Published online by Cambridge University Press: 31 August 2009
Despite having been described consistently in the psychiatric literature for close to a century, as recently as 10 years ago, obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) was still thought to be a relatively rare condition without a clearly effective treatment. The infrequency of the diagnosis of OCD in clinical settings owed both to the secretive nature of the disorder as well as to under-recognition and misdiagnosis. Recent epidemiologic data suggest that as many as 1–2% of children and adolescents in the United States may meet criteria for OCD. As is the case with adults, children with OCD often suffer silently for many years before they receive assessment, accurate diagnosis, and treatment. With increasing professional and media interest in this disorder and greater sensitivity to its diagnosis, many patients are now being recognized. Additionally, thanks to advances in clinical research, patients with OCD can now expect to receive more effective treatments than were available in the past. In this chapter, we review the current state of knowledge regarding the phenomenology, diagnosis, etiology, and treatment of OCD specifically as related to children and adolescents.
Initial estimates of the incidence of childhood OCD were made from psychiatric clinic populations. Berman (1942) reported “obsessive–compulsive phenomena” in six (0.2%) of 2800 patients. Similarly, Hollingsworth and colleagues (1980) found 17 cases of OCD (0.2%) in 8367 child and adolescent inpatient and outpatient records.
To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.
To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.
To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.