Published online by Cambridge University Press: 18 June 2020
Aging is associated with an increase in the development of cancers. Among them some can be influenced by the gonadal hormones. Cancers which are the most hormone dependent are breast and endometrial cancer. Among breast cancer (BC) most of those occurring in postmenopausal women are estradiol (E2) receptor (ER) positive. Endometrial cancer is extremely estrogen dependent. Ovarian cancer (OC) can also mildly be influenced by hormones. Cervical adenocarcinoma (but not squamous cell carcinoma) is possibly a target of estrogen. But in addition to cancer arising from hormone dependent organs, gonadal hormones can also impact some other cancers arising in organs which are not classically hormone dependent.