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  • Print publication year: 2021
  • Online publication date: May 2021

1 - The Ecological Niche


At least until Hubbell’s neutral theory emerged, no concept was thought more important to ecological theorizing than the niche. Without it – and its highly abstract definition by Hutchinson in particular – technically sophisticated and well-regarded theories of character displacement, community assembly, limiting similarity, and many others would seemingly never have been developed. To cite just one example among many, grasslands in the central plains of North America and Africa share a similar structure and exhibit similar dynamics because they are claimed to instantiate roughly the same system of niches, albeit with different species. The niche concept is also the centerpiece of perhaps the best candidate for a distinctively ecological law, the competitive exclusion principle. But the incongruous array of proposed definitions of the concept squares poorly with its apparent scientific centrality. I argue this definitional diversity reflects a problematic conceptual imprecision that challenges its putative indispensability in ecological theory. Recent attempts to integrate these disparate definitions into a unified characterization fail to resolve the imprecision. The niche is not the conceptual cornerstone of ecological science.

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