Published online by Cambridge University Press: 06 September 2019
our dearest sister and cousin the Quene of England, be hir speciale lettres direcit unto us, hes declarit that quhair be treatyes and contractis of peace baith ancient and of late maid betwix or said dearest sisters progenitors kingis of England, and be hir selff in hir tyme on the ane part & it is … concludit yat gif our rebell or malifactor being hir subject sall shie and departe in to yis our realme upon requisicion to hole ye same person deliverit, ne ane bound sa to do. And considering hou it is notorious to the world that Thomas Percy Erle of Northumberland subject to or said dearest sister did raiss a rebellion in the north partes of England … and thairupon he fled into or realme … we … command and cherge William Duglus of Lochleven to render and deliver the said Thomas Percy Erle of Northumberland … toward the frontiers of England
This warrant, sent by the Scottish crown in 1572, directed administrators to deliver the rebel earl of Northumberland back to England for trial. More than two years after his capture, he was finally being punished for his part in the Northern Rebellion. Though perhaps beginning as a local dispute in 1569 aimed at producing political or religious changes in northern England, the revolt quickly became a matter of broader concern. This chapter investigates the uprising as well as three other moments of crisis that took place between 1552 and 1652, as case studies. In each, I argue that the borderlands were a key aspect of political negotiations and action. As such, the region is an integral component of any analysis of cross-border relations and identity and should be incorporated into the larger narrative.
By 1552, Anglo-Scottish relations were relatively peaceful. The Rough Wooing had concluded, and the wars of the mid-seventeenth century had yet to begin. Yet incidents that may have begun as minor uprisings against the English or Scottish crown quickly became matters of diplomacy when participants in the rebellions crossed the border. The first three case studies examine several of these episodes in depth: the initial exile of Mary, Queen of Scots in England (1568), the Northern Rebellion (1569–70) and the Raids of Ruthven and Stirling (1582–85). After the union in 1603, interactions between the two kingdoms remained relatively friendly until the second quarter of the seventeenth century.