Published online by Cambridge University Press: 07 February 2021
Citations reflect the cumulative nature of science, where new research builds on previous discoveries. While citations have been previously used to condense and signal knowledge, they have been employed more recently to gauge the scientific impact of a particular paper or discovery. Groundbreaking work, the thinking goes, should be highly cited by other scientists. In Part III, we explore how scientific impact is quantified, focusing less on the producers of science and more on the work that is produced.