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Towards a Textual Archaeology of the First Crusade

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 May 2014

Damien Kempf
Affiliation:
University of Liverpool
Marcus Bull
Affiliation:
Andrew W. Mellon Distinguished Professor of Medieval and Early Modern Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Damien Kempf
Affiliation:
Senior Lecturer in Medieval History at the University of Liverpool
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Summary

The unusually rich repertoire of historical narratives prompted by the First Crusade remains, in many ways, uncharted territory. Primarily used by historians as mere ‘sources’, as repositories of facts, since the foundations of crusading history as a genre in the nineteenth century, these texts have shaped the constitution of a particular type of historiography that unceasingly seeks to tell and retell a story that was told in different forms by its contemporaries. One can still clearly hear nowadays strong echoes of Heinrich von Sybel's programmatic agenda (back in the early 1840s) to ‘penetrate into the facts and reach the kernel from inside’.

Many questions thus remain to be answered with regard to the historiographical florescence that characterized the aftermath of the conquest of Jerusalem in July 1099. Recent research has shed more light on the contexts in which specific texts were composed, the social and cultural conditions governing their production, but few studies have yet tackled the question of their impact. Who exactly read these texts? What happened to them? What were their repercussions on the society, the culture, and the people of the period? How were they interpreted, and appropriated, by later readers? In other words, what is the story, or what are the stories, behind the story?

In order to address these issues, one needs to move away from a static conception of texts as data, and consider them instead in their dynamic function as literary works, shaped by their intersection with specific actors at different times.

Type
Chapter
Information
Writing the Early Crusades
Text, Transmission and Memory
, pp. 116 - 126
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
Print publication year: 2014

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