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  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: July 2010

VI - Ectopic Pregnancy


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35. StrandellA, ThorburnJ, HambergerL. Risk factors for ectopic pregnancy in assisted reproduction. Fertil Steril. 1999;71:282–6.
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43. SaraiyaM, BergCJ, KendrickJS, StraussLT, AtrashHK, AhnYW. Cigarette smoking as a risk factor for ectopic pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1998;178:493–8.
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51. CacciatoreB, TiitinenA, StenmanUH, YlostaloP. Normal early pregnancy: serum hCG levels and vaginal ultrasonography findings. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1990;97:899–903.
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53. KadarN, DeVoreG, RomeroR. Discriminatory hCG zone: its use in the sonographic evaluation for ectopic pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 1981;58:156–61.
54. AnkumWM, Van Der VeenF, HamerlynckJV, LammesFB. Suspected ectopic pregnancy. What to do when human chorionic gonadotropin levels are below the discriminatory zone. J Reprod Med. 1995;40:525–8.
55. BryanS.Current challenges in the assessment and management of patients with bleeding in early pregnancy. Emerg Med. 2003;25:219–22.
56. ChenPC, SicklerGK, DubinskyTJ, MakladN, JacobiRL, WeaverJE. Sonographic detection of echogenic fluid and correlation with culdocentesis in the evaluation of ectopic pregnancy. Am J Roentgenol. 1998;170:1299–302.
57. AnkumWM, HajeniusPJ, SchrevelLS, Van Der VeenF. Management of suspected ectopic pregnancy. Impact of new diagnostic tools in 686 consecutive cases. J Reprod Med. 1996;41:724–8.
58. PoulyJL, MahnesH, MageG, CanisM, BruhatMA. Conservative laparoscopic treatment of 321 ectopic pregnancies. Fertil Steril. 1986;46:1093–7.
59. GarryR.The laparoscopic treatment of ectopic pregnancy: the long road of acceptance. Gynaecol Endos. 1996;5:65–8.
60. SaidiSA, SimonA, Butler-ManuelS, PowellMC.Use of laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of ectopic pregnancy in the UK: a national survey. Gynaecol Endos. 1999;8:81–4.
61. MurphyAA, NagerCW, WujekJJ, KettelLM, TorpVA, ChinHG. Operative laparoscopy versus laparotomy for the management of ectopic pregnancy: a prospective trial. Fertil Steril. 1992;57:1180–5.
62. LundorffP, ThorburnJ, HahlinM, KallfeltB, LindblomB. Laparoscopic surgery in ectopic pregnancy. A randomized trial versus laparotomy. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1991;70:343–8.
63. LundorffP, ThorburnJ, LindblomB. Fertility outcome after conservative surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancy evaluated in a randomized trial. Fertil Steril. 1992;57:998–1002.
64. GrayDT, ThorburnJ, LundorffP, StrandellA, LindblomB. A cost-effectiveness study of a randomised trial of laparoscopy versus laparotomy for ectopic pregnancy. Lancet. 1995;6;345:1139–43.
65. SowterMC, FarquharCM. Ectopic pregnancy: an update. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2004;16:289–93.
66. SilvaPD, SchaperAM, RooneyB. Reproductive outcome after 143 laparoscopic procedures for ectopic pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 1993;81:710–15.
67. Job-SpiraN, BouyerJ, PoulyJL, GermainE, CosteJ, Aublet-CuvelierB, FernandezH. Fertility after ectopic pregnancy: first results of a population-based cohort study in France. Hum Reprod. 1996;11:99–104.
68. MolBW, LijmerJG, AnkumWM, Van Der VeenF, BossuytPM. The accuracy of single serum progesterone measurement in the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy: a meta-analysis. Hum Reprod. 1998b;13:3220–7.
69. BangsgaardN, LundCO, OttesenB, NilasL. Improved fertility following conservative surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancy. BJOG. 2003;110:765–70.
70. KaczorC.Moral absolutism and ectopic pregnancy. J Med Philos. 2001;26:61–74.
71. AnderDS, WardKR. Medical management of ectopic pregnancy – the role of methotrexate. J Emerg Med. 1997;15:177–82.
72. Jimenez-CaraballoA, Rodriguez-DonosoG. A 6-year clinical trial of methotrexate therapy in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1998;79:167–71.
73. LipscombGH, BranD, McCordML, PorteraJC, LingFW. Analysis of three hundred fifteen ectopic pregnancies treated with single-dose methotrexate. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1998;178:1354–8.
74. SowterMC, FarquharCM, PetrieKJ, GudexG. A randomised trial comparing single-dose systemic methotrexate and laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of unruptured tubal pregnancy. BJOG. 2001 Feb;108:192–203.
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77. SauAK, AuldBJ, SauM. Current status of management of ectopic pregnancy. Gynaecol Endos. 1999;8:73–9.
78. CondousG, LuC, Van HuffelSV, TimmermanD, BourneT. Human chorionic gonadotrophin and progesterone levels in pregnancies of unknown location. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2004;86:351–7.
79. ElsonJ, TailorA, BanerjeeS, SalimR, HillabyK, JurkovicD. Expectant management of tubal ectopic pregnancy: prediction of successful outcome using decision tree analysis. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2004;23:552–6.
80. Nathorst-BoosJ, Rafik HamadR.Risk factors for persistent trophoblastic activity after surgery for ectopic pregnancy. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2004;83:471–5.
81. Rantala M and Makinen J. Tubal patency and fertility outcome after expectant management of ectopic pregnancy. Fertil Steril. 1997;68:1043--6.
82. YaoM, TulandiT. Current status of surgical and nonsurgical management of ectopic pregnancy. Fertil Steril. 1997;67:421–33.