Life is a strange thing indeed
-just when you are getting the hang of it,
a gibbet marks the skyline.Dáithí Ó hÓgáin, “Too Late” from Footsteps From Another World
When it is obvious that your goals cannot be reached, do not
adjust the goals.
Adjust the action steps.Confucius, The Analects
Earth scientists use the geological time scale to describe the passage of time in Earth's history. The scale consists of a hierarchy of units, each of which is characterized by a combination of different conditions that prevailed at the time of that unit. In the 1980s, ecologist Eugene F. Stoermer proposed the term “anthropocene” to describe the stage in which we now live. The rationale is that humankind is responsible for major and fundamental long-lasting geophysical changes in the atmosphere and oceans. They are at the same level of magnitude as changes that mark the boundaries between many past geological periods. Our impact on the global ecosystem will be the dominating feature that geologists thousands or millions of years into the future will use to describe the present time. The idea gained momentum with support in 2000 from Dutch Nobel Prize winner Paul Crutzen (who we met earlier in the chapter on stratospheric ozone depletion). This proposed designation is now being examined to see if it should be formally embraced in the geological time scale. A decision is planned for 2016. The idea that the term anthropocene has even been suggested as a geological epoch makes me pause. What are we doing to our planet?
What Drives Societies to Make Decisions That Prove to Be Fatal for the Sustainability of Their Environments?
As I began to work my way through writing this book, I became more and more apprehensive. How would I finish it? It was a task I felt ill equipped to tackle. However, I remembered Jared Diamond's 2005 book Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed.