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10 - Language and Gender

from Part III - Language in Context

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 November 2019

Sungdai Cho
Affiliation:
State University of New York, Binghamton
John Whitman
Affiliation:
Cornell University, New York
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Summary

Chapter 10 examines the interaction between language and gender. In this chapter, we describe how language and gender interact in Korean, in the realms of lexicon, phonology, syntax, and discourse. We distinguish five categories of lexical distinction: non-male terms, non-female terms, male-only terms, female-only terms, and terms for both male and female. In terms of phonological differences, women’s speech is characterized by a rising intonation with increased tensing and aspiration, while men tend to use falling intonation with less pronounced tensing or aspiration. With regard to syntactic differences, men use more declarative sentences and deferential speech style, while women use more interrogative sentences, polite speech style, tag questions, adverbials, and deixis. For discourse differences, women use more indirect speech style, hedges, obscure expressions, and cooperative communication, while men use more direct speech style, a difference which may be related to differences in power status in society.

Type
Chapter
Information
Korean
A Linguistic Introduction
, pp. 329 - 340
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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References

Further Readings

Kang, Soyoung. 2013. Ene wa Yeyseng [Language and Women]. Seoul: Jisik kwa Kyoyang Press.Google Scholar
Koo, Hyun-Jung. 2009. Taewhauy Kipep [Conversation Skill]. Seoul: Kyungjin Press.Google Scholar

References

Trudgill, P. 1983. On Dialect: Social and Geographical Perspectives. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar

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  • Language and Gender
  • Sungdai Cho, State University of New York, Binghamton, John Whitman, Cornell University, New York
  • Book: Korean
  • Online publication: 14 November 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781139048842.011
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  • Language and Gender
  • Sungdai Cho, State University of New York, Binghamton, John Whitman, Cornell University, New York
  • Book: Korean
  • Online publication: 14 November 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781139048842.011
Available formats
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Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Language and Gender
  • Sungdai Cho, State University of New York, Binghamton, John Whitman, Cornell University, New York
  • Book: Korean
  • Online publication: 14 November 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781139048842.011
Available formats
×