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7 - Urodynamic artefacts

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 February 2014

Reeba Oliver
Affiliation:
Croydon University Hospital
Ranee Thakar
Affiliation:
Croydon University Hospital
Ranee Thakar
Affiliation:
St George’s University of London
Philip Toosz-Hobson
Affiliation:
Birmingham Women’s Hospital
Lucia Dolan
Affiliation:
Belfast City Hospital
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Summary

Introduction

Data quality and documentation of variance are key for urodynamics studies to be valid and symptoms must be reproduced to be able to make a diagnosis. Accurate reporting requires knowledge of pathophysiological parameters and the ability to detect artefacts. If inaccuracies are discovered, they should be corrected contemporaneously.

Spurious and inaccurate observations are known as artefacts. These occur because of pitfalls including:

  1. □ failure to reproduce symptoms

  2. □ observations normally indicating pathology occurring in the absence of disease

  3. □ biological variability leading to false negatives

  4. □ the wide variation within the physiological range of the normal population.

Factors affecting urodynamic investigations

Several factors may influence the measurements recorded on the cystometrogram:

  1. □ filling medium type, temperature and rate of infusion

  2. □ catheter size

  3. □ patient position

  4. □ artificial environment

  5. □ communication

  6. □ inaccuracies in uroflowmetry

  7. □ equipment (all equipment should conform to International Continence Society technical specifications)

  8. □ voided volumes less than 150–200ml.

Uroflowmetry artefacts

Artefacts during uroflowmetry may arise owing to several factors, which can be broadly classified into two groups: extracorporeal and intracorporeal.

Extracorporeal causes include:

  1. □ flow interference between the collecting funnel and flowmeter

  2. □ movement of the stream across the funnel surface

  3. □ patient movement (Figure 7.1).

Intracorporeal causes include:

  1. □ rapid abdominal straining (Figure 7.2)

  2. □ fast and rapid flow (Figure 7.3).

Recommendations to minimise uroflowmetry artefacts include ensuring privacy, checking the report and tracing immediately, correcting artefacts manually and checking that the void was representative of normal.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2011

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