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  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: July 2020

23 - Implementation Science and Translation in Behavior Change

from Part II - Methods and Processes of Behavior Change: Intervention Development, Application, and Translation


This chapter provides an overview of implementation science approaches relevant for behavior change interventions, including those developed to (1) identify and explain implementation processes (e.g., the Ottawa model for research use); (2) identify implementation determinants, including barriers and facilitators (e.g., the consolidated framework for implementation research); and (3) select implementation outcomes and conduct the evaluation of implementation processes (e.g., the RE-AIM model). Implementation approaches may be further divided into implementation theories, evidence-based frameworks, and taxonomies used to identify and manage key aspects of implementation that contribute to determining the efficacy of behavior change interventions delivered in “real-world” contexts. The chapter concludes with an example of a translational research model providing a set of overarching descriptions of the processes linking basic science findings with the evidence-based applications.

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