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11 - Islamic Theories of Causality in the Modern Context

The Religion and Science Debate

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 May 2020

Özgür Koca
Affiliation:
Bayan Claremont Islamic Graduate School
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Summary

The eleventh chapter steps back from the specifics of the discussion and investigates the strengths and weaknesses of the various proposed theories of causality in the face of certain contemporary philosophical challenges. As a case study, the chapter focuses on a central issue in contemporary discussions of religion and science: the reconciliation of religious claims about divine causation with scientific explanations that depart from the premise that the world is a causally closed system. Here the chapter first provides a brief overview of the important controversies in the discussion of religion and science that are relevant to this topic. It then explores whether the examined theories on causality are viable options for thinking about the divine causality without undermining the rigor of the scientific approach to the world.

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Islam, Causality, and Freedom
From the Medieval to the Modern Era
, pp. 231 - 254
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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