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9 - Food Security in Afghanistan

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 June 2012

Shakeel Ahmed Ramay
Affiliation:
University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Surabhi Mittal
Affiliation:
Senior Fellow, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)
Deepti Sethi
Affiliation:
Research Assistant at Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)
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Summary

Introduction

Afghanistan is a landlocked and mountainous country situated approximately in the South-Central Asia. According to UN estimate of 2009, country is inhabited with around 28 million population. The National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA) 2007–2008 states that more than half of the population of Afghanistan lives below the poverty line. Also, around 31 per cent of the total population does not meet its daily food requirements and around 4 million people each year are severely affected by natural disasters.

The overall threat to the food security in the country is due to the ongoing political risks, difficult access to market, poor sanitation, low education level, droughts and floods and environmental degradation. In lieu of these problems, this chapter discusses the policy options available to tackle the issue of food security in Afghanistan. The chapter also throws light on the role of trade and food bank as a way to achieve food security in the country.

Socio-Political Situation and Access to Food

Historically speaking, whenever either food prices soar or a devastating decrease in the production of food occurs, there is an uproar about food security. The price hike of 1970s and mid 1990s, great famine of 1984–85, and decrease in production during the first decade of 2000 are substantive examples in support of the argument. Although food security is a global issue, its incident is unequally distributed across the world and regions.

Type
Chapter
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Publisher: Foundation Books
Print publication year: 2011

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  • Food Security in Afghanistan
  • Edited by Surabhi Mittal, Senior Fellow, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), Deepti Sethi, Research Assistant at Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)
  • Book: Policy Options to Achieve Food Security in South Asia
  • Online publication: 05 June 2012
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/UPO9788175969223.010
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  • Food Security in Afghanistan
  • Edited by Surabhi Mittal, Senior Fellow, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), Deepti Sethi, Research Assistant at Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)
  • Book: Policy Options to Achieve Food Security in South Asia
  • Online publication: 05 June 2012
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/UPO9788175969223.010
Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

  • Food Security in Afghanistan
  • Edited by Surabhi Mittal, Senior Fellow, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), Deepti Sethi, Research Assistant at Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)
  • Book: Policy Options to Achieve Food Security in South Asia
  • Online publication: 05 June 2012
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/UPO9788175969223.010
Available formats
×