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  • Cited by 3
  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: May 2011

13 - Future directions for research and conservation of long-tailed macaque populations

from Part V - Understanding and managing the human–macaque interface


Long-tailed macaques are an edge species, preferring to live along the forest borders of many habitat types (Gumert, Chapter 1). The result of this preference is that long-tailed macaques are adaptable generalists that are frequently found along the edges of human settlements across Southeast Asia. Another consequence is that long-tailed macaques can adjust quickly to living with other species, and thus have commonly expanded beyond the edge to overlap with humans in numerous contexts (see Part II). Due to the close association with humans, macaque populations can be powerfully impacted by human activity. In some cases they have been carried and introduced to areas beyond their normal range (see Part III). The overlap of macaques and humans, and the consequences of this overlap, needs to be better understood. While the basis of our relationship with long-tailed macaques is becoming apparent, much more research will be needed to fully understand their population and the causes and consequences of our interface with them. This chapter is an attempt to focus future research in a few important areas that will be necessary for better understanding the population, ecology, and synanthropic nature of long-tailed macaques. This chapter focuses on three subject areas that warrant special consideration for future scientific research on M. fascicularis: population-level research, the issue of ethnophoresy and introduced populations, and the causes and consequences of human-macaque overlap.

Directions for population-level research

Long-tailed macaques perhaps have the greatest amount of intraspecific variation of any primate species (Fooden, 2006).

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