Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: June 2014

9 - Prematurity as a Context of Development at Risk

from Part III - Contextual Perspectives on Atypicality


Aarnoudse-Moens, C. S. H., Weisglas-Kuperus, N., van Goudoever, J. B., & Oosterlaan, J. (2009). Meta-analysis of neurobehavioral outcomes in very preterm and/or very low birth weight children. Pediatrics, 124, 717–728.
Ahern, G. L., Sollers, J. J., Lane, R. D., Labiner, D. M., Herring, A. M., Weinand, M. E., Hutzler, R., et al. (2001). Heart rate and heart rate variability changes in the intracarotid sodium amobarbital test. Epilepsia, 42, 912–921.
Aucott, S. W., Watterberg, K. L., Shaffer, M. L., & Donohue, P. K. (2008). Do cortisol concentrations predict short-term outcomes in extremely low birth weight infants?Pediatrics, 122, 775–781.
Aucott, S. W., Watterberg, K. L., Shaffer, M. L., & Donohue, P. K." (2010). Early cortisol values and long-term outcomes in extremely low birth weight infants. Journal of Perinatology, 30, 484–488.
Bagner, D. M., Pettit, J. W., Lewinsohn, P. M., & John, R. (2011). Effect of maternal depression on child behavior: A sensitive period?Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 49, 699–707.
Bagner, D. M., Sheinkopf, S. J., Vohr, B. R., & Lester, B. M. (2010). A preliminary study of cortisol reactivity and behavior problems in young children born premature. Developmental Psychobiology, 52, 574–582.
Benarroch, E. E. (1993). The central autonomic network: Functional organization, dysfunction, and perspective. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 68, 988–1001.
Benarroch, E. E. (1997). The central autonomic network. In Clinical autonomic disorders (2nd ed., pp. 73–82). Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven Publishers.
Betts, K. S., Williams, G. M., Najman, J. M., & Alati, R. (2011). The association between birth weight and anxiety disorders in young adults. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25, 1060–1067.
Bhutta, A. T., Cleves, M. A., Casey, P. H., Cradock, M. M., & Anand, K. J. S. (2002). Cognitive and behavioral outcomes of school-aged children who were born preterm. Journal of American Medical Association, 288, 728–737.
Blackhart, G. C., Minnix, J. A., & Kline, J. P. (2006). Can EEG asymmetry patterns predict future development of anxiety and depression? A preliminary study. Biological Psychology, 72, 46–50.
Boyle, M. H., Miskovic, V., Lieshout, R. V., Duncan, L., Schmidt, L. A., & Hoult, L. (2011). Psychopathology in young adults born at extremely low birth weight. Psychological Medicine, 41, 1763–1774.
Brummelte, S., Grunau, R. E., Zaidman-Zait, A., Weinberg, J., Nordstokke, D., & Cepeda, I. L. (2011). Cortisol levels in relation to maternal interaction and child internalizing behavior in preterm and full-term children at 18 months corrected age. Developmental Psychobiology, 53, 184–195.
Coan, J. A., & Allen, J. J. B. (2004). Frontal EEG asymmetry as a moderator and mediator of emotion. Biological Psychology, 67, 7–49.
Compas, B. E. (2006). Psychobiological processes of stress and coping: Implications for resilience in children and adolescents. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1094, 226–234.
Crombie, R., Clark, C., & Stansfeld, S. A. (2011). Environmental noise exposure, early biological risk and mental health in nine to ten year old children: A cross-sectional field study. Environmental Health, 10, 1–8.
Davidson, R. J., Fox, A., & Kalin, N. H. (2007). Neural bases of emotion regulation in nonhuman primates and humans. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of Emotion Regulation (pp. 47–68). New York: Guildford Press.
Davidson, R. J., Pizzagalli, D., Nitschke, J. B., & Kalin, N. H. (2003). Parsing the subcomponents of emotion and disorders of emotion: Perspectives from affective neuroscience. In R. J. Davidson, K. R. Scherer, & H. H. Goldsmith (Eds.), Handbook of affective sciences (pp. 8–24). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Dettling, A. C., Gunnar, M. R., & Donzella, B. (1999). Cortisol levels of young children in full-day childcare centers: Relations with age and temperament. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 24, 519–536.
Doussard-Roosevelt, J. a, Porges, S. W., Scanlon, J. W., Alemi, B., & Scanlon, K. B. (1997). Vagal regulation of heart rate in the prediction of developmental outcome for very low birth weight preterm infants. Child Development, 68, 173–186.
Entringer, S., Kumsta, R., Hellhammer, D. H., Wadhwa, P. D., & Wüst, S. (2009). Prenatal exposure to maternal psychosocial stress and HPA axis regulation in young adults. Hormones and Behavior, 55, 292–298.
Feng, X., Forbes, E. E., Kovacs, M., George, C. J., Lopez-Duran, N. L., Fox, N. A., & Cohn, J. F. (2012). Children’s depressive symptoms in relation to EEG frontal asymmetry and maternal depression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 265–276.
Field, T. (1992). Infants of depressed mothers. Development and Psychopathology, 4, 49–66.
Field, T., Diego, M., Dieter, J., Hernandez-Reif, M., Schanberg, S., Kuhn, C., Yando, R., et al. (2004). Prenatal depression effects on the fetus and the newborn. Infant Behavior & Development, 27, 216–229.
Field, T., Hernandez-Reif, M., Diego, M., Figueiredo, B., Schanberg, S., & Kuhn, C. (2006). Prenatal cortisol, prematurity and low birthweight. Infant Behavior & Development, 29, 268–275.
Forbes, E. E., Shaw, D. S., Fox, N. A., Cohn, J. F., Silk, J. S., & Kovacs, M. (2006). Maternal depression, child frontal asymmetry, and child affective behavior as factors in child behavior problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 47, 79–87.
Fox, N. A. (1991). If it’s not left, it’s right: Electroencephalograph asymmetry and the development of emotion. American Psychologist, 46, 863–872.
Glover, V., Miles, R., Matta, S., Modi, N., & Stevenson, J. (2005). Glucocorticoid exposure in preterm babies predicts saliva cortisol response to immunization at 4 months. Pediatric Research, 58, 1233–1237.
Grunau, R. E., Haley, D. W., Whitfield, M. F., Weinberg, J., Yu, W., & Thiessen, P. (2007). Altered basal cortisol levels at 3, 6, 8 and 18 months in infants born at extremely low gestational age. Pediatrics, 150, 151–156.
Gunnar, M. R., & Donzella, B. (2002). Social regulation of the cortisol levels in early human development. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 27, 199–220.
Gunnar, M. R, & Quevedo, K. (2007). The neurobiology of stress and development. Annual Review of Psychology, 58, 145–173.
Gunnar, M. R., & Vazquez, D. M. (2001). Low cortisol and a flattening of expected daytime rhythm: Potential indices of risk in human development. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 515–538.
Hack, M., Flannery, D. J., Schluchter, M., Cartar, L., Borawski, E., & Klein, N. (2002). Outcomes in young adulthood for very-low-birth-weight infants. New England Journal of Medicine, 346, 149–157.
Hae-Kyung, L. (2009). Cardiac vagal tone as an index of autonomic nervous function in healthy newborn and premature infants. Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing, 15, 299–305.
Hannesdottir, D. K., Doxie, J., Bell, M. A., Ollendick, T. H., & Wolfe, C. D. (2010). A longitudinal study of emotion regulation and anxiety in middle childhood: Associations with frontal EEG asymmetry in early childhood. Developmental Psychobiology, 52, 197–204.
Holsti, L., Weinberg, J., Whitfield, M. F., & Grunau, R. E. (2007). Relationships between adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol are altered during clustered nursing care in preterm infants born at extremely low gestational age. Early Human Development, 83, 341–348.
Johnson, S., Hollis, C., Kochhar, P., Hennessy, E., & Wolke, D. (2010). Psychiatric disorders in extremely preterm children: Longitudinal finding at age 11 years in the EPICure study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 49, 453–463.
Kajantie, E., Phillips, D. I. W., Andersson, S., Barker, D. J. P., Dunkel, L., Forsén, T., Osmond, C., et al. (2002). Size at birth, gestational age and cortisol secretion in adult life: Foetal programming of both hyper- and hypocortisolism?Clinical Endocrinology, 57, 635–641.
Kliewer, W., Reid-Quinones, K., Shields, B. J., & Foutz, L. (2008). Multiple risks, emotion regulation skill, and cortisol in low-income African American youth: A prospective study. Journal of Black Psychology, 35, 24–43.
Lupien, S. A., McEwen, B. S., Gunnar, M. R., & Heim, C. (2009). Effects of stress throughout the lifespan on the brain, behaviour and cognition. Nature Reviews, 10, 434–445.
MacMillan, H. L., Georgiades, K., Duku, E. K., Shea, A., Steiner, M., Niec, A., Tanaka, M., et al. (2009). Cortisol response to stress in female youths exposed to childhood maltreatment: Results of the Youth Mood Project. Biological Psychiatry, 66, 62–68.
McCrory, E., De Brito, S. A., & Viding, E. (2010). Research review: The neurobiology and genetics of maltreatment and adversity. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 51, 1079–1095.
McEwen, B. S. (2003). Mood disorders and allostatic load. Biological Psychology, 54, 200–207.
McLaughlin, K. A., Fox, N. A., Zeanah, C. H., & Nelson, C. A. (2011). Adverse rearing environments and neural development in children: The development of frontal electroencephalogram asymmetry. Biological Psychiatry, 70, 1015–1008.
Miskovic, V., Schmidt, L. A, Georgiades, K., Boyle, M., & MacMillan, H. L. (2009). Stability of resting frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry and cardiac vagal tone in adolescent females exposed to child maltreatment. Developmental Psychobiology, 51, 474–487.
Monfils Gustafsson, W., Josefsson, A., Ekholm Selling, K., & Sydsjö, G. (2009). Preterm birth or foetal growth impairment and psychiatric hospitalization in adolescence and early adulthood in a Swedish population-based birth cohort. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 119, 54–61.
Nomura, Y., Wickramaratne, P. J., Pilowsky, D. J., Newcorn, J. H., Bruder-Costello, B., Davey, C., Fifer, W. P., et al. (2007). Low birth weight and risk of affective disorders and selected medical illness in offspring at high and low risk for depression. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 48, 470–478.
Oosterman, M., De Schipper, J. C., Fisher, P., Dozier, M., & Schuengel, C. (2010). Autonomic reactivity in relation to attachment and early adversity among foster children. Development and Psychopathology, 22, 109–118.
Phillips, D. I. W. (2007). Programming of the stress response: A fundamental mechanism underlying the long-term effects of the fetal environment?Journal of Internal Medicine, 261, 453–460.
Pitskel, N. B., Bolling, D. Z., Kaiser, M. D., Crowley, M. J., & Pelphrey, K. A. (2011). How grossed out are you? The neural bases of emotion regulation from childhood to adolescence. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 1, 324–337.
Raikkonen, K., Pesonen, A., Heinonen, K., Kajantie, E., Hovi, P., Jarvenpaa, A. L., Eriksson, J. G., & Andersson, S. (2008). Depression in young adults with very low birth weight. Archives of General Psychiatry, 65, 290–296.
Rivkees, S. A. (2003). Developing circadian rhythmicity in infants. Pediatrics, 112, 373–381.
Rudolph, K. D., Troop-Gordon, W., & Granger, D. A. (2011). Individual differences in biological stress responses moderate the contribution of early peer victimization to subsequent depressive symptoms. Psychopharmacology, 214, 209–219.
Rutter, M., & O’Connor, T. G. (2004). Are there biological programming effects for psychological development? Findings from a study of Romanian adoptees. Developmental Psychology, 40, 81–94.
Salzman, C. D., & Fusi, S. (2010). Emotion, cognition, and mental state representation in amygdala and prefrontal cortex. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 33, 173–202.
Sanchez, M. M. (2006). The impact of early adverse care on HPA axis development: Nonhuman primate models. Review of Psychiatry, 50, 623–631.
Schäffer, L., Müller-Vizentini, D., Burkhardt, T., Rauh, M., Ehlert, U., & Beinder, E. (2009). Blunted stress response in small for gestational age neonates. Pediatric Research, 65, 231–235.
Schlotz, W., & Phillips, D. I. W. (2009). Fetal origins of mental health: Evidence and mechanisms. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 23, 905–16.916.
Schmidt, L. A., Miskovic, V., Boyle, M., & Saigal, S. (2010). Frontal electroencephalogram asymmetry, salivary cortisol, and internalizing behavior problems in young adults who were born at extremely low birth weight. Child Development, 81, 183–199.
Schulkin, J., Gold, P. W., & McEwen, B. S. (1998). Induction of corticotropin-releasing hormone gene expression by glucocorticoids: Implication for understanding the states of fear and anxiety and allostatic load. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 23, 219–243.
Seckl, J. R. (2004). Prenatal glucocorticoids and long-term programming. European Journal of Endocrinology, 151, 49–62.
Shonkoff, J. P., Boyce, W. T., & McEwen, B. S. (2009). Roots of health disparities: Building a new framework. Journal of the American Medical Association, 301, 2252–2259.
Slattery, D. A., & Neumann, I. D. (2008). No stress please! Mechanisms of stress hyporesponsiveness of the maternal brain. Animal Research, 2, 377–385.
Smit, D. J. A., Posthuma, D., Boomsma, D. I., & De Geus, E. J. C. (2007). The relation between frontal EEG asymmetry and the risk for anxiety and depression. Biological Psychology, 74, 26–33.
Tarullo, A. R., & Gunnar, M. R. (2006). Child maltreatment and the developing HPA axis. Hormones and Behavior, 50, 632–639.
Thayer, J. F., & Lane, R. D. (2000). A model of neurovisceral integration in emotion regulation and dysregulation. Journal of Affective Disorders, 61, 201–216.
Thayer, J. F., & Lane, R. D. (2009). Claude Bernard and the heart–brain connection: Further elaboration of a model of neurovisceral integration. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 33, 81–88.
Thibodeau, R., Jorgensen, R. S., & Kim, S. (2006). Depression, anxiety, and resting frontal EEG asymmetry: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115, 715–29.
Verkauskiene, R., Beltrand, J., Claris, O., Chevenne, D., Deghmoun, S., Dorgeret, S., Alison, M., et al. (2007). Impact of fetal growth restriction on body composition and hormonal status at birth in infants of small and appropriate weight for gestational age. European Journal of Endocrinology, 157, 605–612.
Watamura, S. E., Donzella, B., Kertes, D. A., & Gunnar, M. R. (2004). Developmental changes in baseline cortisol activity in early childhood: Relations with napping and effortful control. Developmental Psychobiology, 45, 125–133.