Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-x24gv Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-30T16:23:27.728Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Bibliography

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 December 2015

Tim William Machan
Affiliation:
University of Notre Dame, Indiana
Get access
Type
Chapter
Information
Imagining Medieval English
Language Structures and Theories, 500–1500
, pp. 281 - 311
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2016

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Aarsleff, Hans, The Study of Language in England, 1780-1860 (Princeton University Press, 1967).Google Scholar
Ailes, Marianne and Putter, Ad, “The French of Medieval England,” in European Francophonie: The Social, Political and Cultural History of an International Prestige Language, ed. Rjéroutski, Vladislav, Argent, Gesine, and Offord, Derek (Bern: Lang, 2014), 51-80.Google Scholar
Algeo, John and Butcher, Carmen, The Origins and Development of the English Language, 7th. edn. (Boston: Cengage, 2013).Google Scholar
Allan, Keith, The Western Classical Tradition in Linguistics (London: Equinox, 2007).Google Scholar
Allen, Cynthia L., Genitives in Early English: Typology and Evidence (Oxford University Press, 2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allen, Cynthia L., “These Our Letters: The Dem Poss Construction from Old to Early Modern English,” in An International Master of Syntax and Semantics: Papers Presented to Aimo Seppänen on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday, ed. Bergh, Gunnar, Herriman, Jennifer, and Mobärg, Mats (Gothenburg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 2004), 11-19.Google Scholar
Allen, Rosamund, trans., Lawman: Brut (London: Dent, 1992).Google Scholar
Amodio, Mark C., Writing the Oral Tradition: Oral Poetics and Literate Culture in Medieval England (University of Notre Dame Press, 2004).Google Scholar
Anderson, Benedict, Imagined Communities, rev. edn. (London: Verso, 2006).Google Scholar
Anderson, Marjorie O., ed., De situ Albanie, in Kings and Kingship in Early Scotland, 2nd. edn. (Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1980), 240-3.Google Scholar
Aristotle, , The Poetics, trans. Fyfe, W. Hamilton (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982).Google Scholar
Arngart, Olof, ed., The Middle English Genesis and Exodus (Lund: C. W. K. Gleerup, 1968).Google Scholar
Aronson-Lehavi, Sharon, Street Scenes: Late Medieval Acting and Performance (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aston, Margaret, “Lollardy and Literacy,” History 62 (1977), 347-71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Augustine, , On Christian Doctrine, trans. Robertson, D. W. Jr. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1958).Google Scholar
Augustyn, Frederick J. Jr., Dictionary of Toys and Games in American Popular Culture (New York: Routledge, 2012).Google Scholar
Baker, Peter and Lapidge, Michael, eds., Byrhtferth’s Enchiridion, EETS s.s. 15 (Oxford University Press, 1995).Google Scholar
Barber, Charles, et al., The English Language (Cambridge University Press, 2012).Google Scholar
Barton, David, Literacy: An Introduction to the Ecology of Written Language (London: Blackwell, 2007).Google Scholar
Barton, John, Donait françois, ed. Stengel, Edmund, in “Die ältesten Anleitungsschriften zur Erlernung der französischen Sprache,” Zeitschrift für neufranzösische Sprache und Literatur 1 (1879), 1-40.Google Scholar
Bately, Janet M., “Old English Prose Before and During the Reign of Alfred,” Anglo-Saxon England 17 (1988), 93-138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baugh, Albert and Cable, Thomas, A History of the English Language, 6th. edn. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Longman, 2012).Google Scholar
Bax, M. and Kádár, Dániel, eds., Journal of Historical Pragmatics 12 (2011).Google Scholar
Beadle, Richard, “English Autograph Writings of the Later Middle Ages: Some Preliminaries,” in Gli Autografi medievali: Problemi paleografici e filologici, ed. Chiesa, P. and Pinelli, L. (Spoleto: Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo, 1994), 249–68.Google Scholar
Beadle, Richard, “Geoffrey Spirleng (c.1426 – c.1494): A Scribe of the Canterbury Tales in His Time,” in Of the Making of Books: Medieval Manuscripts, their Scribes and Readers: Essays presented to M. B. Parkes, ed. Robinson, P. R. and Zim, Rivkah (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1997), 116-46.Google Scholar
Beadle, Richard, “Private Letters,” in A Companion to Middle English Prose, ed. Edwards, A. S. G. (Cambridge: Brewer, 2004), 289-306.Google Scholar
Beadle, Richard, “Prolegomena to a Literary Geography of Later Medieval Norfolk,” in Regionalism in Late Medieval Manuscripts and Texts, ed. Riddy, Felicity (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1991), 89108.Google Scholar
Beadle, Richard, and Richmond, Colin, eds., Paston Letters and Papers of the Fifteenth Century: Part III, EETS s.s. 22 (Oxford University Press, 2005).Google Scholar
Benskin, Michael, “Chancery Standard,” in New Perspectives on English Historical Linguistics, ed. Kay, Christian, Hough, Carole, and Witherspoon, Irene (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2004), 1-40.Google Scholar
Benskin, Michael, “The ‘Fit’-technique Explained,” in Regionalism in Late Medieval Manuscripts and Texts, ed. Riddy, F. (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1991), 926.Google Scholar
Benskin, Michael, “Some New Perspectives on the Origins of Standard Written English,” in Dialect and Standard Language in the English, Dutch, German and Norwegian Language Areas, ed. van Leuvensteijn, J. A. and Berns, J. B. (Amsterdam: Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 1992), 71105.Google Scholar
Benskin, Michael and Laing, Margaret, “Translations and Mischsprachen in Middle English Manuscripts,” in So Meny People Longages and Tonges: Philological Essays in Scots and Mediaeval English Presented to Angus McIntosh, ed. Benskin, Michael and Samuels, M. L. (Edinburgh: Middle English Dialect Project, 1981), 55106.Google Scholar
Benskin, Michael and Samuels, M. L., eds., So Meny People Longages and Tonges: Philological Essays in Scots and Mediaeval English Presented to Angus McIntosh (Edinburgh: Middle English Dialect Project, 1981).Google Scholar
Bergs, Alexander, Social Networks and Historical Sociolinguistics: Studies in Morphosyntactic Variation in the Paston Letters (1421-1503) (Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bergstrøm, Geir, “Two Cambridge Guild Ordinances Based on the Same Template: An Edition of the Ordinances of St. Clement and All Saints,” MA thesis, University of Stavanger, 2013. http://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/handle/11250/185432Google Scholar
Bergstrøm, Geir, “Yoven at Cambrigge: A Study of the Medieval English Documents of Cambridge” (ongoing Ph.D. project, University of Stavanger).Google Scholar
Berkhout, Carl T. and Gatch, Milton McC., eds., Anglo-Saxon Scholarship: The First Three Centuries (Boston: Hall, 1982).Google Scholar
Bermúdez-Otero, Ricardo, “Prosodic Optimization: The Middle English Length Adjustment,” English Language and Linguistics 2 (1998), 169-97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berthelot, Thomas, ed., Io. Gower de Confessione amantis (London, 1532).Google Scholar
Bex, Tony and Watts, Richard J., eds., Standard English: The Widening Debate (London: Routledge, 1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Biber, Douglas, Variation Across Speech and Writing (Cambridge University Press, 1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Biber, Douglas, et al., Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English (Harlow: Pearson Education, 1999).Google Scholar
Biber, Douglas and Finegan, Edward, “Drift and the Evolution of English Style,” Language 65 (1989), 487-517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Biggam, C. P., “Ualdenegi and the Concept of Strange Eyes,” in Lexis and Texts in Early English: Studies Presented to Jane Roberts, ed. Kay, Christian J. and Sylvester, Louise M. (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2001), 31-44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bishop, Edward L., “Book History,” in The Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Criticism, ed. Groden, Michael et al., 2nd. edn. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005), 131–6.Google Scholar
Black, Merja Ritta, “AB or Simply A? Reconsidering the Case for a Standard,” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 100 (1999), 155-74.Google Scholar
Blair, John, The Church in Anglo-Saxon Society (Oxford University Press, 2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blake, Norman F., Caxton and His World (London: André Deutsch, 1969).Google Scholar
Blake, Norman F., “Chancery English and the Wife of Bath’s Prologue,” in To Explain the Present: Studies in the Changing English Language in Honour of Matti Rissanen, ed. Nevalainen, Terttu and Kahlas-Tarkka, Leena (Helsinki: Société Néophilologique, 1997), 3-24.Google Scholar
Blake, Norman F., “Fabliaux and Other Literary Genres as Witnesses of Early Spoken English,” in Towards a History of English as a History of Genres, ed. Diller, Hans-Jürgen and Görlach, Manfred (Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, 2001), 145-57.Google Scholar
Blake, Norman F., A History of the English Language (New York University Press, 1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blake, Norman F., “Introduction,” in The Cambridge History of the English Language, vol. 2: 1066-1476, ed. Blake, Norman F. (Cambridge University Press, 1992), 1-22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blake, Norman F., “The Literary Language,” in The Cambridge History of the English Language, vol. 2: 1066-1476, ed. Blake, Norman F. (Cambridge University Press, 1992), 500-41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blake, Norman F., “Speech and Writing: A Historical Overview,” The Yearbook of English Studies 25 (1995), 6-21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blake, Norman F., “The Vocabulary in French and English Printed by William Caxton,” English Language Notes 3 (1965), 7-15.Google Scholar
Bliss, A. J., “A Note on ‘Language AB,’” English and Germanic Studies 5 (1952), 1-6.Google Scholar
Blom, Alderik, “Multilingualism and the Vocabularium Cornicum,” in Multilingualism in Medieval Britain (c. 1066-1520), ed. Jefferson, Judith and Putter, Ad (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013), 59-71.Google Scholar
Bloomfield, Morton W., “Authenticating Realism and the Realism of Chaucer,” in Essays and Explorations: Studies in Ideas, Language, and Literature (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970), 175-98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boswell, Jackson Campbell and Holton, Sylvia Wallace, eds., Chaucer’s Fame in England: STC Chauceriana 1475-1640 (New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2004).Google Scholar
Bowers, John M., “Hoccleve’s Two Copies of Lerne to Dye: Implications for Textual Critics,” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 83 (1989), 437-72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brackmann, Rebecca, The Elizabethan Invention of Anglo-Saxon England: Laurence Nowell, William Lambarde, and the Study of Old English (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2012).Google Scholar
Bradley, Henry, “Introduction,” in Dialogues in French and English by William Caxton, EETS e.s. 79 (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co. Ltd., 1900), v-x.Google Scholar
Bradley, Ian, Believing in Britain (London: I. B. Tauris, 2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brandt, Deborah, “Reading, Writing, and Wealth in the New Economy,” Speaker Series 21, ed. Bridwell-Bowles, Lillian (Minneapolis: Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of Writing and the Literacy & Rhetorical Studies Minor, 2002). http://writing.umn.edu/lrs/assets/pdf/speakerpubs/Brandt.pdfGoogle Scholar
Brandt, Deborah, “Sponsors of Literacy,” College Composition and Communication 49 (1998), 165–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Breeze, Andrew, “Celtic Loan-Words in the AB Dialect,” in A Book of Ancrene Wisse, ed. Wada, Yoko (Osaka: Kansai University Press, 2002), 1-6.Google Scholar
Breeze, Andrew, “Welsh Baban ‘Baby’ and Ancrene Wisse,” Notes and Queries n.s. 40 (1993), 12-13.Google Scholar
Breeze, Andrew, “Welsh Geneu ‘Mouth, Jaw’ and the Middle English Seinte Marherete,” Notes and Queries n.s. 40 (1993), 13-14.Google Scholar
Bremmer, Rolf H. Jr., ed., Franciscus Junius F. F. and His Circle (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brewer, Derek, ed., Chaucer: The Critical Heritage, 2 vols. (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1978).Google Scholar
Britain, David, “Space and Spatial Diffusion,” in Handbook of Language Variation and Change, ed. Chambers, J. K., Trudgill, Peter, and Schilling-Estes, Natalie (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002), 603–37.Google Scholar
Britton, Derek and Anderson, John, “The Orthography and Phonology of the Ormulum,” English Language and Linguistics 3 (1999), 299-334.Google Scholar
Brook, G. L., “The Original Dialect of the Harley Lyrics,” Leeds Studies in English 2 (1933), 38-61.Google Scholar
Brook, G. L. and Leslie, R. F., Laʒamon: Brut, 2 vols., EETS o.s. 250, 277 (Oxford University Press, 1963, 1978).Google Scholar
Brooks, Nicholas, ed., Latin and the Vernacular Languages in Early Medieval Britain (Leicester University Press, 1982).Google Scholar
Brown, Carleton, English Lyrics of the Thirteenth Century (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1932).Google Scholar
Bryan, Elizabeth J., Collaborative Meaning in Medieval Scribal Culture: The Otho Laʒamon (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bullough, D. A., “The Educational Tradition in England from Alfred to Ælfric: Teaching Utriusque Linguae,” Settimane Spoleto 19 (1972), 453-94.Google Scholar
Burchfield, R. W., “The Language and Orthography of the Ormulum MS 1,” Transactions of the Philological Society 55 (1956), 56-87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burnley, J. D., A Guide to Chaucer’s Language (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burnley, J. D., “Lexis and Semantics,” in The Cambridge History of the English Language, vol. 2: 1066-1476, ed. Blake, Norman (Cambridge University Press, 1992), 409-96.Google Scholar
Burnley, J. D., “Sources of Standardisation in Later Middle English,” in Standardizing English: Essays in the History of Language Change in Honor of John Hurt Fisher, ed. Trahern, Joseph B. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1989), 23-41.Google Scholar
Burrow, J. A., Langland’s Fictions (Oxford University Press, 1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burrow, J. A., “The Languages of Medieval England,” in The Oxford History of Literary Translation in English, vol. 1: To 1550, ed. Ellis, Roger (Oxford University Press, 2008), 7-28.Google Scholar
Burrow, J. A., and Doyle, A. I., eds., Thomas Hoccleve: A Facsimile of the Autograph Verse Manuscripts, EETS s.s. 19 (Oxford University Press, 2008).Google Scholar
Burton, Janet, The Monastic Order in Yorkshire 1069–1215 (Cambridge University Press, 1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Butterfield, Ardis, “English, French and Anglo-French: Language and Nation in the Fabliau,” special issue of Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie: Mittelalterliche Novellistik im europäischen Kontext, ed. Chinca, Mark, Reuvekamp-Felber, Timo, and Young, Christopher (Berlin: Schmidt, 2006), 238-59.Google Scholar
Butterfield, Ardis, The Familiar Enemy: Chaucer, Language, and Nation in the Hundred Years War (Oxford University Press, 2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Butterfield, Ardis, “Fuzziness and Perceptions of Language in the Middle Ages: Part 1: Explosive Fuzziness: The Duel,” Common Knowledge 18 (2012), 255-66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cain, Christopher M., “George Hickes and the ‘Invention’ of the Old English Dialects,” Review of English Studies, n.s. 61 (2010), 729-48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cain, Christopher M., “Phonology and Meter in the Old English Macaronic Verses,” Studies in Philology 98 (2001), 273-91.Google Scholar
Cameron, Angus, Amos, Ashley Crandell, and diPaolo Healey, Antonette, eds., Dictionary of Old English: A to G Online (Toronto: Dictionary of Old English Project, 2007). doe.utoronto.caGoogle Scholar
Campbell, Alistair, Old English Grammar (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959).Google Scholar
Cannon, Christopher, The Grounds of English Literature (Oxford University Press, 2004).Google Scholar
Cannon, Christopher, “From Literacy to Literature: Elementary Learning and the Middle English Poet,” PMLA 129 (2014), 349-63.Google Scholar
Cannon, Christopher, The Making of Chaucer’s English: A Study of Words (Cambridge University Press, 1998).Google Scholar
Caxton, William, The Auncient Historie of the Destruction of Troy, rev. Fiston, William (London, 1597).Google Scholar
Caxton, William, Caxton’s Own Prose, ed. Blake, N. F. (London: André Deutsch, 1973).Google Scholar
Caxton, William, Vocabulary in French and English, A Facsimile of Caxton’s Edition c.1480, ed. Oates, J. C. T. and Harmer, L. C. (Cambridge University Press, 1964).Google Scholar
Cerquiglini, Bernard, In Praise of the Variant: A Critical History of Philology, trans. Wing, Betsy (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999).Google Scholar
Chambers, J. K., “‘Lawless and Vulgar Innovations’: Victorian Views of Canadian English,” in Focus on Canada, ed. Clarke, Sandra (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1993), 1-26.Google Scholar
Chambers, R. W., On the Continuity of English Prose from Alfred to More and His School, EETS o.s. 191a (London: Oxford University Press, 1957).Google Scholar
Chambers, R. W. and Daunt, Marjorie, eds., A Book of London English 1384-1425 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1931).Google Scholar
Chaucer, Geoffrey, The Riverside Chaucer, gen. ed. Benson, Larry D., 3rd. edn. (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1986).Google Scholar
Chomsky, Noam, The Minimalist Program (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1995).Google Scholar
Christianson, C. Paul, “Chancery Standard and the Records of Old London Bridge,” in Standardizing English: Essays in the History of Language Change in Honor of John Hurt Fisher, ed. Trahern, Joseph B. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1989), 82-112.Google Scholar
Cicero, , The Orator, trans. Hubbell, H. M. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1962).Google Scholar
Cicero, , Rhetorica Ad Herennium, trans. Caplan, H. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1954).Google Scholar
Clark, Cecily, “Ancrene Wisse and Katherine Group: A Lexical Divergence,” Neophilologus 50 (1966), 117-24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clark, Herbert H. and Gerrig, Richard J., “Quotations as Demonstrations,” Language 66 (1990), 764-805.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clayton, Mary, The Apocryphal Gospel of Mary in Anglo-Saxon England (Cambridge University Press, 1998).Google Scholar
Clayton, Mary, “Homiliaries and Preaching in Anglo-Saxon England,” Peritia 4 (1985), 207-42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clayton, Mary, “Preaching and Teaching,” in The Cambridge Companion to Old English Literature, ed. Godden, Malcolm and Lapidge, Michael, 2nd. edn. (Cambridge University Press, 2013), 159-79.Google Scholar
Clement, Richard W., “The Beginnings of Printing in Anglo-Saxon Type, 1565-1630,” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 91 (1997), 192-244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clemoes, Peter, ed., Ælfric’s Catholic Homilies: The First Series, EETS s.s. 17 (Oxford University Press, 1997).Google Scholar
Coleman, Joyce, “Interactive Parchment: The Theory and Practice of Medieval English Aurality,” The Yearbook of English Studies 25 (1995), 63-79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Coleman, Joyce, Public Reading and the Reading Public in Late Medieval England and France (Cambridge University Press, 1996).Google Scholar
Coletti, Theresa, and Gibson, Gail MacMurray, “The Tudor Origins of Medieval Drama,” in A Companion to Tudor Literature, ed. Cartwright, Kent (Oxford: Blackwell, 2010), 228-45.Google Scholar
Colgrave, Bertram, ed., Felix’s Life of Saint Guthlac (Cambridge University Press, 1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Colgrave, Bertram and Mynors, R. A. B., eds., Bede’s Ecclesiastical History (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969).Google Scholar
Conde-Silvestre, Juan C. and Hernández-Campoy, Juan M., “A Sociolinguistic Approach to the Diffusion of Chancery Written Practices in Late Fifteenth-Century Private Correspondence,” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 105 (2004), 135-52.Google Scholar
Constable, Giles, “The Language of Preaching in the Twelfth Century,” Viator 25 (1994), 131-52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cooper, Helen, The English Romance in Time: Transforming Motifs from Geoffrey of Monmouth to the Death of Shakespeare (Oxford University Press, 2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Copeland, Rita, “Horace’s Ars poetica in the Medieval Classroom and Beyond: The Horizons of Ancient Precept,” in Answerable Style: The Idea of the Literary in Medieval England, ed. Grady, Frank and Galloway, Andrew (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2013), 15-33.Google Scholar
Copeland, Rita, “Vernacular Translation and Instruction in Grammar in Fifteenth-Century England,” in Aarslef, Hans, Kelly, L. G., and Niederehe, Hans-Josef, eds., Papers in the History of Linguistics (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1987), 143-56.Google Scholar
Corpus of Middle English Verse and Prose, http://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/cme/browse.html.Google Scholar
Crisma, Paola, “The Emergence of the Definite Article in English: A Contact-Induced Change?,” in The Noun Phrase in Romance and Germanic: Structure, Variation, and Change, ed. Sleeman, Antonia Petronella and Perridon, Harry (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2011), 175-92.Google Scholar
Crowley, Robert, ed., The Vision of Pierce Plowman (1550).Google Scholar
Crowley, Tony, Standard English and the Politics of Language, 2nd. edn. (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crystal, David, The Stories of English (London: Penguin, 2005).Google Scholar
Culler, Jonathan, Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 1997).Google Scholar
Culler, Jonathan, The Literary in Theory (Stanford University Press, 2007).Google Scholar
Culpeper, Jonathan and Kytö, Merja, Early Modern English Dialogues: Spoken Interaction as Writing (Cambridge University Press, 2010).Google Scholar
Cummings, R. M., ed., Spenser: The Critical Heritage (New York: Barnes & Noble, 1971).Google Scholar
Curzan, Anne, Gender Shifts in the History of English (Cambridge University Press, 2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dahood, Roger, “The Use of Coloured Initials and Other Division Markers in Early Versions of Ancrene Riwle,” in Medieval English Studies Presented to George Kane, ed. Kennedy, Edward Donald, Waldron, Ronald, and Wittig, Joseph S. (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1988), 79-97.Google Scholar
Dance, Richard, “The AB Language: The Recluse, the Gossip and the Language Historian,” in A Companion to Ancrene Wisse, ed. Wada, Yoko (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2003), 57-82.Google Scholar
Dance, Richard, Words Derived from Old Norse in Early Middle English: Studies in the Vocabulary of the South-West Midland Texts (Tempe: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 2003).Google Scholar
Davidson, Clifford, ed., A Tretise of Miraclis Pleyinge (Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute Publications, 1993).Google Scholar
Davies, R. R., “The Peoples of Britain and Ireland, 1100-1400: IV, Language and Historical Mythology” (Presidential Address), Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th. series, 7 (1997), 1-24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, Norman, “The Language of the Pastons (1954),” in Middle English Literature: British Academy Gollancz Lectures (Oxford University Press, 1989), 45-70.Google Scholar
Davis, Norman, “Margaret Paston’s Uses of Do,” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 73 (1972), 55-62.Google Scholar
Davis, Norman, ed., Paston Letters and Papers of the Fifteenth Century, EETS s.s. 20, corrected edition (Oxford University Press, 2004).Google Scholar
Day, Mabel, ed., The English Text of the Ancrene Riwle: BM MS. Cotton Nero A.xiv, EETS o.s. 225 (London: Oxford University Press, 1952).Google Scholar
de Hamel, Christopher, A History of Illuminated Manuscripts (Boston: Godine, 1986).Google Scholar
Devitt, Amy, Standardizing Written English: Diffusion in the Case of Scotland 1520-1659 (Cambridge University Press, 1989).Google Scholar
Doane, A. N. and Stoneman, William P., Purloined Letters: The Twelfth-Century Reception of the Anglo-Saxon Illustrated Hexateuch (British Library, Cotton Claudius V.iv) (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2011).Google Scholar
Dobson, E. J., “The Hymn to the Virgin,” Transactions of the Honourable Society of the Cymmrodorion (1954), 70-124.Google Scholar
Dobson, E. J., The Origins of “Ancrene Wisse” (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976).Google Scholar
Dobson, Richard Barrie, Durham Priory 1400–1450 (Cambridge University Press, 1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Donaldson, E. Talbot, Speaking of Chaucer (New York: W. W. Norton, 1970).Google Scholar
Douglas, David C., English Scholars, 1660-1730, 2nd. edn. (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1951).Google Scholar
Doyle, A. I., and Parkes, M. B., “The Production of Copies of the Canterbury Tales and the Confessio Amantis in the Early Fifteenth Century,” in Medieval Scribes, Manuscripts, and Libraries: Essays Presented to N. R. Ker, ed. Parkes, M. B. and Watson, A. G. (London: Scolar Press, 1978), 163-210.Google Scholar
Dronke, Peter, The Medieval Lyric, 2nd. edn. (London: Hutchinson, 1978).Google Scholar
Dryden, John, Fables Ancient and Modern; Translated into Verse, from Homer, Ovid, Boccace, & Chaucer (London: Jacob Tonson, 1700).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Duffy, Eamon, The Stripping of the Altars, 2nd. edn. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Durkin, Philip, Borrowed Words: A History of Loanwords in English (Oxford University Press, 2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dutton, Elisabeth, Hines, John and Yeager, R. F., eds., John Gower: Trilingual Poet: Language, Translation, and Tradition (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eagleton, Terry, The Ideology of the Aesthetic (Oxford: Blackwell, 1990).Google Scholar
Earle, John, The Philology of the English Tongue, 5th. edn. (Oxford University Press, 1892).Google Scholar
Echard, Siân, Printing the Middle Ages (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eisner, Sigmund, ed., “Introduction,” in A Treatise on the Astrolabe (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002), 3-102.Google Scholar
Eliason, Norman, The Language of Chaucer’s Poetry: An Appraisal of the Verse Style and Structure, Anglistica 17 (Copenhagen: Rosenkilde and Bagger, 1972).Google Scholar
Elliott, Ralph W. V., Chaucer’s English (London: André Deutsch, 1974).Google Scholar
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 3rd. edn., vol. 6 (Edinburgh: A. Bell and C. MacFarquhar, 1797).Google Scholar
Fairclough, H. Rushton, ed. and trans., Horace: Satires, Epistles, Ars Poetica (1929; rpt. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989).Google Scholar
Fellows, Jennifer, “Bevis redivivus: The Printed Editions of Sir Bevis of Hampton,” in Romance Reading on the Book: Essays on Medieval Narrative presented to Maldwyn Mills, ed. Fellows, Jennifer et al. (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1996), 250-68.Google Scholar
Fernandez Cuesta, Julia and Ledesma, María Nieves Rodriguez, “Northern Features in 15th–16th Century Legal Documents from Yorkshire,” in Methods and Data in English Historical Dialectology, ed. Dossena, M. and Lass, R. (Bern: Peter Lang, 2004), 287308.Google Scholar
Ferry, Anne, The Title to the Poem (Stanford University Press, 1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Filppula, Markku, Klemola, Juhani, and Pavlasto, Heli, English and Celtic in Contact (London: Routledge, 2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fisher, John Hurt, “Chancery and the Emergence of Standard Written English,” Speculum 52 (1977), 870-89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fisher, John Hurt, The Emergence of Standard English (Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1996).Google Scholar
Fisher, John Hurt, Richardson, Malcolm, and Fisher, J. F., An Anthology of Chancery English (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1984).Google Scholar
Fitzmaurice, Susan and Smith, Jeremy, “Evidence for the History of English: Introduction,” in The Oxford Handbook of the History of English, ed. Nevalainen, Terttu and Traugott, Elizabeth Closs (Oxford University Press, 2012), 19-36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fjalldall, Magnus, “To Fall by Ambition – Grimur Thorkelin and His Beowulf Edition,” Neophilologus 92 (2008), 321-32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fletcher, Alan J., “Written Versus Spoken Macaronic Discourse in Late Medieval England: The View from a Pulpit,” in Multilingualism in Medieval Britain (c. 1066-1520), ed. Jefferson, Judith and Putter, Ad (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013), 137-52.Google Scholar
Foley, John Miles, How to Read an Oral Poem (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002).Google Scholar
Foucault, Michel, The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences (New York: Vintage Books, 1973).Google Scholar
Foys, Martin K., Virtually Anglo-Saxon: Old Media, New Media, and Early Medieval Studies in the Late Age of Print (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2007).Google Scholar
Frantzen, Allen, Desire for Origins: New Language, Old English, and Teaching the Tradition (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1990).Google Scholar
Frantzen, Allen and Niles, John D., eds., Anglo-Saxonism and the Construction of Social Identity (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1997).Google Scholar
Freeman, Edward Augustus, “The Effects of the Norman Conquest on Language and Literature,” in The History of the Norman Conquest in England, vol. 5 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1876), 339-99.Google Scholar
Friedman, John Block, Northern English Books, Owners and Makers in the Late Middle Ages (Syracuse University Press, 1995).Google Scholar
Froissart, Jean, Chroniques, ed. Luce, J., Raynaud, G., and Mirot, L., 15 vols. (Paris: Société de l’Histoire de France, 1869-1975).Google Scholar
Fulk, R. D., An Introduction to Middle English Grammar (Peterborough: Broadview, 2012).Google Scholar
Fulk, R. D., Bjork, Robert E., and Niles, John D., eds., Klaeber’s Beowulf, 4th. edn. (University of Toronto Press, 2008).Google Scholar
Fulton, Helen, “Negotiating Welshness: Multilingualism in Wales before and after 1066,” in Conceptualizing Mutlilingualism in England, c. 800-c.1250, ed. Tyler, Elizabeth M. (Turnhout: Brepols, 2011), 145-70.Google Scholar
Fulton, Helen, “The Theory of Celtic Influences on MS Harley 2253,” Modern Philology 82 (1985), 239-54.Google Scholar
Galloway, Andrew, “Gower’s Ovids,” in the Oxford History of Classical Reception in English Literature, ed. Copeland, Rita (Oxford University Press, 2015).Google Scholar
Galloway, Andrew, “Latin England,” in Imagining a Medieval English Nation, ed. Lavezzo, Kathryn (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003), 41-95.Google Scholar
Galloway, Andrew, “Laʒamon’s Gift,” PMLA 121 (2006), 717-34.Google Scholar
Galloway, Andrew, “Middle English Prologues,” in Readings in Medieval Texts: Interpreting Old and Middle English Literature, ed. Johnson, David and Treharne, Elaine (Oxford University Press, 2005), 288-305.Google Scholar
Galloway, Andrew, “Private Selves and the Intellectual Marketplace in Late Fourteenth-Century England: The Case of the Two Usks,” New Literary History 28 (1997), 291-318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Galloway, Andrew, “Visions and Visionaries,” in The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Literature, ed. Treharne, Elaine and Walker, Greg (Oxford University Press, 2010), 256-75.Google Scholar
García, Begoña Crespo, “Historical Background of Multilingualism and Its Impact on English,” in Multilingualism in Later Medieval Britain, ed. Trotter, D. A. (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2000), 23-55.Google Scholar
Gardner-Chloros, Penelope, Code-Switching (Cambridge University Press, 2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gatch, Milton McC., “The Achievement of Ælfric and his Colleagues in European Perspective,” in The Old English Homily and its Backgrounds, ed. Szarmach, Paul E. and Huppé, Bernard F. (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1978), 43-73.Google Scholar
Gatch, Milton McC., Preaching and Theology in Anglo-Saxon England: Ælfric and Wulfstan (University of Toronto Press, 1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gatch, Milton McC., “The Unknowable Audience of the Blickling Homilies,” Anglo-Saxon England 18 (1989), 99-115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerald of Wales, Giraldi Cambrensis Opera, ed. Brewer, J. S. et al., Rolls Series 21, 8 vols. (London: Longman, 1861-91).Google Scholar
Gerald of Wales, The Historical Works of Giraldus Cambrensis, ed. and trans., Wright, Thomas (London: H. G. Bohn, 1863).Google Scholar
Gerald of Wales, The Journey through Wales and The Description of Wales, trans. Thorpe, Lewis (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1978).Google Scholar
Giancarlo, Matthew, “The Rise and Fall of the Great Vowel Shift? The Changing Ideological Intersections of Philology, Historical Linguistics, and Literary History,” Representations 76 (2001), 27-60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gil, Alexander, Logonomia Anglica (1621; rpt. Menston: Scolar Press, 1968).Google Scholar
Gilbert, Jane, “Men Behaving Badly: Linguistic Purity and Sexual Purity in Derrida’s Le monolinguisme de l’autre and Gower’s Traitié pour essampler les amantz marietz,” Romance Studies 42 (2006), 77-89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gneuss, Helmut, “The Origin of Standard Old English and Æthelwold’s School at Winchester,” Anglo-Saxon England 1 (1972), 63-83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Godden, Malcolm, “Ælfric and the Vernacular Prose Tradition,” in The Old English Homily and its Backgrounds, ed. Szarmach, Paul E. and Huppé, Bernard F. (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1978), 99-117.Google Scholar
Görlach, Manfred, “Text-types and Language History: The Cookery Recipe,” in History of Englishes: New Methods and Interpretations in Historical Linguistics, ed. Rissanen, Matti et al. (Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1992), 736-62.Google Scholar
Gower, John, The Complete Works of John Gower, ed. Macaulay, G. C., 4 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon, 1899-1902).Google Scholar
Gower, John, Confessio Amantis, in The English Works of John Gower, ed. Macaulay, G. C., 2 vols., EETS e.s. 81-2 (Oxford University Press, 1900-1).Google Scholar
Graham, Timothy, ed., The Recovery of Old English: Anglo-Saxon Studies in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute Publications, 2000).Google Scholar
Greaves, Paul, Grammatica Anglicana (London, 1594).Google Scholar
Green, Richard Firth, Poets and Princepleasers: Literature and the English Court in the Late Middle Ages (University of Toronto Press, 1980).Google Scholar
Gretsch, Mechthild, “In Search of Standard Old English,” in Bookmarks from the Past: Studies in Early English Language and Literature in Honour of Helmut Gneuss, ed. Kornexl, Lucia and Lenker, Ursula (Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 2003), 33-67.Google Scholar
Griffith, Gareth and Putter, Ad, “Linguistic Boundaries in Multilingual Miscellanies,” in Middle English Texts in Transition: A Festschrift Dedicated to Toshiyuki Takamiya, ed. Horobin, Simon and Mooney, Linne (York: York Medieval Press, 2014), 116-24.Google Scholar
Grimm, Jacob, Deutsche Grammatik, 4 vols. (Göttingen: Dieterichsche Buchhandlung, 1822-37).Google Scholar
Grosseteste, Robert, Le Château d’Amour, ed. Murray, John (Paris: Champion, 1918).Google Scholar
Haarder, Andreas and Shippey, T. A., eds., Beowulf: The Critical Heritage (London: Routledge, 1998).Google Scholar
Hahn, Thomas, “Early Middle English,” in The Cambridge History of Medieval English Literature, ed. Wallace, David (Cambridge University Press, 1999), 61-91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hale, William Gardner and Buck, Carl Darling, A Latin Grammar (Boston: Ginn and Company, 1903).Google Scholar
Hall, Thomas N., “The Early Medieval Sermon,” in The Sermon, ed. Kienzle, B. M. (Turnhout: Brepols, 2000), 203-69.Google Scholar
Hall, Thomas N., “Latin Sermons and Lay Preaching: Four Latin Sermons from Post-Reform Canterbury,” in The Power of Words: Anglo-Saxon Studies Presented to Donald Scragg on His Seventieth Birthday, ed. Wilcox, Jonathan and Magennis, Hugh (Morgantown: West Virginia University Press, 2006), 132-7.Google Scholar
Hallam, Henry, Introduction to the Literature of Europe, in the Fifteenth, Sixteenth, and Seventeenth Centuries, vol. 1 (London: John Murray, 1837).Google Scholar
Hanham, Alison, “Who made William Caxton’s Phrase-book?,” Review of English Studies 56 (2005), 712-29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harmer, L. C., “Introduction,” in Vocabulary in French and English, A Facsimile of Caxton’s Edition c. 1480, ed. Oates, J. C. T. and Harmer, L. C. (Cambridge University Press, 1964), ix-xxxi.Google Scholar
Harris, Richard, “George Hickes (1642-1715),” in Medieval Scholarship: Biographical Studies on the Formation of a Discipline, vol. 2, Literature and Philology, ed. Damico, Helen, with Fennema, Donald and Lenz, Karmen (New York: Garland, 1998), 19-32.Google Scholar
Harris, Richard, ed., A Chorus of Grammars: The Correspondence of George Hickes and His Collaborators on the “Thesaurus linguarum septentrionalium” (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1992).Google Scholar
Hart, John, An Orthographie, ed. Alston, R. C., English Linguistics 1500-1800 (Menston: Scolar, 1969), 209.Google Scholar
Haugen, Einar, “Language, Dialect, Nation,” in The Ecology of Language, ed. Dil, Anwar S. (Stanford University Press, 1972), 237-54.Google Scholar
Hickes, George, Institutiones Grammaticæ Anglo-Saxonicæ, et Mœso-Gothicæ (Oxford: Sheldonian Theatre, 1689).Google Scholar
Hickes, G. and Wanley, H., Antiquae literaturae Septentrionalis libri duo. Quorum primus Georgii Hickesii, S.T.P. Linguarum vett. Septentrionalium thesaurum grammatico-criticum et archaeologicum ejusdem De antiquae literaturae Septentrionalis utilitate dissertationem epistolarem, et Andreae Fountaine Equitis Aurati Numismata Saxonica et Dano-Saxonica complectitur. Alter continet Humfredi Wanleii librorum vett. Septentrionalium, qui in Angliae Biblioth. extant, catalogum … nec non multorum vett. Codd. Septentrionalium alibi extantium notitiam, 2 vols. (Oxford University Press, 1703, 1705).Google Scholar
Higden, Ranulf, Polychronicon, ed. Babington, Churchill and Lumby, J. Rawson, Rolls Series, 9 vols. (London: Longman, 1865-86).Google Scholar
Hill, Joyce, “Reform and Resistance: Preaching Styles in Late Anglo-Saxon England,” in De l’homélie au sermon: histoire de la prédication médiévale, ed. Hamesse, Jacqueline and Hermand, Xavier (Louvain-la-Neuve: Fédération Internationale des Instituts d’Études Médiévales, 1993), 15-46.Google Scholar
The History of the Seuen Wise Maisters of Rome (London, 1576).Google Scholar
Hoccleve, Thomas, The Regiment of Princes, ed. Blyth, Charles R., TEAMS (Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute, 1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hofstetter, Walter, “Winchester and the Standardization of Old English Vocabulary,” Anglo-Saxon England 17 (1988), 139-61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hogg, Richard, “Old English Dialectology,” in The Handbook of the History of English, ed. van Kemenade, Ans and Los, Bettelou (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2006), 395-416.Google Scholar
Hogg, Richard, gen. ed., The Cambridge History of the English Language, 6 vols. (Cambridge University Press, 1992-2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holt, Robert ed., The Ormulum, with the notes and glossary, of R. M. White Holt, 2 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1878).Google Scholar
Hone, William, Ancient Mysteries Described (London: William Hone, 1823).Google Scholar
Hope, Jonathan, “Rats, Bats, Sparrows and Dogs: Biology, Linguistics, and the Nature of Standard English,” in The Development of Standard English, 1300-1800: Theories, Descriptions, Conflicts, ed. Wright, Laura (Cambridge University Press, 2000), 49-56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horobin, Simon, “Adam Pinkhurst and the Copying of British Library MS Additional 35287 of the B Version of Piers Plowman,” Yearbook of Langland Studies 23 (2009), 61-83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horobin, Simon, “Adam Pinkhurst, Geoffrey Chaucer and the Hengwrt Manuscript of the Canterbury Tales,” Chaucer Review 44 (2010), 351-67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horobin, Simon, Chaucer’s Language (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007).Google Scholar
Horobin, Simon, “Editing Early English Texts,” in The Oxford Handbook of the History of English, ed. Nevalainen, Terttu and Traugott, Elizabeth Closs (Oxford University Press, 2012), 53-62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horobin, Simon, The Language of the Chaucer Tradition (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2003).Google Scholar
Horobin, Simon, “‘In London and opelond’: The Dialect and Circulation of the C Version of Piers Plowman,” Medium Ævum 74 (2005), 248-69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horobin, Simon, “The Scribe of Bodleian Library MS Digby 102 and the Circulation of the C Text of Piers Plowman,” Yearbook of Langland Studies 24 (2010), 89-112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horobin, Simon and Mooney, Linne R., “A Piers Plowman Manuscript by the Hengwrt/Ellesmere Scribe and Its Implications for London Standard English,” Studies in the Age of Chaucer 26 (2004), 65-112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horobin, Simon and Smith, Jeremy, An Introduction to Middle English (Oxford University Press, 2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horstmann, Carl and Furnivall, F. J., eds., The Poems of the Vernon MS, EETS o.s. 98, 117, 2 vols. (London: Kegan Paul, 1892).Google Scholar
Hudson, Ann, “Lollard Book-Production,” in Book Production and Publishing in Britain 1375-1475, ed. Griffiths, Jeremy and Pearsall, Derek (Cambridge University Press, 1989), 125-42.Google Scholar
Hudson, Ann, “A Lollard Sect Vocabulary?,” in So Meny People Longages and Tonges: Philological Essays in Scots and Mediaeval English Presented to Angus McIntosh, ed. Benskin, Michael and Samuels, M. L. (Edinburgh: Middle English Dialect Project, 1981), 15-30.Google Scholar
Hudson, Ann, ed., Selections from English Wycliffite Writings (Cambridge University Press, 1978).Google Scholar
Hulbert, J. R., “A Thirteenth-Century English Literary Standard,” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 45 (1946), 411-14.Google Scholar
Hüllen, Werner, “A Close Reading of William Caxton’s Dialogues ‘ … to lerne Shortly frenssh and englyssh,’” in Historical Pragmatics: Pragmatic Developments in the History of English, ed. Jucker, Andreas H. (Amsterdam: John Benjamins 1995), 99-124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hume, Cathy, “Lewd Language: English and Its Others in Late Medieval Versions of Scripture,” in Multilingualism in Medieval England (c.1066-1520): Sources and Analysis, ed. Jefferson, Judith and Putter, Ad (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013), 273-92.Google Scholar
Hüning, Matthias, et al., eds., Standard Languages and Multilingualism in European History (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ingham, Richard, “Code-Switching in the Later Medieval English Lay Subsidy Rolls,” in Code-Switching in Early English, ed. Schendl, Herbert and Wright, Laura (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2011), 95-114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ingham, Richard, “Language-Mixing in Medieval Latin Documents,” in Multilingualism in Medieval England (c.1066-1520): Sources and Analysis, ed. Jefferson, Judith and Putter, Ad (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013), 105-21.Google Scholar
Ingham, Richard, The Transmission of Anglo-Norman (Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ingham, Richard, “The Transmission of Later Anglo-Norman: Some Syntactic Evidence,” in The Anglo-Norman Language and Its Contexts, ed. Ingham, Richard (York: York Medieval Press, 2010), 264-82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ingham, Richard, ed., The Anglo-Norman Language and Its Contexts (York: York Medieval Press, 2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Glamorgan, vol. III, part 1b, vol. 1 (Aberystwyth: Royal Commision on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales, 2000).Google Scholar
Jackson, Kenneth H., Language and History in Early Britain: A Chronological Survey of the Brittonic Languages, First to Twelfth Century A.D. (Edinburgh University Press, 1953).Google Scholar
Jacobs, Nicolas, The Later Versions of Sir Degarré: A Study in Textual Degeneration, Medium Ævum Monographs, n.s. 18 (Oxford: Society for the Study of Medieval Languages and Literature, 1995).Google Scholar
Jakobson, Roman, “The Speech Event and the Functions of Language,” in On Language: Roman Jakobson, ed. Waugh, Linda R. and Monville-Burston, Monique (Oxford University Press, 1990), 69-79. [Partial reprint of “Closing Statement: Linguistics and Poetics,” in Style in Language, ed. Thomas A. Sebeok (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1960), 350–77.]Google Scholar
Jones, Claire, “Discourse Communities and Medical Texts,” in Medical and Scientific Writing in Late Medieval English, ed. Taavitsainen, Irma and Pahta, Päivi (Cambridge University Press, 2004), 2336.Google Scholar
Jones, Richard Foster, The Triumph of the English Language (Stanford University Press, 1953).Google Scholar
SirJones, William, The Works of Sir William Jones, 13 vols. (London: Stockdale and Walker, 1807).Google Scholar
Jonson, Ben, The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Ben Jonson, gen. ed. Bevington, David et al., 7 vols. (Cambridge University Press, 2012).Google Scholar
Jucker, Andreas H., “Greetings and Farewells in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales,” in Communicating Early English Manuscripts, ed. Pahta, Päivi and Jucker, Andreas H. (Cambridge University Press, 2011), 229-40.Google Scholar
Jucker, Andreas H., “Slanders, Slurs and Insults on the Road to Canterbury: Forms of Verbal Aggression in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales,” in Placing Middle English in Context, ed. Taavitsainen, Irma et al. (Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2000), 369-89.Google Scholar
Jucker, Andreas and Taavitsainen, Irma, eds., English Historical Pragmatics (Edinbugh University Press, 2013).Google Scholar
Justice, Steven, Adam Usk’s Secret (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Justice, Steven, “Literary History and Piers Plowman,” in The Cambridge Companion to Piers Plowman, ed. Cole, Andrew and Galloway, Andrew (Cambridge University Press, 2014), 50-64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ker, N. R., Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957).Google Scholar
Ker, N. R., “Copying an Exemplar: Two Manuscripts of Jerome on Habbakuk,” in Books, Collectors and Libraries: Studies in the Medieval Heritage, ed. Watson, A. G. (London: Hambledon Press, 1985), 75-86.Google Scholar
Ker, N. R., “Eton College MS 44 and its Exemplar,” in Books, Collectors and Libraries, ed. Watson, Andrew G. (London: Hambledon Press, 1985), 87-99.Google Scholar
Ker, N. R., Facsimile of British Museum MS. Harley 2253, EETS o.s. 255 (Oxford University Press, 1965).Google Scholar
Ker, N. R., ed., The Owl and the Nightingale, Reproduced in Facsimile from the Surviving Manuscripts Jesus College Oxford 29 and British Museum Cotton Caligula A.ix, EETS o.s. 251 (London: Oxford University Press, 1963).Google Scholar
Keynes, Simon and Lapidge, Michael, Alfred the Great: Asser’s Life of King Alfred and Other Contemporary Sources (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1983).Google Scholar
Kibbee, Douglas, For to Speke Frenche Trewely: The French Language in England, 1000-1600 (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kienzle, Beverly Mayne, “Medieval Sermons and Their Performance: Theory and Record,” in Preacher, Sermon and Audience in the Middle Ages, ed. Muessig, Carolyn (Leiden: Brill, 2002), 89-124.Google Scholar
Kiernan, Kevin, “Conclusion,” in The Thorkelin Transcripts of “Beowulf,” Anglistica 25 (1986), 97-151. Here cited from http://ebeowulf.uky.edu/Google Scholar
Kiernan, Kevin, “The Conybeare–Madden Collation of Thorkelin’s Beowulf,” in Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts and Their Heritage, ed. Pulsiano, Philip and Treharne, Elaine (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1997), 117-36. Here cited from http://ebeowulf.uky.edu/Google Scholar
Kiernan, Kevin, Electronic Beowulf (University of Kentucky, 2013). http://ebeowulf.uky.edu/Google Scholar
Kiernan, Kevin, “Part One: Thorkelin’s Discovery of Beowulf,” in The Thorkelin Transcripts of “Beowulf,” Anglistica 25 (1986), 1-41. Here cited from http://ebeowulf.uky.edu/Google Scholar
Kiernan, Kevin, “Part Three: The Reliability of the Transcripts,” The Thorkelin Transcripts of “Beowulf,” Anglistica 25 (1986), 97-151. Here cited from http://ebeowulf.uky.edu/Google Scholar
Kitson, Peter, “Geographic Variation in Old English Prepositions and the Location of Ælfric’s and Other Literary Dialects,” English Studies 74 (1993), 1-50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Knapp, Steven, Literary Interest: The Limits of Anti-Formalism (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993).Google Scholar
Knighton, Henry, Chronicon Henrici Knighton vel Cnitthon, Monachi Leycestrensis, ed. Lumby, Joseph Rawson, 2 vols., RS 92 (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1889, 1895).Google Scholar
Kretzschmar, William A., The Linguistics of Speech (Cambridge University Press, 2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kretzschmar, William A. and Stenroos, Merja, “Evidence from Surveys and Atlases in the History of the English Language,” in The Oxford Handbook of the History of English, ed. Nevalainen, Terttu and Traugott, Elizabeth Closs (Oxford University Press, 2012), 111-22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kristiansen, Tore and Coupland, Nikolas, eds., Standard Languages and Language Standards in a Changing Europe (Oslo: Novus Press, 2011).Google Scholar
Kroch, Anthony and Taylor, Ann, The Penn–Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Middle English 2 (Philadelphia: Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania, 2000).Google Scholar
Kuhn, Sherman M., ed., The Vespasian Psalter (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1965).Google Scholar
Kuhn, Thomas, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 3rd. edn. (University of Chicago Press, 1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kytö, Merja and Walker, Terry, “The Linguistic Study of Early Modern English Speech-related Texts: How ‘Bad’ can ‘Bad’ Data Be?,” Journal of English Linguistics 31 (2003), 221-48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Labov, William, Principles of Linguistic Change, vol. 1: Internal Factors (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994).Google Scholar
Labov, William, Sociolinguistic Patterns (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1972).Google Scholar
Laing, Margaret, Catalogue of Sources for a Linguistic Atlas of Early Medieval English (Cambridge: Brewer, 1993).Google Scholar
Laing, Margaret, A Linguistic Atlas of Early Middle English, 1150–1325, Version 3.2 (University of Edinburgh, 2013). www.lel.ed.ac.uk/ihd/laeme2/laeme2.htmlGoogle Scholar
Laing, Margaret and McIntosh, Angus, “The Language of Ancrene Riwle, the Katherine Group Texts and Þe Wohunge of Ure Lauerd in BL Cotton Titus D xviii,” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 96 (1995), 236-63.Google Scholar
Laing, Margaret and Williamson, Keith, “The Archaeology of Medieval Texts,” in Categorization in the History of English, ed. Kay, Christian J. and Smith, Jeremy J. (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2004), 85-145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Langham, Robert, Robert Langham’s Letter, ed. Kuin, R. J. P. (Leiden: Brill, 1983).Google Scholar
Langland, William, Piers Plowman: A Parallel Text Edition of the A, B, C and Z Versions, ed. Schmidt, A. V. C., 2 vols. (London: Longman, 1995, 2008).Google Scholar
Lass, Roger, On Explaining Language Change (Cambridge University Press, 1980).Google Scholar
Lass, Roger, Historical Linguistics and Language Change (Cambridge University Press, 1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lass, Roger, “Language Periodization and the Concept ‘Middle’,” in Placing Middle English in Context, ed. Taavitsainen, Irma et al. (Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2000), 7-41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leach, Arthur F., A History of Winchester College (London: Duckworth, 1899).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leech, Geoffrey, “Grammars of Spoken English: New Outcomes of Corpus-oriented Research,” Language Learning 50 (2000), 675-724.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lerer, Seth, “‘Dum ludis floribus’: Language and Text in the Medieval English Lyric,” Philological Quarterly 87 (2008), 237-56.Google Scholar
Lerer, Seth, “The Genre of the Grave and the Origins of the Middle English Lyric,” Modern Language Quarterly 58 (1997), 127-64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lerer, Seth, “Literary Prayer and Personal Possession in a Newly Discovered Tudor Book of Hours,” Studies in Philology 109 (2012), 409-28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lerer, Seth and Price, Leah, eds., “The History of the Book and the Idea of Literature,” PMLA 121 (2006).Google Scholar
Le Saux, Françoise H. M., ed., The Text and Tradition of Laʒamon’s Brut (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1994).Google Scholar
Lesser, Zachary, “Typographic Nostalgia: Play-reading, Popularity, and the Meanings of Black Letter,” in The Book of the Play, ed. Straznicky, Marta (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2006), 99-126.Google Scholar
Lewis, C. S., English Literature in the Sixteenth Century, Excluding Drama (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1954).Google Scholar
Lewis, Robert E., Kurath, Hans, and Kuhn, Sherman M., eds., Middle English Dictionary (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1954-2001). http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/med/Google Scholar
The Life and Death of Hector (London, 1614).Google Scholar
Lowe, Kathryn A., “The Anglo-Saxon Contents of a Lost Register from Bury St. Edmunds,” Anglia 121 (2003), 515-34.Google Scholar
Lucas, Peter, “Towards a Standard Written English? Continuity and Change in the Orthographic Usage of John Capgrave, O.S.A. (1393-1464),” in English Historical Linguistics 1992, ed. Fernández, F., Fuster, M., and Calvo, J. J. (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1994), 91-104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lusignan, Serge, Parler vulgairement: les intellectuels et la langue française aux XIIIe et XIVe siècles, 2nd. edn. (Paris: PUF, 1987).Google Scholar
Lydgate, John, “A Balade; in Commendation of Our Lady,” in Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer, vol. 7, Chaucerian and Other Pieces, ed. Skeat, Walter W. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1897), 275-80.Google Scholar
Lydgate, John, Lydgate’s Troy Book, ed. Bergen, Henry, EETS e.s. 97, 103, 106, 126, 2 vols. (London: Trübner & Co., 1906-35).Google Scholar
Machan, Tim William, “Chaucer and the History of English,” Speculum 87 (2012), 147-75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Machan, Tim William, English in the Middle Ages (Oxford University Press, 2003).Google Scholar
Machan, Tim William, “French, English, and the Late Medieval Linguistic Repertoire,” in Language and Culture in Medieval Britain: The French of England, c. 1100-c.1500, ed. Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn et al. (York: York Medieval Press, 2009), 363-72.Google Scholar
Machan, Tim William, “Kynaston’s Troilus, Textual Criticism and the Renaissance Reading of Chaucer,” Exemplaria 5 (1993), 161-83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Machan, Tim William, Language Anxiety: Conflict and Change in the History of English (Oxford University Press, 2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Machan, Tim William, “Language Contact in Piers Plowman,” Speculum 69 (1994), 359-85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Machan, Tim William, “Language and Society in Twelfth-Century England,” in Placing Middle English in Context: Selected Papers from the Second Middle English Conference, ed. Taavitsainen, Irma et al. (Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2000), 43-66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Machan, Tim William, “The Visual Pragmatics of Code-Switching in Late Middle English Literature,” in Code-Switching in Early English, ed. Schendl, Herbert and Wright, Laura (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2011), 303-33.Google Scholar
Machan, Tim William, What Is English? And Why Should We Care? (Oxford University Press, 2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Magoun, F. P. Jr., “Colloquial Old and Middle English,” Harvard Studies and Notes in Philology and Literature 19 (1937), 167-73.Google Scholar
Malinowski, Bronislaw, “The Problem of Meaning in Primitive Languages,” in The Meaning of Meaning: A Study of the Influence of Language upon Thought and of the Science of Symbolism, ed. Ogden, C. K. and Richards, I. A. (New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1923), 296-336.Google Scholar
Malone, Kemp, ed., The Thorkelin Manuscripts of Beowulf, EMFS 1 (Copenhagen: Rosenkilde and Bagger, 1951).Google Scholar
Manly, John M. and Rickert, Edith, eds., The Text of the Canterbury Tales: Studied on the Basis of All Known Manuscripts, 8 vols. (University of Chicago Press, 1940).Google Scholar
Map, Walter, De nugis curialium, ed. and trans. by James, M. R., rev. edn. by Brooke, C. N. L. and Mynors, R. A. B. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983).Google Scholar
Matonis, Ann, “The Harley Lyrics: English and Welsh Convergences,” Modern Philology 85 (1988), 1-21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Matonis, Ann, “An Investigation of Celtic Influences on MS Harley 2253,” Modern Philology 70 (1972), 91-108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Matthews, David, The Invention of Middle English: An Anthology of Primary Sources (Turnhout: Brepols, 2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Matthews, David, The Making of Middle English, 1765-1910 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1999).Google Scholar
McIntosh, Angus, “The Analysis of Written Middle English,” Transactions of the Philological Society (1956), 26–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McIntosh, Angus, “A New Approach to Middle English Dialectology,” English Studies 44 (1963), 1-11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McIntosh, A. I., Samuels, Michael and Benskin, Michael, eds., A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English (Aberdeen University Press, 1986).Google Scholar
McSparran, Frances, et al., eds. Middle English Compendium, The University of Michigan Humanities Text Initiative (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2006). http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/mec/index.htmlGoogle Scholar
Menzer, Melinda J., “Ælfric’s English Grammar,” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 103 (2004), 106-24.Google Scholar
Merrilees, Brian and Pagan, Heather, “John Barton, John Gower and Others: Variation in Late Anglo-French,” in Language and Culture in Medieval Britain: The French of England, c. 1100 – c. 1500, ed. Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn et al. (York: York Medieval Press, 2009), 118-34.Google Scholar
Meurman-Solin, Anneli, “Historical Dialectology: Space as a Variable in the Reconstruction of Regional Dialects,” in Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics, ed. Hernández-Campoy, Juan Manuel and Conde-Silvestre, Juan Camilo (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012), 465–79.Google Scholar
Middleton, Anne, “Acts of Vagrancy: The C Version ‘Autobiography’ and the Statute of 1388,” in Written Work: Langland, Labor and Authorship, ed. Justice, Stephen and Kerby-Fulton, Kathryn (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997), 208-317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Middleton, Anne, “The Audience and Public of Piers Plowman,” in Middle English Alliterative Poetry and its Literary Background, ed. Lawton, David (Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer, 1982), 101–54.Google Scholar
Middleton, Anne, “The Idea of Public Poetry in the Reign of Richard II,” Speculum 53 (1978), 94-114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miller, D. Gary, External Influences on English: From Its Beginnings to the Renaissance (Oxford University Press, 2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milroy, James, “Historical Description and the Ideology of a Standard,” in The Development of Standard English, ed. Wright, Laura (Cambridge University Press, 2006), 11-28.Google Scholar
Milroy, James, “The Legitimate Language: Giving a History to English,” in Alternative Histories of English, ed. Watt, Richard and Trudgill, Peter (London: Routledge, 2002), 7-25.Google Scholar
Milroy, James, “Middle English Dialectology,” in The Cambridge History of the English Language, vol. 2: 1066-1476, ed. Blake, Norman (Cambridge University Press, 1992), 156-206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milroy, James and Milroy, Lesley, Authority in Language: Investigating Standard English, 3rd. edn. (London: Routledge, 1999).Google Scholar
Minkova, Donka, A Historical Phonology of English (Edinburgh University Press, 2014).Google Scholar
Minkova, Donka and Stockwell, Robert, “Phonology: Segmental Histories,” in Companion to the History of the English Language, ed. Momma, Haruko and Matto, Michael (Oxford: Blackwell, 2008), 29-42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Minnis, Alastair, Medieval Theory of Authorship: Scholastic Literary Attitudes in the Later Middle Ages (London: Scolar Press, 1984).Google Scholar
Minnis, Alastair, and Johnson, Ian, eds., The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism, vol. 2: The Middle Ages (Cambridge University Press, 2009).Google Scholar
Mitchell, Bruce, Old English Syntax (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Momma, Haruko, “The Brut as Saxon Literature: The New Philologists Read Lawman,” in Reading Laʒamon’s Brut: Approaches and Explorations, ed. Allen, Rosamund, Roberts, Jane, and Weinberg, Carol (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2013), 53-68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Momma, Haruko and Matto, Michael, eds., A Companion to the History of the English Language (Oxford: Blackwell, 2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mooney, Linne R., “Chaucer’s Scribe,” Speculum 81 (2006), 97138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mooney, Linne R. and Stubbs, Estelle, Scribes in the City: London Guildhall Clerks and the Dissemination of Middle English Literature 1375-1425 (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2013).Google Scholar
Moore, Colette, Quoting Speech in Early English (Cambridge University Press, 2011).Google Scholar
Moore, Colette, “‘So moche ye owe me’: Speech-like Representation in Caxton’s Dialogues in French and English,” Nordic Journal of English Studies, forthcoming.Google Scholar
Morris, Richard, ed., Cursor Mundi, 3 vols., EETS 57, 59, 62, 66, 68, 99, 101 (London: Kegan Paul, 1874-93).Google Scholar
Morris, Richard, Old English Homilies of the 12th and 13th Centuries, vol. I, EETS o.s. 29, 34 (London: N. Trübner and Co., 1867-8).Google Scholar
Morris, Richard, The Story of Genesis and Exodus, an Early English Song, about A.D. 1250, EETS o.s. 7 (London: N. Trübner and Co., 1865).Google Scholar
Mortimer, Nigel, John Lydgate’s “Fall of Princes”: Narrative Tragedy in Its Literary and Political Contexts (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morton, James, The Ancren Riwle; Treatise on the Rules and Duties of Monastic Life (London: Camden Society, 1853).Google Scholar
Mostert, Marco and Adamska, Anna, “Whither the Study of Medieval Urban Literacy,” in Uses of the Written Word in Medieval Towns: Medieval Urban Literacy, vol. II, ed. Mostert, Michael and Adamska, Amy (Turnhout: Brepols, 2014), 427–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mufwene, Salikoko S., “African-American English,” in The Cambridge History of the English Language, vol. 6, English in North America, ed. Algeo, John (Cambridge University Press, 2001), 291-324.Google Scholar
Mugglestone, Lynda, ed., The Oxford History of English, updated edn. (Oxford University Press, 2012).Google Scholar
Mulcaster, Richard, The First Part of the Elementarie (1582; rpt. Menston: Scolar Press, 1970).Google Scholar
Murray, James A. A., “English Language,” Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th. edn., vol. 8 (Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1878), 390-402.Google Scholar
Murray, James A. A., “Ninth Annual Address of the President to the Philological Society,” Transactions of the Philological Society (1880-1), 117-74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murray, James A. H., ed., New English Dictionary, 1st. edn. (Oxford University Press, 1888-1928).Google Scholar
Muysken, Pieter, “Introduction,” in From Linguistic Areas to Areal Linguistics, ed. Muysken, Pieter (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2008), 123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nevalainen, Terttu, “Making the Best Use of ‘Bad’ Data,” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 100 (1999), 499-533.Google Scholar
Nevalainen, Terttu and van Ostade, Ingrid Tieken-Boon, “Standardisation,” in A History of the English Language, ed. Hogg, Richard and Denison, David (Cambridge University Press, 2006), 271-311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nielsen, Hans Frede, From Dialect to Standard: English in England 1154-1776 (Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark, 2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Niles, John D., Homo Narrans: The Poetics and Anthropology of Oral Literature (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Niles, John D., “The Myth of the Anglo-Saxon Oral Poet,” Western Folklore 6 (2003), 7-61.Google Scholar
Ogura, Michiko, “Ælfric Believed on God,” Notes and Queries 45 (1998), 273-5.Google Scholar
O’Keeffe, Katherine O’Brien, Visible Song: Transitional Literacy in Old English Verse (Cambridge University Press, 1990).Google Scholar
Olson, Glending, Literature as Recreation in the Later Middle Ages (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1986).Google Scholar
Orderic, Vitalis, Ecclesiastica historia, ed. and trans. Chibnall, Marjorie, Oxford Medieval Texts, 6 vols. (Oxford University Press, 1969).Google Scholar
Orme, Nicholas, Medieval Schools from Roman Britain to Renaissance England (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006).Google Scholar
Ormrod, Mark, “The Use of English: Language, Law, and Political Culture in Fourteenth-Century England,” Speculum 78 (2003), 750-87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ovid, , Heroides and Amores, ed. and trans. Goold, G. P. and Showerman, Grant (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1914).Google Scholar
Owen, Ann Parry, Guto’r Glyn.net. http://gutorglyn.net/gutorglyn/index/Google Scholar
Oxford English Dictionary Online (Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
Padel, Oliver J., “Tracking Language Death in Medieval Cornwall,” typescript, University of Oxford, 2010.Google Scholar
Pahta, Päivi, “Code-Switching in Medieval Medical Writing,” in Medical and Scientific Writing in Late Medieval English, ed. Taavitsainen, Irma and Pahta, Päivi (Cambridge University Press, 2009), 73-99.Google Scholar
Palmatier, Robert A., A Descriptive Syntax of the Ormulum (The Hague: Mouton de Gruyter, 1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Parkes, Malcolm, “On the Presumed Date and Possible Origin of the Manuscript of the ‘Ormulum,’” in Five Hundred Years of Words and Sounds: A Festschrift for Eric Dobson, ed. Stanley, E. G. and Gray, Douglas (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1983), 115-27.Google Scholar
Parry, Graham, The Trophies of Time: English Antiquarians of the Seventeenth Century (Oxford University Press, 1995).Google Scholar
Patterson, Lee, Acts of Recognition: Essays on Medieval Culture (University of Notre Dame Press, 2010).Google Scholar
Patterson, Lee, Chaucer and the Subject of History (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1991).Google Scholar
Patterson, Lee, “Chaucer’s Pardoner on the Couch: Psyche and Clio in Medieval Studies,” Speculum 76 (2001), 638-80.Google Scholar
Patterson, Lee, Negotiating the Past: The Historical Understanding of Medieval Literature (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1987).Google Scholar
Pearsall, Derek, Old and Middle English Poetry (London: Routledge, 1977).Google Scholar
Pearsall, Derek, “Gower’s Latin in the Confessio Amantis,” in Latin and Vernacular: Studies in Late Medieval Texts and Manuscripts, ed. Minnis, A. J. (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1989), 1325.Google Scholar
Peikola, Matti, “On the Trail of a Lollard Discourse: Notes on the Relationship between Language Use and Identity in the Wycliffite Sect,” Topics and Comments: Papers from the Discourse Project 13 (1994), 75-88.Google Scholar
Peikola, Matti, “The Wycliffite Bible and ‘Central Midland Standard’: Assessing the Manuscript Evidence,” Nordic Journal of English Studies 2 (2003), 29-51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pennycook, Alastair, The Cultural Politics of English as an International Language (London: Longman, 1994).Google Scholar
Phillipson, Robert, Linguistic Imperialism (Oxford University Press, 1992).Google Scholar
Pintzuk, Susan and Plug, Lennart, The York–Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Old English Poetry (University of York Department of Language and Linguistic Science, 2002).Google Scholar
Pollard, A. W. and Redgrave, G. R., A Short-Title Catalogue of Books printed in England, Scotland, and Ireland 1475-1640, 2nd edn. revised and enlarged by W. A. Jackson, F. S. Ferguson, and Katharine F. Pantzer, 3 vols. (London: Bibliographical Society, 1976-91).Google Scholar
Pons-Sanz, Sara M., The Lexical Effects of Anglo-Scandinavian Linguistic Contact on Old English (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Preston, Dennis, “The South: The Touchstone,” in Language Variety in the South Revisited, ed. Bernstein, Cynthia, Nunnally, Thomas, and Sabino, Robin (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1997), 311–51.Google Scholar
Price, Glanville, The Languages of Britain (London: Arnold, 1984).Google Scholar
Puttenham, George, The Arte of English Poesie. Contriued into three Bookes: The first of Poets and Poesie, the second of Proportion, the third of Ornament (London: Richard Field, 1589).Google Scholar
Putter, Ad, “Code-Switching in Langland, Chaucer, and the Gawain Poet: Diglossia and Footing,” in Code-Switching in Early English, ed. Schendl, Herbert and Wright, Laura (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2011), 281-302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Putter, Ad, “Dialects in the Harley Miscellany: The Song of the Husbandman and The Poet’s Repentance,” Yearbook of Langland Studies 27 (2013), 61-78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Putter, Ad, “The Language and Metre of Three Dead Kings and Pater Noster,” Review of English Studies 55 (2004), 498-52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Putter, Ad, “Multilingualism in England and Wales, c. 1200: The Testimony of Gerald of Wales,” in Medieval Multilingualism: The Francophone World and Its Neighbours, ed. Kleinhenz, Christopher and Busby, Keith (Turnhout: Brepols, 2010), 84-105.Google Scholar
Quirk, Randolph, “Language Variety: Nature and Art,” in Varieties of English in Southeast Asia, ed. Noss, Richard B. (Singapore University Press, 1983), 3-19.Google Scholar
Quirk, Randolph and Wrenn, C. L., An Old English Grammar (New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1957).Google Scholar
Read, Allan Walker, Milestones in the History of English in America, ed. Bailey, Richard W. (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2000).Google Scholar
Rennie, Susan, Jamieson’s Dictionary of Scots: The Story of the First Historical Dictionary of the Scots Language (Oxford University Press, 2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Richards, Mary P., “Elements of a Written Standard in the Old English Laws,” in Standardizing English: Essays in the History of Language Change in Honor of John Hurt Fisher, ed. Trahern, Joseph B. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1989), 1-22.Google Scholar
Richardson, Malcolm, “Henry V, the English Chancery, and Chancery English,” Speculum 55 (1980), 726-50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Richter, Michael, “Collecting Miracles along the Anglo-Welsh Border in the Early Fourteenth Century,” in Multilingualism in Later Medieval Britain, ed. Trotter, D. A. (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2000), 53-61.Google Scholar
Richter, Michael, Sprache und Gesellschaft im Mittelalter (Stuttgart: Hiersemann, 1979).Google Scholar
Rickard, Peter, Britain in Medieval French Literature, 1100-1500 (Cambridge University Press, 1956).Google Scholar
Ricks, Christopher, “Metamorphosis in Other Words,” in Gower’s Confessio Amantis: Responses and Reassessments, ed. Minnis, A. J. (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1983), 25-49.Google Scholar
Rigg, A. G., “Orthography and Pronunciation,” in Medieval Latin, ed. Mantello, F. A. C. and Rigg, A. G. (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1996), 79-82.Google Scholar
Ritson, Joseph, ed., Ancient Engleish Metrical Romanceës, vol. 1 (London: W. Bulmer, 1802).Google Scholar
Ritson, Joseph, A Select Collection of English Songs, vol. 1 (London: J. Johnson, 1783).Google Scholar
Roberts, Jane, “A Preliminary Note on British Library, Cotton MS Caligula A.ix,” in The Text and Tradition of Laʒamon’s Brut, ed. Le Saux, Françoise H. M. (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1994), 1-14.Google Scholar
Roberts, Jane, Guide to Scripts Used in English Writings up to 1500 (London: British Library, 2005).Google Scholar
Robertson, Kellie, The Laborer’s Two Bodies: Labor and the "Work" of the Text in Medieval Britain, 1350-1500 (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roskell, J. S., Clark, L., and Rawcliffe, C., eds. “Clanvowe, Thomas,” in The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1386-1421 (Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer, 1993).Google Scholar
Rothwell, William, “English and French after 1362,” English Studies 82 (2001), 539-59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rothwell, William, “Husbonderie and Manaungerie in Later Medieval England: A Tale of Two Walters,” in The Anglo-Norman Language and Its Contexts, ed. Ingham, Richard (Woodbridge: York Medieval Press, Boydell and Brewer, 2010), 44-51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rothwell, William, “The Role of French in Thirteenth-Century England,” Bulletin of the John Rylands University of Manchester 58 (1976), 445-66.Google Scholar
Rowlands, Samuel, The Famous Historie of Guy Earle of Warwick (London, 1609).Google Scholar
Russell, George and Kane, George, eds., Piers Plowman: The C Version (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997).Google Scholar
Rygiel, Dennis, “Ancrene Wisse and ‘Colloquial’ Style,” Neophilologus 65 (1981), 137-43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Salmon, Vivian, “The Representation of Colloquial Speech in The Canterbury Tales,” in Style and Text: Studies Presented to Nils Erik Enkvist, ed. Ringbom, Håkan et al. (Stockholm: Språkforlaget Skriptor 1975), 263-77.Google Scholar
Salter, F. M., “The Banns of the Chester Plays: Concluded,” Review of English Studies 16 (1940), 137-48.Google Scholar
Samuels, M. L., “The Great Scandinavian Belt,” in Middle English Dialectology, ed. McIntosh, Angus, Samuels, M. L., and Laing, Margaret (Aberdeen University Press, 1989), 106-15.Google Scholar
Samuels, M. L., “Langland’s Dialect,” in The English of Chaucer and His Contemporaries, ed. Smith, J. J. (Aberdeen University Press, 1988), 70-85.Google Scholar
Samuels, M. L., “Some Applications of Middle English Dialectology,” in Middle English Dialectology: Essays on Some Principles and Problems, ed. Laing, Margaret (Aberdeen University Press, 1989), 64-80.Google Scholar
Samuels, M. L., “Spelling and Dialect in the Late and Post-Middle English Periods,” in So Meny People Longages and Tonges: Philological Essays in Scots and Mediaeval English Presented to Angus McIntosh, ed. Benskin, Michael and Samuels, M. L. (Edinburgh: Middle English Dialect Project, 1981), 4354.Google Scholar
Sandvold, Silje Nising, “Scribal Variation in a Legal Document: A Study of the Bounding of Barmston (1473),” MA thesis, University of Stavanger, 2010. http://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/handle/11250/185360Google Scholar
Scase, Wendy, ed., Manuscripts of the West Midlands: A Catalogue of Vernacular Manuscript Books of the English West Midlands c. 1300 – c. 1475 (University of Birmingham, 2009). www.hrionline.ac.uk/mwm/Google Scholar
Scase, Wendy, ed., Essays in Manuscript Geography: Vernacular Manuscripts of the English West Midlands from the Conquest to the Sixteenth Century (Turnhout: Brepols, 2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scattergood, V. J., ed., The Works of Sir John Clanvowe (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1975).Google Scholar
Schendl, Herbert, “Beyond Boundaries: Code-Switching in the Leases of Oswald of Worcester,” in Code-Switching in Early English, ed. Schendl, Herbert and Wright, Laura (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2011), 47-94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schendl, Herbert, “Code-Switching in Late Medieval Macaronic Sermons,” in Multilingualism in Medieval Britain (c. 1066-1520), ed. Jefferson, Judith and Putter, Ad (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013), 153-70.Google Scholar
Schendl, Herbert, “‘Hec sunt prata to wassingwellan’: Aspects of Code-Switching in Old English Charters,” VIEWS 13 (2004), 5268.Google Scholar
Schipor, Delia, “A Study of Multilingualism in the Late Medieval Materials of the Hampshire Record Office,” ongoing PhD thesis, University of Stavanger.Google Scholar
Schlauch, Margaret, “The Art of Chaucer’s Prose,” in Chaucer and Chaucerians: Critical Studies in Middle English Literature, ed. Brewer, Derek S. (London: Thomas Nelson, 1966), 140-63.Google Scholar
Schlauch, Margaret, “Chaucer’s Colloquial English: Its Structural Traits,” PMLA 67 (1952), 1103-16.Google Scholar
Scholes, Robert, Fabulation and Metafiction (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1979).Google Scholar
Schutz, Albert J., The Voices of Eden: A History of Hawaiian Language Studies (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scragg, D. G., “The Corpus of Vernacular Homilies and Prose Saints’ Lives before Ælfric,” Anglo-Saxon England 8 (1979), 223-77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scragg, D. G., “Old English Homiliaries and Poetic Manuscripts,” in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, vol. I: c. 400-1100, ed. Gameson, Richard (Cambridge University Press, 2012), 553-61.Google Scholar
Scragg, D. G., ed., The Vercelli Homilies and Related Texts, EETS o.s. 300 (Oxford University Press, 1992).Google Scholar
Seymour, M. C., ed., A Catalogue of Chaucer Manuscripts, vol. II: The Canterbury Tales (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1997).Google Scholar
Sharpe, Richard, “Addressing Different Language Groups: Charters from the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries,” in Multilingualism in Medieval England (c.1066-1520): Sources and Analysis, ed. Jefferson, Judith and Putter, Ad (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013), 1-40.Google Scholar
Sharpe, Richard, “Latin in Everyday Life,” in Medieval Latin: An Introduction and Bibliographical Guide, ed. Mantello, F. A. C. and Rigg, A. G. (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1996), 315-41.Google Scholar
Shelton, Maurice, William Wotton’s Short View of George Hickes’s Grammatico-Critical and Archaeological Treasury of the Ancient Northern Language (London: D. Browne, 1735).Google Scholar
Short, Ian, Manual of Anglo-Norman, Anglo-Norman Text Society, Occasional Publications Series 7 (London: Birkbeck College, 2007).Google Scholar
Sidney, Philip, Sir An Apology for Poetry, ed. Shepherd, Geoffrey (London: Thomas Nelson, 1965).Google Scholar
Sisam, Kenneth, Studies in the History of Old English Literature (Oxford: Clarendon, 1953).Google Scholar
Skelton, John, John Skelton: The Complete English Poems, ed. Scattergood, John (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1983).Google Scholar
Smith, G. Gregory, ed., Elizabethan Critical Essays, 2 vols. (London: Oxford University Press, 1904).Google Scholar
Smith, Jeremy J., An Historical Study of English: Function, Form and Change (London: Routledge, 1996).Google Scholar
Smith, Jeremy J., “The Historiography of the English Language,” in English Historical Linguistics: An International Handbook, ed. Bergs, Alexander and Brinton, Laurel (Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2012), 1295-1312.Google Scholar
Smith, Jeremy J., “Mapping the Language of the Vernon Manuscript,” in The Making of the Vernon Manuscript, ed. Scase, Wendy (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013), 49-70.Google Scholar
Smith, Jeremy J., Older Scots: A Linguistic Reader, Scottish Text Society, 5th. series no. 9 (Edinburgh: Scottish Text Society, 2012).Google Scholar
Smith, Jeremy J., “Punctuating Mirk’s Festial: A Scottish Text and its Implications,” in Preaching the Word in Manuscript and Print in Late Medieval England, ed. Driver, Martha W. and O’Mara, Veronica (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013), 161-92.Google Scholar
Smith, Jeremy J., “Spelling and Tradition in Fifteenth-Century Copies of Gower’s Confessio Amantis,” in The English of Chaucer and his Contemporaries, ed. Smith, J. J. (Aberdeen University Press, 1988), 96-113.Google Scholar
Smith, Jeremy J., “Standard Language in Early Middle English,” in Placing Middle English in Context, ed. Taavitsainen, Irma et al. (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2000), 125-39.Google Scholar
Smith, Jeremy J., “Studies in the Language of Some Manuscripts of Gower’s Confessio Amantis,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Glasgow, 1985.Google Scholar
Smith, Jeremy J., “Textual Afterlives: Barbour’s Bruce and Hary’s Wallace,” in Scots: Studies in its Literature and Language, ed. Kirk, John M. and Macleod, Iseabail (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2013), 37-69.Google Scholar
Smith, Jeremy J., “The Use of English: Language Contact, Dialect Variation, and Written Standardisation During the Middle English Period,” in English in its Social Contexts: Essays in Historical Sociolinguistics, ed. Machan, Tim William and Scott, Charles T. (Oxford University Press, 1992), 47-68.Google Scholar
Smith, Llinos Beverley, “The Welsh and English Languages in Late-Medieval Wales,” in Multilingualism in Later Medieval Britain, ed. Trotter, D. A. (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2000), 7-24.Google Scholar
Southern, R. W., Robert Grosseteste: The Growth of an English Mind in Medieval Europe (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986).Google Scholar
Spearing, A. C., Medieval to Renaissance in English Poetry (Cambridge University Press, 1985).Google Scholar
Spence, Timothy L., “The Prioress’s Oratio ad Mariam and Medieval Prayer Composition,” in Medieval Rhetoric: A Casebook, ed. Troyan, Scott D. (Routledge: New York, 2004), 63-92.Google Scholar
Spencer, Helen, “Sermon Literature,” in A Companion to Middle English Prose, ed. Edwards, A. S. G. (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2004), 151–74.Google Scholar
Spenser, Edmund, Edmund Spenser: The Shorter Poems, ed. McCabe, Richard (London: Penguin, 1999).Google Scholar
Spurgeon, Caroline, ed., Five Hundred Years of Chaucer Criticism and Allusion 1357-1900, 3 vols. (Cambridge University Press, 1925).Google Scholar
Stanihurst, Richard, Great Deeds in Ireland: Richard Stanihurst’s De Rebus in Hibernia Gestis, ed. and trans. Barry, John and Morgan, Hiram (Cork University Press, 2013).Google Scholar
Stanley, E. G., “Layamon’s Antiquarian Sentiments,” Medium Aevum 38 (1969), 23-37.Google Scholar
Stanley, E. G., “Laʒamon’s un-Anglo-Saxon Syntax,” in The Text and Tradition of Laʒamon’s Brut, ed. Le Saux, Françoise H. M. (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1994), 47-56.Google Scholar
Stanley, E. G., ed., The Owl and the Nightingale, 2nd. edn. (Manchester University Press, 1972).Google Scholar
Stenroos, Merja, “Fugitive Voices: Personal Involvement in Middle English Letters of Defence,” in “Ye whom the charms of grammar please”: Studies in English Language History in Honour of Leiv Egil Breivik, ed. Haugland, Kari E., McCafferty, Kevin, and Rusten, Kristian A. (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2014), 355–80.Google Scholar
Stenroos, Merja, “Identity and Intelligibility in Late Middle English Scribal Transmission: Local Dialect as an Active Choice in Fifteenth-Century Texts,” in Scribes as Agents of Language Change, ed. Wagner, Esther-Miriam, Outhwaite, Ben, and Beinhoff, Bettina (Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2013), 159–82.Google Scholar
Stenroos, Merja and Mäkinen, Martti, “A Defiant Gentleman or ‘The Strengest Thiefe of Wales’: Reinterpreting the Politics in a Medieval Correspondence,” in Communicating Early English Manuscripts, ed. Jucker, Andreas H. and Pahta, Päivi (Cambridge University Press, 2012), 83101.Google Scholar
Stenroos, Merja and Thengs, Kjetil V., “Two Staffordshires: Real and Linguistic Space in the Study of Late Middle English Dialects,” in Outposts of Historical Corpus Linguistics: From the Helsinki Corpus to a Proliferation of Resources, ed. Tyrkkö, Jukka et al. (Helsinki: VARIENG, 2012). www.helsinki.fi/varieng/journal/volumes/10/stenroos_thengs/Google Scholar
Stenroos, Merja, et al., eds., The Middle English Grammar Corpus (MEG-C), version 2011.1 (University of Stavanger, 2011). www.uis.no/research-and-phd-studies/research-areas/history-languages-and-literature/the-middle-english-scribal-texts-programme/meg-c/Google Scholar
Stevens, Martin, and Cawley, A. C., eds., The Towneley Plays, 2 vols., EETS s.s. 13, 14 (Oxford University Press, 1994).Google Scholar
Stevenson, William Henry, Asser’s Life of King Alfred (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1904).Google Scholar
Strang, Barbara, A History of English (London: Methuen, 1970).Google Scholar
Suggett, Helen, “The Use of French in Late Medieval England,” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 28 (1946), 61-83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Summit, Jennifer, Memory’s Library: Medieval Books in Early Modern England (University of Chicago Press, 2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Summit, Jennifer, “Women and Authorship,” in The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Women’s Writing, ed. Dinshaw, Carolyn and Wallace, David (Cambridge University Press, 2003), 91-108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Swan, Mary, “Constructing Preacher and Audience in Old English Homilies,” in Constructing the Medieval Sermon, ed. Andersson, Roger (Turnhout: Brepols, 2007), 177-88.Google Scholar
Swan, Mary, “Men ða Leofestan: Genre, the Canon, and the Old English Homiletic Tradition,” in The Christian Tradition in Anglo-Saxon England: Approaches to Current Scholarship and Teaching, ed. Cavill, Paul (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2004), 185-92.Google Scholar
Sweet, Henry, A History of English Sounds: From the Earliest Period (London: English Dialect Society, 1874).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sweet, Henry, King Alfred’s West-Saxon Version of Gregory’s Pastoral Care, EETS o.s. 45, 50, 2 vols. (London: N. N. Trübner & Co., 1871-2).Google Scholar
Sweet, Henry, Sweet’s Anglo-Saxon Primer, 9th edn., ed. Davis, Norman (Oxford: Clarendon, 1953).Google Scholar
Taavitsainen, Irma, “Middle English Recipes: Genre Characteristics, Text Type Features and Underlying Traditions of Writing,” Journal of Historical Pragmatics 2 (2002), 85-113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taavitsainen, Irma, “Scriptorial ‘House-Styles’ and Discourse Communities,” in Medical and Scientific Writing in Late Medieval English, ed. Taavitsainen, Irma and Pahta, Paivi (Cambridge University Press, 2004), 209-40.Google Scholar
Tannen, Deborah, Talking Voices: Repetition, Dialogue, and Imagery in Conversational Discourse (Cambridge University Press, 1989).Google Scholar
Taylor, Ann, “Contact Effects of Translation: Distinguishing Two Kinds of Influence in Old English,” Language Variation and Change 20 (2008), 341-65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taylor, Ann, et al., The York–Toronto–Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Old English Prose (Department of Language and Linguistic Science, University of York: Oxford Text Archive, 2003).Google Scholar
The Testimonie of Antiquitie (London, 1566).Google Scholar
Thacker, Alan, “Monks, Preaching and Pastoral Care in Early Anglo-Saxon England,” in Pastoral Care before the Parish, ed. Blair, John and Sharpe, Richard (Leicester University Press, 1992), 137-70.Google Scholar
Thengs, Kjetil V., “English Medieval Documents of the North-West Midlands: A Study in the Language of a Real Space Text Corpus,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Stavanger, 2013.Google Scholar
Thompson, John J., “The Middle English Prose Brut and the Possibilities of Cultural Mapping,” in Design and Distribution of Late Medieval Manuscripts in England, ed. Connolly, Margaret and Mooney, Linne R. (Cambridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2008), 245–60.Google Scholar
Thomson, David, A Descriptive Catalogue of Middle English Grammatical Texts (New York: Garland, 1979).Google Scholar
Thomson, David, An Edition of the Middle English Grammatical Texts (New York: Garland, 1984).Google Scholar
Thorkelin, G. J., De Danorum rebus gestis secul. III et IV: poëma Danicum dialect Anglosaxonica: ex Bibliotheca Cottoniana Musaei Britannici (Copenhagen: Rangel, 1815).Google Scholar
Thornbury, Emily V., Becoming a Poet in Anglo-Saxon England (Cambridge University Press, 2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tolkien, J. R. R., “Ancrene Wisse and Hali Meiðhad,” Essays and Studies 14 (1929), 104-26.Google Scholar
Tolkien, J. R. R., “Chaucer as a Philologist: The Reeve’s Tale,” Transactions of the Philological Society (1934), 1-70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Toon, Thomas E., The Politics of Early Old English Sound Change (New York: Academic Press, 1983).Google Scholar
Toon, Thomas E., “The Social and Political Contexts of Language Change in Anglo-Saxon England,” in English in Its Social Contexts: Essays in Historical Sociolinguistics, ed. Machan, Tim William and Scott, Charles T. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992), 28-46.Google Scholar
Townend, Matthew, “Contacts and Conflicts: Latin, Norse, and French,” in The Oxford History of English, updated edn., ed. Mugglestone, Lynda (Oxford University Press, 2012), 75-105.Google Scholar
Townend, Matthew, Language and History in Viking Age England: Linguistic Relations between Speakers of Old Norse and Old English (Turnhout: Brepols, 2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Townend, Matthew, “Viking Age England as a Bilingual Society,” in Cultures in Contact: Scandinavian Settlement in England in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries, ed. Hadley, Dawn M. and Richards, Julian D. (Turnhout: Brepols, 2000), 89-105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Townsend, David, “Latinities, 893-1143,” in The Cambridge History of Early Medieval Literature, ed. Lees, Clare (Cambridge University Press, 2013), 530-53.Google Scholar
Trahern, Joseph B., ed., Standardizing English: Essays in the History of Language Change in Honor of John Hurt Fisher (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1989).Google Scholar
Treharne, Elaine M., “The Authority of English, 900-1150,” in The Cambridge History of Early Medieval English Literature, ed. Lees, Clare A. (Cambridge University Press, 2013), 554-78.Google Scholar
Treharne, Elaine M., Living through Conquest: The Politics of Early English, 1020-1220 (Oxford University Press, 2012).Google Scholar
Trotter, D. A., ed., Multilingualism in Later Medieval Britain (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2000).Google Scholar
Turberville, George, The Eglogs of the Poet B. Mantuan Carmelitan (London, 1567).Google Scholar
Turner, Sharon, The History of the Anglo-Saxons, 4 vols. (London: Cadell and Davies, 1799-1805).Google Scholar
Turville-Petre, J. E., “Studies on the ‘Ormulum’ MS,” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 46 (1947), 1-27.Google Scholar
Turville-Petre, Thorlac, “England and Multilingualism: Medieval and Modern,” in Conceptualizing Multilingualism in England, c.800–c.1250, ed. Tyler, Elizabeth M. (Turnhout: Brepols, 2011), 1-13.Google Scholar
Turville-Petre, Thorlac, England the Nation: Language, Literature, and National Identity, 1290-1340 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Turville-Petre, Thorlac, ed., Alliterative Poetry of the Later Middle Ages (London: Routledge, 1989).Google Scholar
Tyler, Elizabeth M., ed., Conceptualizing Multilingualism in England, c.800–c.1250 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Upton, Clive, “Modern Regional English in the British Isles,” in The Oxford History of English, updated edn., ed. Mugglestone, Lynda (Oxford University Press, 2006), 379414.Google Scholar
Usk, Thomas, Testament of Love, in Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer, vol. 7: Chaucerian and Other Pieces, ed. Skeat, Walter W. (Oxford University Press, 1897).Google Scholar
Vale, Malcolm, The Princely Court: Medieval Courts and Culture in Western Europe, 1270-1380 (Oxford University Press, 2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vander Meulen, David, “How to Read Book History,” Studies in Bibliography 56 (2003-4), 171-94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Verstegan, Richard, A Restitution of Decayed Intelligence: In Antiquities Concerning the Most Noble and Renovvmed English Nation (Antwerp: Robert Bruney, 1605).Google Scholar
Vising, Johan, Anglo-Norman Language and Literature (London: Milford, 1923).Google Scholar
Vitz, Evelyn Birge, Medieval Narrative and Modern Narratology: Subjects and Objects of Desire (New York University Press, 1989).Google Scholar
Wade, Elizabeth and Clark, Herbert H., “Reproduction and Demonstration in Quotations,” Journal of Memory and Language 32 (1993), 805-19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walter de, Bibbesworth, Le Tretiz, ed. Rothwell, William (Aberystwyth: Anglo-Norman On-Line Hub, 2009).Google Scholar
Warner, Rubie D. N., ed. Early English Homilies from the Twelfth Century MS Vesp. D. XIV, EETS o.s. 152 (Oxford University Press, 1917 for 1915).Google Scholar
Warton, Thomas, The History of English Poetry, from the Close of the Eleventh to the Commencement of the Eighteenth Century, vol. 1 (London: J. Dodsley, 1774).Google Scholar
Watanabe, Akira, “A Parametric Shift in the D-System in Early Middle English: Relativization, Articles, Adjectival Inflection, and Indeterminates,” in Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory, ed. Crisma, Paola and Longobardi, Giuseppe (Oxford University Press, 2009), 358-74.Google Scholar
Watts, Richard J., Language Myths and the History of English (Oxford University Press, 2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wenzel, Siegfried, Macaronic Sermons: Bilingualism and Preaching in Late-Medieval England (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994.)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wetherbee, Winthrop, Chaucer and the Poets: An Essay on “Troilus and Criseyde” (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1984).Google Scholar
Wetherbee, Winthrop, “Gower Teaching Ovid and the Classics,” in Approaches to Teaching the Poetry of John Gower, ed. Yeager, R. F. and Gastle, Brian W. (New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2011), 172-9.Google Scholar
Whitelock, Dorothy, ed., Sweet’s Anglo-Saxon Reader in Prose and Verse, 15th. edn. (Oxford University Press, 1975).Google Scholar
Wilcox, Jonathan, “Ælfric in Dorset and the Landscape of Pastoral Care,” in Pastoral Care in Late Anglo-Saxon England, ed. Tinti, Francesca (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2005), 52-62.Google Scholar
Wilcox, Jonathan, “The Audience of Ælfric’s Lives of Saints and the Face of Cotton Caligula A.xiv, Fols. 93-130,” in Beatus Vir: Studies in Early English and Norse Manuscripts in Memory of Phillip Pulsiano, ed. Doane, A. N. and Wolf, Kirsten (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2006), 228-63.Google Scholar
Wilcox, Jonathan, “The Uses of Ælfric’s Homilies: MSS Oxford, Bodleian Library, Junius 85 and 86 in the Field,” in A Companion to Ælfric, ed. Magennis, Hugh and Swan, Mary (Leiden: Brill, 2009), 345-68.Google Scholar
Wilcox, Jonathan, ed., Ælfric’s Prefaces (University of Durham Department of English, 1994).Google Scholar
William of Malmesbury, De Gestis Pontificum Anglorum, ed. Hamilton, N. E. S. A.. Roll Series 52 (London: Longman, 1870).Google Scholar
William of Newburgh, The History of English Affairs, ed. and trans. Walsh, P. G. and Kennedy, M. J. (Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 1988).Google Scholar
Williamson, Keith, “On Chronicity and Space(s) in Historical Dialectology,” in Methods and Data in English Historical Dialectology, ed. Dossena, Marina and Lass, Roger (Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2004), 97136.Google Scholar
Wimsatt, W. K., The Verbal Icon: Studies in the Meaning of Poetry (Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1954).Google Scholar
Winnett, Susan, “Coming Unstrung: Women, Men, Narrative, and Principles of Pleasure,” PMLA 105 (1990), 505-18.Google Scholar
Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn, et al., eds., The Idea of the Vernacular: An Anthology of Middle English Literary Theory, 1280-1520 (University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999).Google Scholar
Wollmann, Alfred, “Early Christian Loan-Words in Old English,” in Pagans and Christians: The Interplay between Christian Latin and Traditional Germanic Cultures in Early Medieval Europe, ed. Hofstra, Tette, Houwen, L. A. J. R., and MacDonald, Alisdair A. (Groningen: Egbert Forsten, 1995), 175-210.Google Scholar
Wollmann, Alfred, “Early Latin Loan-Words in Old English,” Anglo-Saxon England 22 (1993), 1-26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wood, J. L., “Definiteness and Number: Determiner Phrase and Number Phrase in the History of English,” Ph.D. thesis, Arizona State University, 2003.Google Scholar
Woodmansee, Martha, and Jaszi, Peter, eds., The Construction of Authorship: Textual Appropriation in Law and Literature (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1994).Google Scholar
Wrenn, C. L., “‘Standard’ Old English,” Transactions of the Philological Society 32 (1933), 65-88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wright, Charles D., “Old English Homilies and Latin Sources,” in The Old English Homily: Precedent, Practice, and Appropriation, ed. Kleist, Aaron J. (Turnhout: Brepols, 2006), 1566.Google Scholar
Wright, Charles D., “Vercelli Homilies XI-XIII and the Anglo-Saxon Benedictine Reform: Tailored Sources and Implied Audiences,” in Preacher, Sermon and Audience in the Middle Ages, ed. Muessig, Carolyn (Leiden: Brill, 2002), 203-27.Google Scholar
Wright, Herbert G., A Seventeenth-Century Modernisation of the First Three Books of Chaucer’s “Troilus and Criseyde” (Bern: Francke, 1960).Google Scholar
Wright, Joseph, The English Dialect Dictionary, 6 vols. (London: H. Frowde, 1898-1905).Google Scholar
Wright, Joseph, The English Dialect Grammar (Oxford University Press, 1905).Google Scholar
Wright, Joseph, Old English Grammar, 3rd. edn. (London: Oxford University Press, 1925.Google Scholar
Wright, Laura, “Macaronic Writing in a London Archive, 1380-1480,” in History of Englishes: New Methods and Interpretations in Historical Linguistics, ed. Rissanen, Matti et al. (Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1992), 762-70.Google Scholar
Wright, Laura, “Mixed-Language Accounts as Sources for Linguistic Analysis,” in Multilingualism in Medieval Britain (c. 1066-1520), ed. Jefferson, Judith and Putter, Ad (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013), 123-37.Google Scholar
Wright, Roger, Late Latin and Early Romance in Spain and Carolingian France (Liverpool: Francis Cairns, 1982).Google Scholar
Wyld, H. C., A History of Modern Colloquial English (New York: Dutton, 1920).Google Scholar
Zettersten, Arne, Studies in the Dialect and Vocabulary of the “Ancrene Riwle,” Lund Studies in English 34 (Lund: C. W. K. Gleerup, 1965).Google Scholar
Zettersten, Arne and Diensburg, Bernard, eds., The English Text of the Ancrene Riwle: The Vernon Text, EETS o.s. 310 (Oxford University Press, 2000).Google Scholar
Zimmer, Stefan, “A Medieval Linguist: Gerald de Barri,” Études Celtiques 35 (2003), 313-50.Google Scholar
Zumthor, Paul, Essai de poétique médiévale (Paris: Seuil, 1972).Google Scholar
Zupitza, Julius, Ælfrics Grammatik und Glossar (Berlin: Weidmannische Buchhandlung, 1880).Google Scholar