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10 - Working forests

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 June 2012

Peter Thomas
Affiliation:
Keele University
John Packham
Affiliation:
University of Wolverhampton
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Summary

Forest resources and products

Timber production and trade: loss of natural habitat

Forestry not only comprises the art and science of initiating, regenerating and cultivating woodlands and forests (silviculture, see Section 10.3.1), but also all the practical procedures involved including road construction and maintenance, felling and selling timber, control of deer and other animal populations. The main product of commercial forestry is wood, which is employed as a fuel, a most important sustainable raw material, the basis of the paper industry, and for at least 10,000 other uses (Sutton, 1999). The economics of plantation forestry in particular are complex; huge amounts of capital are involved in the ownership of the ground, and the costs of establishing a particular crop are not recovered for many years. Whereas a bakery will sell its products within a day or two, it is only in the case of the very fast-growing introduced tree species that a forester has a chance of cropping the trees he plants within his working life. The impact of the compound interest of establishment and maintenance costs on the industry is very great indeed, while the value of particular timbers varies widely with time. In the past huge areas of natural forest have been virtually plundered; exploited and cut down without regard for the long-term consequences, a process often called ‘mining’, that is treating forests as a non-renewable resource. Half of the world's forest growing 8000 years ago has already been lost.

Type
Chapter
Information
Ecology of Woodlands and Forests
Description, Dynamics and Diversity
, pp. 397 - 440
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2007

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  • Working forests
  • Peter Thomas, Keele University, John Packham, University of Wolverhampton
  • Book: Ecology of Woodlands and Forests
  • Online publication: 05 June 2012
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511805578.012
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  • Working forests
  • Peter Thomas, Keele University, John Packham, University of Wolverhampton
  • Book: Ecology of Woodlands and Forests
  • Online publication: 05 June 2012
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511805578.012
Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

  • Working forests
  • Peter Thomas, Keele University, John Packham, University of Wolverhampton
  • Book: Ecology of Woodlands and Forests
  • Online publication: 05 June 2012
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511805578.012
Available formats
×