Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-99c86f546-qdp55 Total loading time: 0.48 Render date: 2021-12-05T17:25:08.469Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

15 - English II: Tonal Structure

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 February 2010

Carlos Gussenhoven
Affiliation:
Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Get access

Summary

Introduction

This chapter continues the discussion of English with a treatment of its tonal structure. It is easily the most widely discussed topic in studies of intonational melody, and has been treated both by phonologists (Pike 1945; Bolinger 1958; Crystal 1969; Gibbon 1975; Liberman 1975; Ladd 1980; Pierrehumbert 1980; Brazil 1985; Gussenhoven 1983b; Cruttenden 1997), among others, and by pedagogically oriented linguists (Palmer 1922; Jassem 1952; Halliday 1970; O'Connor and Arnold 1973), again among others. The variety of English described here is middle-class southern British English (BrE). Its intonational grammar is very similar to that of Standard Dutch, American English, and North German, and is complex, in the sense that it generates a large number of discretely different contours. To keep the discussion manageable, I will present the grammar in stages. First, a mini-grammar is presented, itself in two steps. Section 15.2 deals with the nuclear pitch accents plus the final boundary tones, together referred to as the ‘nuclear contours’; section 15.3 with the pre-nuclear pitch accents; and section 15.4 with the initial boundary tones, or ‘onsets’. These three sections define the mini-grammar, whose further elaboration is the topic of section 15.5. In section 15.6, ‘chanting’ contours are dealt with as an additional contour type, while section 15.7 discusses the pronunciation of unaccented ιs. Section 15.8, finally, points out a number of cases where the description in Beckman and Pierrehumbert (1986) and ToBI would appear to fall short of the description offered in this chapter.

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2004

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Send book to Kindle

To send this book to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

  • English II: Tonal Structure
  • Carlos Gussenhoven, Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • Book: The Phonology of Tone and Intonation
  • Online publication: 18 February 2010
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511616983.016
Available formats
×

Send book to Dropbox

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

  • English II: Tonal Structure
  • Carlos Gussenhoven, Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • Book: The Phonology of Tone and Intonation
  • Online publication: 18 February 2010
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511616983.016
Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

  • English II: Tonal Structure
  • Carlos Gussenhoven, Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • Book: The Phonology of Tone and Intonation
  • Online publication: 18 February 2010
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511616983.016
Available formats
×