Published online by Cambridge University Press: 19 September 2019
Scientific research is subject to serious inequalities of opportunity. Economic, political, social and cultural influences shape the opportunities available to people. Everyday and institutional practices exclude people based on aspects of their identity. These inequities intersect in complicated ways and have negative effects on both individuals and science. Some may go unnoticed, even by those who are negatively affected by them, because they are so deeply entrenched in our cultures. In this chapter, I briefly explore discrimination in relation to various aspects of identity, and how these intersect. I then describe the effects of discrimination on people and on science, and how we can help to combat inequities.