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4 - Vocational Classes

Bureaucrats, Magistrates, Scholastics, Clerics

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 May 2022

Carl F. Petry
Affiliation:
Northwestern University, Illinois
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Summary

Officials in the Sultanate may be classified as bureaucrats, judges, scholastics and clerics. Bureaucrats included the senior minister (vizier) whose fiscal authority diminished over time; bureau secretary (katib)—record keeper with fiduciary oversight; comptroller/supervisor (nazir) of fiscal departments; and chancellor (‘confidential secretary’: katib al-sirr) of the document bureau/foreign office. The civil judiciary was staffed by the judge/magistrate (qadi); notaries/court witnesses (shahid-s) who advised him on cases; market inspector (muhtasib) with oversight of commodity standards and pricing; and jurisconsult (mufti) charged with writing responses to legal queries (fatwas). Formal learning was conducted by the professor (mudarris) in a college of Law (madrasa); and repetitor (muʿid) who drilled textual recitation. Clerical offices included the prayer leader (imam); preacher of the Friday sermon (khatib); and Qurʾan reciter (muqriʾ). Individuals with leanings toward mysticism (Sufism) often joined an order (tariqa).

Type
Chapter
Information
The Mamluk Sultanate
A History
, pp. 129 - 153
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

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  • Vocational Classes
  • Carl F. Petry, Northwestern University, Illinois
  • Book: The Mamluk Sultanate
  • Online publication: 05 May 2022
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108557382.006
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  • Vocational Classes
  • Carl F. Petry, Northwestern University, Illinois
  • Book: The Mamluk Sultanate
  • Online publication: 05 May 2022
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108557382.006
Available formats
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Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Vocational Classes
  • Carl F. Petry, Northwestern University, Illinois
  • Book: The Mamluk Sultanate
  • Online publication: 05 May 2022
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108557382.006
Available formats
×