Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-59b7f5684b-8dvf2 Total loading time: 1.388 Render date: 2022-09-29T02:42:00.124Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

References

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 June 2012

Jeffery J. Mondak
Affiliation:
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Get access
Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2010

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Adorno, T. W., Frankel-Brunswick, E., Levinson, D. J., and Sanford, R. N.. 1950. The Authoritarian Personality. New York: Harper.Google Scholar
Alford, J. R., Funk, C. L., and Hibbing, J. R.. 2008. “Beyond Liberals and Conservatives to Political Genotypes and Phenotypes.” Perspectives on Politics 6: 321–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alford, J. R., Funk, C. L., and Hibbing, J. R. 2005. “Are Political Orientations Genetically Transmitted?American Political Science Review 99:153–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alford, J. R., and Hibbing, J. R.. 2007. “Personal, Interpersonal, and Political Temperaments.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 614: 196–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allen, B. P. 1994. Personality Theories. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar
Allik, J., and McCrae, R. R.. 2004. “Toward a Geography of Personality Traits: Patterns of Profiles across Cultures.” Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 35: 13–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allport, G. W. 1937. Personality: A Psychological Interpretation. New York: Holt.Google Scholar
Allport, G. W., and Odbert, H. S.. 1936. “Trait-Names: A Psycho-Lexical Study.” Psychological Monographs 47 (Whole No. 211).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Altemeyer, B. 1996. The Authoritarian Specter. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Altemeyer, B. 1988. Enemies of Freedom: Understanding of Right-Wing Authoritarianism. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
Althaus, S. L. 2003. Collective Preferences in Democratic Politics: Opinion Surveys and the Will of the People. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anderson, C. J., and Paskeviciute, A.. 2005. “Macro-Politics and Micro-Behavior: Mainstream Politics and the Frequency of Political Discussion in Contemporary Democracies.” In Zuckerman, A. S., ed., The Social Logic of Politics: Personal Networks as Contexts for Political Behavior. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, pp. 228–48.Google Scholar
Ansolabehere, S., and Iyengar, S.. 1995. Going Negative: How Political Advertising Shrinks and Polarizes the Electorate. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
Ansolabehere, S. D., Iyengar, S., and Simon, A.. 1999. “Replicating Experiments Using Aggregate and Survey Data: The Case of Negative Advertising and Turnout.” American Political Science Review 93: 901–09.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ansolabehere, S., Rodden, J., and Snyder, J. M., Jr. 2008. “The Strength of Issue: Using Multiple Measures to Gauge Preference Stability, Ideological Constraint, and Issue Voting.” American Political Science Review 102: 215–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Arias, J. L. P., and Spinka, M.. 2005. “Associations of Stockpersons' Personalities and Attitudes with Performance of Dairy Cattle Herds.” Czech Journal of Animal Science 50: 226–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Arthur, W., and Graziano, W. G.. 1996. “The Five-Factor Model, Conscientiousness, and Driving Accident Involvement.” Journal of Personality 64: 593–618.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ashton, M. C., Paunonen, S. V., Helmes, E., and Jackson, D. N.. 1998. “Kin Altruism, Reciprocal Altruism, and the Big Five Personality Factors.” Evolution and Human Behavior 19: 243–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G. V., Vecchione, M., and Fraley, C. R.. 2007. “Voters' Personality Traits in Presidential Elections.” Personality and Individual Differences 42: 1199–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barber, J. D. 1992. The Presidential Character: Predicting Performance in the White House, 4th ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
Barrick, M. R., and Mount, M. K.. 1991. “The Big Five Personality Dimensions and Job Performance: A Meta-Analysis.” Personnel Psychology 44: 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bartels, L. M. 1996. “Uninformed Votes: Information Effects in Presidential Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 40: 194–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bassili, J. N. 2000. “Editor's Introduction: Reflections on Response Latency Measurement in Telephone Surveys.” Political Psychology 21:1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Basu, A. K. 1968. “Correlates of Political Conservatism.” Western Political Quarterly 21: 725–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bekkers, R. 2005. “Participation in Voluntary Associations: Relations with Resources, Personality and Political Values.” Political Psychology 26: 439–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berkowitz, L., and Lutterman, K. G.. 1968. “The Traditional Socially Responsible Personality.” Public Opinion Quarterly 32: 169–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bernardin, H. J., Cooke, D. K., and Villanova, P.. 2000. “Conscientiousness and Agreeableness as Predictors of Rating Leniency.” Journal of Applied Psychology 85: 232–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bilalic, M., McLeod, P., and Gobet, F.. 2007. “Personality Profiles of Young Chess Players.” Personality and Individual Differences 42: 901–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bizer, G. Y., Krosnick, J. A., Holbrook, A. L., Wheeler, S. C., Rucker, D. D., and Petty, R. E.. 2004. “The Impact of Personality on Cognitive Behavioral, and Affective Political Processes: The Effects of Need to Evaluate.” Journal of Personality 72: 995–1027.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bizer, G. Y., Krosnick, J. A., Petty, R. E., Rucker, D. D., and Wheeler, S. C.. 2000. Need for Cognition and Need to Evaluate in the 1998 National Election Survey Pilot Study, NES Pilot Study Report, No. nes008997.
Block, J., and Block, J. H.. 2006. “Nursery School Personality and Political Orientation Two Decades Later.” Journal of Research in Personality 40: 734–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bloeser, A. J., McCurley, C., and Mondak, J. J.. 2009. “The Nature of Civic Duty: Political Science, Life Science, and the Determinants of Juror Compliance.” Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Toronto.
Bolger, E. A., and Schilling, E. A.. 1991. “Personality and the Problems of Everyday Life: The Role of Neuroticism in Exposure and Reactivity to Daily Stressors.” Journal of Personality 59: 335–86.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Booth-Kewley, S., and Vickers, R. R.. 1994. “Associations between Major Domains of Personality and Health Behavior.” Journal of Personality 62: 281–98.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Borgatta, E. F. 1964. “The Structure of Personality Characteristics.” Behavioral Science 9: 8–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Borkenau, P. 1992. “Implicit Personality Theory and the Five-Factor Model.” Journal of Personality 60: 295–327.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Borman, W. C., Penner, L. A., Allen, T. D., and Motowidlo, S. J.. 2001. “Personality Predictors of Citizenship Performance.” International Journal of Selection and Assessment 9: 52–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bouchard, T. J. 1994. “Genetic and Environmental Influences on Adult Personality: Evaluating the Evidence.” In Hettema, J. ed., Foundations of Personality. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 15–44.Google Scholar
Bouchard, T. J., and Loehlin, J. C.. 2001. “Genes, Evolution, and Personality.” Behavior Genetics 31: 243–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bouchard, T. J., Jr., Lykken, D. T., McGue, M., Segal, N.L., and Tellegen, A.. 1990. “Sources of Human Psychological Differences: The Minnesota Study of Twins Reared Apart.” Science 250: 223–50.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Boyle, G. J. 1989. “Reexamination of the Major Personality-Type Factors in the Cattell, Comrey, and Eysenck Scales: Were the Factor Solutions by Noller et al. Optimal?Personality and Individual Differences 10: 1289–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brady, H. E., Verba, S., and Schlozman, K. L.. 1995. “Beyond SES: A Resource Model of Political Participation.” American Political Science Review 89; 271–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brooks, D. J. 2006. “The Resilient Voter: Moving Toward Closure in the Debate over Negative Campaigning and Turnout.” Journal of Politics 68: 684–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burden, B. C. 2000. “Voter Turnout and the National Election Studies.” Political Analysis 8: 389–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burke, R. J., Matthiesen, S. B., and Pallesen, S.. 2006. “Personality Correlates of Workaholism.” Personality and Individual Differences 40: 1223–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Butler, J. C. 2000. “Personality and Emotional Correlates of Right-Wing Authoritarianism.” Social Behavior and Personality 28: 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campbell, A., Converse, P. E., Miller, W. E., and Stokes, D. E.. 1960. The American Voter. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Canli, T., ed. 2006. Biology of Personality and Individual Differences. New York: Guilford.
Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., Consiglio, C., Picconi, L., and Zimbardo, P. G.. 2003. “Personalities of Politicians and Voters: Unique and Synergistic Relationships.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 84: 849–56.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., and Zimbardo, P. G.. 2002. “When Parsimony Subdues Distinctiveness: Simplified Public Perceptions of Politicians' Personality.” Political Psychology 23: 77–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., and Zimbardo, P. G. 1999. “Personality Profiles and Political Parties.” Political Psychology 20: 175–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caprara, G. V., Schwartz, S., Capanna, C., Vecchione, M., and Barbaranelli, C.. 2006. “Personality and Politics: Values, Traits and Political Choice.” Political Psychology 27: 1–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carlo, G., Okun, M. A., Knight, G. P., and Guzman, M. R. T.. 2005. “The Interplay of Traits and Motives on Volunteering: Agreeableness, Extraversion and Prosocial Value Motivation.” Personality and Individual Differences 38: 1293–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carmen, I. H. 2004. Politics in the Laboratory: The Constitution of Human Genomics. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
Carney, D. R., Jost, J. T., Gosling, S. D., and Potter, J.. 2008. “The Secret Lives of Liberals and Conservatives: Personality Profiles, Interaction Styles, and the Things They Leave Behind.” Political Psychology 29: 807–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caspi, A. 2000. “The Child is Father of the Man: Personality Correlates from Childhood to Adulthood.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 78: 158–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caspi, A., Chajut, E., Saporta, K., and Beyth-Marom, R.. 2006. “The Influence of Personality on Social Participation in Learning Environment.” Learning and Individual Differences 16: 129–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cattell, R. B. 1973. “Personality Pinned Down.” Psychology Today 7 (July) 41–42, 44–46.Google Scholar
Cattell, R. B. 1956. “Validation and Interprettion of the 16 P. F. Questionnaire.” Journal of Clinical Psychology 12: 205–14.3.0.CO;2-0>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cattell, R. B. 1947. “Confirmation and Clarification of the Primary Personality Factors.” Psychometrika 12: 197–220.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cattell, R. B. 1946. Description and Measurement of Personality, New York: World Book.Google Scholar
Cattell, R. B. 1944. “Interpretation of the Twelve Primary Personality Factors.” Character and Personality 13: 55–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cattell, R. B. 1943. “The Description of Personality: Basic Traits Resolved into Clusters.” Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 38: 476–507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cattell, R. B. 1933. “Temperament Tests.” British Journal of Psychology 23: 308–29.Google Scholar
Cattell, R. B., Eber, H. W., and Tatsuoka, M. M.. 1970. Handbook for the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire. Champaign, IL: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing.Google Scholar
Charney, E. 2008a. “Genes and Ideologies.” Perspectives on Politics 6: 299–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charney, E. 2008b. “Politics, Genetics, and ‘Greedy Reductionism.’” Perspectives on Politics 6: 337–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cheung, F. M., and Leung, K.. 1998. “Indigenous Personality Measures: Chinese Examples.” Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 29: 233–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chowdhury, M. S., and Amin, M. N.. 2006. “Personality and Students' Academic Achievement: Interactive Effects of Conscientiousness and Agreeableness on Students' Performance in Principles of Economics.” Social Behavior and Personality 34: 381–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Christal, R. E. 1992. “Author's Note on ‘Recurrent Personality Factors Based on Trait Ratings’.” Journal of Personality 60: 221–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Christie, R., and Jahoda, M., eds. 1954. Studies in the Scope and Method of “The Authoritarian Personality”: Continuities in Social Research. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Church, A T. 2001. “Personality Measurement in Cross-Cultural Perspective.” Journal of Personality, 69: 979–1006.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cattell, R. B. 2000. “Culture and Personality: Toward an Integrated Cultural Trait Psychology.” Journal of Personality 68: 651–703.Google Scholar
Clark, J., Boccaccini, M. T., Caillouet, B., and Chaplin, W. F.. 2007. “Five Factor Model Personality Traits, Jury Selection, and Case Outcomes in Criminal and Civil Cases.” Criminal Justice and Behavior 34: 641–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Conn, S. R., and Rieke, M. L., eds. 1994. The 16PF Fifth Edition Technical Manual. Champaign, IL: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing.
Connolly, J. J., Kavanagh, E. J., and Viswesvaran, C.. 2007. “The Convergent Validity between Self and Observer Ratings of Personality: A Meta-Analytic Review.” International Journal of Selection and Assessment 15: 110–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Conte, J. M., and Gintoft, J. N.. 2005. “Polychronicity, Big Five Personality Dimensions, and Sales Performance.” Human Performance 18: 427–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Converse, P. 1964. “The Nature of Belief Systems in Mass Publics.” In Apter, D., ed., Ideology and Discontent. New York: Free Press, pp. 206–61.Google Scholar
Costa, P. T., Jr., Busch, C. M., Zonderman, A. B., and McCrae, R. R.. 1986. “Correlations of MMPI Factor Scales with Measures of the Five-Factor Model of Personality.” Journal of Personality Assessment 50: 640–50.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Costa, P. T., Jr., Herbst, J. H., McCrae, R. R., and Siegler, I. C.. 2000. “Personality at Midlife: Stability, Intrinsic Maturation, and Response to Life Events.” Assessment 7: 365–78.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Costa, P. T., Jr., and McCrae, R. R.. 2006. “Age Changes in Personality and Their Origins: Comment on Roberts, Walton, and Viechtbauer (2006).” Psychological Bulletin 132: 26–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cattell, R. B. 1994. “Set Like Plaster?: Evidence for the Stability of Adult Personality.” In Heatherton, T. and Weinberger, J., eds., Can Personality Change?Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, pp. 21–40.Google Scholar
Cattell, R. B. 1992. Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) Professional Manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
Costa, P. T., 1988. “Personality in Adulthood: A Six-Year Longitudinal Study of Self-Reports and Spouse Ratings on the NEO Personality Inventory.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 54: 853–63.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Costa, P. T., 1980. “Influence of Extraversion and Neuroticism on Subjective Well-Being: Happy and Unhappy People.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 38: 668–78.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Courneya, K. S., and Hellsten, L. A. M.. 1998. “Personality Correlates of Exercise Behavior, Motives, Barriers and Preferences: An Application of the Five-Factor Model.” Personality and Individual Differences 24: 625–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cox, B. J., Borger, S. C., Asmundson, G. J. G., and Taylor, S.. 2000. “Dimensions of Hypochondriasis and the Five-Factor Model of Personality.” Personality and Individual Differences 29: 99–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crowson, H. M., Thoma, S. J., and Hestevold, N.. 2005. “Is Political Conservatism Synonymous with Authoritarianism?Journal of Social Psychology 145: 571–92.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cullen, J. M., Wright, L. W., and Alessandri, M.. 2002. “The Personality Variable Openness to Experience as it Relates to Homophobia.” Journal of Homosexuality 42: 119–34.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dahlen, E. R., and White, R. P.. 2006. “The Big Five Factors, Sensation Seeking, and Driving in Anger in the Prediction of Unsafe Driving.” Personality and Individual Differences 41: 903–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
David, J. P., Green, P. J., Martin, R., and Suls, J.. 1997. “Differential Roles of Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Event Desirability for Mood in Daily Life: An Integrative Model of Top-Down and Bottom-Up Influences.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 73: 149–59.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bruijn, G. J., Kremers, S. P. J., Mechelen, W., and Brug, J.. 2005. “Is Personality Related to Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Physical Activity in Adolescents?Health Education Research 20: 635–44.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Raad, B. 2000. The Big Five Personality Factors: The Psycholexical Approach to Personality. Seattle: Hogrefe & Humber Publishers.Google Scholar
Deluga, R. J. 1995. “The Relationship between Attributional Charismatic Leadership and Organizational Citizenship Behavior.” Journal of Applied Psychology 25: 1652–69.Google Scholar
Denny, K., and Doyle, O.. 2008. “Political Interest, Cognitive Ability and Personality: Determinants of Voter Turnout in Britain.” British Journal of Political Science 38: 291–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Di Palma, G., and McClosky, H.. 1970. “Personality and Conformity: The Learning of Political Attitudes.” American Political Science Review 64: 1054–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dickson, D. P., Barr, G. R., Johnson, L. P., and Wieckert, D. A.. 1970. “Social Dominance and Temperament of Holstein Cows.” Journal of Dairy Science 53: 904–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Digman, J. M. 1997. “Higher-Order Factors of the Big Five.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 73: 1246–56.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Digman, J. M. 1996. “The Curious History of the Five-Factor Model.” In Wiggins, J. S., ed., The Five-Factor Model of Personality: Theoretical Perspectives. New York: The Guilford Press, pp. 1–20.Google Scholar
Digman, J. M. 1990. “Personality Structure: Emergence of the Five-Factor Model.” Annual Review of Psychology 41: 417–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Digman, J. M. 1989. “Five Robust Trait Dimensions: Development, Stability and Utility.” Journal of Personality 57: 195–214.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Downs, A. 1957. An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper.Google Scholar
Dudley, N. M., Orvis, K. A., Lebiecki, J. E., and Cortina, J. M.. 2006. “A Meta-Analytic Investigation of Conscientiousness in the Prediction of Job Performance: Examining the Intercorrelations and the Incremental Validity of Narrow Traits.” Journal of Applied Psychology 91: 40–57.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Duriez, B., and Soenens, B.. 2006. “Personality, Identity Styles and Authoritarianism: An Integrative Study among Late Adolescents.” European Journal of Personality 20: 397–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Easton, D., and Dennis, J.. 1967. “The Child's Acquisition of Regime Norms: Political Efficacy.” American Political Science Review 61: 25–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eaves, L. J., Eysenck, H. J., and Martin, N G.. 1989. Genes, Culture and Personality. London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Eaves, L. J., and Hatemi, P.K.. 2008. “Transmission of Attitudes toward Abortion and Gay Rights: Parental Socialization or Parental Mate Selection?Behavior Genetics 38: 247–56.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Elshaug, C., and Metzer, J.. 2001. “Personality Attributes of Volunteers and Paid Workers Engaged in Similar Occupational Tasks.” Journal of Social Psychology 141: 752–63.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Endler, N. S. 1989. “The Temperamental Nature of Personality.” European Journal of Personality 3: 151–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eperjesi, F. 2007. “Do Tinted Spectacle Lens Wearers Have a Different Personality?Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics 27: 154–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Erdheim, J., Wang, M., and Zickar, M. J.. 2006. “Linking the Big Five Personality Constructs to Organizational Commitment.” Personality and Individual Differences 41: 959–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Etheredge, L. S. 1978. “Personality Effects on American Foreign Policy, 1898–1968: A Test of Interpersonal Generalization Theory.” American Political Science Review 72: 434–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eysenck, H. J. 1992. “Four Ways Five Factors are Not Basic.” Personality and Individual Differences 13: 667–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eysenck, H. J. 1991. “Dimensions of Personality: 15, 5, or 3? – Criteria for a Taxonomic Paradigm.” Personality and Individual Differences 12: 773–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eysenck, H. J. 1990. “Genetic and Environmental Contributions to Individual Differences: The Three Major Dimensions of Personality.” Journal of Personality 58: 245–61.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Eysenck, H. J. 1971. “Relation between Intelligence and Personality.” Perceptual and Motor Skills 32: 637–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eysenck, H. J. 1967. The Biological Basis of Personality. Springfield, IL: Thomas.Google Scholar
Eysenck, H. J. 1954. The Psychology of Politics. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Eysenck, H. J. 1951. “The Organization of Personality.” Journal of Personality 20: 101–17.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Eysenck, H. J. 1947. Dimensions of Personality. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Eysenck, H. J., and Eysenck, S. B. G.. 1969. Personality Structure and Measurement. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Eysenck, H. J., and Wilson, G. D., eds. 1978. The Psychological Basis of Ideology. Baltimore, MD: University Park Press.
Eysenck, M. W., and Eysenck, H. J.. 1980. “Mischel and the Concept of Personality.” British Journal of Psychology 71: 191–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fazio, R. H. 1990. “A Practical Guide to the Use of Response Latency in Social Psychological Research.” In Hendrick, C. and Clark, M. S., eds., Research Methods in Personality and Social Psychology. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, pp. 74–97.Google Scholar
Feldman, S. 2003. “Enforcing Social Conformity: A Theory of Authoritarianism,” Political Psychology 24: 41–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Feldman, S., and Stenner, K.. 1997. “Perceived Threat and Authoritarianism.” Political Psychology 18: 741–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferguson, E. 2004. “Personality as a Predictor of Hypochondriacal Concerns: Results from Two Longitudinal Studies.” Journal of Psychosomatic Research 56: 307–12.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ferguson, E. 2000. “Hypochondriacal Concerns and the Five Factor Model of Personality.” Journal of Personality 68: 705–24.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Finkel, S. E., and Geer, J. G.. 1998. “A Spot Check: Casting Doubt on the Demobilizing Effect of Attack Advertising.” American Journal of Political Science 42: 573–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fiorina, M. P. 1981. Retrospective Voting in American National Elections. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Fiske, D. W. 1949. “Consistency of the Factorial Structures of Personality Ratings from Different Sources.” Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 44: 329–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Floderus-Myrhed, B., Pedersen, N., and Rasmuson, I.. 1980. “Assessment of Heritability for Personality, Based on a Short Form of the Eysenck Personality Inventory.” Behavior Genetics 10: 153–62.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Flynn, F. J. 2005. “Having an Open Mind: The Impact of Openness to Experience on Interracial Attitudes and Impression Formation.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 88: 816–26.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Flynn, K. E., Smith, M. A., and Freese, J.. 2006. “When Do Older Adults Turn to the Internet for Health Information?: Findings from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study.” Journal of General Internal Medicine 21: 1295–301.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Forret, M. L., and Dougherty, T. W.. 2001. “Correlates of Networking Behavior for Managerial and Professional Employees.” Group and Organization Management 26: 283–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fowler, J. H., Baker, L. A., and Dawes, C. T.. 2008. “Genetic Variation in Political Participation.” American Political Science Review 102: 233–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fowler, J. H., and Dawes, C. T.. 2008. “Two Genes Predict Voter Turnout.” Journal of Politics 70: 479–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Francis, L. J. 1997. “Personal and Social Correlates of the ‘Closed Mind’ among 16 Year Old Adolescents in England.” Educational Studies 23: 429–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Francis, L. J., and Kay, W. K.. 1995. “The Personality Characteristics of Pentecostal Ministry Candidates.” Personality and Individual Differences 18: 581–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Franklin, C. E. 1984. “Issue Preferences, Socialization, and the Evolution of Party Identification.” American Journal of Political Science 28: 459–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Franklin, C. E., and Jackson, J. E.. 1983. “The Dynamics of Party Identification.” American Political Science Review 77: 957–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Friedman, H. S., and Booth-Kewley, S.. 1987. “The ‘Disease-Prone Personality’: A Meta-Analytic View of this Construct.” American Psychologist 42: 539–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Friedman, H. S., Tucker, J. S., Tomlinson-Keasey, C., Schwartz, J. E., Wingard, D. L., and Criqui, M. H.. 1993. “Does Childhood Personality Predict Longevity?Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 65: 176–85.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Funder, D. C., Kolar, D. C., and Blackman, M. C.. 1995. “Agreement among Judges of Personality: Interpersonal Relations, Similarity, and Acquaintanceship.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 69: 656–72.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Galton, F. 1884. “Measurement of Character.” Fortnightly Review 36: 179–85.Google Scholar
Geer, J. G. 2006. In Defense of Negativity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
George, A. L., and George, J. L.. 1964. Woodrow Wilson and Colonel House: A Personality Study. New York: Dover Publications.Google Scholar
George, J. M., and Zhou, J.. 2001. “When Openness to Experience and Conscientiousness are Related to Creative Behavior: An Interactional Approach.” Journal of Applied Psychology 86: 513–24.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gerber, A. S., G. A. Huber, D. Doherty, C. M. Dowling, and S. E. Ha. 2010. “Personality and Political Attitudes: Relationships across Issue Domains and Political Contexts.” American Political Science Review104: 111–33.Google Scholar
Gerber, A., Huber, G. A., Raso, C., and Ha, S.. 2008. “Personality and Political Behavior.” Unpublished manuscript.
Gibson, J. L. 2003. “Social Networks, Civil Society, and the Prospects for Consolidating Russia's Democratic Transition.” In Badescu, G. and Uslaner, E. M., eds., Social Capital and the Transition to Democracy. London: Routledge, pp. 61–80.Google Scholar
Gibson, J. L., and Gouws, A.. 2003. Overcoming Intolerance in South Africa: Experiments in Democratic Persuasion. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Goldberg, L. R. 1995. “What the hell took so long? Donald Fiske and the Big-Five Factor Structure.” In Shrout, P. E. and Fiske, S. T., eds., Personality Research, Methods, and Theory: A Festschrift Honoring Donald W. Fiske. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, pp 29–43.Google Scholar
Goldberg, L. R. 1993. “The Structure of Phenotypic Personality Traits.” American Psychologist 48: 26–34.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Goldberg, L. R. 1992. “The Development of Markers for the Big-Five Factor Structure.” Psychological Assessment 4: 26–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldberg, L. R. 1990. “An Alternative ‘Description of Personality’: The Big-Five Factor Structure.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 59: 1216–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldberg, L. R. 1981. “Language and Individual Differences: The Search for Universals in Personality Lexicons.” In Wheeler, L., ed., Review of Personality and Social Psychology. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, pp. 141–65.Google Scholar
Goldberg, L. R., Johnson, J. A., Eber, H. W., Hogan, R., Ashton, M. C., Cloninger, C. R., and Gough, H. C.. 2006. “The International Personality Item Pool and the Future of Public-Domain Personality Measures.” Journal of Research in Personality 40: 84–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldberg, L. R., and Rosolack, T. K.. 1994. “The Big Five Factor Structure as an Integrative Framework: An Empirical Comparison with Eysenck's P-E N Model.” In Halverson, C. F., Jr., Kohnstamm, G. A. and Martin, R. P., eds., The Developing Structure of Temperament and Personality from Infancy to Adulthood. New York: Erlbaum, pp. 7–35.Google Scholar
Goldberg, L. R., Sweeney, D., Merenda, P. F., and Hughes, J. E., Jr. 1998. “Demographic Variables and Personality: The Effects of Gender, Age, Education, and Ethnic/Racial Status on Self-Descriptions of Personality Attributes.” Personality and Individual Differences 24: 393–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gomez, R., Holmberg, K., Bounds, J., Fullarton, C., and Gomez, A.. 1999. “Neuroticism and Extraversion as Predictors of Coping Styles during Early Adolescence.” Personality and Individual Differences 27: 3–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gosling, S. D. 2001. “From Mice to Men: What Can We Learn about Personality from Animal Research?Psychological Bulletin 127: 45–86.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gosling, S. D., and John, O. P.. 1999. “Personality Dimensions in Nonhuman Animals: A Cross-species Review.” Current Directions in Psychological Science 8: 69–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gosling, S. D., Kwan, V. S. Y., and John, O. P.. 2003. “A Dog's Got Personality: A Cross-species Comparative Approach to Evaluating Personality Judgments.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 85: 1161–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gosling, S. D., Rentfrow, P. J., and Swann, W. B., Jr. 2003. “A Very Brief Measure of the Big- Five Personality Domains.” Journal of Research in Personality 37:504–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Graziano, W. G., Jensen-Campbell, L. A., and Hair, E. C.. 1996. “Perceiving Interpersonal Conflict and Reacting to It: The Case for Agreeableness.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 70: 820–35.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Graziano, W. G., and Tobin, R. M.. 2002. “Agreeableness: Dimension of Personality or Social Desirability Artifact?Journal of Personality 70: 695–727.Google ScholarPubMed
Greenstein, F. I., ed. 2003. The George W. Bush Presidency: An Early Assessment. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Greenstein, F. I. 1992. “Can Personality and Politics be Studied Systematically?” Political Psychology13: 105–28.Google Scholar
Greenstein, F. I. 1969. Personality and Politics. Chicago: Markham Publishing.Google Scholar
Guilford, J. P. 1959. Personality. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
Haggbloom, S. J., Warnick, R., Warnick, J. E., Jones, V. K., Yarbrough, G. L., Russell, T. M., Borecky, C. M., McGahhey, R., Powell, J. L., III, Beavers, J., and Monte, E.. 2002. “The 100 Most Eminent Psychologists of the 20th Century.” Review of General Psychology 6: 139–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hannagan, R. J., and Hatemi, P. K.. 2008. “The Threat of Genes: A Comment on Evan Charney's ‘Genes and Ideologies.’” Perspectives on Politics 6: 329–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hatemi, P. K., Morley, K. I., Medland, S. E., Heath, A. C., and Martin, N. G.. 2007. “The Genetics of Voting: An Australian Twin Study.” Behavior Genetics 37: 435–48.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Heath, A. C., Neale, M. C., Kessler, R. C., Eaves, L. J., and Kendler, K. S.. 1992. “Evidence for Genetic Influences on Personality from Self-Reports and Informant Ratings.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 63: 85–96.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Heinstrom, J. 2003. “Five Personality Dimensions and Their Influence on Information Behaviour.” Information Research 9: paper 165 [available at http://informationR.net/ir/9-1/paper165.html].Google Scholar
Heise, D. R. 1970. “The Semantic Differential and Attitude Research.” In Summers, G. F., ed., Attitude Measurement. Chicago: Rand McNally.Google Scholar
Hendry, D. J., Jackson, R. A., and Mondak, J. J.. 2009. “Abramoff, Email, and the Mistreated Mistress: Scandal and Character in the 2006 Elections.” In Mondak, J. J. and Mitchell, D., eds., Fault Lines: Why the Republicans Lost Congress. New York: Routledge, pp 84–110.Google Scholar
Hibbing, J. R., and Theiss-Morse, E.. 2002. Stealth Democracy: Americans' Beliefs about How Government Should Work. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hibbing, J. R., and Theiss-Morse, E. 1995. Congress as Public Enemy: Public Attitudes toward American Political Institutions. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hibbing, J. R., Theiss-Morse, E., and Whitaker, E.. 2009. “Americans' Perceptions of the Nature of Governing.” In Mondak, J. J. and Mitchell, D., eds., Fault Lines: Why the Republicans Lost Congress. New York: Routledge, pp. 148–65.Google Scholar
Hibbing, M. V., Bloeser, A. J., Canache, D., Mondak, J. J., and Seligson, M. A.. 2009. “The Impact of Personality on Response Patterns on Public Opinion Surveys: The Big Five and Extreme Response Style.” Presented at the International Society of Political Psychology 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting, Dublin.
Hofstede, G. 2001. Cultures Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organizations across Nations, 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Hofstede, G., and McCrae, R. R.. 2004. “Personality and Culture Revisited: Linking Traits and Dimensions of Culture.” Cross-Cultural Research 38: 52–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hofstee, W. K. B. 1990. “The Use of Everyday Personality Language for Scientific Purposes.” European Journal of Personality 4: 77–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hogan, J. 1989. “Personality Correlates of Physical Fitness.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 56: 284–88.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hogan, J. C., Hogan, R. and Gregory, S.. 1992. “Validation of a Sales Representative Selection Inventory.” Journal of Business and Psychology 7: 161–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hopwood, C. J., Morey, L. C., Skodol, A. E., Stout, R. L., Yen, S., Ansell, E. B., Grilo, C. M., and McGlashan, T. H.. 2007. “Five-Factor Model Personality Traits Associated with Alcohol-Related Diagnoses in a Clinical Sample.” Journal of Studies on Alcohol 68: 455–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horn, J., Nelson, C. E., and Brannick, M. T.. 2004. “Integrity, Conscientiousness and Honesty.” Psychological Reports 95: 27–38.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Howarth, E. 1976. “Were Cattell's ‘Personality Sphere’ Factors Correctly Identified in the First Instance?British Journal of Psychology 67: 213–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huang, T. J., Chi, S. C., and Lawler, J. J.. 2005. “The Relationship between Expatriates' Personality Traits and their Adjustment to International Assignments.” International Journal of Human Resource Management 16: 1656–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huckfeldt, R., Carmines, E. G., Mondak, J. J., and Zeemering, E.. 2007. “Information, Activation and Electoral Competition in the 2002 Congressional Elections.” Journal of Politics 69: 798–812.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huckfeldt, R., Johnson, P. E., and Sprague, J.. 2004. Political Disagreement: The Survival of Diverse Opinions within Communication Networks. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huckfeldt, R., Levine, J., Morgan, W., and Sprague, J.. 1999. “Accessibility and the Political Utility of Partisan and Ideological Orientations.” American Journal ofPolitical Science 43: 888–911.Google Scholar
Huckfeldt, R. R., Mondak, J. J., Craw, M., and Mendez, J. Morehouse. 2005. “Making Sense of Candidates: Partisanship, Ideology, and Issues as Guides to Judgment.” Cognitive Brain Research 23: 11–23.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Huckfeldt, R., and Sprague, J.. 1992. “Political Parties and Electoral Mobilization: Political Structure, Social Structure, and the Party Canvass.” American Political Science Review 86: 70–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Iglic, H. 2003. “Trust Networks and Democratic Transition: Yugoslavia in the Mid-1980s.” In Badescu, G. and Uslaner, E. M., eds., Social Capital and the Transition to Democracy. London: Routledge, pp. 10–27.Google Scholar
Inglehart, R. 1989. Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Inglehart, R. 1988. “The Renaissance of Political Culture.” American Political Science Review 82: 1203–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Inglehart, R., and Klingemann, H.. 2003. “Genes, Culture, Democracy, and Happiness.” In Diener, E. and Suh, E. M., eds., Culture and Subjective Well-Being. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 165–83.Google Scholar
Institute for Personality and Ability Testing, Inc. 2007. Corporate Website. http://www.ipat.com/.
Jackson, R. A. 2002. “Gubernatorial and Senatorial Campaign Mobilization of Voters.” Political Research Quarterly 55: 825–44.Google Scholar
Jang, K. L., McCrae, R. R., Angleitner, A., Riemann, R., and Livesley, W. J.. 1998. “Heritability of Facet-Level Traits in a Cross-Cultural Twin Sample: Support for a Hierarchical Model of Personality.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 74 1556–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jensen-Campbell, L. A., Adams, R., Perry, D. G., Workman, K. A., Furdella, J. Q., and Egan, S. K.. 2002. “Agreeableness, Extraversion, and Peer Relations in Early Adolescence: Winning Friends and Deflecting Aggression.” Journal of Research in Personality 36: 224–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jensen-Campbell, L. A., Knack, J. M., Waldrip, A. M., and Campbell, S. D.. 2007. “Do Big Five Personality Traits Associated with Self-Control influence the Regulation of Anger and Aggression?Journal of Research in Personality 41: 403–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jensen-Campbell, L. A., and Malcolm, K. T.. 2007. “The Importance of Conscientiousness in Adolescent Interpersonal Relationships.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 33: 368–83.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
John, O. P., Angleitner, A., and Ostendorf, F.. 1988. “The Lexical Approach to Personality: A Historical Review of Trait Taxonomic Research.” European Journal of Personality 2: 171–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
John, O. P., Naumann, L. P. and Soto, C. J.. 2008. “Paradigm Shift to the Integrative Big Five Trait Taxonomy: History, Measurement, and Conceptual Issues.” In John, O. P., Robins, R. W. and Pervin, L. A., eds. Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research. New York: Guilford, pp. 114–58.Google Scholar
John, O. P., and Robins, R. W.. 1993. “Gordon Allport: Father and Critic of the Five-Factor Model.” In Craik, K. H., Hogan, R. and Wolfe, R. N., eds. Fifty Years of Personality Psychology. New York: Plenum, pp. 215–36.Google Scholar
John, O. P., and Srivastava, S.. 1999. “The Big Five Trait Taxonomy: History, Measurement, and Theoretical Perspectives.” In Pervin, L. A. and John, O. P., eds. Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research, 2nd ed. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Jost, J. T., Federico, C. M., and Napier, J. L.. 2009. “Political Ideology: Its Structure, Functions, and Elective Affinities.” Annual Review of Psychology 60: 307–37.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jost, J. T., Glaser, J., Kruglanski, A. W., and Sulloway, F. J.. 2003. “Political Conservatism as Motivated Social Cognition.” Psychological Bulletin 129: 339–75.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jost, J. T., and Hunyady, O.. 2005. “Antecedents and Consequences of System-Justifying Ideologies.” Current Directions in Psychological Sciences 14: 260–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jost, J. T., Nosek, B. A., and Gosling, S. D.. 2008. “Ideology: Its Resurgence in Social, Personality, and Political Psychology.” Perspectives on Psychological Science 3: 126–36.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Judd, C. M., Drake, R. A., Downing, J. W., and Krosnick, J. A.. 1991. “Some Dynamic Properties of Attitude Structures: Context-induced Response Facilitation and Polarization.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 60: 193–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jung, C. G. 1923. Psychological Types, or The Psychology of Individuation. New York: Harcourt Brace.Google Scholar
Jung, C. G. 1917. On The Psychology of the Unconscious. Princeton, NJ: Standard Edition.Google Scholar
Kahn, K. F., and Kenney, P. J.. 1999. “Do Negative Campaigns Mobilize or Suppress Turnout? Clarifying the Relationship between Negativity and Participation.” American Political Science Review 93: 877–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kam, C. D. 2005. “Who Toes the Party Line? Cues, Values, and Individual Differences.” Political Behavior 27: 163–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Katigbak, M. S., Church, A. T., and Akamine, T. X.. 1996. “Cross-Cultural Generalizability of Personality Dimensions: Relating Indigenous and Imported Dimensions in Two Cultures.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 70: 99–114.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
King, G., Honaker, J., Joseph, A., and Scheve, K.. 2001. “Analyzing Incomplete Political Science Data: An Alternative Algorithm for Multiple Imputation.” American Political Science Review 95: 49–69.Google Scholar
Kowert, P. A., and Hermann, M. G.. 1997. “Who Takes Risks? Daring and Caution in Foreign Policy Making.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 41: 611–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kraaykamp, G., and Eijck, K.. 2005. “Personality, Media Preferences, and Cultural Participation.” Personality and Individual Differences 38: 1675–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kreitler, S., and Kreitler, H.. 1990. The Cognitive Foundations of Personality Traits. New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krosnick, J. 1989. “Attitude Importance and Attitude Accessibility.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 15: 297–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krueger, R. F., and Johnson, W.. 2008. “Behavioral Genetics and Personality: A New Look at the Integration of Nature and Nurture.” In John, O. P., Robins, R. W., and Pervin, L. A., eds. Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research. New York: Guilford, pp. 287–310.Google Scholar
Lasswell, H. D. 1954. “The Selective Effect of Personality on Political Participation.” In Christie, R. and Jahoda, M., eds., Studies in the Scope and Method of ‘The Authoritarian Personality.’ Glencoe, IL: The Free Press, pp. 197–225.Google Scholar
Lasswell, H. D. 1930. Psychopathology and Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Lau, R. R., Sigelman, L., Heldman, C., and Babbitt, P.. 1999. “The Effects of Negative Political Advertisements: A Meta-Analytic Assessment.” American Political Science Review 93: 851–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Laursen, B., Pulkkinen, L., and Adams, R.. 2002. “The Antecedents and Correlates of Agreeableness in Adulthood.” Developmental Psychology 38: 591–603.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lavine, H., Lodge, M., and Freitas, K.. 2005. “Threat, Authoritarianism, and Selective Exposure to Information.” Political Psychology 26: 219–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lewis, C. J., Mitchell, D., and Rugeley, C.. 2005. “Courting Public Opinion: Utilizing Jury Pools in Experimental Research.” Poster presented at the 2005 Political Methodology Summer Conference, Tallahassee.
Loehlin, J. C. 1992. Genes and Environment in Personality Development. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Loehlin, J. C., and Nichols, R. C.. 1976. Heredity, Environment and Personality: A Study of 850 Sets of Twins. Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
Loehlin, J. C., Willerman, L., and Horn, J. M.. 1985. “Personality Resemblances in Adoptive Families: A 10-Year Follow-Up.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 53: 961–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lounsbury, J. W., Loveland, J. M., and Gibson, L. W.. 2003. “An Investigation of Psychological Sense of Community in Relation to Big Five Personality Traits.” Journal of Community Psychology 31: 531–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mak, A., and Tran, C.. 2001. “Big Five Personality and Cultural Relocation Factors in Vietnamese Australian Students' Intercultural Social Self-Efficacy.” International Journal of Intercultural Relations 25: 181–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Malouff, J. M., Thorsteinsson, E. B., and Schutte, N. S.. 2006. “The Five-Factor Model of Personality and Smoking: A Meta-Analysis.” Journal of Drug Education 36: 47–58.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Marcus, B., and Schutz, A.. 2005. “Who Are the People Reluctant to Participate in Research? Personality Correlates of Four Different Types of Nonresponse as Inferred from Self- and Observer Ratings.” Journal of Personality 73: 959–84.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Marcus, G. E. 2000. “Emotions in Politics.” Annual Review of Political Science 3: 221–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marcus, G. E., Sullivan, J. L., Theiss-Morse, E., and Wood, S. L.. 1995. With Malice Toward Some: How People Make Civil Liberties Judgments. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Markey, C. N., Markey, P. M., Ericksen, A. J., and Tinsley, B. J.. 2006. “Children's Behavioral Patterns, the Five-Factor Model of Personality, and Risk Behaviors.” Personality and Individual Differences 41: 1503–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Markus, H., and Kitayama, S.. 1998. “The Cultural Psychology of Personality.” Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 29: 63–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martin, J. L. 2001. “The Authoritarian Personality, 50 Years Later What Questions are there for Political Psychology?Political Psychology 22: 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martin, P., da Rosa, G., and Siegler, I. C.. 2006. “Personality and Longevity: Findings from the Georgia Centenarian Study.” Age 28: 343–52.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Masui, Y., Gondo, Y., Inagaki, H., and Hirose, N.. 2006. “Do Personality Characteristics Predict Longevity?: Findings from the Tokyo Centenarian Study.” Age 28: 353–61.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Matthews, G., and Deary, I. J.. 1998. Personality Traits. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Matthews, G., and Oddy, K.. 1993. “Recovery of Major Personality Dimensions from Trait Adjective Data.” Personality and Individual Differences 15: 419–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McAdams, Dan P. 1992. “The Five-Factor Model in Personality: A Critical Appraisal.” Journal of Personality 60: 329–61.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McClosky, H. 1964. “Consensus and Ideology in American Politics.” American Political Science Review 58: 361–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McClosky, H. 1958. “Conservatism and Personality.” American Political Science Review 52: 27–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McClosky, H., and Brill, A.. 1983. Dimensions of Tolerance. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
McClurg, S. D. 2006. “The Electoral Relevance of Political Talk: Examining the Effect of Disagreement and Expertise in Social Networks on Political Participation.” American Journal of Political Science 50: 737–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCrae, R. R. 1996. “Social Consequences of Experiential Openness.” Psychological Bulletin 120: 323–37.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCrae, R. R. 1990. “Traits and Trait Names: How Well is Openness Represented in Natural Languages?European Journal of Personality 4: 119–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCrae, R. R., and Costa, P. T., Jr. 2008. “The Five-Factor Theory of Personality.” In John, O. P., Robins, R. W. and Pervin, L. A., eds. Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research. New York: Guilford, pp. 155–81.Google Scholar
McCrae, R. R., and Costa, P. T., 2006. “Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Adult Personality Trait Development.” In Mroczek, D. and Little, T., eds., Handbook of Personality Development. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 129–45.Google Scholar
McCrae, R. R., and Costa, P. T., 2003. Personality in Adulthood: A Five-Factor Theory Perspective, 2nd ed. New York: The Guilford Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCrae, R. R., and Costa, P. T., 1997. “Personality Trait Structure as a Human Universal.” American Psychologist 52: 509–16.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCrae, R. R., and Costa, P. T., 1996. “Toward a New Generation of Personality Theories: Theoretical Contexts for the Five-Factor Model.” In Wiggins, J. S., ed., The Five-Factor Model of Personality: Theoretical Perspectives. New York: The Guilford Press, pp. 51–87.Google Scholar
McCrae, R. R., and Costa, P. T., 1989a. “Different Points of View: Self-Reports and Ratings in the Assessment of Personality.” In Forgas, J. P. and Innes, M. J., eds., Recent Advances in Social Psychology: An International Perspective. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 429–39.Google Scholar
McCrae, R. R., and Costa, P. T., 1989b. “Reinterpreting the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator from the Perspective of the Five-Factor Model of Personality.” Journal of Personality 57: 17–40.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCrae, R. R., and Costa, P. T., 1987. “Validation of the Five-Factor Model of Personality across Instruments and Observers.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 52: 81–90.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCrae, R. R., Costa, P. T., Jr., Martin, T. A., Oryol, V. E., Senin, I. G., and O'Cleirigh, C.. 2007. “Personality Correlates of HIV Stigmatization in Russia and the United States.” Journal of Research in Personality 41: 190–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCrae, R. R., Jang, K. L., Livesley, W. J., Riemann, R., and Angleitner, A.. 2001. “Sources of Structure: Genetic, Environmental, and Artifactual Influences on the Covariation of Personality Traits.” Journal of Personality 69: 511–35.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCrae, R. R., and John, O. P.. 1992. “An Introduction to the Five-Factor Model and Its Applications.” Journal of Personality 60: 175–215.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCrae, R. R., Yik, M. S. M., Trapnell, P. D., Bond, M. H., and Paulhus, D. L.. 1998. “Interpreting Personality Profiles across Cultures: Bilingual, Acculturation, and Peer Rating Studies of Chinese Undergraduates.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 74: 1041–58.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCulloch, P., Kaul, A., Wagstaff, G. F., and Wheatcroft, J.. 2005. “Tolerance of Uncertainty, Extroversion, Neuroticism and Attitudes to Randomized Controlled Trials among Surgeons and Physicians.” British Journal of Surgery 92: 1293–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCurley, C., and Mondak, J. J.. 1995. “Inspected by: The Influence of Incumbents' Competence and Integrity in U.S. House Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 39: 864–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McDonald, M. P. 2003. “On the Over-Report Bias of the National Election Study.” Political Analysis 11: 180–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McNiel, J. M., and Fleeson, W.. 2006. “The Causal Effects of Extraversion on Positive Affect and Neuroticism on Negative Affect: Manipulating State Extraversion and State Neuroticism in an Experimental Approach.” Journal of Research in Personality 40: 529–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Medland, S. E., and Hatemi, P. K.. 2009. “Political Science, Biometric Theory, and Twin Studies: A Methodological Introduction.” Political Analysis 17: 191–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milbrath, L. W. 1962. “Latent Origins of Liberalism-Conservatism and Party Identification: A Research Note.” Journal of Politics 24: 679–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mischel, W. 1979. “On the Interface of Cognition and Personality: Beyond the Person-Situation Debate.” American Psychologist 34: 740–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mischel, W. 1968. Personality and Assessment. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
Mischel, W., and Shoda, Y.. 1995. “A Cognitive-Affective System Theory of Personality: Reconceptualizing Situations, Dispositions, Dynamics, and Invariance in Personality Structure.” Psychological Review 102: 246–68.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mitchell, D., and Mondak, J. J.. 2009. “The Context for Defeat.” In Mondak, J. J. and Mitchell, D., eds., Fault Lines: Why the Republicans Lost Congress. New York: Routledge, pp. 1–21.Google Scholar
Mondak, J. J. 1995a. “Competence, Integrity, and the Electoral Success of Congressional Incumbents.” Journal of Politics 57: 1043–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mondak, J. J. 1995b. “Media Exposure and Political Discussion in U.S. Elections.” Journal of Politics 57: 62–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mondak, J. J. 1995c. Nothing to Read: Newspapers and Elections in a Social Experiment. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mondak, J. J., Canache, D., Seligson, M. A., and Hibbing, M. V.. Forthcoming. “The Participatory Personality: Evidence from Latin America.” British Journal of Political Science.
Mondak, J. J., and Gearing, A. F.. 2003. “Civic Engagement in a Post-Communist State.” In Badescu, G. and Uslaner, E. M., eds., Social Capital and the Transition to Democracy. London: Routledge, pp. 140–64.Google Scholar
Mondak, J. J., and Halperin, K. D.. 2008. “A Framework for the Study of Personality and Political Behavior.” British Journal of Political Science 38: 335–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mondak, J. J., Hibbing, M. V., Canache, D., Seligson, M. A., and Anderson, M. R.. 2010. “Personality and Civic Engagement: An Integrative Framework for the Study of Trait Effects on Political behavior.” American Political Science Review 104: 85–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mondak, , and Huckfeldt, R.. 2006. “The Accessibility and Utility of Candidate Character in Electoral Decision Making.” Electoral Studies 25: 20–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mondak, J. J., and Mitchell, D., eds. 2009. Fault Lines: Why the Republicans Lost Congress. New York: Routledge.
Moskowitz, D. S., and Schwarz, J. C.. 1982. “Validity Comparison of Behavior Counts and Ratings by Knowledgeable Informants.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 42: 518–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moss, S. A., McFarland, J., Ngu, S., and Kijowska, A.. 2007. “Maintaining an Open Mind to Closed Individuals: The Effect of Resource Availability and Leadership Style on the Association between Openness to Experience and Organizational Commitment.” Journal of Research in Personality 41: 259–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moutafi, J., Furnham, A., and Crump, J.. 2006. “What Facets of Openness and Conscientiousness Predict Fluid Intelligence Score?Learning and Individual Differences 16: 31–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mueller, G., and Plug, E.. 2006. “Estimating the Effect of Personality on Male and Female Earnings.” Industrial and Labor Relations Review 60: 3–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mulligan, K., Grant, J. T., Mockabee, S. T., and Monson, J. Q.. 2003. “Response Latency Methodology for Survey Research: Measurement and Modeling Strategies.” Political Analysis 11: 289–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mussen, P. H., and Wyszynski, A. B.. 1952. “Personality and Political Participation.” Human Relations 5: 65–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mutz, D. C. 2006. Hearing the Other Side: Deliberative versus Participatory Democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mutz, D. C., and Mondak, J. J.. 2006. “The Workplace as a Context for Cross-Cutting Political Discourse.” Journal of Politics 68: 140–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mutz, D. C., and Reeves, B.. 2005. “The New Videomalaise: Effects of Televised Incivility on Political Trust.” American Political Science Review 99: 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nail, P. R., Bedell, K. E., and Little, C. D.. 2003. “Should President Clinton be Prosecuted for Perjury?: The Effects of Preference for Consistency, Self-Esteem, and Political Party Affiliation.” Personality and Individual Differences 35: 1821–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nicholson, N. 2005. “Personality and Domain-Specific Risk Taking.” Journal of Risk Research 8: 157–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Niemi, R. G., Craig, S. C., and Mattei, F.. 1991. “Measuring Internal Political Efficacy in the 1988 National Election Study.” American Political Science Review 85: 1407–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Noller, P., Law, H. G., and Comrey, A. L.. 1987. “Cattell, Comrey and Eysenck Personality Factors Compared: More Evidence for Five Robust Factors.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 53: 775–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Norman, W. T. 1963. “Toward an Adequate Taxonomy of Personality Attributes: Replicated Factor Structure in Peer Nomination Personality Ratings.” Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 66: 574–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O'Leary, K. D., and Smith, D. A.. 1991. “Marital Interactions.” Annual Review of Psychology 42: 191–212.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ones, D. S., Viswesvaran, C., and Schmidt, F. L.. 1993. “Comprehensive Meta-Analysis of Integrity Test Validities: Findings and Implications for Personnel Selection and Theories of Job Performance.” Journal of Applied Psychology 78: 679–703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Organ, D. W. 1994. “Organizational Citizenship Behavior and the Good Soldier.” In Rumsey, M.G., Walker, C. B. and Harris, J. H., eds., Personnel Selection and Classification. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 53–67.Google Scholar
Organ, D. W., and McFall, J. B.. 2004. “Personality and Citizenship Behavior in Organizations.” In Schneider, D. and Smith, D. B., eds. Personality and Organizations. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 291–314.Google Scholar
Ormel, J., and Wohlfarth, T.. 1991. “How Neuroticism, Long-Term Difficulties, and Life Situation Change Influence Psychological Distress: A Longitudinal Model.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 60: 744–55.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Osgood, C. E., Tannenbaum, P. H., and Suci, G. J.. 1957 The Measurement of Meaning. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
Oxley, D.R., Smith, K. B., Alford, J. R., Hibbing, M. V., Miller, J. L., Scalora, M., Hatemi, P. K., and Hibbing, J. R.. 2008. “Political Attitudes Vary with Physiological Traits.” Science 321: 1167–70.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ozer, D. J., and Reise, S. P.. 1994. “Personality Assessment.” Annual Review of Psychology 45: 357–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Park, H., and Antonioni, D.. 2007. “Personality, Reciprocity, and Strength of Conflict Resolution Strategy.” Journal of Research in Personality 41: 110–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Parkes, K. R., and Razavi, T. D. B.. 2004. “Personality and Attitudinal Variables as Predictors of Voluntary Union Membership.” Personality and Individual Differences 37: 333–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pasek, J., Feldman, L., Romer, D., and Jamieson, K. H.. 2008. “Schools as Incubators of Democratic Participation: Building Long-Term Political Efficacy with Civic Education.” Applied Developmental science 12: 26–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paulhus, D. L., Bruce, M. N., and Trapnell, P. D.. 1995. “Effects of Self-Presentation Strategies on Personality Profiles and their Structure.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 21: 100–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peabody, D., and Goldberg, L. R.. 1989. “Some Determinants of Factor Structures from Personality-Trait Descriptors.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57: 552–67.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pedersen, N. L., Plomin, R., McClearn, G. E., and Friberg, L.. 1988. “Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Related Traits in Adult Twins Reared Apart and Reared Together.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 55: 950–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pervin, L. A. 2003. The Science of Personality, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Phillips, Julie. 2006. James Tiptree, Jr.: The Double Life of Alice B. Sheldon. New York: St. Martin's Press.Google Scholar
Plomin, R., and Daniels, D.. 1987. “Why are Children in the Same Family So Different from One Another?Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10:1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Post, J. M. 1991. “Saddam Hussein of Iraq: A Political Personality Profile.” Political Psychology 12: 279–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pulford, B. D., and Sohal, H.. 2006. “The Influence of Personality on HE Students' Confidence in Their Academic Abilities.” Personality and Individual Differences 41: 1409–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rammstedt, B., and John, O. P.. 2007. “Measuring Personality in One Minute or Less: A 10-Item Short Version of the Big Five Inventory in English and German.” Journal of Research in Personality 41: 203–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Renshon, S. A., ed. 1995. The Clinton Presidency: Campaigning, Governing and the Psychology of Leadership. Boulder, CO: Westview.
Rhodes, R. E., and Smith, N. E. I.. 2006. “Personality Correlates of Physical Activity: A Review and Meta-Analysis.” British Journal of Sports Medicine 40: 958–65.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Riemann, R., Angleitner, A., and Strelau, J.. 1997. “Genetic and Environmental Influences on Personality: A Study of Twins Reared Together Using the Self- and Peer Report NEO- FFI Scales.” Journal of Personality 65: 449–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Riemann, R., Grubich, C., Hempel, S., Mergl, S., and Richter, M.. 1993. “Personality and Attitudes towards Current Political Topics.” Personality and Individual Differences 15: 313–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robbers, M. 2006. “Tough-Mindedness and Fair Play: Personality Traits as Predictors of Attitudes toward the Death Penalty.” Punishment and Society 8: 203–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roberts, B. W., Chernyshenko, O. S., Stark, S., and Goldberg, L. R.. 2005. “The Structure of Conscientiousness: An Empirical Investigation Based on Seven Major Personality Questionnaires.” Personnel Psychology 58: 103–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roberts, B. W., Walton, K. E., and Viechtbauer, W.. 2006a. “Patterns of Mean-Level Change in Personality Traits across the Life Course: A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies.” Psychological Bulletin 132: 1–25.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Roberts, B. W., Walton, K. E., and Viechtbauer, W. 2006b. “Personality Traits Change in Adulthood: Reply to Costa and McCrae (2006).” Psychological Bulletin 132: 29–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robinson, M. D., and Tamir, M.. 2005. “Neuroticism as Mental Noise: A Relation between Neuroticism and Reaction Time Standard Deviations.” Personality and Individual Differences 89: 107–14.Google ScholarPubMed
Rokeach, M. 1960. The Open and Closed Mind: Investigations into the Nature of Belief Systems and Personality Systems. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Rose, R. J., Koshenvuo, M., Kaprio, J., Sarna, S., and Langinvainio, H.. 1988. “Shared Genes, Shared Experiences, and Similarity of Personality.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 54: 161–71.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rubenzer, S. J., Faschingbauer, T. R., and Ones, D. S.. 2000. “Assessing the U.S. Presidents Using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory.” Assessment 7: 403–20.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rudolph, Thomas J., and Popp, Elizabeth. 2007. “An Information Processing Theory of Ambivalence.” Political Psychology 28:563–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rushton, J. P., Fulker, D. W., Neale, M. C., Nias, D. K. B., and Eysenck, H. J.. 1986. “Altruism and Aggression: The Heritability of Individual Differences.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 50: 1192–98.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Satterfield, J. M. 1998. “Cognitive-Affective States Predict Military and Political Aggression and Risk Taking: A Content Analysis of Churchill, Hitler, Roosevelt, and Stalin.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 42: 667–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Saucier, G. 1992. “Openness Versus Intellect – Much Ado about Nothing.” European Journal of Personality 6: 381–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Saucier, G., and Goldberg, L. R.. 2001. “Lexical Studies of Indigenous Personality Factors: Premises, Products, and Prospects.” Journal of Personality 69: 847–79.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Saucier, G., and Goldberg, L. R. 1998. “What is Beyond the Big Five?Journal of Personality 66: 495–524.Google ScholarPubMed
Saucier, G., and Goldberg, L. R. 1996. “The Language of Personality: Lexical Perspectives on the Five-Factor Model.” In Wiggins, J. S., ed., The Five-Factor Model of Personality: Theoretical Perspectives. New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Scarr, S., Webber, P. L., Weinberg, R. L., and Wittig, M. A.. 1981. “Personality Resemblances among Adolescents and their Parents in Biologically Related and Adoptive Families.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 40: 885–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schmitt, D. P., Allik, J., McCrae, R. R., and Benet-Martinez, V.. 2007. “The Geographic Distribution of Big Five Personality Traits: Patterns and Profiles of Human Self- Description across 56 Nations.” Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 38: 173–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schoen, H. 2007. “Personality Traits and Foreign Policy Attitudes in German Public Opinion.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 51: 408–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schoen, H., and Schumann, S.. 2007. “Personality Traits, Partisan Attitudes, and Voting Behavior: Evidence from Germany.” Political Psychology 28: 471–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schroeder, M. L., Wormworth, J. A., and Livesley, W. J.. 1992. “Dimensions of Personality Disorder and Their Relationships to the Big Five Dimensions of Personality.” Psychological Assessment 4: 47–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schwartz, M. D., Taylor, K. L., Willard, K. S., Siegel, J. E., Lamdan, R. M., and Moran, K.. 1999. “Distress, Personality, and Mammography Utilization among Women with a Family History of Breast Cancer.” Health Psychology 18: 327–32.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Seligson, M. A. 2002. “A Renaissance of Political Culture or a Renaissance of the Ecological Fallacy?Comparative Politics 34: 273–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shweder, R. A. 1975. “How Relevant is an Individual Difference Theory of Personality?Journal of Personality 43: 455–84.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sibley, C. G., and Duckitt, J.. 2008. “Personality and Prejudice: A Meta-Analysis and Theoretical Review.” Personality and Social Psychology Review 12: 248–79.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Silver, B. D., Anderson, B. A., and Abramson, P. R.. 1986. “Who Overreports Voting?American Political Science Review 80: 613–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Silvestri, T. J., and Richardson, T. Q.. 2001. “White Racial Identity Statuses and NEO Personality Constructs: An Exploratory Analysis.” Journal of Counseling and Development 79: 68–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simonton, D. 1988. “Presidential Style: Personality, Biography, and Performance.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 55: 928–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simonton, D. 1986. “Presidential Personality: Biographical Use of the Gough Adjective Check List.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 51: 149–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, G. M. 1967. “Usefulness of Peer Ratings of Personality in Educational Research.” Educational and Psychological Measurement 27: 967–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sniderman, P. M. 1975. Personality and Democratic Politics. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
St. Angelo, D., and Dyson, J. W.. 1968. “Personality and Political Orientation.” Midwest Journal of Political Science 12: 202–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stenner, K. 2005. The Authoritarian Dynamic. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stouffer, S. A. 1992 [1955]. Communism, Conformity, and Civil Liberties. New Brunswick, N. J.: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
Stough, C., Donaldson, C., Scarlata, B., and Ciorciari, J.. 2001. “Psychophysiological Correlates of the NEO PI-R Openness, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness: Preliminary Results.” International Journal of Psychophysiology 41: 87–91.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Strauss, J. P., Connerley, M. L., and Ammermann, P. A.. 2003. “The ‘Threat Hypothesis,’ Personality, and Attitudes toward Diversity.” Journal of Applied Behavioral Science 39: 32–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sullivan, J. L., Piereson, J., and Marcus, G. E.. 1982. Political Tolerance and American Democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Suls, J., Martin, R., and David, J. P.. 1998. “Person-Environment and Its Limits: Agreeableness, Neuroticism, and Emotional Reactivity to Interpersonal Conflict.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 24: 88–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tellegen, A. 1991. “Personality Traits: Issues of Definition, Evidence, and Assessment.” In Grove, W. M. and Cicchetti, D., eds., Thinking Clearly about Psychology: Essays in Honor of Paul Everett Meehl, Vol. 2. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 10–35.Google Scholar
Tellegen, A., Lykken, D. T., Bouchard, T. J., Wilcox, K. J., Segal, N. L., and Rich, S.. 1988. “Personality and Similarity in Twins Reared Apart and Together.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 54: 1031–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tett, R. P., Jackson, D. N., and Rothstein, M.. 1991. “Personality Measures as Predictors of Job Performance: A Meta-Analytic Review.” Personnel Psychology 44: 703–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thoemmes, F. J., and Conway, L. C.. 2007. “Integrative Complexity of 41 U.S. Presidents.” Political Psychology 28: 193–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thoms, P., Moore, K. S., and Scott, K. S.. 1996. “The Relationship between Self-Efficacy for Participating in Self-Managed Work Groups and the Big Five Personality Dimensions.” Journal of Organizational Behavior 17: 349–62.3.0.CO;2-3>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thorndike, E. L. 1903. Educational Psychology. New York: Lemcke & Brechner.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thurstone, L. L. 1953. Thurstone Temperament schedule. Chicago: Science Research Associates.Google Scholar
Thurstone, L. L. 1934. “The Vectors of Mind.” Psychological Review 41: 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Timmerman, T. A.Predicting Turnover with Broad and Narrow Personality Traits.” 2006. International Journal of Selection and Assessment 14: 392–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tucker, J. S., Kressin, N. R., Spiro, A., III, and Ruscio, J.. 1998. “Intrapersonal Characteristics and the Timing of Divorce: A Prospective Investigation.” Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 15: 211–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tupes, E. C. 1957. Relationships between Behavior Trait Ratings by Peers and Later Officer Performance of USAF Officer Candidate School Graduates. USAF PTRC Technical Note No. 57–125. Lackland Air Force Base. TX: U.S. Air Force.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tupes, E. C., and Christal, R. E.. 1992. “Recurrent Personality Factors Based on Trait ratings.” Journal of Personality 60: 225–51.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tupes, E. C., and Christal, R. E. 1961. Recurrent Personality Factors Based on Trait Ratings USAF ASD Technical Report No. 61–97. Lackland Air Force Base. TX: U.S. Air Force.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tupes, E. C., and Christal, R. E. 1958. Stability of Personality Trait Rating Factors Obtained under Diverse Conditions. USAF WADC Technical Note No. 58–61. Lackland Air Force Base, TX: U.S. Air Force.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Turkheimer, E., and Waldron, M.. 2000. “Nonshared Environment: A Theoretical, Methodological, and Quantitative Review.” Psychological Bulletin 126: 78–108.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tyson, N. D. 2009. The Pluto Files: The Rise and Fall of America's Favorite Planet. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
Hiel, A., Kossowska, M., and Mervielde, I.. 2000. “The Relationship between Openness to Experience and Political Ideology.” Personality and Individual Differences 28: 741–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kenhove, P., Vermeir, I., and Verniers, S.. 2001. “An Empirical Investigation of the Relationships Between Ethical Beliefs, Ethical Ideology, Political Preference and Need for Closure.” Journal of Business Ethics 32: 347–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vecchione, M., and Caprara, G. V.. 2009. “Personality Determinants of Political Participation: The Contribution of Traits and Self-Efficacy Beliefs.” Personality and Individual Differences 46: 487–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Verba, S., Schlozman, K. L., and Brady, H. E.. 1995. Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Wagerman, S. A., and Funder, D. C.. 2007. “Acquaintance Reports of Personality and Academic Achievement: A Case for Conscientiousness.” Journal of Research in Personality 41: 221–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walsh, K. C. 2004. Talking about Politics: Informal Groups and Social Identity in American Life. Chicago: University of Chicago Pres.Google Scholar
Watson, D. 1989. “Strangers' Rating of the Five Robust Personality Factors: Evidence of a Surprising Convergence with Self-Reports.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 52: 120–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Watson, D., Hubbard, B., and Wiese, D.. 2000. “Self-Other Agreement in Personality and Affectivity: The Role of Acquaintanceship, Trait Visibility, and Assumed Similarity.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 78: 546–58.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wattenberg, M. P., and Brians, C. L.. 1999. “Negative Campaign Advertising: Demobilizer or Mobilizer?American Political Science Review 93: 891–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weisberg, H. F. 2005. “The Structure and Effects of Moral Predispositions in Contemporary American Politics.” Journal of Politics 67: 646–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
White, J. K., Hendrick, S. S., and Hendrick, C.. 2004. “Big Five Personality Variables and Relationship Constructs.” Personality and Individual Differences 37: 1519–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wiggins, J. S., and Pincus, A. L.. 1989. “Conceptions of Personality Disorders and Dimensions of Personality.” Psychological Assessment 1: 305–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Winter, D. G. 2006. “Authoritarianism – With or Without Threat?International Studies Review 8: 524–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Winter, D. G. 2003a. “Assessing Leaders' Personalities: A Historical Survey of Academic Research Studies.” In Post, J. M., ed., The Psychological Assessment of Political Leaders. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 11–38.Google Scholar
Winter, D. G. 2003b. “Personality and Political Behavior.” In O Sears, D., Huddy, L. and Jervis, R., eds., Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 110–45.Google Scholar
Wolfinger, R. E., and Rosenstone, S. J.. 1980 Who Votes?New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Woods, S. A., and Hampson, S. E.. 2005. “Measuring the Big Five with Single Items Using a Bipolar Response Scale.” European Journal of Personality 19: 373–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Woodworth, R. S. 1919. “Examination of Emotional Fitness for Warfare.” Psychological Bulletin 16: 59–60.Google Scholar
Wright, C. I., Williams, D., Feczko, E., Barrett, L. F., Dickerson, B. C., Schwartz, C. E., and Wedig, M. M.. 2006. “Neuroanatomical Correlates of Extraversion and Neuroticism.” Cerebral Cortex 16: 1809–19.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Xu, S. 2006. “Population Genetics: Separating Nurture from Nature in Estimating Heritability.” Heredity 97: 256–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Yamagata, S., Suzuki, A., Ando, J., Ono, Y., Kijima, N., Yoshimura, K., Ostendorf, F., Angleitner, A., Riemann, R., Spinath, F. M., Livesley, W. J., and Jang, K. L.. 2006. “Is the Genetic Structure of Human Personality Universal?: A Cross-Cultural Twin Study from North America, Europe, and Asia.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 90: 987–98.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Yang, K., and Bond, M. H.. 1990. “Exploring Implicit Personality Theories with Indigenous or Important Constructs: The Chinese Case.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 58: 1087–95.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed