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9 - Across the Equator: Into the Southern Hemisphere, 1800–1900

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 May 2023

Peter Trudgill
Affiliation:
Université de Fribourg, Switzerland
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Summary

For its first 5,000 years, the language which eventually became English remained firmly geographically anchored in the Northern Hemisphere. The first expansion of English as a native language into the Southern Hemisphere was not until 1659, when it arrived on the remote island of St Helena, about 15° south of the equator in the South Atlantic. There was no further movement of English until the 1780s, when it arrived in Australia and then, during the 1800s, into the Pacific.

Type
Chapter
Information
The Long Journey of English
A Geographical History of the Language
, pp. 115 - 131
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

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References

Further Reading

Belich, James. 2007. Making peoples: a history of the New Zealanders from the Polynesian settlement to the end of the nineteenth century. Auckland: Penguin.Google Scholar
Clements, Nicholas. 2014. The black war: fear, sex and resistance in Tasmania. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press.Google Scholar
Fitzsimmons, Peter. 2019. Mutiny on the Bounty. London: Constable.Google Scholar
Winchester, Simon. 2003. Outposts: journeys to the surviving relics of the British Empire. London: Penguin.Google Scholar

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