Published online by Cambridge University Press: 28 February 2020
This chapter follows the fluctuating relationship between the caliphates of Ḥamdallāhi and Sokoto, which moved from being amicable to tense, then regularized, and eventually tense again in the late 1840s-1840s. It shows that the Fodiawa leaders of Sokoto constantly questioned the role of Aḥmad Lobbo as both a religious and political authority, even claiming sovereignty over Ḥamdallāhi. This tension took the shape of dialectical disputes over Aḥmad Lobbo’s claims to rule a sovereign Islamic state independent from Sokoto. The Tārīkh al-fattāsh, a political project disguised as a historical work, took shape in the 1840s as response to these challenges.