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3 - The Specter of Westernism

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 November 2020

Hussein Banai
Affiliation:
Indiana University, Bloomington
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Summary

This chapter proposes that the thought-practice of hidden liberalism is chiefly necessitated by a set of binary grievances against “Westernism” – i.e. reformist temptations brought on by Western modernity (e.g. materialism, secularism, individualism, capitalism, etc., which many of its detractors regarded liberalism as being complicit in. In light of the troubling history of Western “liberal imperialism” in the domestic and regional politics of Iran, there is a long tradition of anti-liberal thought that faults liberalism as not sufficiently emancipatory in the face of imperial exploitation, or adequately protective of traditional values indigenous to Iranian society. This chapter surveys the range of opinions and schools of thought within this anti-liberal cohort in parallel to the background political developments that either precipitated or were caused by such views. It concludes by examining the relationship between this persistent anti-liberalism and the advent of the Islamic Republic.

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Chapter
Information
Hidden Liberalism
Burdened Visions of Progress in Modern Iran
, pp. 60 - 101
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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  • The Specter of Westernism
  • Hussein Banai, Indiana University, Bloomington
  • Book: Hidden Liberalism
  • Online publication: 26 November 2020
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108850445.003
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To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

  • The Specter of Westernism
  • Hussein Banai, Indiana University, Bloomington
  • Book: Hidden Liberalism
  • Online publication: 26 November 2020
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108850445.003
Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

  • The Specter of Westernism
  • Hussein Banai, Indiana University, Bloomington
  • Book: Hidden Liberalism
  • Online publication: 26 November 2020
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108850445.003
Available formats
×