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Preface

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 October 2015

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Summary

From the perspective of geographical proximity as well as economic, social, and cultural affinity, the experience of industrial development in leading Southeast Asian economies should be most relevant and helpful for their neighbouring countries. After facing difficulties in import-substitution policies, Southeast Asian countries liberalized trade and investment and promoted integration with the global economy. Moreover, rapid technological progress reduced transportation and logistics costs and made fragmentation of production economically feasible.

The change in the policy environment attracted massive foreign direct investment from Japan, Asian NIEs, and others, and allowed Southeast Asian countries to participate in production networks. Less developed countries in Southeast Asia, namely Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam (CLMV), face the same challenge today as leading ASEAN countries did a few decades ago. In particular, they must build up links with neighbouring East Asian countries and participate in their regional production networks.

The authors in this book examine development strategies for less developed Southeast Asian countries. They discuss what policy measures are effective in attracting foreign direct investment, reducing trade and transport costs, and forming competitive industrial clusters. In Chapter 1, location advantages of less developed countries are examined from the viewpoint of five features of location, namely factor costs, market access, public policies, agglomeration economies, and cross-border production networks. The first part of this book (Chapters 2–4) gives an overview of less developed Southeast Asian countries from the perspective of production networks. The authors discuss crucial policy elements for participating in production networks and forming competitive clusters. They also discuss the role of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in extending production networks. In the second part (Chapters 5–9), the focus is on specific countries or regions. Here, in addition to CLMV, it also examines the link between Singapore and the Batam-Bintan-Karimun (BBK) Special Economic Zone, Indonesia and clearly demonstrates that it is vital for less developed Southeast Asian countries to strengthen their links with neighbouring East Asian countries if they are to fully utilize their location advantage in low labour costs, and at the same time overcome their handicaps, such as small local markets, less developed infrastructure and institution, and land-locked geographic locations (in the case of Laos).

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Plugging into Production Networks
Industrialization Strategy in Less Developed Southeast Asian Countries
, pp. xiii - xiv
Publisher: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute
Print publication year: 2009

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  • Preface
  • Edited by Ikuo Kuroiwa
  • Book: Plugging into Production Networks
  • Online publication: 21 October 2015
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  • Preface
  • Edited by Ikuo Kuroiwa
  • Book: Plugging into Production Networks
  • Online publication: 21 October 2015
Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Preface
  • Edited by Ikuo Kuroiwa
  • Book: Plugging into Production Networks
  • Online publication: 21 October 2015
Available formats
×