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Chapter 10 - The Early History of Psychological Testing in Eastern Europe and Russia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 July 2022

Sumaya Laher
Affiliation:
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
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Summary

Tests and testing have evolved and developed, in part driven by scientific evolution, but mostly driven by the needs of societies that are served by psychologists and other specialists who use tests and other assessment methods. Society therefore provides the impetus for the development of testing, the incentives for the various stakeholders in this field, as well as occasional deterrents and limits in their usage. In this chapter we look at how testing assessment developed in the region of Eastern Europe, initially connected to early international evolutions at the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century, being then more and more influenced by the dominant ideologies that have permeated this area of Europe in the second half of the twentieth century. Modern and contemporary evolutions in the development, adaptation, and use of tests and assessments in various areas of psychological practice, as well as the state of research in testing and assessment, in countries across the region of Eastern Europe, will be discussed.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

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