Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5d6d958fb5-br6r8 Total loading time: 0.538 Render date: 2022-11-27T06:58:23.695Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

3 - Liberalism

The People “Are”

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 July 2021

Alin Fumurescu
Affiliation:
University of Houston
Anna Marisa Schön
Affiliation:
University of Houston
Get access

Summary

The third chapter presents selections from Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Montesquieu, and David Hume, and explains the central theoretical assumptions of classical liberalism. Switching the emphasis from the people apprehended as an organic whole to the people as a collection of individuals, social contract theory presupposes that the state is an artificial entity created by human will and consent. The liberal perspective emphasizes the original equality and freedom of all individuals, often overlooking the unicity of each person, and values the private good over the common good. Excerpts from Hobbes and Locke illustrate the idea of the social contract. Although neither Montesquieu nor Hume embraced the social contract theory, their thought exemplifies the liberal ideas that the state should protect, as much as possible, the right of individuals to pursue their lives as they see fit.

Type
Chapter
Information
Foundations of American Political Thought
Readings and Commentary
, pp. 49 - 90
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

  • Liberalism
  • Alin Fumurescu, University of Houston, Anna Marisa Schön, University of Houston
  • Book: Foundations of American Political Thought
  • Online publication: 09 July 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108774154.004
Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

  • Liberalism
  • Alin Fumurescu, University of Houston, Anna Marisa Schön, University of Houston
  • Book: Foundations of American Political Thought
  • Online publication: 09 July 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108774154.004
Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Liberalism
  • Alin Fumurescu, University of Houston, Anna Marisa Schön, University of Houston
  • Book: Foundations of American Political Thought
  • Online publication: 09 July 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108774154.004
Available formats
×