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2 - Early Change

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 November 2019

James L. A. Webb, Jr
Affiliation:
Colby College, Maine
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Summary

The second chapter, “Early Change,” explores what is known about environments in which intestinal disease transmission emerged. It marshals research in the biological sciences to discuss the settings in which early communities were able to transmit some intestinal pathogens and parasites, long before the agricultural revolution. It suggests that the construct of the “first epidemiological transition” needs to be revised. It explores the patterns of vulnerability to infectious intestinal disease associated with hunting, gathering, and fishing in an early era and those associated with early farming practices, settlements, and pastoral nomadism. It provides a historical overview of the evolution of zones of infectious intestinal disease, the various Eurasian attitudes toward human waste, regional patterns in the use or non-use of human excreta in early agriculture, and early urban sanitation.

Type
Chapter
Information
The Guts of the Matter
A Global History of Human Waste and Infectious Intestinal Disease
, pp. 24 - 41
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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  • Early Change
  • James L. A. Webb, Jr, Colby College, Maine
  • Book: The Guts of the Matter
  • Online publication: 18 November 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108642323.003
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  • Early Change
  • James L. A. Webb, Jr, Colby College, Maine
  • Book: The Guts of the Matter
  • Online publication: 18 November 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108642323.003
Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

  • Early Change
  • James L. A. Webb, Jr, Colby College, Maine
  • Book: The Guts of the Matter
  • Online publication: 18 November 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108642323.003
Available formats
×