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Chapter 35 - TOE for Miscellaneous Conditions

from Section 7 - Transoesophageal Echocardiography

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 May 2020

Joseph Arrowsmith
Affiliation:
Royal Papworth Hospital, Cambridge
Andrew Roscoe
Affiliation:
Singapore General Hospital
Jonathan Mackay
Affiliation:
Royal Papworth Hospital, Cambridge
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Summary

An ASD is a common congenital cardiac lesion, comprising 6–10% of such anomalies at birth, although diagnosis may not occur until adulthood. The lesion may present as an atrial arrhythmia, paradoxical embolic stroke or exercise limitation secondary to RV volume overload. ASDs may be single or multiple and are associated with additional cardiac lesions in 30% of cases.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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References

Further Reading

Bruce, CJ. Cardiac tumours: diagnosis and management. Heart 2011; 97: 151–60.Google Scholar
Goldstein, SA, Evangelista, A, Abbara, S, et al. Multimodality imaging of diseases of the thoracic aorta in adults. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2015; 28: 119–82.Google Scholar
Hara, H, Virmani, R, Ladich, E, et al. Patent foramen ovale: current pathology, pathophysiology, and clinical status. J Am Coll Cardiol 2005; 46: 1768–76.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Klein, AL, Abbara, S, Agler, DA, et al. American Society of Echocardiography clinical recommendations for multimodality cardiovascular imaging of patients with pericardial disease. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2013; 26: 9651012.Google Scholar
Mankad, R, Herrmann, J. Cardiac tumors: echo assessment. Echo Res Pract 2016; 3: R65–77.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Methangkool, E, Howard-Quijano, K, Ho, JK, et al. Infective endocarditis: the importance of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography. Anesth Analg 2014; 119: 3540.Google Scholar
Saric, M, Armour, AC, Arnaout, MS, et al. Guidelines for the use of echocardiography in the evaluation of a cardiac source of embolism. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2016; 29: 142.Google Scholar
Silvestry, FE, Cohen, MS, Armsby, LB, et al. Guidelines for the echocardiographic assessment of atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2015; 28: 910–58.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

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