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  • Print publication year: 2016
  • Online publication date: June 2016

Chapter 26 - Caesarean section

from Section 6 - Obstetric emergencies

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1Althabe, F, Belizan, JM, Villar, J, et al. Mandatory second opinion to reduce rates of unnecessary caesarean sections in Latin America: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2004;363:1934–40.
2Bujold, E, Bujold, C, Hamilton, EF, et al. The impact of a single-layer or double-layer closure on the uterine rupture. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002;186:1326–30.
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4Cetin, A. Superficial wound disruption after cesarean delivery: effect of the depth and closure of subcutaneous tissue. Int J Gynecol Obstet 1997;57:1721.
5Clark, AS. Nonclosure of peritoneum at surgery. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1997;104:10991200.
6Department of Health. NHS Maternity Statistics, England – 2009/10. (
7Haaz, DM, Ayres, AW. Laceration injury at cesarean section. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2002;11:196–8.
8Murphy, DJ, Liebling, RE, Patel, R, et al. Cohort study of operative delivery in the second stage of labour and standard of obstetric care. BJOG 2003;110:610–15.
9Murphy, DJ, Liebling, RE, Verity, L, et al. Early maternal and neonaatal morbidity associated with operative delivery in second stage of labour: a cohort study. Lancet 2001;358:1203–8.
10Murphy, DJ, Pope, C, Frost, J, Liebling, RE. Women’s views on the impact of operative delivery in the second stage of labour: qualitative interview study. BMJ 2003;327: 1132–5.
11National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health. Caesarean Section. Clinical Guideline. London: RCOG Press 2004.
12Olah, KS. Reversal of the decision for casesarean section in the second stage of labour on the basis of consultant vaginal assessment. J Obstet Gynaecol 2005;25:115–16.
13Peleg, D, Perlitz, Y, Pansky, S, et al. Accidental delivery through a vaginal incision (laparoelytrotomy) during caesarean section in the second stage of labour. BJOG 2001;108: 659–60.
14Porter, S, Paterson-Brown, S. Avoiding inadvertent laparoelytrotomy. BJOG 2003;110: 91–2.
15Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Clinical Effectiveness Support Unit. The National Sentinel Caesarean Section Audit Report. London: RCOG Press 2001.
16Wiener, JJ, Westwood, J. Fetal lacerations at caesarean section. J Obstet Gynaecol 2002;22:23–4.