Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-99c86f546-t82dr Total loading time: 3.071 Render date: 2021-12-06T19:32:35.207Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }


Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 September 2009

Julia Herschensohn
University of Washington
Get access
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2007

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Abel, Beate. 2003. English idioms in the first language and second language lexicon: A dual representation approach. Second Language Research 19: 329–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abuhamdia, Zakaria A. 1987. Neurobiological foundations for foreign language. International Review of Applied Linguistics 25: 203–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abutalebi, Jubin, Cappa, Stefano F. and Perani, Daniela. 2001. The bilingual brain as revealed by functional neuroimaging. Bilingualism Language and Cognition 4: 179–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Accardo, Pasquale J., Rogers, Brian T. and Capute, Arnold J. (eds.). 2002. Disorders of Language Development. Baltimore: York Press.Google Scholar
Allen, Mark and William Badecker. 2000. Morphology: The internal structure of words. In Kapp, 211–235.
Andersen, B. and Rutledge, V.. 1996. Age and hemisphere effects on dendritic structure. Brain 119: 1983–1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anderson-Hsieh, Janet, Johnson, Ruth and Koehler, Kenneth. 1992. The relationship between native speaker judgements of nonnative pronunciation and deviance in segmentals, prosody and syllable structure. Language Learning 42: 529–555.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aoyama, Katsura. 2003. Perception of syllable-initial and syllable-final nasals in English by Korean and Japanese speakers. Second Language Research 19: 251–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Archibald, John. 1993. Language Learnability and L2 Phonology: The acquisition of metrical parameters. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Archibald, John.1995 (ed.). Phonological Acquisition and Phonological Theory. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Archibald, John.1998. Second Language Phonology. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Archibald, John. 2000 (ed.). Second Language Acquisition and Linguistic Theory. Oxford/Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Archibald, John and Young-Scholten, Martha. 2003. The second language segment revisited: Introduction to a special issue. Second Language Research 19 (3): 163–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Armen, Jean-Claude. 1971. Gazelle-boy: A Child Brought up by Gazelles in the Sahara Desert. London: The Bodley Head.Google Scholar
Aronoff, Mark, Meir, Irit and Sandler, Wendy. 2005. The paradox of sign language morphology. Language 81: 301–344.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Arteaga, Deborah and Herschensohn, Julia. 1995. Using diachronic linguistics in the language classroom. Modern Language Journal 79: 212–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Asher, James and Ramiro García. 1982 [1969]. The optimal age to learn a foreign language. In Krashen et al., 3–12.
Atkinson, Martin. 1992. Children's Syntax: An Introduction to Principles and Parameters Theory. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Avrutin, Sergei and Wexler, Kenneth. 1992. Development of Principle B in Russian: Coindexation at LF and coreference. Language Acquisition 2: 259–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Avrutin, Sergei and Rosalind Thornton. 1994. Distributivity and binding in child grammar. Linguistic Inquiry 25: 165–170.
Bailey, Donald B., Bruer, John T., Symons, Frank J. and Lichtman, Jeff W. (eds.). 2001. Critical Thinking about Critical Periods. Baltimore/London: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
Bailey, Nathalie, Madden, Carolyn and Krashen, Stephen D.. 1974. Is there a “natural sequence” in adult second language learning?Language Learning 24: 235–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bakalar, Nicholas. 2005. Is it Dutch? Japanese? Why not ask the rat? New York Times January 11, D5.
Baker, C. L. and McCarthy, J. J. (eds.). 1981. The Logical Problem of Language Acquisition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Baker, Marc C. 1988. Incorporation: A Theory of Grammatical Function Changing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Banich, Marie and Mack, Molly (eds.). 2003. Mind, Brain and Language: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Barcroft, Joe. 2005. Effects of sentence writing in second language lexical acquisition. Second Language Research 20: 303–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barlow, Michael and Kemmer, Suzanne (eds.). 2000. Usage Based Models of Language. Stanford, CA: CSLI publications.Google Scholar
Bates, Elizabeth, Philip S. Dale and Donna Thal. 1995. Individual differences and their implications for theories of language development. In Fletcher and MacWhinney, 96–151.
Bates, Elizabeth, Devesconi, Antonella, Hernandez, Arturo and Pizzamiglio, Luigi. 1996. Gender priming in Italian. Perception and Psychophysics 58: 992–1004.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bates, Elizabeth and Brian MacWhinney. 1989. Functionalism and the competition model. In MacWhinney & Bates, 3–76.
Bateson, Patrick. 1987. Imprinting as a process of competitive exclusion. In Rauschecker and Marler, 151–168.
Beachley, Barbara, Brown, Amanda and Conlin, Frances (eds.). 2003. Proceedings of the 27th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.Google Scholar
Beck, Maria-Luise. 1997. Regular verbs, past tense and frequency: Tracking down a potential source of native speaker/nonnative speaker competence differences. Second Language Research 13: 93–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beck, Maria-Luise.1998a (ed.). Morphology and its Interfaces. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beck, Maria-Luise.1998b. L2 acquisition and obligatory head movement: English speaking learners of German and the Local Impairment Hypothesis. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 20: 311–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Belletti, Adriana and Cornelia Hamann. 2004. On the L2/bilingual acquisition of French by two young children with different source languages. In Prévost and Paradis, 147–174.
Bellugi, Ursula, Edward S. Klima and Paul P. Wang. 1996. Cognitive and neural development: Clues from genetically based syndromes. In Magnusson, 223–243.
Bellugi, Ursula, S. Marks, A. M. Bihrle and H. Salso. 1993. Dissociation between language and cognitive functions in Williams Syndrome. In Bishop and Mogford, 177–189.
Bellugi, Ursula, Lichtenberger, Liz, Jones, Wendy & Lai, Zona. 2000. The neurocognitive profile of Williams Syndrome: A complex pattern of strengths and weaknesses. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12 (supplement): 7–29.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bellugi, Ursula and George, Marie St. (eds.). 2001. Journey from Cognition to Brain to Gene: Perspectives from Williams Syndrome. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Beretta, Alan, Fiorentino, Robert and Poeppel, David. 2005. The effects of homonymy and polysemy on lexical access: An MEG study. Cognitive Brain Research 24: 57–65.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Berger, James. 2005. Falling towers and postmodern wild children: Oliver Sacks, Don DeLillo, and turns against language. PMLA 120: 341–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berko [Gleason], Jean. 2004 [1958]. The child's learning of English morphology. In Lust and Foley, 253–273.
Best, Catherine T. 1995. A direct realist view of cross-language speech perception. In Strange, 171–204.
Bever, Thomas G. 1981. Normal acquisition processes explain the critical period for language learning. In Diller, 176–198.
Bhatia, Tej K. and Ritchie, William C. (eds.). 2004. The Handbook of Bilingualism. Oxford/Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Bialystok, Ellen. 1997. The structure of age: In search of barriers to second language acquisition. Second Language Research 13: 116–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bialystok, Ellen.2001. Bilingualism in Development: Language, Literacy and Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bialystok, Ellen.2002a. On the reliability of robustness: A reply to Dekeyser. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 24: 481–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bialystok, Ellen.2002b. Cognitive processes of L2 users. In Cook, 145–166.
Bialystok, Ellen and Codd, Judith. 1997. Cardinal limits: Evidence from language awareness and bilingualism for developing concepts of number. Cognitive Development 12: 85–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bialystok, Ellen and Hakuta, Kenji. 1994. In Other Words: The Science and Psychology of Second-language Acquisition. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Bialystok, Ellen and Kenji Hakuta. 1999. Confounded age: Linguistic and cognitive factors in age differences for second language acquisition. In Birdsong, 116–181.
Bialystok, Ellen and Miller, Barry. 1999. The problem of age in second-language acquisition: Influences from language, structure, and task. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 2: 127–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bickerton, Derek. 1981. Roots of Language. Ann Arbor: Karoma.Google Scholar
Bickerton, Derek.1990. Language and Species. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Bickerton, Derek.1995. Language and Human Behavior. Seattle: University of Washington Press.Google Scholar
Bickerton, Derek.2004. Reconsidering Creole exceptionalism. Language 80: 828–833.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Birdsong, David. 1989. Metalinguistic Performance and Interlinguistic Competence. Berlin/New York: Springer-Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Birdsong, David.1992. Ultimate attainment in second language acquisition. Language 68, 706–755.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Birdsong, David.1999a. (ed.). Second Language Acquisition and the Critical Period Hypothesis. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Birdsong, David.1999b. Introduction: Whys and why nots of the critical period hypothesis for second language acquisition. In Birdsong, 1–22.
Birdsong, David.2004. Second language acquisition and ultimate attainment. In Davies and Elder, 82–105.
Birdsong, David.2005a. Interpreting age effects in second language acquisition. In Kroll and De Groot, 109–127.
Birdsong, David.2005b. Nativelikeness and non-nativelikeness in second language acquisition research. International Review of Applied Linguistics 43: 319–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Birdsong, David.2006a. Why not fossilization? In Han and Odlin, 173–188.
Birdsong, David.2006b. Dominance, proficiency and second language grammatical processing. Applied Psycholinguistics 27: 1–3.Google Scholar
Birdsong, David.2007. Nativelike pronunciation among late learners of French as a second language. In Bohn and Munro.
Birdsong, David.To appear. Age and Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Birdsong, David and James E. Flege. 2001. Regular-irregular dissociations in L2 acquisition of English morphology. BUCLD 25. Somerset, MA: Cascadilla Press, 123–132.
Birdsong, David and Molis, Michelle. 2001. On the evidence for maturational constraints in second language acquisition. Journal of Memory and Language 44: 235–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bishop, Dorothy and Mogford, Kay (eds.). 1993. Language Development in Exceptional Circumstances. Hove: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Bley-Vroman, Robert. 1983. The comparative fallacy in interlanguage studies: The case of systematicity. Language Learning 33: 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bley-Vroman, Robert.1989. What is the logical problem of foreign language learning? In Gass and Schachter, 41–68.
Bley-Vroman, Robert.1990. The logical problem of foreign language learning. Linguistic Analysis 20: 3–49.Google Scholar
Bley-Vroman, Robert, Sascha, W. F. and Ioup, Georgette L.. 1988. The accessibility of Universal Grammar in adult language learning. Second Language Research 4: 1–32.Google Scholar
Bloom, Lois. 1970. Language Development: Form and Function in Emerging Grammars. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Bloom, Paul (ed.). 1994. Language Acquisition: Core readings. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Bloom, Paul 2002. How Children Learn the Meanings of Words. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Blumstein, Sheila. 1995. The neurobiology of the sound structure of language. In Gazzaniga, 915–929.
Bogaards, Paul. 2001. Lexical units and the learning of foreign language vocabulary. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 23: 321–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bohn, O. S. and Munro, M. (eds.). 2007. Language Experience in Second Language Speech Learning: In Honour of James Emil Flege. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bongaerts, Theo. 1999. Ultimate attainment in L2 pronunciation: The case of very advanced late L2 learners. In Birdsong, 133–159.
Bongaerts, Theo, Mennen, Susan and Slik, Frans. 2000. Authenticity of pronunciation in naturalistic second language acquisition: The case of very advanced late learners of Dutch as a second language. Studia Linguistica 54: 298–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bongaerts, Theo, Brigitte Planken and Erik Schils. 1995. Can late learners attain a native accent in a foreign language? A test of the critical period hypothesis. In Singleton and Lengyel, 30–50.
Bongaerts, Theo, Summeren, Chantal, Planken, Brigitte and Schils, Erik. 1997. Age and ultimate attainment in the pronunciation of a foreign language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 19: 447–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Borer, Hagit. 1996. Access to Universal Grammar: The real issues. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19: 718.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Borer, Hagit and Rohrbacher, Bernhard. 2002. Minding the absent: Arguments for the Full Competence Hypothesis. Language Acquisition 10: 123–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bornstein, Marc H. (ed.). 1987a. Sensitive Periods in Development: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ/London: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Bornstein, Marc H.1987b. Sensitive periods in development: Definition, existence, utility and meaning. In Bornstein, 3–18.
Bortfeld, Heather and Grover J. Whitehurst. 2001. Sensitive periods in first language acquisition. In Bailey et al., 173–192.
Boser, Katharina, Lust, Barbara, Santelmann, Lynn and Whitman, John. 1992. The syntax of CP and V-2 in early child German: The strong continuity hypothesis. Proceedings of the North East Linguistics Society 22: 51–66.Google Scholar
Bottari, Piero, Cipriani, Paola and Chilosi, Anna Maria. 1993/94. Protosyntactic devices in the acquisition of Italian free morphemes. Language Acquisition 3: 327–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bouillaud, Jean B. 1825. Recherches cliniques propres à démontrer que la perte de parole correspond à la lésion des lobules antérieures du cerveau et à confirmer l'opinion de M. Gall sur le siège de l’organe du langage articulé. Archives Générales de Médecine 8: 25–45.Google Scholar
Bowerman, Melissa. 1973. Early Syntactic Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Boysson-Bardies, Bénédicte. 1999. How Language Comes to Children. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Boysson-Bardies, Bénédicte, Hallé, P., Sagart, L. and Durand, C.. 1989. A cross-linguistic investigation of vowel formants in babbling. Journal of Child Language 16: 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bradlow, Ann R., David B. Pisoni, Reiko AkahaneYamada and Yoh’ichi Tohkura. 1995. Training Japanese listeners to identify English /r/ and /l/. Research on Spoken Language Processing Progress Report 20. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.
Braine, Martin D. S. 1971. On two types of models in the internalization of grammars. In Slobin, 153–188.
Brauth, Steven E., Hall, William S. and Dooling, Robert J. (eds.). 1991. Plasticity of Development. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Brenowitz, Eliot. 2004. Plasticity in the adult avian song control system. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1016: 560–585.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Briones, Teresita L., Klintsova, Anna Y. and Greenough, William T.. 2004. Stability of synaptic plasticity in the adult rat visual cortex induced by complex environment exposure. Brain Research 1018: 130–135.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Broca, Pierre. 1861. Remarques sur le siège de la faculté du langage articulé, suivies d’une observation d’aphémie. Bulletin de la Société Anatomique 6: 330–357.Google Scholar
Broselow, Ellen and Finer, Daniel. 1991. Parameter setting in second language phonology and syntax. Second Language Research 7: 35–59.Google Scholar
Broselow, Ellen and Hye-Bae Park. 1995. Mora conservation in second language prosody. In Archibald, 151–168.
Brown, Cynthia. 2000. The interrelation between speech perception and phonological acquisition from infant to adult. In Archibald, 4–63.
Brown, Roger. 1973. A First Language: The Early Stages. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bruer, John T. 1999. The Myth of the First Three Years. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
Bruer, John T.2001. A critical and sensitive period primer. In Bailey et al., 3–26.
Bruer, John T. and William T. Greenough. 2001. The subtle science of how experience affects the brain. In Bailey et al., 209–232.
Bruhn de Garavito, Joyce. 2003. The (dis)association between morphology and syntax: The case of L2 Spanish. In Montrul and Ordóñez, 398–417.
Bruhn de Garavito, Joyce. and Lydia White. 2002. L2 acquistion of Spanish DPs: The status of grammatical features. In Pérez-Leroux and Liceras, 153–178.
Burke, Sara N. and Barnes, Carol A.. 2006. Neural plasticity in the ageing brain. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 7: 30–40.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Burzio, Luigi. 1986. Italian Syntax: A Government-binding Approach. Dordrecht: Reidel.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Byrnes, James P. 2001. Minds, Brains, and Learning: Understanding the Psychological and Educational Relevance of Neuroscientific Research. New York/London: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Calvin, William H. and Bickerton, Derek. 2001. Lingua ex Machina: Reconciling Darwin and Chomsky with the Human Brain. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Calvin, William H. and Ojemann, George A.. 1994. Conversations with Neil's Brain: The Neural Nature of Thought and Language. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
Camps, Joaquim and Wiltshire, Caroline R. (eds.). 2001. Romance Syntax, Semantics and L2 Acquisition. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Capirci, Olga, Sandro Montanari and Virginia Volterra. 1998. Gestures, signs and words in early language development. In Iverson and Goldin-Meadow, 45–60.
Caplan, David, Nathaniel Alpert and Gloria Waters. 2002. Brain organization for syntactic processing. In Galaburda et al., 57–68.
Caplan, David and Gelman, Rochel (eds.). Epigenesis of Mind: Essays of Biology and Cognition. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum.
Carey, Susan. 1978. The child as word-learner. In Halle et al., 264–293.
Carpenter, Malinda, Nagell, Katherine and Tomasello, Michael. 1998. Social cognition, joint attention, and communicative competence from 9 to 15 months of age. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 63, No. 4 (Serial No. 255).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Carreiras, Manuel and Clifton, Charles Jr. (eds.). 2004. The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension: Eyetracking, ERP, and beyond. Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Carroll, Susanne E. 1999. Putting “input” in its proper place. Second Language Research 15: 337–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carroll, Susanne E. 2001. Input and Evidence: The Raw Material of Second Language Acquisition. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cazzoli-Goeta, M., Pourcel, S. and Espen, L. (eds.). 2002. Proceedings of the Fifth Durham Postgraduate Conference in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics. Durham: School of Linguistics and Language, University of Durham.Google Scholar
Chadwick, Douglas H. 2005. Investigating a killer. National Geographic April: 86–105.Google Scholar
Chamberlain, Charlene, Morford, Jill P. and Mayberry, Rachel I. (eds.). 2000. Language Acquisition by Eye. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Chapman, Robin S. 1995. Language development in children and adolescents with Down Syndrome. In Fletcher and MacWhinney, 641–663.
Chee, Michael W. L., Hon, Nicholas, Lee, Hwee Ling and Soon, Chun Siong. 2001. Relative language proficiency modulates BOLD signal change when bilinguals perform semantic judgments. Neuroimage 6: 1155–1163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chee, Michael W. L., Soon, Chun Siong, Lee, Hwee Ling and Pallier, Christophe. 2004. Left insula activation: A marker for language attainment in bilinguals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences101.Google ScholarPubMed
Chiarello, Christine. 2003. Parallel systems for processing language: Hemispheric complementarity in the normal brain. In Banich and Mack, 229–247.
Chien, Y.-C. and Wexler, Kenneth. 1990. Children's knowledge of locality conditions in binding as evidence for the modularity of syntax and pragmatics. Language Acquisition 1: 225–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chomsky, Noam. 1959. A review of B. F. Skinner's “Verbal Behavior.” Language 35: 26–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chomsky, Noam.1965. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Chomsky, Noam.1995. The Minimalist Program. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Chomsky, Noam.2000. Minimalist inquiries: the framework. In Martin, Roger, Michaels, David and Uriagereka, Juan (eds.). Step by Step: Essays on Minimalist Syntax in Honor of Howard Lasnik. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press [originally MITWPL 15].Google Scholar
Chomsky, Noam.2001a. Derivation by phase. In Kenstowicz, Michael (ed.). Ken Hale: A Life in Language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press [originally MITWPL 18].Google Scholar
Chomsky, Noam.2001b. Beyond explanatory adequacy. MITWPL 20.
Chomsky, Noam.2002. On Nature and Language. Ed. Belletti, Adriana and Rizzi, Luigi. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Chomsky, Noam and Halle, Morris. 1968. The Sound Pattern of English. New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
Clahsen, Harald. 1988. Parameterized grammatical theory and language acquisition: A study of the acquisition of verb placement and inflection by children and adults. In Flynn and O’Neil, 47–75.CrossRef
Clahsen, Harald.1991. Constraints on parameter setting: A grammatical analysis of some acquisition stages in German child language. Language Acquisition 1: 361–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clahsen, Harald.1996 (ed.). Generative Perspectives on Language Acquisition. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clahsen, Harald.1997. German plurals in adult second language development: Evidence for a dual mechanism model of inflection. In Eubank et al., 123–138.
Clahsen, Harald, Aveledo, Fraibet and Roca, Iggy. 2002. The development of regular and irregular verb inflection in Spanish child language. Journal of Child Language 29: 591–622.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Clahsen, Harald, Sonja Eisenbeiss and Martina Penke. 1996. Lexical learning in early syntactic development. In Clahsen, 129–159.
Clahsen, Harald, Sonja Eisenbeiss and Anne Vainikka. 1994. The seeds of structure: A syntactic analysis of the acquisition of case marking. In Hoekstra and Schwartz, 85–118.CrossRef
Clahsen, Harald, Penke, Martina and Parodi, Teresa. 1993/1994. Functional categories in early child German. Language Acquisition 3: 395–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clahsen, Harald and Muysken, Pieter. 1986. The availability of Universal Grammar to adult and child learners: A study of the acquisition of German word order. Second Language Research 2: 93–119.Google Scholar
Clahsen, Harald and Muysken, Pieter.1989. The Universal Grammar paradox in L2 acquisition. Second Language Research 5: 1–29.Google Scholar
Clahsen, Harald and Muysken, Pieter.1996. How adult second language learning differs from child first language development. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19: 721–723.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clark, Eve. 1995. The Lexicon in Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Coady, James and Huckin, Thomas (eds.).1997. Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition: A Rationale for Pedagogy. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Cochran, Barbara P., McDonald, Janet L. and Parault, Susan J.. 1999. Too smart for their own good: The disadvantage of a superior processing capacity for adult language learners. Journal of Memory and Language 41: 30–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Colé, Pascale and Ségui, Juan. 1994. Grammatical incongruency and vocabulary types. Memory and Cognition 22: 387–394.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Condamine, Charles-Marie [Mme H … t.] 1761. Histoire d’une jeune fille sauvage, trouvée dans les bois à l’age de dix ans. Paris: Mme. H[ecquet].Google Scholar
Cook, Vivian. 1991. The poverty of the stimulus argument and multi-competence. Second Language Research 7: 103–117.Google Scholar
Cook, Vivian.1993. Linguistics and Second Language Acquisition. New York: St. Martin's Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cook, Vivian.1995. Multicompetence and effects of age. In Singleton and Lengyel, 51–66.
Cook, Vivian.2002 (ed.). Portraits of the L2 User. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cook, Vivian.2003 (ed.). Effects of the Second Language on the First. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Coppieters, René. 1987. Competence differences between native and nonnative speakers. Language 63: 544–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Corballis, Michael C. 1991. The Lopsided Ape: Evolution of the generative mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Corballis, Michael C. 2002. From Hand to Mouth: The Origins of Language. Princeton/Oxford: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Corder, S. Pit. 1967. The significance of learners’ errors. International Review of Applied Linguistics 5: 161–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Costa, Albert. 2004. Speech production in bilinguals. In Bhatia and Ritchie, 201–223.
Crain, Stephen and Lillo-Martin, Diane. 1999. An Introduction to Linguistic Theory and Language Acquisition. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Crain, Stephen and Thornton, Rosalind. 1998. Investigations in Universal Grammar: A Guide to Experiments on the Acquisition of Syntax and Semantics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Curtiss, Susan. 1977. Genie: A Psycholinguistic Study of a Modern–day “Wild Child”. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Curtiss, Susan.1988. Abnormal language acquisition and grammar: Evidence for the modularity of language. In Hyman and Li, 81–102.
Curtiss, Susan, Victoria Fromkin, Stephen Krashen, David Rigler and Marilyn Rigler. 2004 [1974]. The linguistic development of Genie. In Lust and Foley, 126–154.
Cutler, Anne. 1994. Segmentation problems, rhythmic solutions. In Gleitman and Landau, 81–104.
Cutler, Anne.1996. Prosody and the word boundary problem. In Morgan and Demuth, 87–99.
Cutler, Anne, Mehler, Jacques, Norris, Dennis and Ségui, Juan. 1992. The monolingual nature of speech segmentation of bilinguals. Cognitive Psychology 24: 381–410.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dale, Phillip. 1976. Language Development: Structure and Function. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
Damasio, Antonio R. and Hanna Damasio. 1988. Advances in the neuroanatomical correlates of aphasia and the understanding of the neural substrates of language. In Hyman and Li, 103–117.
Damasio, Antonio R. 1992. Brain and language. Scientific American 267 (3): 88–95.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Damasio, Antonio R. et al. 1997. Neurology of naming. In Goodglass and Wingfield, 65–90.
Damasio, Hanna, Grabowski, Thomas J., Tranel, Daniel, Ponto, Laura L. B., Hichwa, Richard D. and Damasio, Antonio R.. 2001. Neural correlates of naming actions and of naming spatial relations. Neuroimage: 1053–1064.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davies, Alan, Criper, C., and Howatt, A. P. R (eds.). 1984. Interlanguage. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
Davies, Alan and Elder, C. (eds.). 2004. Handbook of Applied Linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dax, Marc. 1865 [1836]. Lésion de la moitié gauche de l’encéphale coïncidant avec l’oubli des signes de la pensée. Gazette Hebdomadaire de Médecine et de Chirurgie 2e série 2: 259–260.Google Scholar
DeBot, Kees, Ginsberg, Ralph B. and Kramsch, Claire (eds.). 1991. Foreign Language Research in Cross-cultural Perspective. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cat, Cécile. 2004. A fresh look at how young children encode new referents. International Review of Applied Linguistics 42: 111–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
DeGraff, Michel. 1999. Language Creation and Language Change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
DeGraff, Michel.2003. Against Creole exceptionalism. Language 79: 391–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
DeGraff, Michel.2004. Against Creole exceptionalism (redux). Language 80: 834–839.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Groot, Annette M. B. and Kroll, Judith F. (eds.). 1997. Tutorials in Bilingualism: Psycholinguistic Perspectives. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Dehaene, Stanislas, Dupoux, Emmanuel, Mehler, Jacques, Cohen, L., Paulesu, Eraldo, Perani, Daniela, , P. F.Mortele, S. Lehericy and Bihan, D.. 1997. Anatomical variability in the cortical representation of first and second language. NeuroReport 8: 3809–3815.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
DeKeyser, Robert. 2000. The robustness of critical period effects in second language acquisition. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 22: 499–533.Google Scholar
DeKeyser, Robert2003. Implicit and explicit learning. In Doughty and Long, 313–348.
Dekydtspotter, Laurent, Sprouse, Rex and Anderson, Bruce. 1997. The interpretive interface in L2 acquisition: The process-result distinction in English-French interlanguage grammars. Language Acquisition 6: 297–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fuente, María José. 2002. Negotiation and oral acquisition of L2 vocabulary. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 24: 81–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Démonet, Jean-François and Guillaume Thierry. 2002. Spatial and temporal dynamics of phonological and semantic processes. In Galaburda et al., 69–79.
Demuth, Katherine. 1994. On the underspecification of functional categories in early grammars. In Lust et al., 119–134.
Demuth, Katherine1996. The prosodic structure of early words. In Morgan and Demuth, 171–184.
Déprez, Viviane. 1994. Underspecification, functional projections, and parameter setting. In Lust et al. 249–271.
Déprez, Viviane and Pierce, Amy. 1993. Negation and functional projections in early grammar. Linguistic Inquiry 24: 25–67.Google Scholar
Déprez, Viviane and Amy Pierce.1994. Crosslinguistic evidence for functional projections in early child grammar. In Hoekstra and Schwartz, 57–84.
deVilliers, Peter A. and Villiers, Jill. 1979. Early Language. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dewaele, Jean-Marc. 2002. Individual differences in L2 fluency: The effect of neurobiological correlates. In Cook, 219–249.CrossRef
Dewaele, Jean-Marc.2004. The acquisition of sociolinguistic competence in French as a foreign language: An overview. Journal of French Language Studies 14: 301–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dewaele, Jean-Marc.2005 (ed.). Focus on French as a Foreign Language. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Diller, Karl C. (ed.). 1981. Individual Differences and Universals in Language Learning Aptitude. Rowley, MA/London: Newbury House.Google Scholar
Doughty, Catherine. 2003. Instructed SLA: Constraints, compensation, and enhancement. In Doughty and Long, 256–310.
Doughty, Catherine and Long, Michael H.. 2003. The Handbook of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford/Malden, MA: Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Doughty, Catherine and Williams, J. (eds.). 1998. Focus on Form in Classroom Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Doupe, Allison J. and Kuhl, Patricia K.. 1997. Birdsong and human speech: Common themes and mechanisms. Annual Review of Neuroscience 22: 567–631.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Douthwaite, Julia V. 1994/95. Rewriting the savage: The extraordinary fictions of the wild girl of Champagne. 18th Century Studies 28: 163–192.Google Scholar
Douthwaite, Julia V. 2002. The Wild Girl, Natural Man and the Monster. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Draganski, Bogdan, Gaser, Christian, Busch, Volker, Schuierer, Gerhard, Bogdahn, Ulrich and May, Arne. 2004. Changes in grey matter induced by training. Nature 427: 311–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dulay, Heidi and Burt, Marina. 1974a. Natural sequences in child second language acquisition. Language Learning 24: 37–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dulay, Heidi and Burt, Marina.1974b. A new perspective on the creative construction process in child second language acquisition. Language Learning 24: 253–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dulay, Heidi, Burt, Marina and Krashen, Stephen. 1982. Language Two. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Du Plessis, Jean, Solin, Doreen, Travis, Lisa and White, Lydia. 1987. Universal Grammar or not Universal Grammar, that is the question: A reply to Clahsen and Muysken. Second Language Research 3: 56–75.Google Scholar
Dupoux, Emmanuel (ed.). 2001. Language, Brain, and Cognitive Development. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Dupoux, Emmanuel and Sharon Peperkamp. 2002. Fossil markers of language development: Phonological “deafness” in adult speech processing. In Durand and Laks, 168–190.
Durand, Jacques and Laks, Bernard (eds.). 2002a. Phonetics, Phonology, and Cognition. Oxford: Oxford UP.Google Scholar
Durand, Jacques and Bernard Laks2002b. Phonology, phonetics and cognition. In Durand and Laks, 10–50.
Dussias, Paola E. 2003. Syntactic ambiguity resolution in L2 learners. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 25: 529–557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dussias, Paola E. 2004. Parsing a first language like a second: the erosion of L1 parsing strategies in Spanish-English bilinguals. International Journal of Bilingualism 8: 355–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eckman, Fred R. 1977. Markedness and the Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis. Language Learning 27: 195–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eckman, Fred R., Elreyes, Abdullah and Iverson, Gregory K.. 2003. Some principles of second language phonology. Second Language Research 19: 169–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eimas, Peter D., Einar R. Siqueland, Peter Jusczyk and James Vigorito. 2004 [1971]. Speech perception in infants. In Lust and Foley, 279–284.
Eling, Paul (ed.). 1994. Reader in the History of Aphasia: From [Franz] Gall to [Norman] Geschwind. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ellis, Andrew and Ralph, Matthew Lambon. 2000. Age of acquisition effects in adult lexical processing reflect loss of plasticity in maturing systems: Insights from connectionist networks. Journal of Experimental Psychology, Learning, Memory, Cognition 26: 1103–1123.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ellis, Nick C. 1993. Rules and instances in foreign language learning: Interactions of explicit and implicit knowledge. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 5: 289–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ellis, Nick C. 1994 (ed.). Implicit and Explicit Learning of Languages. London: Academic Press/Harcourt Brace & Co.Google Scholar
Ellis, Nick C. 1996. Sequencing in second language acquisition: Phonological memory, chunking and points of order. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 18: 91–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ellis, Nick C.2003. Constructions, chunking and connectionism: The emergence of second language structure. In Doughty and Long, 63–103.
Ellis, Nick C. and Nadine Laporte. 1997. Contexts of acquisition: Effects of formal instruction and naturalistic exposure on second language acquisition. In De Groot & Kroll, 53–83.
Ellis, Nick C. and Schmidt, R.. 1997. Morphology and longer distance dependencies: laboratory research illuminating the A in SLA. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 19: 145–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ellis, Rod. 1990. Instructed Second Language Acquisition: Learning in the classroom. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Ellis, Rod.1994. The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Ellis, Rod and He, Xien. 1999. The roles of modified input and output in the incidental acquisition of word meanings. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 21: 285–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Elman, J. L., ElizabethBates, A., Johnson, M. H., Karmiloff-Smith, Annette, Parisi, D. and Plunkett, K.. 1996. Rethinking Innateness: A Connectionist Perspective on Development. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Emmorey, Karen. 2002. Language, Cognition and the Brain: Insights from Sign Language Research. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Emonds, Joseph. 1978. The verbal complex V’-V in French. Linguistic Inquiry 9: 151–175.Google Scholar
Emsley, Jason G., Mitchell, Bartley D., Kempermann, Gerd and Macklis, Jeffrey D.. 2005. Adult neurogenesis and repair of the adult CNS with neural progenitors, precursors, and stem cells. Progress in Neurobiology 75: 321–341.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Epstein, S. David, Flynn, Suzanne and Martohardjono, Gita. 1996. Second language acquisition: Theoretical and experimental issues in contemporary research. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19: 677–758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eubank, Lynn. 1991 (ed.). Point Counterpoint: Universal Grammar in the Second Language. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: J. Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eubank, Lynn.1993/94. On the transfer of parametric values in L2 development. Language Acquisition 3: 183–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eubank, Lynn.1994. Optionality and the initial state in L2 development. In Hoekstra and Schwartz, 369–388.
Eubank, Lynn.1996. Negation in early German–English interlanguage: More valueless features in the L2 initial state. Second Language Research 12: 73–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eubank, Lynn and Sabine Grace. 1998. V–to–I and inflection in non-native grammars. In Beck, 69–88.
Eubank, Lynn and Gregg, Kevin R.. 1995. “Et in amygdala ego”?: Universal Grammar, (S)LA, and neurobiology. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 17: 35–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eubank, Lynn and Kevin R. Gregg.1999. Critical periods and language acquisition: Divide et impera. In Birdsong, 65–199.
Eubank, Lynn, Selinker, Larry and Smith, Michael Sharwood (eds.). 1997. The Current State of Interlanguage. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Eyer, Julia A. and Leonard, Laurence B.. 1995. Functional categories and specific language impairment: A case study. Language Acquisition 4: 177–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fabbro, Franco. 2002. The neurolinguistics of L2 users. In Cook, 199–218.
Feldman, Daniel E. and Brecht, Michael. 2005. Map plasticity in somatosensory cortex. Science 310: 810–815.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Felix, Sascha. 1981. On the inapplicability of Piagetian thought to language learning. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 3: 201–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Felix, Sascha.1985. More evidence on competing cognitive systems. Second Language Research 1: 47–72.Google Scholar
Felix, Sascha.1991. The accessibility of Universal Grammar in second language acquisition. In Eubank, 89–103.
Felix, Sascha.1997. Universal Grammar in L2 acquisition: Some thoughts on Schachter's Incompleteness Hypothesis. In Eubank et al., 139–152.
Claudia, Felser. 2005. Experimental psycholinguistic approaches to second language acquisition. Second Language Research 21: 95–97.Google Scholar
Fennell, Chris and Werker, Janet. 2003. Early word learners’ ability to access phonetic detail in well-known words. Language and Speech 46: 245–264.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ferguson, Charles A. and Thom Huebner. 1991. Foreign language instruction and second language acquisition research in the US. In DeBot et al., 3–19.
Fernández, Eva M. 1999. Processing strategies in second language acquisition: Some preliminary results. In Klein and Martohardjono, 217–240.CrossRef
Fernández, Eva M.2002. Relative clause attachment in bilinguals and monolinguals. In Heredia and Altarriba, 187–216.
Fisher, Cynthia, D. Geoffrey Hall, Susan Rakowitz, and Lila Gleitman. 1994. When it is better to receive than to give: Syntactic and conceptual constraints on vocabulary growth. In Gleitman and Landau, 333–375.CrossRef
Flege, James E. 1987a. The production of “new” and “similar” phones in a foreign language: Evidence for the effect of equivalence classification. Journal of Phonetics 15: 47–65.Google Scholar
Flege, James E. 1987b. A critical period for learning to pronounce foreign languages?Applied Linguistics 8: 162–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Flege, James E.1991. Perception and production: The relevance of phonetic input to L2 phonological learning. In Huebner and Ferguson, 249–290.CrossRef
Flege, James E.1995. Second language speech learning: Theory, findings and problems. In Strange, 233–277.
Flege, James E.1999. Age of learning and second language speech. In Birdsong, 101–131.
Flege, James E.2002. Interactions between the native and second-language phonetic systems. In Burmeister, P., Piske, T. and Rohde, A. (eds.). An Integrated View of Language Development. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier.Google Scholar
Flege, James E., Frieda, E. M., Walley, A. C. and Randazza, L. A.. 1998. Lexical factors and segmental accuracy in second language speech production. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 20: 155–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Flege, James E. and Liu, Serena. 2001. The effect of experience on adults’ acquisition of a second language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 23: 527–552.Google Scholar
Flege, James E. and MacKay, Ian. 2004. Perceiving vowels in a second language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 26: 1–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Flege, James E., Munro, M. J. and MacKay, Ian. 1995. Factors affecting degree of perceived foreign accent in a second language. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 97: 3125–3134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Flege, James E., Yeni-Komshian, Grace H. and Liu, Serena. 1999. Age constraints on second-language acquisition. Journal of Memory and Language 41: 78–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fletcher, Paul and Richard Ingham. 1995. Grammatical impairment. In Fletcher and MacWhinney, 603–622.
Fletcher, Paul and MacWhinney, Brian (eds.). 1995. The Handbook of Child Language. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Flynn, Suzanne. 1987. A Parameter Setting Model of L2 Acquisition. Dordrecht: Reidel.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Flynn, Suzanne and Barbara Lust. 2002. A minimalist approach to L2 solves a dilemma of Universal Grammar. In Cook, 95–120.
Flynn, Suzanne and Sharon Manuel. 1991. Age-dependent effects in language acquisition. An evaluation of “Critical Period” hypotheses. In Eubank, 117–146.
Flynn, Suzanne, Martohardjono, Gita and O’Neil, Wayne (eds.). 1998. The Generative Study of Second Language Acquisition. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Flynn, Suzanne and O’Neil, William (eds.). 1988. Linguistic Theory in Second Language Acquisition. Dordrecht: Kluwer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fodor, Jerry. 1983. The Modularity of Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Fodor, Jerry.2001. The Mind Doesn’t Work that Way. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Foucart, Alice and Cheryl Frenck-Mestre. 2005. ERP study of grammatical gender in second language. Unpublished MS, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire Parole et Langage, Aix-en-Provence, France.
Franceschina, Florencia. 2001. Morphological or syntactic deficits in near-native speakers? An assessment of some current proposals. Second Language Research 17: 213–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Franceschina, Florencia.2002. The Nature of Grammatical Representations in Mature L2 Grammars: The case of Spanish grammatical gender. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Language and Linguistics, University of Essex.
Franceschina, Florencia.2005. Fossilized Second Language Grammars: The Acquisition of Grammatical Gender. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Freeman, Marc R. 2005. Glial control of synaptogenesis. Cell 120: 292–293.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Frenck-Mestre, Cheryl. 2002. An on-line look at sentence processing in the second language. In Heredia and Altarriba, 217–236.
Frenck-Mestre, Cheryl.2004. Ambiguities and anomalies: What can eye movements and event-related potentials reveal about second language sentence processing? In Kroll and De Groot.
Frenck-Mestre, Cheryl.2005. Eye-movement recording as a tool for studying syntactic processing in a second language: A review of methodologies and experimental findings. Second Language Research 21: 175–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frenck-Mestre, Cheryl and Bueno, S.. 1999. Semantic features and semantic categories: Differences in rapid activation of lexicon. Brain and Language 68: 100–204.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Frenck-Mestre, Cheryl and Pynte, Joel. 1997. Syntactic ambiguity resolution while reading in second and native languages. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 50A: 119–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Friedemann, Marc-Ariel and Rizzi, Luigi (eds.). 2000. The Acquisition of Syntax: Studies in Comparative Developmental Linguistics. Harlow, England: Longman.Google Scholar
Friederici, Angela D. 2004. The neural basis of syntactic processes. In Gazzaniga, 789–801.
Friederici, Angela D., Garrett, Merrill F. and Jacobsen, Thomas. 1999. Editorial and introduction to Part I of the special issue Processing of grammatical gender. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 28: 455–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Friederici, Angela D., Hickok, Gregory and Swinney, David (eds.). 2001. Brain imaging and language processing – A special issue. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 30 (3): 221–224.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Friederici, Angela D., Steinhauer, Karsten and Pfeifer, Erdmut. 2002. Brain signatures of artificial language processing: Evidence challenging the critical period hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99: 529–534.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gaillard, William Davis, Ben Xu and Lyn Balsamo. 2002. Neuroimaging and disorders of communication. In Accardo et al., 125–148.
Galaburda, Albert, Kosslyn, Stephen M. and Christen, Yves (eds.). 2002. The Languages of the Brain. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Mayo, García, Pilar, María del and Luisa, MaríaLecumberri, García (eds.). 2003. Age and the Acquisition of English as a Foreign Language. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters Ltd.Google Scholar
Gass, Susan M. 1999. Discussion: Incidental vocabulary learning. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 21: 319–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gass, Susan M.2003. Input and interaction. In Doughty and Long, 224–255.
Gass, Susan M. and Madden, C. (eds.). 1985. Input in Second Language Acquisition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.Google Scholar
Gass, Susan M., Madden, C., Preston, Dennis and Selinker, Larry (eds.). 1989. Variation in Second Language Acquisition (vol. I, Discourse and Pragmatics; vol. II, Psycholinguistic Issues). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Gass, Susan M. and Schachter, Jacqueline (eds.). 1989. Linguistic Perspectives on Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gass, Susan M. and Selinker, Larry. 2001. Second Language Acquisition: An Introductory Course. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Gavruseva, Elena. 2004. Root infinitives in child second language English: An aspectual features account. Second Language Research 20: 335–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gazzaniga, Michael S. (ed.). 1995. The Cognitive Neurosciences (first edition). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Gazzaniga, Michael S. 1998. The Mind's Past. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Gazzaniga, Michael S. 2000 (ed.). The Cognitive Neurosciences (second edition). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Gazzaniga, Michael S. 2004 (ed.). The Cognitive Neurosciences (third edition). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Geren, Joy, Snedeker, Jesse and Ax, Laura. 2005. Starting over: A preliminary study of early lexical and syntactic development in internationally adopted preschoolers. Seminars in Speech and Language 26: 44–53.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gerken, Lou Ann. 1996. Prosodic structure in young children's language production. Language 72: 683–712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerken, Lou Ann, Landau, B. and Remez, R. E.. 1990. Function morphemes in young children's speech perception and production. Developmental Psychology 27: 204–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gesell, Arnold. 1941. Wolf Child and Human Child. London: The Scientific Book Club.Google Scholar
Gess, Randall and Julia Herschensohn. 2001. Shifting the DP Parameter: A study of anglophone French L2ers. In Camps and Wiltshire, 105–119.
Gleitman, Lila R. 1990. The structural sources of verb meanings. Language Acquisition 1: 3–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gleitman, Lila R. and Landau, Barbara (eds.). 1994. The Acquisition of the Lexicon. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Gleitman, Lila R. and Liberman, Mark (eds.). 1995. An Invitation to Cognitive Science: Language (vol. 1). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Gleitman, Lila R. and Elissa L. Newport. 1995. The invention of language by children: Environmental and biological influences on the acquisition of language. In Gleitman and Liberman, 1–24.
Gleitman, Lila R. and E. Wanner. 1982. The state of the state of the art. In Wanner and Gleitman, 3–50.
Glennen, Sharon. 2005. New arrivals: Speech and language assessment for internationally adopted infants and toddlers within the first months home. Seminars in Speech and Language 26: 10–21.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gohard-Radenkovic, Aline. 2000. Communiquer en langue étrangère.
Golato, Peter. 2002. Word parsing by late-learning French–English bilinguals. Applied Psycholinguistics 23: 417–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldin-Meadow, Susan. 1998. The development of gesture and speech as an integrated system. In Iverson and Goldin-Meadow, 29–44.
Goldin-Meadow, Susan and Carolyn Mylander. 1994 [1990]. Beyond the input given: The child's role in the acquisition of language. In Bloom, 507–542.
Goldschneider, Jennifer M. and DeKeyser, Robert M.. 2001. Explaining the “natural order of L2 morpheme acquisition” in English: A meta-analysis of multiple determinants. Language Learning 51: 1–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goodglass, Harold and Wingfield, Arthur (eds.). 1997. Anomia: Neuroanatomical and cognitive correlates. San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Goodluck, Helen. 1991. Language Acquisition: A Linguistic Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Gopnik, Myrna. 1990. Feature blindness: A case study. Language Acquisition 1: 139–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gopnik, Myrna.1997 (ed.). The Inheritance and Innateness of Grammars. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Gopnik, Myrna, Jenny Dalakis, Suzy E. Fukuda and Shinji Fukuda. 1997. Familial language impairment. In Gopnik, 111–140.
Gould, James L. and Peter Marler. 2004 [1987]. Learning by instinct. In Lust and Foley, 190–207.
Granfeldt, Jonas. 2005. The development of gender attribution and gender concord in French: a comparison of bilingual first and second language learners. In Dewaele, 164–190.
Granfeldt, Jonas and Suzanne Schlyter. 2004. Cliticisation in the acquisition of French as L1 and L2. In Prévost and Paradis, 333–370.
Gray, P. H. 1978 [1958]. Theory and evidence of imprinting in human infants. In Scott, 95–106.
Gregg, Kevin R. 1996. The logical and developmental problems of second language acquisition. In Ritchie and Bhatia, 49–81.
Gregg, Kevin R.2003. SLA theory: construction and assessment. In Doughty and Long, 831–865.
Grimshaw, Jane. 1994. Lexical reconciliation. In Gleitman and Landau, 411–430.
Grinstead, John. 2000. Case, inflection and subject licensing in child Catalan and Spanish. Journal of Child Language 27: 119–155.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grinstead, John 2004. Subjects and interface delay in child Spanish and Catalan. Language 80: 40–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grodzinsky, Yosef. 2000. The neurology of syntax: Language use without Broca's Area. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23: 1–71.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grondin, N. and White, Lydia. 1996. Functional categories in child L2 acquisition of French. Language Acquisition 5: 1–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grosjean, François. 1982. Life with Two Languages: An Introduction to Bilingualism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Grosjean, François.1989. Neurolinguists, beware! The bilingual is not two monolinguals in one person. Brain and Language 36: 3–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grosjean, François.2004. Studying bilinguals: Methodological and conceptual issues. In Bhatia and Ritchie, 32–63.
Grosjean, François, Pommergues, Jean-Yves, Cornu, Etienne, Guillelmon, Delphine and Besson, Carole. 1994. Gender-marking effect in spoken word recognition. Perception and Psychophysics 56: 590–598.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Guasti, Maria Teresa. 1993/94. Verb syntax in Italian child grammar: Finite and non-finite verbs. Language Acquisition 3: 1–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guasti, Maria Teresa.2000. An excursion into interrogatives in early English and Italian. In Friedemann and Rizzi, 105–128.
Guasti, Maria Teresa.2002. Language Acquisition: The Growth of Grammar. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Guillelmon, Delphine and Grosjean, François. 2001. The gender marking effect in spoken word recognition: The case of bilinguals. Memory and Cognition 29: 503–511.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Haegeman, Liliane. 2000. Adult null subjects in non-pro-drop languages. In Friedemann and Rizzi, 129–169.
Hahne, Anja. 2001. What's different in second language processing? Evidence from event related brain potentials. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 30: 251–266.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hahne, Anja and Friederici, Angela D.. 2001. Processing a second language: Late learners’ comprehension mechanisms as reavealed by event realated brain potentials. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 4: 123–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hakuta, Kenji. 2001. A critical period for second language acquisition? In Bailey et al., 193–205.
Hakuta, Kenji, Bialystok, Ellen and Wiley, Edward W.. 2003. Critical evidence: A test of the critical-period hypothesis for second language acquisition. Psychological Science 14: 31–38.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hale, Kenneth and Keyser, Samuel J. (eds.). 1993a. The View from Building 20. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Hale, Kenneth and Samuel J. Keyser1993b. On argument structure and the lexical expression of syntactic relations. In Hale and Keyser, 53–110.
Halle, Morris, Bresnan, Joan and Miller, G. A. (eds.). Linguistic Theory and Psychological Reality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Hamann, Cornelia. 2000. The acquisition of constituent questions and the requirement of interpretation. In Friedemann and Rizzi, 170–201.
Hamann, Cornelia.2002. From Syntax to Discourse: Pronominal Clitics, Null Subjects and Infinitives in Child Language. Dordrecht: Kluwer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hamann, Cornelia.2004. Comparing the development of the nominal and verbal functional domain in French language impairment. In Prévost and Paradis, 109–144.
Han, Zhao-Hong. 2004. Fossilization in Adult Second Language Acquisition. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Han, Zhao-Hong and Odlin, Terence (eds.). 2005. Studies of Fossilization in Second Language Acquisition. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Hannahs, S. J. and Young-Scholten, Martha (eds.). 1997. Focus on Phonological Acquisition. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harley, Birgit. 1986. Age in Second Language Acquisition. San Diego: College-Hill Press.Google Scholar
Harley, Birgit.1993 Instructional strategies and second language acquisition in early French immersion. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 15: 245–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harley, Birgit and Hart, Doug. 1997. Language aptitude and second language proficiency in classroom learners of different starting ages. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 19: 379–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harley, Birgit and Doug Hart.2002. Age, aptitude and second language learning on a bilingual exchange. In Robinson, 301–330.
Harley, Birgit, Howard, J. and Hart, Doug. 1995. Second language processing at different ages: Do younger learners pay more attention to prosodic cues to sentence structure?Language Learning 45: 43–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harley, Birgit and Wenxia Wang. 1997. The critical period hypothesis: Where are we now? In De Groot and Kroll, 19–51.
Harley, Heidi and Elizabeth Ritter. 2002. Structuring the bundle: A universal morphosyntactic feature geometry. In Simon and Wiese, 23–40.CrossRef
Harris, R. J. (ed.). 1992. Cognitive Processing in Bilinguals. Amsterdam: North Holland.Google Scholar
Hasegawa, Mihoko, Carpenter, Patricia A. and Just, Marcel Adam. 2002. An fMRI study of bilingual sentence comprehension and workload. Neuroimage 15: 647–660.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hawayek, Antoinette. 1995. Acquisition of functional categories and syntactic structure. Probus 7: 147–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hawkins, Roger. 2001. Second Language Syntax. Oxford/Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Hawkins, Roger and Chan, CeciliaYuet–huang. 1997. The partial availability of Universal Grammar in second language acquisition: The “failed functional features hypothesis.” Second Language Research 13: 187–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hawkins, Roger and Florencia Franceschina. 2004. Explaining the acquisition and non-acquisition of determiner-noun gender concord in French and Spanish. In Prévost and Paradis, 175–206.
Hawkins, Roger, Towell, Richard and Bazergui, Nigel. 1993. Universal Grammar and the acquisition of French verb movement by native speakers of English. Second Language Research 9: 189–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haznedar, Belma. 1997. L2 acquisition by a Turkish-speaking child: Evidence for L1 influence. In Hughes et al., 245–256.
Haznedar, Belma.2001. The acquisition of the IP system in child L2 English. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 23: 1–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haznedar, Belma.2003. The status of functional categories in child second language acquisition: Evidence from the acquisition of CP. Second Language Research 19: 1–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haznedar, Belma and Bonnie D. Schwartz. 1997. Are there optional infinitives in child L2 acquisition? In Hughes et al., 257–268.
Head, Henry. 1926. Aphasia and Kindred Disorders of Speech (vols. I, II). New York: The Macmillan Company.Google Scholar
Hellige, Joseph B. 1993. Hemispheric Asymmetry: What's Right and What's Left. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Henriksen, Birgit. 1999. Three dimensions of vocabulary development. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 21: 303–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heredia, Roberto R. and Altarriba, Jeannette (eds.). 2002. Bilingual Sentence Processing. Amsterdam/London: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Heredia, Roberto R. and Mark T. Stewart. 2002. On-line methods in bilingual spoken language research. In Heredia and Altarriba, 7–28.
Hernández, Arturo E., Dapretto, Mirella, Mazziotta, John and Bookheimer, Susan. 2001. Language switching and language representation in Spanish–English bilinguals: An fMRI study. Neuroimage: 510–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Herodotus, . 1954. The Histories. Translated and with an introduction by Aubrey de Sélincourt. Baltimore: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
Herschensohn, Julia. 1990. Toward a theoretical basis for current language pedagogy. Modern Language Journal 74: 451–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Herschensohn, Julia.1993. Applying linguistics to teach morphology: Verb and adjective inflection in French. International Review of Applied Linguistics 30.1/2: 97–112.Google Scholar
Herschensohn, Julia.1996. Case Suspension and Binary Complement Structure in French. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Herschensohn, Julia.2000. The Second Time Around: Minimalism and L2 Acquisition. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Herschensohn, Julia.2001. Missing inflection in L2 French: Accidental infinitives and other verbal deficits. Second Language Research 17: 273–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Herschensohn, Julia.2003. Verbs and rules: Two profiles of French morphology acquisition. Journal of French Language Studies 13: 23–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Herschensohn, Julia.2004. Functional categories and the acquisition of object clitics in L2 French. In Prévost and Paradis, 207–242.
Herschensohn, Julia.2006. Français langue seconde: From functional categories to functionalist variation. Second Language Research 22.
Herschensohn, Julia, Mallén, Enrique and Zagona, Karen (eds.). 2001. Features and Interfaces in Romance: Essays in Honor of Heles Contreras. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Herschensohn, Julia, Stevenson, Jeff and Waltmunson, Jeremy. 2005. Children's acquisition of L2 Spanish morphosyntax in an immersion setting. International Review of Applied Linguistics 43: 193–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hilles, Sharon. 1986. Interlanguage and the pro-drop parameter. Second Language Research 2: 33–52.Google Scholar
Hilles, Sharon.1991. Access to Universal Grammar in second language acquisition. In Eubank, 305–338.
Hirsh, Katherine W., Morrison, Catriona M., Gaset, Silvia and Carnicer, Eva. 2003. Age of acquisition and speech production in L2. Language and Cognition 6: 117–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy and Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick. 1996. The Origins of Grammar: Evidence from Early Language Comprehension. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy, Nelson, D. G. Kemler, Jusczyk, P. W., Wright, K., Druss, B. and Kennedy, L. J.. 1987. Clauses are perceptual units for young infants. Cognition 26: 269–286.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy, Michael Tucker and Roberta Michnick Golinkoff. 1996. Dynamic systems theory: Reinterpreting “prosodic bootstrapping” and its role in language acquisition. In Morgan and Demuth, 449–466.
Hoekstra, Teun and Schwartz, Bonnie D.. 1994. Language Acquisition Studies in Generative Grammar. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holland, John H., Holyoak, Keith J., Nisbett, Richard E. and Thagard, Paul R.. 1986. Induction: Processes of Inference, Learning and Discovery. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Hollich, George J., Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy and Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick. 2000. Breaking the language barrier: An emergentist coalition model for the origins of word learning. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 65, No. 3 (Serial No. 262).Google ScholarPubMed
Hubel, D. H. and Wiesel, T. N.. 1962. Receptive fields, binocular interaction and functional architecture in the cat's visual cortex. Journal of Physiology 160: 106–154.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hubel, D. H. and Wiesel, T. N..1965. Binocular interaction in the striate cortex of kittens reared with artificial squint. Journal of Neurophysiology 21: 1041–1059.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huckin, Thomas and Coady, James. 1999. Incidental vocabulary acquisition in a second language: A review. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 21: 181–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huebner, Thom and Ferguson, Charles A. (eds.). 1991. Crosscurrents in Second Language Acquisition and Linguistic Theories. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hughes, Elizabeth, Hughes, Mary and Greenhill, Annabel (eds.). 1997. Proceedings of the 21st Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development. Someville, MA: Cascadilla Press.Google Scholar
Hulk, Aafke. 1991. Parameter setting and the acquisition of word order in L2 French. Second Language Research 7: 1–34.Google Scholar
Hulk, Aafke.2004. The acquisition of French DP in a bilingual context. In Prévost and Paradis, 243–274.
Hurford, James R. 1991. The evolution of the critical period for language acquisition. Cognition 40: 159–201.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hyams, Nina. 1986. Language Acquisition and the Theory of Parameters. Dordrecht: Reidel.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hyams, Nina.1996. The underspecification of functional categories in early grammar. In Clahsen, 91–128.
Hyams, Nina and Wexler, Kenneth. 1993. On the grammatical basis of null subjects in child language. Linguistic Inquiry 24: 421–459.Google Scholar
Hyltenstam, Kenneth. 1992. Non-native features of near-native speakers: On the ultimate attainment of childhood L2 learners. In Harris, 351–368.CrossRef
Hyltenstam, Kenneth and Abrahamsson, Niclas. 2000. Who can become native-like in a second language? All, some or none? On the maturational constraints controversy in SLA. Studia Linguistica 54: 150–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hyltenstam, Kenneth and Abrahamsson, Niclas.2001. Comments on Stefka H. Marinova-Todd, D. Bradford Marshall, and Catherine E. Snow's “Three misconceptions about age and L2 learning”; Age and L2 learning: The Hazards of matching practical “implications” with theoretical “facts.”TESOL Quarterly 35: 151–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hyltenstam, Kenneth and Niclas Abrahamsson.2003. Maturational constraints in SLA. In Doughty and Long, 539–588.
Hyltenstam, Kenneth and Obler, Loraine K. (eds.). 1989. Bilingualism across the Lifespan: Aspects of Acquisition, Maturity and Loss. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hyltenstam, Kenneth and Christopher Stroud. 1993. Second language regression in Alzheimer's dementia. In Hyltenstam and Viberg, 222–242.
Hyltenstam, Kenneth and Viberg, Åke (eds.). 1993. Progression and Regression in Language: Sociocultural, Neuropsychological, and Linguistic Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hyman, Larry M. and Li, Charles N. (eds.). 1988. Language, Speech and Mind: Studies in Honour of Victoria A. Fromkin. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Illes, Judy, Francis, Wendy S., Desmond, John E., Gabrieli, John D. E., Glover, Gary H., Poldrack, Russell, Lee, Christine J. and Wagner, Anthony D.. 1999. Convergent cortical representation of semantic processing in bilinguals. Brain and Language 70: 347–363.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Imai, Satomi, Walley, Amanda C. and Flege, James E.. 2005. Lexical frequency and neighborhood density effects on the recognition of native and Spanish-accented words by native English and Spanish listeners. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 117: 896–907.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Inagaki, S. 2001. Motion verbs with goal PPs, in the L2 acquisition of English and Japanese. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 23: 153–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Indefrey, Peter and Anne Cutler. 2004. Prelexical and lexical processing in listening. In Gazzaniga, 759–774.
Ingham, Richard. 1998. Tense without agreement in early clause structure. Language Acquisition 7: 51–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ingram, David. 1989. First Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Ingram, David and Thompson, William. 1996. Early syntactic acquisition in German: Evidence for the modal hypothesis. Language 72: 97–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Inoue, Kayo. 2004. MRI/fMRI and EEG/ERP techniques. Unpublished Ph.D. Generals Paper, Psychology Department, University of Washington.
Inoue, Kayo.2005. Cross-linguistic Studies of Syntactic and Semantic Processing: Electrophysiological investigations. Ph.D. dissertation Psychology Department, University of Washington.
Ionin, Tania and Wexler, Kenneth. 2002. Why is “is” easier than “-s”?: Acquisition of tense/agreement morphology by child second language learners of English. Second Language Research 18: 95–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ioup, Georgette. 1984. Is there a structural foreign accent?: A comparison of syntactic and phonological errors in second language acquisition. Language Learning 34: 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ioup, Georgette.1989. Immigrant children who have failed to acquire English. In Gass et al., 160–175.
Ioup, Georgette.1995. Evaluating the need for input enhancement in post-critical period language acquisition. In Singleton and Lengyel, 95–123.
Ioup, Georgette, Boustagui, E., Tigi, El M. and Moselle, M. 1994. Reexamining the Critical Period Hypothesis: A case study of successful adult second language acquisition in a naturalistic environment. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 16: 73–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ioup, Georgette and Weinberger, Steven (eds.). 1987. Interlanguage Phonology: The Acquisition of a Second Language Sound System. New York: Newbury House/Harper & Row.Google Scholar
Isurin, Ludmila. 2000. Deserted island or a child's first language forgetting. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 3: 151–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Itard, Jean-Marc-Gaspard. 1801. De l’éducation d’un homme sauvage ou des premiers développements physiques et moraux du jeune sauvage de l’Aveyron. Paris: Gouyon.Google Scholar
Iverson, Jana M. 1998. Gesture when there is no visual model. In Iverson and Goldin-Meadow, 89–100.
Iverson, Jana M. and Goldin-Meadow, Susan (eds.). 1998. The Nature and Functions of Gesture in Children's Communication. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. [New Directions for Child Development 79].Google Scholar
Jackendoff, Ray. 1983. Semantics and Cognition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Jackendoff, Ray.1987. Consciousness and the Computational Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Jackendoff, Ray.1990. Semantic Structures. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Jaeger, Jeri J., Lockwood, Alan H., Kemmerer, David L., Valin, Robert D., Murphy, Brian W. and Khalak, Hanif G.. 1996. A positron emission tomographic study of regular and irregular verb morphology in English. Language 72: 451–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jakobson, Roman. 1968 [1941]. Child Language, Aphasia and Phonological Universals. The Hague: Mouton.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jakobson, Roman.1980. [with the assistance of Kathry Santilli]. Brain and Language: Cerebral Hemispheres and Linguistic Structure in Mutual Light. Columbus, OH: Slavica Publishers.Google Scholar
Jakobson, Roman.1990 [1971]. The sound laws of child language and their place in general phonology. In Waugh and Monville-Burston, 294–304.
Jakobson, Roman.1990. Two aspects of language and two types of aphasic disturbances. In Waugh and Monville-Burston, 115–133.
James, Allan and Leather, Jonathan (eds.). 1987. Sound Patterns in Second Language Acquisition. Dordrecht: Foris.Google Scholar
Jia, Gisela, Aaronson, Doris, and Wu, Yanhong. 2002. Long-term attainment of bilingual immigrants: Predictive variables and language group differences. Applied Psycholinguistics 23, 599–621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jia, Gisela and Aaronson, Doris. 2003. A longitudinal study of Chinese children and adolescents learning English in the United States. Applied Psycholinguistics 24: 131–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jiang, Nan. 2002. Form-meaning mapping in vocabulary acquisition in a second language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 24: 617–637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Joe, Angela. 1995. Text-based tasks and incidental vocabulary learning. Second Language Research 11: 149–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, Jacqueline. 1992. Critical period effects in second language acquisition: The effect of written vs. auditory materials on the assessment of grammatical competence. Language Learning 42: 217–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, Jacqueline and Newport, Elissa. 1989. Critical Period effects in second language learning: The influence of maturational state on the acquisition of English as a second language. Cognitive Psychology 21: 60–99.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Johnson, Jacqueline and Newport, Elissa.1991. Critical period effects on universal properties of language: The status of subjacency in the acquisition of a second language. Cognition 39: 215–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, Jacqueline, Shenkman, Kenneth, Newport, Elissa and Medin, Douglas. 1996. Indeterminacy in the grammar of adult language learners. Journal of Memory and Language 35: 335–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jones, Francis B. 1995. Learning an alien lexicon: A teach-yourself case study. Second Language Research 11: 95–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jordaan, Heila, Shaw-Ridley, Gill, Serfontein, Jean, Orelowitz, Kerry and Monaghan, Nicole. 2001. Cognitive and linguistic profiles of Specific Language Impairment and Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder in bilinguals. Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica 53: 153–165.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jueptner, M. and Weiller, C.. 1995. Review: Does Measurement of Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Reflect Synaptic Activity? – Implications for PET and fMRI. Neuroimage 2: 148–156.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Juffs, Alan. 2000. An overview of the second language acquisition of links between verb semantics and morpho-syntax. In Archibald, 187–227.
Jusczyk, Peter W. 1997. The Discovery of Spoken Language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Kaan, Edith and Swaab, Tamara Y.. 2002. The brain circuitry of syntactic comprehension. Trends in Cognitive Sciences: 350–356.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kanno, Kazue. 1997. The acquisition of null and overt pronominals in Japanese by English speakers. Second Language Research 13: 265–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaplan, Alice. 1993. French Lessons: A Memoir. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kapp, Brenda (ed.). 2000. The Handbook of Cognitive Neuropsychology: What Deficits Reveal About the Human Mind. Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Karmiloff-Smith, Annette. 1979. A Functional Approach to Child Language: A Study of Determiners and Reference. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Karmiloff-Smith, Annette, Grant, Julia, Berthoud, Ioana, Davies, Mark, Howlin, Patricia and Udwin, Orlee. 1997. Language and Williams syndrome: How intact is “intact”?Child Development 68: 246–262.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kegl, Judy, Ann Senghas, and Marie Coppola. 1999. Creation through contact: Sign language emergence and sign language change in Nicaragua. In DeGraff, 179–237.
Kehoe, Margaret and Stoel-Gammon, Carol. 1997. The acquisition of prosodic structure: An investigation of current accounts of children's prosodic development. Language 73: 113–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keller, Helen. 1954 [1902]. The Story of my Life. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co.Google Scholar
Kellerman, Eric. 1995. Age before beauty: Johnson and Newport revisited. In Eubank et al., 219–231.CrossRef
Kessler, Carolyn and Idar, Imelda. 1979. Acquisition of English by a Vietnamese mother and child. Working Papers on Bilingualism 18: 66–79.Google Scholar
Kim, Eun Joo. 1997. The sensitive periods for the acquisition of L2 lexico-semantic and syntactic systems. In Hughes et al., 354–365.
Kim, Karl H. S., Relkin, Norman R., Lee, Kyoung-Min and Hirsch, Joy. 1997. Distinct cortical areas associated with native and second languages. Nature 388: 171–174.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Klein, Elaine C. 1999. Just parsing through: Notes on the state of L2 processing research today. In Klein and Martohardjono, 197–216.
Klein, Elaine C. and Martohardjono, Gita (eds.). 1999a. The Development of Second Language Grammars: A Generative Approach. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klein, Elaine C. and Gita Martohardjono. 1999b. Investigating second language grammars: Some conceptual and methodological issues in generative SLA research. In Klein and Martohardjono, 3–34.CrossRef
Klein, Wolfgang. 1986. Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klein, Wolfgang.1996. Language acquisition at different ages. In Magnusson, 244–264.
Klein, Wolfgang and Perdue, Clive. 1992. Utterance Structure: (Developing Grammars Again). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klein, Wolfgang and Perdue, Clive.1997. The Basic Variety (or: Couldn’t natural languages be much simpler?). Second Language Research 13: 301–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klima, Edward S. and Ursula Bellugi-Klima. 2004 [1966]. Syntactic regularities in the speech of children. In Lust and Foley, 344–366.
Knudsen, Erik I. 2004. Sensitive periods in the development of the brain and behavior. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 16: 1412–1425.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Krakow, Rena, Tao, Shannon and Roberts, Jenny. 2005. Adoption age effects on English language acquisition: Infants and toddlers from China. Seminars in Speech and Language 26: 33–43.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Krashen, S. 1973. Lateralization, language learning and the critical period: Some new evidence. Language Learning 23: 63–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krashen, S. 1975. The critical period for language acquisition and its possible bases. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 263: 211–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krashen, S. 1985. The Input Hypothesis: Issues and Implications. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Krashen, S., Houck, N., Giunchi, P., Bode, S., Birnbaum, R. and Strei, G.. 1977. Difficulty order for grammatical morphemes for adult second language performers using free speech. TESOL Quarterly 11: 338–441.Google Scholar
Krashen, S., Scarcella, Robin and Long, Michael (eds.). 1982. Child-Adult Differences in Second Language Acquisition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.Google Scholar
Kroll, Judith F. and Groot, Annette M. B. (eds.). 2005. Handbook of Bilingualism: Psycholinguistic Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Kroll, Judith F. and Paola E. Dussias. 2004. The comprehension of words and sentences in two languages. In Bhatia and Ritchie, 169–200.
Kroll, Judith F., Tokowicz, Michael and Dufour, Robert. 2002. Development of lexical fluency in a second language. Second Language Research 18: 137–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuhl, Patricia. 1991a. Human adults and human infants show a “perceptual magnet effect” for the prototypes of speech categories, monkeys do not. Perception and Psychophysics 50: 93–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuhl, Patricia.1991b. Perception, cognition and the ontogenetic and phylogenetic emergence of human speech. In Brauth et al., 73–106.
Kuhl, Patricia.2000. Language mind, brain: Experience alters perception. In Gazzaniga.
Kuhl, Patricia.2004. Early language acquisition: Cracking the speech code. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 5: 831–843.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kuhl, Patricia and P. Iverson. 1995. Linguistic experience and the “Perceptual Magnet Effect.” In Strange, 121–154.
Kuhl, Patricia and Meltzoff, Andrew. 1984. The intermodal representation of speech in infants. Infant Behavior and Development 7: 361–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuhl, Patricia, Williams, Karen A., Lacerda, Francisco, Stevens, Kenneth N. and Lindblom, Bjorn. 1992. Lingustic experiences alter phonetic perception in infants by 6 months of age. Science 255: 606–608.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kutas, Marta and Hillyard, S. A.. 1980. Event related brain potentials to semantically inappropriate and surprisingly large words. Biological Psychology 11: 99–116.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kutas, Marta and Bernadette M. Schmitt. 2003. Language in microvolts. In Banich and Mack, 171–209.
Lado, Robert. 1957. Linguistics across Cultures: Applied Linguistics for Language Teachers. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
Lakshmanan, U. 1994. Universal Grammar in Child Second Language Acquisition: Null Subjects and Morphological Uniformity. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lakshmanan, U. 1995. Child second language acquisition of syntax. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 17: 301–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lakshmanan, U.1998. Functional categories and related mechanisms in child second language acquisition. In Flynn et al., 3–16.
Landau, Barbara and Gleitman, Lila R.. 1985. Language and Experience: Evidence from the Blind Child. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Lane, Harlan. 1976. The Wild Boy of Aveyron. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Lardiere, Donna. 1995. L2 acquisition of English synthetic compunding is not constrained by level ordering (and neither, probably, is L1). Second Language Research 11: 20–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lardiere, Donna.1998a. Case and Tense in the “fossilized” steady state. Second Language Research 14: 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lardiere, Donna.1998b. Dissociating syntax from morphology. Second Language Research 14: 359–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lardiere, Donna.2000. Mapping features to forms in second language acquisition. In Archibald, John (ed.), Second Language Acquisition and Linguistic Theory. Oxford/Malden, MA: Blackwell, 102–129.Google Scholar
Lardiere, Donna and Bonnie D. Schwartz. 1995. On the L2 acquisition of deverbal compounds: Evidence for agreement. In MacLaughlin and McEwen, 335–347.
Leather, Jonathan (ed.). 1999. Second language speech research: An introduction. Special Issue Language Learning 49: Supplement 1: 1–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leather, Jonathan2003. Phonological acquisition in multilingualism. In García Mayo and García Lecumberri, 23–58.
Leather, Jonathan and Allan James. 1999. Second language speech. In Ritchie and Bhatia, 269–316.
Lee, Chang-rae. 1995. Native Speaker. New York: Riverhead Books.Google Scholar
Lee, James & Valdman, Albert (eds.). 2000. Form and Meaning: Multiple Perspectives. Boston: Heinle.Google Scholar
Legendre, Géraldine, Hagstrom, Paul, Vainikka, Anne and Todorova, Marina. 2002. Partial constraint ordering in child French syntax. Language Acquisition 10: 189–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lenhoff, Howard M., Wang, Paul P., Greenberg, Frank and Bellugi, Ursula. 1997. Williams Syndrome and the brain. Scientific American 277: 68–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lenneberg, Eric H. 1967. Biological Foundations of Language. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
Lenneberg, Eric H. and Lenneberg, Elizabeth (eds.). 1975. Foundations of Language Development: A Multidisciplinary Approach (vol. I). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Leow, Ronald P. 1998. The effects of amount and type of exposure on adult learners’ L2 development in second language acquisition. Modern Language Journal 82: 49–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Levy, Yonata and Schaeffer, Jeannette (eds.). 2003. Language Competence across Populations: Toward a Definition of Specific Language Impairment. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Lewis, Michael B., Gerhand, Simon and Ellis, Hadyn D.. 2001. Reevaluating age of acquisition effects: Are they simply cumulative frequency effects? Cognition 78: 189–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Léwy, Nicolas, Grosjean, François, Grosjean, Lysiane, Racine, Isabelle and Yersin, Carole. 2005. Un modèle psycholinguistique informatique de la reconnaissance des mots dans la chaîne parlée du français. Journal of French Language Studies 15: 25–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liceras, Juana. 1986. Linguistic Theory and Second Language Acquisition: The Spanish nonnative grammar of English speakers. Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag.Google Scholar
Liceras, Juana.1989. On some properties of the “pro-drop” parameter. Looking for missing subjects in nonnative Spanish. In Gass and Schachter, 109–133.
Liceras, Juana, Valenzuela, E. and Díaz, Lourdes. 1999: L1/L2 Spanish grammars and the pragmatic deficit hypothesis. Second Language Research 15: 161–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lichtman, Jeff W. 2001. Developmental neurobiology overview: Synapses, circuits and plasticity. In Bailey et al., 27–42.
Lightfoot, David and Hornstein, Norbert (eds.). 1994. Verb Movement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lillo-Martin, Diane and Stephanie Berk. 2003. Acquisition of constituent order under delayed language exposure. In Beachley et al., 485–507.
Lin, Jo-Fu Lotus. 2003. Training American 14-year-olds to Perceive Mandarin Chinese Lexical Tones: A behavioral and fMRI study. M.Sc. dissertation, Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington.
Lleó, Conxita. 2001. Determining the acquisition of determiners: On the innateness of functional categories. In Herschensohn et al., 189–202.
Lleó, Conxita and Michael Prinz. 1997. Syllable structure parameters and the acquisition of affricates. In Hannahs and Young-Scholten, 143–163.
Long, Michael. 1990. Maturational constraints on language development. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 12: 251–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Long, Michael.1991. Focus on form: A design feature in language teaching methodology. In DeBot et al., 39–52.CrossRef
Long, Michael.1993. Second language acquisition as a function of age: Research findings and methodological issues. In Hyltenstam and Viberg, 196–221.
Long, Michael.1996. The role of linguistic environment in second language acquisition. In Ritchie and Bhatia, 413–468.
Long, Michael.2003. Stabilization and fossilization in interlanguage development. In Doughty and Long, 487–535.
Lopez-Ornat, S. 1997. What lies in between a pre-grammatical and a grammatical representation? In Pérez-Leroux and Glass, 3–20.
Lorenz, Konrad Z. 1978 [1937]. The companion in the bird's world. In Scott, 85–94.
Losh, Molly, Bellugi, Ursula, Reilly, Judy and Andersen, Diane. 2000. Narrative as a social engagement tool: The excessive use of evaluation in narratives from children with Williams Syndrome. Narrative Inquiry 10: 265–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lust, Barbara and Foley, Claire (eds.). 2004. First Language Acquisition: The Essential Readings. Oxford/Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Lust, Barbara, Suñer, Margarita and Whitman, John (eds.). 1994. Heads, Projections, and Learnability (vol. I, Syntactic Theory and First Language Acquisition: Cross-linguistic Perspectives). Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
MacIntyre, Peter D. 2002. Motivation, anxiety and emotion in second language acquisition. In Robinson, 45–68.
MacKay, Ian R. A. and Flege, James E.. 2004. Effects of the age of second language learning on the duration of first and second language sentences: The role of suppression. Applied Psycholinguistics 25: 373–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MacLaughlin, Dawn and McEwen, Susan (eds.). 1995. Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.Google Scholar
Maclean, Charles. 1977. The Wolf Children. London: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
MacLeod, Andrea. 2006. Production and perception of Voice Onset Time and high vowels by bilingual and monolingual speakers of Canadian English and Canadian French. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington.
MacWhinney, Brian. 1997. Second language acquisition and the competition model. In De Groot and Kroll, 113–142.
MacWhinney, Brian.1999 (ed.). The Emergence of Language. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
MacWhinney, Brian.2000. Connectionism and language learning. In Barlow and Kemmer, 121–149.
MacWhinney, Brian and Bates, Elizabeth (eds.). 1989. The Crosslinguistic Study of Sentence Processing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Magen, Harriet S. 1998. The perception of foreign-accented speech. Journal of Phonetics 26: 381–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Magnusson, David (ed.). 1996. The Lifespan Development of Individuals: Behavioral, Neurobiological and Psychosocial Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Maguire, Eleanor A., Gadian, David G., Johnsrude, Ingrid S., Good, Catriona D., Ashburner, John, Frackowiak, Richard S. J. and Frith, Christopher D.. 2000. Navigation-related structural change in the hippocampi of taxi drivers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 97: 4398–4403.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Major, Roy C. 1987. A model for interlanguage phonology. In Ioup and Weinberger, 101–125.
Major, Roy C. 1992. Losing English as a first language. Modern Language Journal 76: 190–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Major, Roy C. 2001. Foreign Accent: The Ontogeny and Phylogeny of Second Language Phonology. Mahwah, NJ/London: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Major, Roy C. and Eunyi Kim. 1999. The Similarity Differential Rate Hypothesis. In Leather, 151–183.
Marcus, Gary. 2001. The Algebraic Mind: Integrating Connectionism and Cognitive Science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Marian, Viorica, Spivey, Michael and Hirsch, Joy. 2003. Shared and separate systems in bilingual language processing: Converging evidence from eyetracking and brain imaging. Brain and Language 86: 70–82.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Marinis, Theodore. 2003. Psycholinguistic techniques in second language acquisition research. Second Language Research 19: 144–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marinova-Todd, Stefka H. 2003. Know your grammar: What the knowledge of syntax and morphology in an L2 reveals about the critical period for second/foreign language acquisition. In García Mayo and García Lecumberri, 59–73.
Marinova-Todd, Stefka H., Marshall, D. Bradford and Snow, Catherine E.. 2000. Three misconceptions about age and L2 learning. TESOL Quarterly 34: 9–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Markman, Ellen M. 1994. Constraints children place on word meanings. In Bloom, 154–173.
Markson, L. and Bloom, Paul. 1997. Evidence against a dedicated system for word learning in children. Nature 385: 813–815.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Marler, Peter. 1987. Sensitive periods and the roles of specific and general sensory stimulation in birdsong learning. In Rauschecker and Marler, 99–135.
Martohardjono, Gita and Suzanne Flynn. 1995. Is there an age factor in Universal Grammar? In Singleton and Lengyel, 135–153.
Mayberry, Rachel I. 1993. First-language acquisition after childhood differs from second-language acquisition: The case of American Sign Language. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 36: 1258–1270.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mazuka, Reiko. 1996. Can a grammatical parameter be set before the first word? Prosodic contributions to early setting of a grammatical parameter. In Morgan and Demuth, 313–330.
McDonald, Janet L. 2000. Grammaticality judgments in a second language: Influences of age of acquisition and native language. Applied Psycholinguistics 21: 395–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McKee, Cecile. 1992. A comparison of pronouns and anaphors in Italian and English acquisition. Language Acquisition 1: 21–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McLaughlin, Barry. 1990. Restructuring. Applied Linguistics 11: 113–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McLaughlin, Judith. 1999. Event related potentials reflect the early stages of second language lexical acquisition. Ph.D. dissertation, Psychology Department, University of Washington.
McLaughlin, Judith, Osterhout, Lee and Kim, Albert. 2004. Neural correlates of second-language word learning: Minimal instruction produces rapid change. Nature Neuroscience 7: 703–704.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McManus, Chris. 2003. Right Hand, Left Hand. London: Phoenix.Google Scholar
Meara, Paul. 1983. Vocabulary in a Second Language. London: CILT.Google Scholar
Meara, Paul.1984. The study of lexis in interlanguage. In Davies et al.
Meara, Paul.1995 (ed.). Single subject studies of lexical acquisition. Special issue. Second Language Research 11 (2).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Meara, Paul and Wilks, Clarissa. 2002. Untangling word webs: Graph theory and the notion of density in second language word association networks. Second Language Research 18: 303–324.Google Scholar
Mechelli, Andrea, Crinion, Jenny T., Noppeney, Uta, O’Doherty, John, Ashburner, John, Frackowiak, Richard S. and Price, Cathy J.. 2004. Structural plasticity in the bilingual brain. Nature 431: 757.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mehler, Jacques, E. Dupoux, T. Nazzi and G. Dehaene-Lambertz. 1996. Coping with linguistic diversity: The infant's viewpoint. In Morgan and Demuth, 101–116.
Mehler, Jacques, Jusczyk, Peter, Lambertz, G., Halsted, N., Bertoncini, J. and Amiel-Tison, C.. 1988. A precursor of language acquisition in young infants. Cognition 29: 144–178.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Meisel, Jürgen M., 1991. Principles of Universal Grammar and strategies of language learning: Some similarities and differences between first and second language acquisition. In Eubank, 231–276.
Meisel, Jürgen M.,1994 (ed.). Bilingual First Language Acquisition: French and German Grammatical Development. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Meisel, Jürgen M.,1997a. The acquisition of the syntax of negation in French and German: contrasting first and second language acquisition. Second Language Research 13: 227–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Meisel, Jürgen M.,1997b. The Basic Variety as an I-language. Second Language Research 13: 374–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Menn, Lise and Carol Stoel-Gammon. 1995. Phonological development. In Fletcher and MacWhinney, 335–359.
Menyuk, Paula, Liebregott, Jacqueline W. and Schultz, Martin C.. 1995. Early Language Development in Full Term and Premature Infants. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Mitchell, Rosamond and Myles, Florence. 1998. Second Language Learning Theories. London: Arnold.Google Scholar
Mogford, Kay. 1993. Oral language acquisition in the prelinguistically deaf. In Bishop and Mogford, 110–131.
Mogford, Kay and Dorothy Bishop. 1993. Five questions about language acquisition considered in the light of exceptional circumstances. In Bishop and Mogford, 239–260.
Mondria, Jan-Arjen. 2003. The effects of inferring, verifying and memorizing on the retention of L2 word meanings: An experimental comparison of the meaning-inferred method and meaning-given method. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 25: 473–499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Montaigne, Michel. 1962 [1580]. Œuvres complètes. Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
Montesquieu. 1949 [1777]. Œuvres complètes: Mes pensées. Paris: Gallimard (vol. I).
Montrul, Silvina (ed.). 2001a. Acquisition of argument structure. Special issue. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 23 (2).Google Scholar
Montrul, Silvina (ed.).2001b. Agentive verbs of manner of motion in Spanish and English as second languages. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 23: 171–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Montrul, Silvina and Ordóñez, Francisco (eds.). 2003. Linguistic Theory and Language Development in Hispanic Languages. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.Google Scholar
Moreno, Eva M., Federmeier, Kara D. and Kuta, Marta. 2002. Switching languages, switching palabras (words): An electrophysiological study of code switching. Brain and Language 80: 188–207.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Morford, Jill P. and Rachel I. Mayberry. 2000. A reexamination of “early exposure” and its implications for language acquisition by eye. In Chamberlain et al., 111–127.
Morgan, J. L. and Demuth, Katherine (eds.). 1996. Signal to Syntax: Bootstrapping from Speech to Grammar in Early Acquisition. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Moyer, Alene. 1999. Ultimate attainment in L2 phonology: The critical factors of age, motivation and instruction. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 21: 81–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moyer, Alene.2004. Age, Accent and Experience in Second Language Acquisition: An Integrated Approach to Critical Period Inquiry. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters Ltd.Google Scholar
Mueller, Jutta L. 2005. Electrophysiological correlates of second language processing. Second Language Research 21: 152–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gathercole, Mueller, Virginia, Eugenia Sebastian and Soto, Pilar. 1999. The early acquisition of Spanish verbal morphology: Across the board or piecemeal knowledge?International Journal of Bilingualism 2/3: 133–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Myers-Scotton, Carol. 1993. Duelling Languages: Grammatical Structure in Code Switching. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Myles, Florence. 2005. The emergence of morphosyntactic structure in French L2. In Dewaele, 88–113.
Myles, Florence, Hooper, Janet and Mitchell, Rosamond. 1998. Rote or rule? Exploring the role of formulaic language in classroom foreign language learning. Language Learning 48: 323–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Myles, Florence, Mitchell, Rosamond and Hooper, Janet. 1999. Interrogative chunks in French L2: A basis for creative construction?Studies in Second Language Acquisition 21: 49–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nation, I. S. P. 2001. Learning Vocabulary in Another Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nation, Robert and McLaughlin, Barry. 1986. Novices and experts: An information processing approach to the “good language learner” problem. Applied Psycholinguistics 7: 41–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Neufeld, Gerald. G. 1979. Toward a theory of language learning ability. Language Learning 29: 227–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Neufeld, Gerald G. 1980. On the adult's ability to acquire phonology. TESOL Quarterly 14: 285–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Neville, Helen J. 1995. Developmental specificity in neurocognitive development in humans. In Gazzaniga, 219–231.
Neville, Helen J. and John T. Bruer. 2001. Language processing: How experience affects brain organization. In Bailey et al., 173–192.
Neville, Helen J., Coffey, Sharon A., Lawson, Donald S., Fischer, Andrew, Emmorey, Karen and Bellugi, Ursula. 1997. Neural Systems Mediating American Sign Language: Effects of Sensory Experience and Age of Acquisition. Brain and Language 57: 285–308.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Newmeyer, Frederick. 1983. Grammatical Theory: Its Limits and Its Possibilities. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Newmeyer, Frederick.1997. Genetic dysphasia and linguistic theory. Journal of Neurolinguistics 10: 47–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Newmeyer, Frederick.1998. Language Form and Language Function. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Newmeyer, Frederick.2003. Grammar is grammar and usage is usage. Language 79: 682–707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Newport, Elissa. 1991. Contrasting conceptions of the critical period for language. In Carey and Gelman, 111–130.
Newport, Elissa.1994 [1990]. Maturational constraints on language learning. In Bloom, 543–560.
Newport, Elissa.1999. Reduced input in the acquisition of signed languages: Contributions to the study of creolization. In DeGraff, 161–178.
Newport, Elissa J., Daphne Bavelier and Helen J. Neville. 2001. Critical thinking about critical periods: Perspectives on a critical period for language acquisition. In Dupoux, 481–502.
Nichols, Sharon, Jones, Wendy, Roman, Mary J., Wulfeck, Beverly, Delis, Dean C., Reilly, Judy and Bellugi, Ursula. 2004. Mechanisms of verbal memory impairment in four neurodevelopmental disorders. Brain and Language 88: 180–189.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nikolov, Marianne. 2000. The Critical Period Hypothesis reconsidered: Successful adult learners of Hungarian and English. International Review of Applied Linguistics 38: 109–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nottebohm, F. 1978 [1969]. The “Critical Period” for song learning. In Scott, 239–241.
Novoa, Loriana, Deborah Fein and Loraine K. Obler. 1988. Talent in foreign languages: A case study. In Obler and Fein, 294–302.
Obler, Loraine K. 1989. Exceptional second language learners. In Gass et al., 141–159.
Obler, Loraine K.1993. Neurolinguistic aspects of language development and attrition. In Hyltenstam and Viberg, 178–195.
Obler, Loraine K. and Fein, Deborah (eds.). 1988. The Exceptional Brain: Neuropsychology of Special Talents and Abilities. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Obler, Loraine K. and Gjerlow, Kris. 1999. Language and the Brain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Obler, Loraine K. and Sharon Hannigan. 1996. Neurolinguistics of second language acquisition and use. In Ritchie and Bhatia, 509–523.
Oetting, Janna B. and Rice, Mabel L.. 1993. Plural acquisition in children with Specific Language Impairment. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 36: 1236–1248.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ohta, Amy Snyder. 2001. Second Language Acquisition Processes in the Classroom: Learning Japanese. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Ojima, Shiro, Nakata, Hiroki, and Kakigi, Ryusuke. 2005. An ERP study of second language learning after childhood: Effects of proficiency. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 17: 1212–1228.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Orsolini, Margherita, Fanari, Rachele and Bowles, Hugo 1998. Acquiring regular and irregular inflection in a language with verb classes. Language and Cognitive Processes 13: 425–464.Google Scholar
Osterhout, Lee, Allen, Mark and McLaughlin, Judith. 2002. Words in the brain: Lexical determinants of word-induced brain activity. Journal of Neurolinguistics 15: 171–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Osterhout, Lee and Holcomb, Phillip J.. 1992. Event related brain potentials elirefd by syntactic anomaly. Journal of Memory and Language 31: 785–806.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Osterhout, Lee and Holcomb, Phillip J..1993. Event-related potentials and syntactic anomaly: Evidence of anomaly detection during the perception of continuous speech. Language and Cognitive Processes 8: 413–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Osterhout, Lee, McLaughlin, Judith, Allen, Mark and Inoue, Kayo. 2002. Brain potentials elirefd by prose-embedded linguistic anomalies. Memory and Cognition 30: 1304–1312.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Osterhout, Lee, McLaughlin, Judith and Bersick, Michael. 1997. Event-related brain potentials and human language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1: 203–209.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Osterhout, Lee, Judith McLaughlin, Albert Kim and Kayo Inoue. 2004. Sentences in the brain: Event-related potentials as real-time reflections of sentence comprehension and language learning. In Carreiras and Clifton.
Osterhout, Lee, McLaughlin, Judith, Pitkänen, Ilona, Frenck-Mestre, Cheryl and Molinaro, Nicola. 2006. Novice learners, longitudinal designs and event-related potentials: A paradigm for exploring the neurocognition of second-language processing. Language Learning.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ostrin, Ruth K. and Tyler, Lorraine K.. 1995. Dissociations of lexical function: Semantics, syntax and morphology. Cognitive Neuropsychology 12: 345–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Oyama, Susan C. 1978. The sensitive period and comprehension of speech. Working Papers on Bilingualism 16: 1–17.Google Scholar
Oyama, Susan C. 1979. The concept of the sensitive period in developmental studies. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly 25: 83–103.Google Scholar
Oyama, Susan C.1982. The sensitive period and comprehension of speech. In Krashen et al., 39–51.
Padden, Carol. 1988. Interaction of Morphology and Syntax in American Sign Language. New York: Garland Press.Google Scholar
Padden, Carol, Irit Meir, Wendy Sandler and Mark Aronoff. 2006. Against all expectations: Encoding subjects and objects in a new language.
Pallier, Christophe, Bosch, Laura and Sebastián-Gallés, Núria. 1997. A limit on behavioral plasticity in speech perception. Cognition 64: B9–B17.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pallier, Christophe, Dehaene, Stanislas, Poline, J-B., LeBihan, D., Argenti, A. M., Dupoux, Emmanuel and Mehler, Jacques. 2003. Brain imaging of language plasticity in adopted adults: Can a second language replace the first?Cerebral Cortex 13: 155–161.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Papadopoulou, Despina and Clahsen, Harald. 2003. Parsing strategies in L1 and L2 sentence processing. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 25: 501–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paradis, Johanne and Crago, Martha. 2001. The morphosyntax of Specific Language Impairment in French: An extended optional default account. Language Acquisition 9: 269–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paradis, Johanne and Martha Crago.2004. Comparing L2 and Specific Language Impairment grammars in child French. In Prévost and Paradis, 89–107.
Paradis, Johanne, Martha Crago and Fred Genesee. 2003. Object clitics as a clinical marker of Specific Language Impairment in French: Evidence from French-English bilingual children. In Beachley et al., 638–649.
Paradis, Johanne and Genesee, Fred. 1996. Syntactic acquisition in bilingual children. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 18: 1–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paradis, Johanne and Genesee, Fred.1997. On continuity and the emergence of functional categories in bilingual first language acquisition. Language Acquisition 6: 91–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paradis, Johanne, Golberg, Heather and Crago, Martha. 2005. Distinguishing between typically-developing L2 children and L2 children with Specific Language Impairment: Verb diversity and tense morphology over time. Poster presentation at the International Symposium on Bilingualism, Barcelona, Spain.Google Scholar
Paradis, Johanne, LeCorre, Mathieu and Genesee, Fred. 1998. The emergence of tense and agreement in child L2 French. Second Language Research 14: 227–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paradis, Michel. 1994. Neurolinguistic aspects of implicit and explicit memory: Implications for bilingualism and second language acquisition. In Ellis, 393–419.
Paradis, Michel.1997. The cognitive neuropsychology of bilingualism. In De Groot and Kroll, 331–354.
Paradis, Michel.2003. Differential use of cerebral mechanisms in bilinguals. In Banich and Mack, 351–370.
Paradis, Michel.2004. A Neurolinguistic Theory of Bilingualism. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Parodi, Teresa. 2000. Finiteness and verb placement in second language acquisition. Second Language Research 16: 355–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Parodi, Teresa, Schwartz, Bonnie D. and Clahsen, Harald. 1997. On the L2 acquisition of the morpho-syntax of German nominals. Essex Research Reports in Linguistics 15: 1–43.Google Scholar
Pater, Joe. 1997. Metrical parameter missetting in second language acquisition. In Young-Scholten and Hannahs, 235–261.
Pater, Joe.2003. The perceptual acquisition of Thai phonology by English speakers: Task and stimulus effects. Second Language Research 19: 209–223.Google Scholar
Pater, Joe, Stager, Christine and Werker, Janet. 2004. The perceptual acquisition of phonological contrasts. Language 80: 384–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Patkowski, Mark. 1982. The sensitive peiod for the acquisition of syntax in a second language. In Krashen et al., 52–63.
Patkowski, Mark.1990. Age and accent in a second language: A reply to James Emil Flege. Applied Linguistics 11, 73–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pearlmutter, Neal J., Garnsey, Susan M. and Bock, Kathryn. 1999. Agreement processes in sentence comprehension. Journal of Memory and Language 41: 427–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Penfield, Wilder and Roberts, Lamar. 1959. Speech and Brain-Mechanisms. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Penner, Zvi. 1994. Asking questions without CP? On the acquisition of root wh-questions in Bernese Swiss German and Standard German. In Hoekstra and Schwartz, 177–214.
Perani, Daniela, Paulesu, Eraldo, Sebastián-Gallés, Núria, Dupoux, Emmanuel, Dehaene, Stanislas, Bettinardi, Valentino, Cappa, Stefano F., Fazio, Ferrucio and Mehler, Jacques. 1998. The bilingual brain: Proficiency and age of acquisition of the second language. Brain 121: 1841–1852.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pérez-Leroux, Ana-Teresa and Liceras, Juana (eds.). 2002. The Acquisition of Spanish Morphosyntax: The L1/L2 connection. Dordrecht: Kluwer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pérez-Leroux, Ana-Teresa and Glass, William R. (eds.). 1997. Contemporary Perspectives on the Acquisition of Spanish. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.Google Scholar
Pérez-Pereira, Miguel. 1991. The acquisition of gender: What Spanish children tell us. Journal of Child Language 18: 571–590.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Petitto, Laura A. 2000. The acquisition of natural signed languages: Lessons in the nature of human language and its biological foundations. In Chamberlain et al., 41–50.
Petitto, Laura A. and Marentette, Paula F.. 1991. Babbling in the manual mode: Evidence for the ontogeny of language. Science 251: 1493–1496.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Phinney, Marianne. 1987. The pro-drop parameter in second language acquisition. In Roeper and Williams, 221–238.
Piaget, Jean. 1971 [1954]. The Construction of Reality in the Child. New York: Ballantine.Google Scholar
Piaget, Jean.1959. The Language and Thought of the Child. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd.Google Scholar
Piaget, Jean and Noam Chomsky. 2004 [1979]. Language and learning: The debate between Jean Piaget and Noam Chomsky. In Lust and Foley, 64–97.
Piattelli-Palmarini, Massimo (ed.). 1979. Théories du langage, théories de l’apprentissage: Le débat entre Jean Piaget et Noam Chomsky. Paris: Editions du Seuil.Google Scholar
Pienemann, Manfred. 1998. Language Processing and Second Language Development. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pierce, Amy. 1992. Language Acquisition and Syntactic Theory: A Comparative Analysis of French and English Child Grammars. London/Dordrecht/Boston: Kluwer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pinker, Steven. 1984. Language Learnability and Language Development. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Pinker, Steven.1989. Learnability and Cognition: The Acquisition of Argument Structure. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Pinker, Steven.1994a. How could a child use verb syntax to learn verb semantics? In Gleitman and Landau, 377–410.
Pinker, Steven.1994b. Rules of grammar. In Bloom, 472–484.
Pinker, Steven.1995. The Language Instinct. New York: Harper Perennial.Google Scholar
Pinker, Steven 1999. Words and Rules: The Ingredients of Language. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Pinker, Steven and Prince, Alan. 1988. On language and connectionism: Analysis of a Parallel Distributed Processing model of language acquisition. Cognition 28: 73–193.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Piske, Thorsten, MacKay, Ian R. A. and Flege, James E.. 2001. Factors affecting degree of foreign accent in an L2. Journal of Phonetics 29: 191–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pizzuto, Elena and Caselli, Maria Cristina. 1992. The acquisition of Italian morphology: Implications for models of language development. Journal of Child Language 19: 491–557.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Plaut, David C. 2003. Connectionist modeling of language: Examples and implications. In Banich and Mack, 143–167.
Plunkett, Kim. 1997. Theories of early language acquisition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1: 146–153.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Poeppel, David and Wexler, Kenneth. 1993. The Full Competency Hypothesis of clause structure in early German. Language 69: 1–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Poizner, Howard, , Edward S.Klima, and Bellugi, Ursula. 1987. What the Hands Reveal about the Brain. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Pollock, Jean-Yves. 1989. Verb movement, universal grammar and the structure of IP. Linguistic Inquiry 20: 365–424.Google Scholar
Pollock, Karen E. 2005. Early language growth in children adopted from China: Preliminary normative data. Seminars in Speech and Language 26: 22–32.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pollock, Karen and Price, J.. 2005. Phonological skills in children adopted from China: Implications for assessment. Seminars in Speech and Language 26: 54–63.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Prévost, Philippe. 2003. Truncation and missing inflection in initial child L2 German. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 25: 65–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Prévost, Philippe.2004. The semantic and aspectual properties of child L2 root infinitives. In Prévost and Paradis, 305–331.
Prévost, Philippe.2006. Knowledge of morphology and syntax in early adult L2 French: Evidence for the missing surface inflection hypothesis. In Goodluck, H., Liceras, J. M. et Zobl, H. (eds.), The Role of Formal Features in Second Language Acquisition. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Prévost, Philippe and Paradis, Johanne (eds.). 2004. The Acquisition of French in Different Contexts. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Prévost, Philippe and White, Lydia. 2000a. Missing surface inflection or impairment in second language acquisition? Evidence from tense and agreement. Second Language Research 16: 103–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Prévost, Philippe and Lydia White.2000b. Accounting for morphological variation in second language acquisition: truncation or missing inflection? In Friedemann and Rizzi, 202–235.
Prinz, Philip M. (ed.). 1998. ASL proficiency and English literacy acquisition: New perspectives. Topics in Language Disorders 18: v–viii.Google Scholar
Prinz, Philip M. and Strong, Michael. 1998. ASL proficiency and English literacy within a billingual deaf education model of instruction. Topics in Language Disorders. 18: 47–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Prodeau, Mireille. 2005. Gender and number in French L2: Can we find out more about the constraints on production in L2? In Dewaele, 114–134.
Pulvermüller, Friedemann and Schumann, John H.. 1994. Neurobiological mechanisms of language acquisition. Language Learning 44: 681–734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pynte, Joel and Colonna, Saveria. 2001. Competition between primary and non-primary relations during sentence comprehension. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 30: 569–599.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Racine, Louis. 1808 [1747]. Œuvres: Epitre II sur l’homme (vol. II). Paris: Le Normant.Google Scholar
Radford, Andrew. 1990. Syntactic Theory and the Acquisition of English Syntax: The Nature of Early Child Grammars of English. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Rasetti, Lucienne. 2000. Null subjects and root infinitives in the child grammar of French. In Friedemann and Rizzi, 236–268.
Rauschecker, Josef P. and Marler, Peter (eds.). 1987. Imprinting and Cortical Plasticity. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Reilly, Judy, Losh, Molly, Bellugi, Ursula and Wulfeck, Beverly. 2004. “Frog, where are you?” Narratives in children with specific language impairment, early focal brain injury and Williams Syndrome. Brain and Language 88: 229–247.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rice, Mabel (ed.). 1996. Towards a Genetics of Language. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Rice, Mabel and Kenneth Wexler. 1996. A phenotype of specific language impairment: Extended optional infinitives. In Rice, 215–237.
Riney, Thomas J. and Flege, James E.. 1998. Changes over time in global foreign accent and liquid identifiability and accuracy. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 20: 213–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ritchie, William C. (ed.). 1978. Second Language Acquisition Resarch: Issues and Implications. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Ritchie, William C. and Bhatia, Tej K. (eds.). 1996. Handbook of Second Language Acquisition. San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Ritchie, William C. and Bhatia, Tej K.(eds.).1999. Handbook of Child Language Acquisition. San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Rizzi, Luigi. 1986. Null objects in Italian and the theory of pro. Linguistic Inquiry 17: 501–557.Google Scholar
Rizzi, Luigi.1993/94. Some notes on linguistic theory and language development: The case of root infinitives. Language Acquisition 3: 371–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rizzi, Luigi.1994. Early null subjects and root null subjects. In Hoekstra and Schwartz, 151–176.
Rizzi, Luigi.2000. Remarks on early null subjects. In Friedemann and Rizzi, 269–292.
Robinson, Peter (ed.). 2002. Individual Differences and Instructed Language Learning. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rochet, B. 1995. Perception and production of L2 speech sounds by adults. In Strange, 379–410.
Roeper, Thomas and Williams, Edwin. 1987. Parameter Setting. Dordrecht: Reidel.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rohde, Andreas and Tiefenthal, Christine. 2000. Aspects of lexical acquisition: Fast mapping in early L2 lexical acquisition. Studia Linguistica 54: 167–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rondal, Jean A. 1993. Down's syndrome. In Bishop and Mogford, 165–177.
Ross, Steven, Naoko Yoshinaga and Miyuki Sasaki. 2002. Aptitude-exposure interaction effects on Wh-movement violation detection by pre- and post-critical period Japanese bilinguals. In Robinson 267–300.
Rumelhart, D. E. and J. L. McClelland. 1994. [1986]. On learning the past tenses of English verbs. In Bloom, 423–471.
Rumelhart, D. E. and the Parallel Distributed Processing Research Group. 1986. Parallel Distributed Processing: Explorations in the Microstructure of Cognition. Vol. I: Foundations. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Rymer, Russ. 1993. Genie: A Scientific Tragedy. New York: Harper Perennial.Google Scholar
Sacks, Oliver. 1990. Seeing Voices: A Journey into the World of the Deaf. New York: Harper Collins.Google Scholar
Saffran, Eleanor M. 2003. Evidence from language breakdown: Implications for the neural and functional organization of language. In Banich and Mack, 251–281.
Sandler, Wendy and Lillo-Martin, Diane. 2006. Sign Language and Linguistic Universals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sandler, Wendy, Meir, Irit, Padden, Carol and Aronoff, Mark. 2005. The emergence of grammar: Systematic structure in a new language. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102(7): 2661–2665.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Saville-Troike, Muriel. 2006. Introducing Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Schachter, Jacqueline. 1990. On the issue of completeness in second language acquisition. Second Language Research 6: 93–124.Google Scholar
Schachter, Jacqueline.1996. Maturation and the issue of Universal Grammar in second language acquisition. In Ritchie and Bhatia, 159–193.
Schachter, Jacqueline and Gass, Susan. (eds.). 1996. Second Language Classroom Research: Issues and Opportunities. Mahwah NJ: L. Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Schaller, Susan. 1995. A Man Without Words. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Schiff-Myers, N. 1993. Hearing children of deaf parents. In Bishop and Mogford, 47–61.
Schlaggar, Bradley L., Brown, Timothy T., Lugar, Heather M., Visscher, Kristina M., Miezin, Frances M. and Peterson, Steven E.. 2002. Functional neuroanatomical differences between adults and school-age children in the processing of single words. Science 296: 1476–1479.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schlyter, Suzanne. 1993. The weaker language in bilingual Swedish-French children. In Hyltenstam and Viberg, 289–308.
Schmid, Monika S. 2002. First Language Attrition, Use and Maintenance: The Case of German Jews in Anglophone Countries. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schmidt, Richard. 1990. The role of consciousness in second language learning. Applied Linguistics 11: 129–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schmidt, Richard.1992. Psychological mechanisms underlying second languge fluency. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 14: 357–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schneiderman, Eta I. and Chantal Desmarais. 1988. A neuropsychological substrate for talent in second language acquisition. In Obler and Fein, 103–126.
Schriefers, Herbert and Jescheniak, J. D.. 1999. Representation and processing of grammatical gender in language production: A review. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 28: 575–600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schumann, John. 1978. The Pidginization Process: A Model for Second Language Acquisition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.Google Scholar
Schumann, John.1997. The Neurobiology of Affect. Oxford/Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Schwartz, Bonnie D. 1992. Testing between Universal Grammar-based and problem-solving models of second language acquisition: Developmental sequence data. Language Acquisition 2: 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schwartz, Bonnie D. 1993. On explicit and negative data effecting and affecting competence and linguistic behavior. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 15: 147–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schwartz, Bonnie D. 1997. On the basis of the Basic Variety. Second Language Research 13: 386–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schwartz, Bonnie D.2000. When syntactic theories evolve: Consequences for L2 acquisition research. In Archibald, 156–186.
Schwartz, Bonnie D.2003. Child L2 acquisition: Paving the way. In Beachley et al., 26–50.
Schwartz, Bonnie D. and Eubank, Lynn (eds.). 1996. What is the “L2 initial state”? Special issue. Second Language Research 12 (1).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schwartz, Bonnie D. and Gubala-Ryzak, Magda. 1992. Learnability and grammatical reorganization in second language acquisition: Against negative evidence causing the unlearning of verb movement. Second Language Research 8: 1–38.Google Scholar
Schwartz, Bonnie D. and Sprouse, Rex. 1996. L2 cognitive states and the full transfer/full access model. Second Language Research 12: 40–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scott, John Paul (ed.). 1978. Critical Periods. Stroudsburg, PA: Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross.Google Scholar
Scovel, Thomas 1988. A Time to Speak: A Psycholinguistic Inquiry into the Critical Period for Human Speech. Cambridge, MA: Newbury House.Google Scholar
Scovel, Thomas1995. Differentiation, recognition, and identification in the discrimination of foreign accents. In Archibald, 169–181.
Scovel, Thomas 2000. A critical review of the critical period research. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 20: 213–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sedaris, David. 2000. Me Talk Pretty One Day. Boston: Little Brown and Company.Google Scholar
Ségui, Juan and Ludovic Ferrand. 2002. The role of the syllable in speech perception and production. In Durand and Laks, 151–167.
Seliger, Herbert. 1978. Implications of a multiple critical periods hypothesis for second language learning. In Ritchie, 11–20.
Seliger, Herbert.1989. Deterioration and creativity in chldhood bilingualism. In Hyltenstam and Obler, 173–184.
Selinker, Larry. 1972. Interlanguage. International Review of Applied Linguistics 10: 209–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Selkirk, Elizabeth. 1996. The prosodic structure of function words. In Morgan and Demuth, 187–214.
Shapiro, Kevin and Alfonso Caramazza. 2004. The organization of lexical knowledge in the brain: The grammatical dimension. In Gazzaniga, 803–814.
Sharma, Anu C., Dorman, Michael F. and Kral, Andrej. 2005. The influence of a sensitive period on central auditory development in children with unilateral and bilateral cochlear implants. Hearing Research 203: 134–143.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sharma, Anu C., Dorman, Michael and Spahr, Anthony J.. 2002a. Rapid development of cortical auditory evoked potentials after early cochlear implantation. Neuroreport. 13(10): 1365–1368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sharma, Anu C., Dorman, Michael and Spahr, Anthony J..2002b. A sensitive period for the development of the central auditory system in children with cochlear implants: Implications for age of implantation. Ear and Hearing 23(6): 532–539.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sharwood Smith, Michael. 1994. Second Language Learning: Theoretical Foundations. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Shattuck, Roger. 1980. The Forbidden Experiment: The Story of the Wild Boy of Aveyron. Ne