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  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: November 2020



The original inspiration for this volume was the Frederico Caffè Lectures I gave in Rome on December 13–14, 2011. Quite a lot of water has flown down the Tiber since then and my thinking about the monetary and fiscal policy issues I addressed in the lectures has evolved and, I hope, become more coherent.

The simple idea that motivates most of this book is that central banks make a significant, indeed at times essential, contribution to the fiscal space of the sovereign. This is because the ability to issue monetary liabilities, especially currency, is a source of profits to the central bank.

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