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Chapter 32 - Gestational Surrogacy in the Russian Federation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 October 2016

E. Scott Sills
Center for Advanced Genetics, California
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Handbook of Gestational Surrogacy
International Clinical Practice and Policy Issues
, pp. 232 - 240
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2016

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Russian Federation Federal State Statistics Service,; accessed August 04, 2016.
Kulakov, V., Director of the Scientific Center of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Perinatology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences (RAMN), chief obstetrician-gynecologist of Russia, vice president of RAMN, as interviewed by Rossijskaja Gazeta (Irina Krasnopolskaja, The Country of Unborn), August 23, 2005, No. 3854 (in Russian).
Report of National Register of ART (in Russian). Available online at:; accessed May 31, 2015.
Korsak, V. S., Isaakova, E. V., Vorobjeva, O. A., et al. The first experience in Russia of conducting of a programme of surrogate motherhood. Problems of Reproduction 1996; 2 (in Russian).
Family Code of the Russian Federation as of December 29, 1995, No. 223 Federal Law, edited and translated by Butler, William E.. Moscow, 2005.
The Federal Law on the Acts of Registration of Civil Statuses as of November 15, 1997, No. 143-ФЗ.
Russian Healthcare Ministry Order No.107Н as of August 30, 2012: On application of assisted reproductive technologies, contraindications and limitations to their use.
On the fundamentals of health care protection of the citizens of the Russian Federation. Rossijskaja Gazeta, November 23, 2011, No. 263 (5639) (in Russian).
Svitnev, K.. Assisted reproductive technologies: conflict of laws. Legal Issues in Health Protection 2011; 9: 52–9 (in Russian).
Svitnev, K.. Legal control of surrogacy: international perspectives. In Schenker, J., ed., Ethical Dilemmas in Assisted Reproductive Technologies (2011), pp. 149–63.
Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, adopted by UNESCO’s General Conference on October 19, 2005, Article 3.2. Available online at:; accessed November 29, 2011.
Svitnev, K.. Legal regulation of assisted reproduction treatment in Russia. Reprod BioMed Online. 2010; 20:892–4.
Russian Federation, Healthcare Ministry of the Russian Federation. Order No. 67 of February 26, 2003: On use of assisted reproductive technologies for infertility treatment for female and male patients.
Russian Federation Constitutional Court ruling no. 880-O as of May 15, 2012.
Svitnev, K.. Surrogate motherhood: problems of legal regulation and law enforcement. Legal Issues in Health Protection 2011; 9:5261 (in Russian).
Svitnev, K.. “Surrogate” fatherhood for single intended parents: is it allowed? (Commentary to Federal Law No. 323: Basis of Health Protection in the Russian Federation, New Laws and Regulations No. 48). All-Russian Law Journal 2011 (in Russian).
Svitnev, K.. Reproductive Rights and Marital Status, The Right of Unmarried People to Procreate, Russian National Identity and Demographic Crisis (Moscow, Scientific Expert, 2009), pp. 747–62 (in Russian).
Svitnev, K.. Prenatal sex selection in assisted reproduction. Legal Issues in Health Protection 2012; 2: 5261.
Constitution of the Russian Federation (was adopted at national voting on December 12, 1993), English translation, Garant Service. Available online at:–01.htm.
Svitnev, K.. Legal and ethical aspects of post-mortem reproduction. Legal Issues in Health Protection 2011; 6:3043 (in Russian).
ECHR Press release 028, January 27, 2015.

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