, Freedom and Equality (Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Cohen, G. A.On the Currency of Egalitarian Justice,” Ethics, 99 (1989).
Cohen, G. A. “Incentives, Inequality, and Community,” The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, 13, Peterson, Grethe, ed. (University of Utah Press, 1992).
Cohen, G. A.If You're an Egalitarian, How Come You're So Rich? (Harvard University Press, 2000).
Cohen, G. A. “Expensive Taste Rides Again” in Dworkin and His Critics, Burley, Justine, ed. (Blackwell, 2004).
Cohen, Joshua, “Book Review of Spheres of Justice,” The Journal of Philosophy, 83 (1986).
Cohen, JoshuaDemocratic Equality,” Ethics, 99 (1989).
Cohen, JoshuaTaking People as They Are?Philosophy and Public Affairs, 30 (2001).
Cohen, Joshua “For a Democratic Society” in Freeman, The Cambridge Companion to Rawls.
Cohen, JoshuaThe Importance of Philosophy: Reflections on John Rawls,” South African Journal of Philosophy, 32 (2004).
Cohen, Marshall, “Review of A Theory of Justice,” New York Times Book Review, July 16, 1972.
Dewey, John, “The Need for a Recovery of Philosophy” [1917] in The Essential Dewey, vol. I, Hickman, Larry and Alexander, Thomas, eds. (Indiana University Press, 1998).
Dewey, John, “Experience, Knowledge and Value: A Rejoinder” [1939] in The Philosophy of John Dewey, Schilpp, Paul and Hahn, Lewis, eds., 3rd edn. (Open Court, 1989).
Dworkin, Ronald, “John Rawls,” The Harvard Review of Philosophy, 11 (2003).
Eberle, Christopher, Religious Conviction in Liberal Politics (Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Elster, Jon, Local Justice: How Institutions Allocate Scarce Goods and Necessary Burdens (Russell Sage Foundation, 1992).
English, Jane, “Justice between Generations,” Philosophical Studies, 31 (1977).
Estlund, David, “Liberalism, Equality, and Fraternity in Cohen's Critique of Rawls,” Journal of Political Philosophy, 6 (1998).
Freeman, Samuel, “Congruence and the Good of Justice” in Freeman, Justice and the Social Contract.
Freeman, Samuel “Rawls and Luck Egalitarianism” in Freeman, Justice and the Social Contract.
Freeman, SamuelFrontiers of Justice: The Capabilities Approach vs. Contractarianism,” Texas Law Review, 85 (2006).
Fried, Barbara, “Wilt Chamberlain Revisited: Nozick's ‘Justice in Transfer’ and the Problem of Market-Based Distribution,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 24 (1995).
Galston, William, Liberal Purposes: Goods, Virtues, and Diversity in the Liberal State (Cambridge University Press, 1991).
Gauthier, David, Moral by Agreement (Oxford University Press, 1986).
Gray, John, “Contractarian Method, Private Property and the Market Economy” in Liberalisms: Essays in Political Philosophy (Routledge, 1989).
Gregory, Eric, “Before the Original Position: The Neo-Orthodox Theology of the Young John Rawls,” Journal of Religious Ethics, 35 (2007).
Habermas, Jürgen, “Life-Forms, Morality and the Task of the Philosopher” [1984] in Autonomy and Solidarity, rev. edn., Dews, Peter, ed. (Verso, 1992).
Habermas, JürgenMoral Consciousness and Communicative Action, Lenhardt, Christian and Nicholsen, Shierry Weber, trans. (MIT Press, 1990).
Hampton, Jean, “Contracts and Choices: Does Rawls Have a Social Contract Theory?Journal of Philosophy, 77 (1980).
Hare, R. M., “Rawls' Theory of Justice” [1973] in Daniels, Reading Rawls.
Hare, R. M. “Ethical Theory and Utilitarianism” in Utilitarianism and Beyond, Sen, Amartya and Williams, Bernard, eds. (Cambridge University Press, 1982).
Harsanyi, John, “Can the Maximin Principle Serve as a Basis for Morality? A Critique of John Rawls's Theory” [1975] in Essays on Ethics, Social Behavior, and Scientific Explanation (D. Reidel, 1976).
Hart, H. L. A., “Rawls on Liberty and Its Priority” [1973] in Daniels, , Reading Rawls.
Hart, H. L. A. “Between Utility and Rights” [1979] in Essays in Jurisprudence and Philosophy (Oxford University Press, 1983).
Kant, Immanuel, The Metaphysics of Morals [1797], Gregor, Mary, trans. (Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Kearns, Deborah, “A Theory of Justice and Love – Rawls on the Family,” Politics, 16 (1987).
Korsgaard, Christine, “The Reasons We Can Share” [1993] in Creating the Kingdom of Ends (Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Krouse, Richard and McPherson, Michael, “Capitalism, ‘Property-Owning Democracy,’ and the Welfare State” in Democracy and the Welfare State, Gutmann, Amy, ed. (Princeton University Press, 1988).
Larmore, Charles, The Morals of Modernity (Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Laslett, Peter, Introduction in Laslett, Philosophy, Politics and Society.
Laslett, Peter, ed., Philosophy, Politics and Society (Blackwell, 1956).
Laslett, Peter and Runciman, W. G., eds., Philosophy, Politics and Society (second series), (Blackwell, 1964).
Locke, John, Two Treatises of Government [1690], Laslett, Peter, ed. (Cambridge University Press, 1960).
MacIntyre, Alasdair, After Virtue, 2nd edn (Notre Dame, 1984).
Mandle, Jon, “Having It Both Ways: Justification and Application in Justice as Fairness,” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 75 (1994).
Mandle, JonJustice, Desert, and Ideal Theory,” Social Theory and Practice, 23 (1997).
Mandle, JonThe Reasonable in Justice as Fairness,” Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 29 (1999).
Meade, J. E., Liberty, Equality and Efficiency (New York University Press, 1993).
Mill, J. S., Considerations on Representative Government in On Liberty and Other Essays, Gray, John, ed. (Oxford University Press, 1991).
Millgram, Elijah, Ethics Done Right: Practical Reasoning as a Foundation for Moral Theory (Cambridge University Press, 2005).
Mulhall, Stephen and Adam, Smith, Liberals and Communitarians, 2nd edn. (Blackwell, 1996).
Thomas, Nagel, “Rawls on Justice” [1973] in Daniels, Reading Rawls.
Thomas, Nagel “Libertarianism without Foundations” [1975] in Reading Nozick: Essays on “Anarchy, State, and Utopia,” Paul, Jeffrey, ed. (Blackwell, 1981).
Thomas, NagelMortal Questions (Cambridge University Press, 1979).
Thomas, Nagel “Rawls and Liberalism” in Freeman, The Cambridge Companion to Rawls.
Nozick, Robert, Anarchy, State, and Utopia (Basic Books, 1974).
Okin, Susan, Justice, Gender and the Family (Basic Books, 1989).
Parekh, B., “Reflections on Rawls's Theory of Justice,” Political Studies, 20 (1972).
Partridge, P. H., “Politics, Philosophy, Ideology,” Political Studies, 9 (1961).
Pogge, Thomas, “On the Site of Distributive Justice: Reflections on Cohen and Murphy,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 29 (2000).
Posner, Richard, The Problematics of Moral and Legal Theory (Harvard University Press, 1999).
Ron, Amit, “Visions of Democracy in ‘Property-Owning Democracy’: Skelton to Rawls and Beyond,” History of Political Thought, 29 (2008).
Rorty, Richard, “The Priority of Democracy to Philosophy” [1988] in Objectivity, Relativism, and Truth: Philosophical Papers, vol. I (Cambridge University Press, 1991).
Rorty, Richard “Human Rights, Rationality, and Sentimentality” [1993] in Truth and Progress: Philosophical Papers, vol. III (Cambridge University Press, 1998).
Sachs, David, “How to Distinguish Self-Respect from Self-Esteem,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 10 (1981).
Samuelson, Robert, “Faculty Shelves Draft Resolution after Debating for Hour and Half,” The Harvard Crimson, January 11, 1967, www.thecrimson.com/article.aspx?ref=270764.
Sandel, Michael, “The Procedural Republic and the Unencumbered Self,” Political Theory, 12 (1984).
Sandel, MichaelDemocracy's Discontent (Harvard University Press, 1996).
Sandel, MichaelLiberalism and the Limits of Justice, 2nd edn. (Cambridge University Press, 1998).
Schaller, Walter, “Rawls, the Difference Principle, and Economic Inequality,” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 79 (1998).
Scheffler, Samuel, “What is Egalitarianism?Philosophy and Public Affairs, 31 (2003).
Scheffler, Samuel “Is the Basic Structure Basic?” in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen, Sypnowich, Christine, ed. (Oxford University Press, 2006).
Schwartz, Adina, “Moral Neutrality and Primary Goods,” Ethics, 83 (1973).
Singer, Peter, “Sidgwick and Reflective Equilibrium,” The Monist, 58 (1974).
Smith, Michael, The Moral Problem (Blackwell, 1994).
Smith, Paul, “Incentives and Justice: G. A. Cohen's Egalitarian Critique of Rawls,” Social Theory and Practice, 24 (1998).
Sobel, David, “Full Information Accounts of Well-Being,” Ethics, 104 (1994).
Parijs, Philippe, “Difference Principles” in Freeman, The Cambridge Companion to Rawls.
Walzer, Michael, “Philosophy and Democracy,” Political Theory, 9 (1981).
Walzer, MichaelSpheres of Justice (Basic Books, 1983).
Walzer, Michael‘Spheres of Justice’: An Exchange,” New York Review of Books, July 21, 1983.
Weldon, T. D., “Political Principles” in Laslett, Philosophy, Politics and Society.
Williams, Andrew, “Incentives, Inequality, and Publicity,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 27 (1998).
Williams, Bernard, “A Fair State,” London Review of Books, May 13, 1993.
Wolff, Jonathan, Robert Nozick: Property, Justice and the Minimal State (Stanford University Press, 1991).
Wolff, Jonathan “John Rawls: Liberal Democracy Restated” in Liberal Democracy and Its Critics, Carter, April and Stokes, Geoffrey, eds. (Polity, 1998).
Wolff, JonathanFairness, Respect, and the Egalitarian Ethos,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 27 (1998).
Wolterstorff, Nicholas, “The Role of Religion in Decision and Discussion of Political Issues” in Religion in the Public Square: The Place of Religious Convictions in Political Debate, Audi, Robert and Wolterstorf, Nicholasf, eds. (Rowman and Littlefield, 1997).

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