Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-99c86f546-pkshj Total loading time: 0.267 Render date: 2021-11-27T18:40:42.574Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

6 - Nominals: nouns, pronouns, numerals and time and place adverbs

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 September 2009

Bhadriraju Krishnamurti
Affiliation:
University of Hyderabad, India
Get access

Summary

Introduction

Nominals in Dravidian are a morphosyntactic class of words, which are inflected for case. Nominals consist of four subclasses: nouns, pronouns, numerals and adverbs of time and place. All but the adverbs are distinguished for gender and number, besides being inflected for case. Adverbs of time and place are morphologically nominal, since they carry case suffixes, but syntactically they function as adverbs, i.e. modifiers of the verb.

Noun stems can be simple, complex or compound. Simple stems are identical with the roots, e.g. *kāl ‘leg’, *ūr ‘village’. Complex stems result from the addition of derivational morphemes to verbal, adjectival, or nominal roots, e.g. *wil-ay ‘price’ from *wil ‘to sell’ (see section 5.8.1a), *weḷḷ-ay, *weḷ-u-ppu, *weṇ-may ‘whiteness’ from *weḷ / *weṇ ‘white’ [5496]. Compound stems consist of a minimum of two roots of which the head is a noun and the satellite a noun, an adjective or a verb, e.g. *kaṇ-ṇīr ‘tear’ (N + N), lit. ‘eye-water’ [1159b], *kiṯṯ-eli ‘a mouse’ (adj + N) (lit. ‘small rat’) [1594].

Gender and number: identification and definition

Gender is a system of classifying ‘nouns’ (other than time and place adverbs) in terms of certain semantic and formal properties, supported by their grammatical behaviour. In Dravidian, gender is distinguished in terms of the semantic categories [± human], [± male human], and marginally [± animate].

Type
Chapter
Information
The Dravidian Languages , pp. 205 - 276
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2003

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Send book to Kindle

To send this book to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Send book to Dropbox

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×