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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: July 2019

Chapter 1 - Ancient and Modern Views on Metaphor in Homer


In this chapter, the author briefly recounts the history of the study of metaphor when it comes to Homer; he begins with the ancient discussions, moving from Aristotle through to Porphyry; these authors considered metaphor primarily a matter of intentional diction that added nobility and vigor to the style of the epics. He then moves on to modern discussions of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, arguing that metaphor was somewhat disregarded in favor of Homeric simile. Finally, he demonstrates how recent studies of Homer have become receptive to the new definition of metaphor that has emerged in cognitive linguistics.