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1 - The Nineteenth Century as the Age of Internationalism

from Part I - Interventionism and Humanitarianism under the Sign of Internationalism

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 November 2021

Fabian Klose
Affiliation:
Universität zu Köln
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Summary

Chapter 1 begins by discussing the nineteenth century as the age of internationalism, forms of which developed in various realms. International relations underwent a significant degree of legalisation and a law-based international order emerged along the lines of supposed European ‘civilisational standards’, enshrining clear hierarchies of ‘civilised’ and ‘uncivilised’ states and thereby preparing the further course of European colonialism and imperialism. In the realm of civil society, social and political reform movements began to form cross-border networks and to explore new means of exerting influence in the transnational sphere, making deliberate use of the ‘public sphere’ as a resource to rally support for their causes. Yet at the state level, too, the period following the Congress of Vienna (1814–15) saw a tremendous increase in international cooperation between the European great powers. In intense diplomatic consultation at regular conferences and meetings of ambassadors and in special committees, the ‘Concert of Europe’ tried to find joint solutions to international conflicts, civil wars and humanitarian crises. This form of cooperation and collective crisis management is often regarded as one of the first forms of international governance.

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Chapter
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In the Cause of Humanity
A History of Humanitarian Intervention in the Long Nineteenth Century
, pp. 21 - 29
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

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