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5 - Dimensions and Components of Democracy

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 January 2020

Michael Coppedge
Affiliation:
University of Notre Dame, Indiana
John Gerring
Affiliation:
University of Texas, Austin
Adam Glynn
Affiliation:
Emory University, Atlanta
Carl Henrik Knutsen
Affiliation:
Universitetet i Oslo
Staffan I. Lindberg
Affiliation:
Göteborgs Universitet, Sweden
Daniel Pemstein
Affiliation:
North Dakota State University
Brigitte Seim
Affiliation:
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Svend-Erik Skaaning
Affiliation:
Aarhus Universitet, Denmark
Jan Teorell
Affiliation:
Lunds Universitet, Sweden
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Summary

In this chapter we focus on the measurement of five key principles of democracy – electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, and egalitarian. For each principle, we discuss (1) the theoretical rationale for the selected indicators, (2) whether these indicators are correlated strongly enough to warrant being collapsed into an index, and (3) the justification of aggregation rules for moving from indicators to components and from components to higher–level indices. In each section we also (4) highlight the top– and bottom–five countries on each principle of democracy in early (1812 or 1912) and late (2012) years of our sample period, as well as the aggregate trend over the whole time period 1789–2017 (where applicable). Finally, we (5) look at how the different principles are intercorrelated in order to assess the trade–offs involved between the conceptual parsimony achieved by aggregating to a few general concepts and the retention of useful variation permitted by aggregating less.

Type
Chapter
Information
Varieties of Democracy
Measuring Two Centuries of Political Change
, pp. 90 - 129
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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