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3 - Liberation Struggles in Southern Africa

1975–1976

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 September 2021

Timothy Lewis Scarnecchia
Affiliation:
Kent State University, Ohio
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Summary

This chapter mainly concerns the shuttle diplomacy of the US secretary of state, Henry A. Kissinger, in 1976. Kissinger made two trips to Africa in 1976, hoping to influence Cold War conflicts in southern Africa. Kissinger succeeded, with South African help, to force the Rhodesian prime minister, Ian Smith, to concede to the concept of majority rule in two years. Plans were then put in motion for an all-parties conference in Geneva, run by the British. This chapter examines the pre-conference diplomacy, including attempts by Mugabe and Nkomo to have those military leaders from ZANLA who were accused of the murder of Herbert Chitepo released by the Zambians. This chapter includes coverage of discussions between Kissinger and the South Africans, the British, and with Tanzanian president Julius Nyerere. There is also discussion of a letter by Bishop Muzorewa charging Nyerere and Mozambique’s Samora Machel of keeping him and Reverend Sithole from reaching the liberation forces in Mozambique and Tanzania.

Type
Chapter
Information
Race and Diplomacy in Zimbabwe
The Cold War and Decolonization,1960–1984
, pp. 64 - 95
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

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