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6 - Educational Attainment

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 June 2012

Laird W. Bergad
Affiliation:
City University of New York
Herbert S. Klein
Affiliation:
Stanford University, California
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Summary

We suggested in the last chapter how educational attainment levels are closely linked to household income and also to the possibilities of upward social mobility in the United States. While historically some immigrants arrived in the United States with levels of education which may have been greater than those found among long-standing domestic- or foreign-born residents, in general immigrants had lower educational attainment levels than found among the resident population. At the same time most of these immigrants, including those from Latin America and the Caribbean, tended to be better educated than the nonmigrating resident populations of their countries of origin.

In this chapter we will examine educational attainment of all major racial/ethnic groups since 1980, with special attention to educational attainment levels among foreign- and domestic-born Latinos. As is standard for the U.S. Census Bureau, we have adopted the procedure of analyzing the educational attainment levels only for adults 25 years of age and older, that is; the majority of those who have completed their educations. We also will compare domestic-born Latinos to their immigrant parents and then examine different generations to see if change has occurred and how quickly.

Type
Chapter
Information
Hispanics in the United States
A Demographic, Social, and Economic History, 1980–2005
, pp. 192 - 236
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2010

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References

Borjas, George. J.Long-Run Convergence of Ethnic Skill Differentials: The Children and Grandchildren of the Great MigrationIndustrial and Labor Relations Review 47 1994 553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alba, RichardLutz, AmyVesselinov, ElenaHow Enduring Were the Inequalities among European Immigrant Groups in the United States?Demography 38 2001 349CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Borjas, George J.Long-run Convergence of Ethnic Skill Differentials, RevisitedDemography 38 2001 357CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Baganha, Maria Ioannis BenisThe Social Mobility of Portuguese Immigrants in the United States at the Turn of the Nineteenth CenturyInternational Migration Review 35 1999 277Google Scholar

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