Published online by Cambridge University Press: 01 February 2018
Students from the Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD) demonstrated generally good knowledge of ASEAN. They scored almost perfectly (98.5 per cent) on their ability to identify the ASEAN flag, replicating their performance on the 2007 survey. They also had the second highest score amongst primary university students (after Thailand) on identifying ASEAN member countries on a map of Southeast Asia. They were about average for the region in identifying the year of ASEAN's founding. Their perceptions of similarity amongst ASEAN countries was somewhat below average regionally for the economic and political domains. Bruneian students scored the highest of all primary universities in viewing ASEAN membership as beneficial to their own country and amongst the highest in seeing their country's membership as being beneficial to them personally, though when measured in terms of strong agreement (ASEAN enthusiasm), they score closer to average for the region. Overall, Bruneian students held positive views of ASEAN, common to students in the region generally. With respect to the view of Brunei held by students from other countries, as in the 2007 survey, it remains overall the least salient country generally to students from elsewhere. The tendency to report Brunei as a possible destination for work dropped somewhat in the 2014 survey, particular in Indonesia, though it remained at more than 10 per cent in both Singapore and Malaysia.
Cambodian students from the Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP) remained among the strongest “ASEAN enthusiasts” amongst primary university students. They remain among the most oriented toward seeing themselves as citizens of ASEAN (two-thirds “strongly agree”) and in wanting to learn about other ASEAN countries (90 per cent “strongly agreeing”). They also displayed better objective knowledge of the region as compared to the 2007 survey, with substantially higher percentages of students who could identify the ASEAN flag and year of founding, though their cartographic knowledge remained somewhat below regional averages. In both the 2007 and 2014 surveys, Cambodian students tended to see ASEAN members as similar culturally, dissimilar economically, and were evenly divided on whether ASEAN countries are similar politically.