Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-9th95 Total loading time: 1.064 Render date: 2022-11-29T22:01:45.355Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true


Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 February 2021

Peter M. Gerhart
Case Western Reserve University, Ohio
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Adler, (2010): Adler, Barry E., Contract Law and the Willfulness Diversion, in Ben-Shahar, Omri and Porat (eds.), Ariel, Fault In American Contract Law (Cambridge University Press 2010).Google Scholar
Alexander, & Sherwin, (2001): Alexander, Larry & Sherwin, Emily, The Rule of Rules: Morality, Rules, & the Dilemmas of Law (Duke University Press 2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anderson, (1987a): Anderson, Roy Ryden, Damages for Sellers Under the Code’s Profit Formula, 40 Sw L. J. 1021 (1987).Google Scholar
Anderson, (1987b): Anderson, Roy Ryden, Incidental and Consequential Damages, 7 J. Law and Comm. 327 (1987).Google Scholar
Atiyah, (1981): Atiyah, P. S., Promises, Morals, and Law (Oxford University, Clarendon 1981).Google Scholar
Atiyah, (1986): Atiyah, P. S., Essays on Contract (Oxford University, Clarendon 1986).Google Scholar
Ayres, & Gertner, (1989): Ayres, Ian & Gertner, Robert, Filling Gaps in Incomplete Contracts: An Economic Theory of Default Rules, Vol. 99 Yale L.J. 87 (1989–90).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bagchi, (2018): Bagchi, Aditi, Contract and the Problem of Fickle People, 53 Wake Forest L. Rev. 101 (2018).Google Scholar
Bagachi, (2019): Bagchi, Aditi, Risk-Averse Contract Interpretation, 82 L. and Cont. Prob. 1 (2019).Google Scholar
Baird, , Gertner, , & Picker, (1994): Baird, Robert G., Gertner, Robert H., & Picker, Randal C., Game Theory and the Law (Harvard University Press 1994).Google Scholar
Baird, (2013): Baird, Douglas G., Reconstructing Contracts (Harvard University Press 2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baker, , Gibbons, , & Murphy, (2002): Baker, George, Gibbons, Robert, & Murphy, Kevin J., Relational Contracts and the Theory of the Firm, 117 O. J. Econ. 39 (2002).Google Scholar
Balganesh, & Parchomovsky, (2015): Balganesh, Shyamkrishna & Parchomovsky, Gideon, Structure and Value in Common Law, 163 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1241 (2015).Google Scholar
Bar-Gill, & Ben-Shahar, (2004): Bar Gill, Oren & Ben-Shahar, Omri, The Law of Duress and The Economics of Credible Threats, 33 J Leg. Stud. 391 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bar-Gill, , Ben-Shahar, , & Marotta-Wurgler, (2017): Bar-Gill, Oren, Ben-Shahar, Omri, & Marotta-Wurgler, Florencia, Searching for Common Law: The Quantitative Approach of the Restatement of Consumer Contracts, 84 U.Chi. L. Rev. 7 (2017).Google Scholar
Barnett, (1986a): Barnett, Randy E., A Consent Theory of Contracts, 86 Colum. L. Rev. 269 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnett, (1986b): Barnett, Randy E., Contract Remedies and Inalienable Rights, 4 Soc. Phil. & Policy 179 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnett, (1996): Barnett, Randy E., The Death of Reliance, 46 J. Leg. Ed. 518 (1996).Google Scholar
Barnett, & Becker, (1987): Barnett, Randy E. & Becker, Mary E., Beyond Reliance: Promissory Estoppel, Contract Formalities, and Misrepresentations, 15 Hofstra L. Rev. 443 (1987).Google Scholar
Becher, (2007–2008): Shmuel I. Becher, Behavioral Science and Consumer Standard Form Contracts, 68 La. L. Rev. 117 (2007–2008).Google Scholar
Ben-Shahar, & Porat, (2010): Ben-Shahar, Omri & Porat, Ariel, Fault in American Contract Law (Cambridge University Press 2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ben-Shahar, & Schneider, (2014): Omri Ben-Shahar & Carl E. Schneider, The Failure of Mandated Disclosure (Princeton University Press 2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berman, & Toh, (2013): Berman, Mitchell N. & Toh, Kevin, Pluralistic Nonoriginalism and the Combinability Problem, 91 Tex L. Rev. 1739 (2013).Google Scholar
Benson, (2001): Benson, Peter, The Unity of Contract Law, in Benson, Peter, The Theory of Contract Law: New Essays (Cambridge University Press 2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bernstein, (1992): Bernstein, Lisa, Opting Out of the Legal System: Extralegal Contractual Relations in the Diamond Industry, 21 J. of L. Stud. 115 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bernstein, (2016): Lisa Bernstein, Beyond Relational Contracts: Social Capital and Network Governance in Procurement Contracts, 7 J. L. Anal. 561 (2016).Google Scholar
Binmore, (2005): Binmore, Kenneth, Natural Justice (Oxford University Press 2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bix, (2012): Bix, Brian, Contract Law: Rules, Theory, and Context (Cambridge University Press 2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bolton, & Dewatripont, (2005): Patrick, Bolton & Dewatripont, Mathias, Contract Theory (MIT Press 2005).Google Scholar
Bratman, (2015): Michael Bratman, Shared Agency: A Planning Theory of Acting Together, 172 Phil. Studies 3375 (2015).Google Scholar
Braucher, (2012): Braucher, Jean, The Sacred and the Profane Contracts Machine: The Complex Morality of Contract Law in Action 45 Suff. L. Rev. 666 (2012).Google Scholar
Bridgeman, (2020): Bridgeman, Curtis, Twenty-First Century Contract Law Is a Law of Agreements, Not Debts: A Response to Lewinsohn, 129 Yale L. J. 535 (2020).Google Scholar
Brudner, and Nadler, (2013): Brudner, Alan & Nadler, Jennifer M., The Unity of the Common Law (Oxford University Press 2013).ernsCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burton, (1980): Burton, Steven J., Breach of Contract and the Common Law Duty to Perform in Good Faith, 94 Harv. Law Rev. 369 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burton, (1981): Burton, Steven J., Good Faith Performance of a Contract Within Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial Code, 67 Iowa L. Rev. 1 (1981).Google Scholar
Burton, (1984): Burton, Steven J., More on Good Faith Performance of a Contract: A Reply to Professor Summers, 69 Iowa L. Rev. 497 (1984).Google Scholar
Chen-Wisehart, (2013): Chen-Wisehart, Mindy, In Defense of Consideration, 13 Oxford U Commonwealth L. J. 209 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Childress, & Burgess, (1973): Childress, Robert & Burgess, Robert K., Seller Remedies: The Primacy of UCC 2–708 (2), 49 N. U. L. Rev. 833 (1973).Google Scholar
Cohen, (2011): Cohen, George M., Interpretation and Implied Terms in Contract Law, in Vol. III (The Regulation of Contracts) Encyclopedia of Law and Economics, 2d ed. (Edward Elgar Press; Gerrit De Geest ed. 2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connelly, , Crook, , Combs, , Ketchen, , & Aguinis, (2018): Connelly, Brian L., Russell Crook, T., Combs, James G., Ketchen, David J., Jr. & Aguinis, Herman, Competency and Integrity Based Trust in Interorganizational Relationships: Which Matters More? 44 J. Mgt. 919 (2018).Google Scholar
Cooter, (1982): Cooter, Robert, The Cost of Coase, 11 J. of Legal Studies 1 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cooter, (1984): Cooter, Robert, Prices and Sanctions, 84 Colum L Rev. 1523 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cooter, and Eisenberg, (1985): Cooter, Robert & Eisenberg, Melvin Aron, Damages for Breach of Contract, 73 Cal. L. Rev. 1434 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Corbin, (1917–1918): Corbin, Arthur, Does a Pre-Existing Duty Defeat Consideration, 27 Yale. L. J. 362 (1917–1918).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crawford, (1982): Crawford, Vincent P., A Theory of Disagreement in Bargaining, 50 Econometrica 607 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crawford, (2013): Crawford, Vincent P., Boundedly Rational Versus Optimization-Based Models of Strategic Thinking and Learning in Games, 51 J. Econ. Lit. 512 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dixit, & Skeath, (2004): Dixit, Avanish & Susan, Skeath, Games and Strategy (W. W. Norton, 2nd ed. 2004).Google Scholar
Dobbins, (2005): Dobbins, Teri J., Losing Faith: Extracting the Implied Covenant of Good Faith from (Some) Contracts, 84 Or. L. Rev. 227 (2005).Google Scholar
Dubroff, (2006): Dubroff, Harold, The Implied Covenant of Good Faith in Contract Interpretation and Gap Filling: Reviling a Revered Relic, 80 St. John’s L. Rev. 559 (2006).Google Scholar
Duesenberg, (1973): Duesenberg, Richard W., General Provisions, Sales, Bulk Transfers, and Documents of Title, 28 Bus. Law. 805 (1973).Google Scholar
Dworkin, (1986): Dworkin, Ronald, Law’s Empire (Harvard University Press 1986).Google Scholar
Dworkin, (2011): Dworkin, Ronald, Justice for Hedgehogs (Harvard University Press 2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dworkin, (2013): Taking Rights Seriously (Harvard University Press, 2d ed. 2013).Google Scholar
Eggleston, , Posner, , & Zeckhauser, (2000): Eggleston, Karen, Posner, Eric A., & Zeckhauser, Richard, The Design and Interpretation of Contracts: Why Complexity Matters, 95 Nw. L. Rev. 91 (2000).Google Scholar
Eisenberg, (2001): Eisenberg, Melvin A., A Theory of Contracts, in Benson, Peter (ed.), The Theory of Contract Law: New Essays (Cambridge University Press 2001).Google Scholar
Eisenberg, (2002): Eisenberg, Melvin A., The Duty to Rescue in Contract Law, 71 Fordham L. Rev. 647 (2002).Google Scholar
Eisenberg, (2009): Eisenberg, Melvin A., Impossibility, Impracticability, and Frustration, 1 J. of Leg. Analysis 207 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eisenberg, (2013): Eisenberg, Melvin A., Conflicting Formulas for Measuring Expectation Damages, 45 Ariz L. Rev. 369 (2013).Google Scholar
Ellickson, (1994): Ellickson, Robert C., Order without Law (Harvard University Press 1994).Google Scholar
Farber, & Matheson, (1985): Farber, Daniel A. & Matheson, John H., Beyond Promissory Estoppel: Contract Law and the “Invisible Handshake,” 52 U. Chi. L. Rev. (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Farnsworth, (1963): Allen Farnsworth, E., Good Faith Performance and Commercial Reasonableness under the Uniform Commercial Code, U. Chi. L. Rev. 666 (1963).Google Scholar
Farrell, (1987): Farrell, Joseph, Information and the Coase Theorem, 1 J. Econ. Perspectives 113 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Feinman, (2015): Feinman, Jay M., The Duty of Good Faith: A Perspective on Contemporary Contract Law, 66 Hast L. J. 937 (2015)Google Scholar
Finnis, (1980): Finnis, John, Natural Law and Natural Rights (Oxford University, Clarendon 1980).Google Scholar
Fried, (2012): Fried, Barbara, The Limits of a Nonconsequentialist Approach to Torts, 18 Legal Theory 231 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fried, (1981): Fried, Charles, Contract as Promise: A Theory of Contractual Obligation (Harvard University Press 1981).Google Scholar
Frydlinger, , Hart, , & Vitasek, (2019): Frydlinger, David, Hart, Oliver, & Vitasek, Kate, A New Approach to Contracts: How to Build Better Long-Term Strategic Partnerships, September-October Harvard Bus. Rev. (2019).Google Scholar
Fuller, & Perdue, (1936): Fuller, Lon L. & Perdue, William F. Jr., The Reliance Interest in Contract Damages, 46 Yale L.J. 52 (1936).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fuller, (1941): Fuller, Lon L., Consideration and Form, 41 Colum. L. Rev. 779 (1941).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Geis, (2008): Geis, George S., Economics as Context for Contract Law, 75 Chi L. Rev. 569, (2008).Google Scholar
Gergen, (1992): Gergen, Mark P., The Use of Open Ended Terms in Contracts, 92 Colum. L. Rev. 997 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerhart, (2010): Gerhart, Peter M., Tort Law and Social Morality (Cambridge University Press 2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerhart, (2014): Gerhart, Peter M., Property Law and Social Morality (Cambridge University Press 2014).Google Scholar
Gerhart, & Kostritsky, (2015): Gerhart, Peter M. & Kotritsky, Juliet P., Efficient Contextualism, 76 U. Pitt L. Rev. 509 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gil, & Marion, (2013): Gil, Richard & Marion, Justin, Self-Enforcing Contracts and Relational Contracting: Evidence from California Highway Procurement, 29 J. L. Econ. & Org. 239 (2012).Google Scholar
Gilmore, (1974): Gilmore, Grant, The Death of Contract (Ohio State University Press 1974, with 2d ed. in 1995).Google Scholar
Gilo, & Porat, (2005–2006): David Gilo & Ariel Porat, The Hidden Rules of Boilerplate and Standard Form Contracts: Strategic Imposition of Transaction Costs, Segmentation of Consumers and Anticompetitive Effects, 104 Mich L. Rev. 983 (2005–2006).Google Scholar
Gilson, , Sabel, , & Scott, (2013): Ronald J. Gilson, Charles F. Sabel, & Robert E. Scott, Contract and Innovation: The Limited Role of Generalist Courts in the Evolution of Novel Contractual Forms, 88 N.Y.U L. Rev 170 (2013).Google Scholar
Goetz, & Scott, (1980): Goetz, Charles J. & Scott, Robert E., Enforcing Promises: An Examination of the Basis of Contract, 89 Yale. L. J. 261 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goetz, & Scott, (1981): Goetz, Charles J. & Scott, Robert E., Principles of Relational Contracts, 67 Va. L. Rev. 1089 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldberg, (2006): Goldberg, Victor P., Framing Contract Law (Harvard University Press 2006).Google Scholar
Goldberg, (2010): Goldberg, Victor P., Excuse Doctrine: The Eisenberg Uncertainty Principle, 2 J. Legal Analysis 359 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldberg, (2015): Goldberg, Victor P., Rethinking Jacob and Youngs v. Kent, 66 Case W. Law. Rev. 111 (2015).Google Scholar
Goldberg, (2017): Goldberg, Victor, The Lost Volume Seller, R.I.P., 3 Criterion Journal of Innovation, 205 (2017).Google Scholar
Goldberg, (2018): Goldberg, Victor P., Reckoning Contract Damages: Valuation of the Contract as an Asset, 75 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 301 (2018).Google Scholar
Goldberg, (2019): Rethinking the Law of Contract Damages (Elgar Press 2019).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gordley, (1997): Gordley, James, Contract and Delict: Toward a Unified Law of Obligations, 1 Edin. L. Rev. 345 (1997).Google Scholar
Gordley, (2001): Gordley, James, Contract Law in the Aristotelian Tradition in Benson, Peter (ed.), The Theory of Contract Law (Cambridge University Press 2001).Google Scholar
Gordley, (2004): Gordley, James, Impossibility and Changed and Unforeseen Circumstances, 52 Am. J. Comp. Lit. 513 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gordley, (2012): Gordley, James, Consideration in Jan M. Smits (ed.), Elgar Encyclopedia of Comparative Law (Elgar 2nd ed. 2012).Google Scholar
Gordley, (2020): James Gordley, The Myth of “Expectation Interest,” 52 U. Pac. L Rev. __ (2020).Google Scholar
Graham, & Peirce, (1989): Daniel A. Graham & Ellen Peirce, Contract Modification: An Economic Analysis of the Holdout Game, 52 Law and Cont. Prob. (1989).Google Scholar
Hart, (1961): H. L. A. Hart, The Concept of the Law (Oxford University Press 1961).Google Scholar
Hart, (1994): H. L. A. Hart, The Concept of the Law (Oxford University Press 2d ed. 1994).Google Scholar
Hart, (2017): Oliver Hart, Incomplete Contracts and Control, 107 Am. Econ. Rev. 1731, (2017).Google Scholar
Hartsad, & Selten, (2013): Harstad, Ronald M. & Selten, Reinhard, Bounded-Rationality Models: Tasks to Become Intellectually Competitive, 51 J. Econ. Lit. 496 (2013).Google Scholar
Hecke, (1961): Van Hecke, M. T., Changing Emphasis in Specific Performance, 40 N. Car. L. Rev. 1 (1961).Google Scholar
Hershkovitz, (2014–2015): Scott, Hershkovitz, The End of Jurisprudence, 124 Yale L.J. 1160 (2014–2015).Google Scholar
Hillman, (1997): Hillman, Robert A., The Richness of Contract Law: An Analysis of Critique of Contemporary Theories of Contract Law (Springer 1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hirschman, (1970): Hirschman, A. O., Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Responses to the Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States (Harvard University Press 1970).Google Scholar
Holmes, (1881): Holmes, Oliver Wendell, The Common Law (Little, Brown, and Co. 1881).Google Scholar
Holmes, (1897): Holmes, Oliver Wendell, The Path of the Law, 10 Harv. L. Rev. 457 (1897).Google Scholar
Hume, (1739): David Hume, A Treatise on Human Nature, Book III, Pt. II, Ch 5. (1739) (Dover Ed. 1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jennejohn, (2018): Jennejohn, Matthew, The Architecture of Contract Innovation, 59 Boston College L. Rev. 71 (2018).Google Scholar
Kant, (1785): Kant, Immanuel, Groundwork for the Metaphysic of Morals (H. J. Paton, trans., Harper and Row 1964 (1785).Google Scholar
Kaplow, (1992): Kaplow, Louis, Rules Versus and Standards: An Economic Analysis, 42 Duke L. J. 557 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kar, (2016): Bradley Kar, Robin, The Empowerment Theory of Contracts, 83 U. Chi L. Rev, 759 (2016).Google Scholar
Kar, & Radin, (2019): Bradley Kar, Robin & Jane Radin, Margaret, Pseudo-Contracts and Shared Meaning Analysis, 132 Harv. L. Rev. 1135 (2019).Google Scholar
Kastner, (2010): Kastner, Tal, The Persisting Ideal of Agreement in an Age of Boilerplate, 35 Law & Soc. Inquiry, 793 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Katz, (2012): Katz, Avery, Virtue Ethics and Efficient Breach, 45 Suff. L. Rev. (2012).Google Scholar
Kaczorowski, (1990): Kaczorowski, Robert J., The Common Law Background of Nineteenth Century Tort Law, 51 Ohio St. L. Rev. (1990).Google Scholar
Kelson, (1945): Kelsen, Hans, General Theory of Law and the State (Harvard University Press 1945).Google Scholar
Kennedy, (1976): Kennedy, Duncan, Form and Substance in Private Law Adjudication, 89 Harv. L. Rev. 685 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, (2013): Kim, Nancy S., Wrap Contracts: Foundations and Ramifications (Oxford University Press 2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, (2019): Kim, Nancy S., Contestability: Consent and its Limits (Cambridge University Press 2019).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kimel, (2014): Kimel, Dori, Personal Autonomy and Change of Mind in Promise and Contracts, in Klass, Gregory, Letsas, George, & Saprai, Prince (eds.), Philosophical Foundations of Contract Law (Oxford University Press 2014).Google Scholar
Kirst, (1977): Kirst, Roger W., Usage of Trade and Course of Dealing: Subversion of the UCC Theory, 1977 U. Ill. L. Forum 811 (1977).Google Scholar
Klass, (2008): Klass, Gregory, Duty, Power, and Compound Rules, 83 N.Y. U. L. Rev. 1726 (2008).Google Scholar
Klass, , Letsas, , & Saprai, (2014): Klass, Gregory, Letsas, George, & Saprai, Prince (eds.), Philosophical Foundations Contract Law (Oxford University Press 2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klass, (2019): Klass, Gregory, Empiricism and Privacy Policies in the Restatement of Consumer Contract Law, Yale J of Reg. Blog (2019), the-restatemen-of-consumer-contract-law.Google Scholar
Koch, (1972): Koch, Howard, Casablanca: Script and Legend (The Overlook Press 1972).Google Scholar
Knapp, (1998): Knapp, Charles L., Rescuing Reliance: The Perils of Promissory Estoppel, 49 Hastings L.J. 1191 (1998).Google Scholar
Korobkin, (2003): Korobkin, Russell, Bounded Rationality, Standard Form Contracts, and Unconsionability, 70 U. Chi L. Rev. 1203 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Korsgarrd, (1996): Korsgaard, Christine M., Creating the Kingdom of Ends (Cambridge University Press 1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kostritsky, (1987): Kostritsky, Juliet P., A New Theory of Assent-Based Liability Emerging under the Guise of Promissory Estoppel: An Explanation and Defense, 33 Wayne L. Rev. 895 (1987).Google Scholar
Kostritsky, (2018–2019): Kostritsky, Juliet P., A Bargaining Dynamic Transaction Cost Approach to Understanding Framework Contracts, 68 Am. U. L. Rev. 1621 (2018–2019).Google Scholar
Kostritsky, (2007): Juliet P. Kostritsky, Plain Meaning vs. Broad Interpretation: How the Risk of Opportunism Defeats a Unitary Default Rule for Interpretation, 96 Ky. L. J. 43 (2007–2008).Google Scholar
Kraus, (1993): Kraus, Jody S., The Limits of Hobbesian Contractualism (Cambridge University Press 1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kraus, (1997): Kraus, Jody S., Political Liberalism and Truth, 5 J. Legal Theory 45 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kraus, (1997): Kraus, Jody S., Legal Design and the Evolution of Commercial Norms, 26 J. L. Stud. 377 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kraus, (2000): Kraus, Jody S., Reconciling Autonomy and Efficiency in Contract Law: The Vertical Integration Strategy, Philosophical Issues, supplement to Nous, vol. 11. Issue 1 (2000). Scholar
Kraus, (2007): Kraus, Jody S., Transparency and Determinacy in Common Law Adjudication: A Philosophical Defense of Explanatory Economic Analysis, 93 Va. L. Va. 287 (2007).Google Scholar
Kraus, (2008): Kraus, Jody S., From Langdell to Law and Economics, Two Conceptions of Stare Decisis in Contract, 94 Va. Rev. 157 (2008).Google Scholar
Kraus, & Walt, (2000): Kraus, Jody S. & Walt, Steven D., In Defense of the Incorporation Strategy, in The Jurisprudential Foundations of Corporate and Commercial Law (Cambridge University Press 2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kreitner, (2011–2012): Kreitner, Roy, On New Pluralism in Contract Theory, 45 Suff. U.L. Rev. 915 (2011–2012).Google Scholar
Kronman, (1978): Kronman, Anthony T., Specific Performance, 45 Chi. L. Rev. 351 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leff, (1967): Leff, Arthur, Unconsionability and the Code – The Emperor’s New Clause, 115 U. Penn. L. Rev. 485 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Levitin, , Kim, , Kuntz, , Linzer, , McCoy, , Moringiello, , Renuart, , & Willis, (2019): Levitin, Adam J., Kim, Nancy S., Kunz, Christina L., Linzer, Peter, McCoy, Patricia A., Moringiello, Juliet M., Elizabeth A., Renuart, & Willis, Lauren E, The Replication Crisis of the Draft Restatement of Consumer Contracts, Yale J. of Reg. and Blog (2019). Scholar
Lewinsohn, (2020): Lewinsohn, Jed, Paid on Both Sides, Quid Pro Quo Exchange and The Doctrine of Consideration, 129 Yale L.J. 690 (2020).Google Scholar
Listokin, (2010): Listokin, Yair, Bayesian Contractual Interpretation, 39 J. Legal Stud. 359 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Listwa, (2019): Listwa, D. B., Cooperative Covenants: Good Faith for the Alternative Entity, 24 Stan. J. of L. Bus. and Fin. 137 (2019).Google Scholar
Llewellyn, (1960): Llewellyn, Karl N., The Common Law Tradition: Deciding Appeals (Little, Brown & Co. 1960).Google Scholar
Lonegrass, (2012): Lonegrass, Melissa T., Finding Room for Fairness in Formalism – The Sliding Scale Approach to Unconsionability, 44 Loy. Chi. L. J. 1 (2012).Google Scholar
Macaulay, (1963): Macaulay, Stewart, Non-Contractual Relations in Business: A Preliminary Study, 28 Am. Sociol. Rev. 55 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Macaulay, (1985): Macaulay, Stewart, An Empirical View of Contract, 1985 Wis. L. Rev. 465 (1985).Google Scholar
Macneil, (1977–1978): Macneil, Ian R., Contracts: Adjustment of Long-Term Economic Relations under Classical, Neoclassical, and Relational Contract Law, 72 NW U. L. Rev. 854, 905 (1977–1978).Google Scholar
Markovits, (2003–2004): Markovits, Daniel, Contract and Collaboration, 113 Yale L. Rev. 1417 (2003–2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martin, (2016): Jennifer S. Martin, Opportunistic Resales and the Uniform Commercial Code, 2016 U. Ill. L.Rev. 488 (2016).Google Scholar
Maute, (1994): Maute, Judith, Peveyhouse v. Garland Coal & Mining Co. Revisited: The Ballad of Willie and Lucille, 89 Nw. L. Rev. 1341 (1994).Google Scholar
Mischkowsky, , Stone, , & Stremitzer, (2019): Mischkowsky, Dorothee, Stone, Rebecca, & Stremitzer, Alexander, Promises, Expectations, and Social Cooperation, 62 J. L. and Econ. 687 (2019).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moore, (1990): Moore, Michael S., A Theory of Criminal Law Theories, 10 Tel Aviv U. Stud. in L. 731 (1990).Google Scholar
Muris, (1980): Muris, Timothy J., Opportunistic Behavior and the Law of Contracts, 65 Minn. L Rev. 521 (1980).Google Scholar
Nance, (2006): Nance, Dale A., Rules, Standards, and the Internal Point of View, 75 Fordham L. Rev (2006).Google Scholar
Note (1999): Note, Sympathy, Community, and Promising: Adam Smith’s Case for Reviving Moral Consideration, 66 Chi L. Rev. 213 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Neill, (1989): O’Neill, Onora, Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant’s Practical Philosophy (Cambridge University Press 1989).Google Scholar
Peters, (1963): Peters, Ellen A., Remedies for Breach of Contracts Relating to the Sale of Goods under the Uniform Commercial Code: A Roadmap for Article Two, 73 Yale L. J. 199 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Posner, (1977): Posner, Richard A., Gratuitous Promises in Economics and Law, 6 J. Legal Stud. 410 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Posner, (1985): Posner, Richard A., The Law and Economics of Contract Interpretation, 83 Tex. L. Rev. 1581 (2005),Google Scholar
Rabin, (2013): Rabin, Matthew, Incorporating Limited Rationality into Economics, 51 J. Econ. Lit. 528 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rakoff, (2006): Rakoff, Todd, Good Faith in Contract Performance: Market Street Associates, Ltd. v. Frey, 120 Harv. L Rev. 1187 (2006).Google Scholar
Rawls, (1971): Rawls, John, A Theory of Justice (Harvard University Press 1971).Google Scholar
Raz, (2009): Joseph Raz, Between Authority and Interpretation (Oxford University Press 2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sanga, (2018): Sanga, Sarath, Incomplete Contracts: An Empirical Approach, 34 J L. Econ. and Org. 650 (2018).Google Scholar
Scanlon, (1990): Scanlon, Tom, Practices and Promises, 19 Phil. & Pub. Aff. 199 (1990).Google Scholar
Scanlon, (1998): Scanlon, Tom, What We Owe Each Other (Cambridge University Press 1998).Google Scholar
Scanlon, (2001): Scanlon, T. M., Promises and Contracts, in Peter, Benson (ed.), The Theory of Contract Law: New Essays (Cambridge University Press 2001).Google Scholar
Schilke, & Cook, (2005): Schilke, Oliver & Cook, Karen S., Sources of Alliance Partners Trustworthiness: Integrating Calculative and Relational Perspectives, 36 Strategic Management J. 276 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schilke, & Lumineau, (2018): Schilke, Oliver & Lumineau, Fabrice, The Double-Edge Effect of Contracts on Alliance Performance, 44 J. Mgt. 2827 (2018).Google Scholar
Schwartz, (1979): Schwartz, Alan, The Case for Specific Performance, 89 Yale. L. J. 271 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schwartz, (1993): Alan Schwartz, The Default Rule Paradigm and The Limits of Contract Law, 3 S. Cal. Interdics.L. J. 389 (1993)Google Scholar
Schwartz, (2019): Schwartz, Alan, Keynote Address: Modern Supply Chains and Outmoded Contract Law, 68 Am. U. L. Rev. 1503 (2019).Google Scholar
Schwartz, & Scott, (2003): 113 Schwartz, Alan & Scott, Robert E., Contract Theory and the Limits of Contract Law, Yale Law J. 541 (2003).Google Scholar
Schwartz, & Scott, (2016): Schwartz, Alan & Scott, Robert, The Common Law of Contract and the Default Rule Project, 102 Va. L. Rev. 1523 (2016).Google Scholar
Scott, (1990): Scott, Robert E., A Relational Theory of Default Rules for Commercial Contracts, 19 J. Leg Stud. 597 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scott, & Leslie, (1993): Robert E. Scott & Douglas L. Leslie, Contract Law and Theory (Michie & Co. 1993).Google Scholar
Scott, & Triantis, (2009): Scott, Robert E. & Triantis, George G., Embedded Options and the Case against Compensation in Contract Law, 2004 Colum. L. Rev. 1429 (2004).Google Scholar
Shavell, (1980): Shavell, Steven, Damage Measures for Breach of Contract, 1 Bell J. Econ. 466 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shapiro, (2011): Shapiro, Scott J., Legality (Harvard University Press 2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shell, (1991): Richard Shell, G., Opportunism and Trust in the Negotiation of Commercial Contracts: Toward a New Cause of Action, 44 Vand. L. Rev., 221 (1991).Google Scholar
Shiffrin, (2007): Shiffrin, Seana, The Divergence of Contract and Promise, 120 Harv. L. Rev. 708 (2007).Google Scholar
Simon, (1996): Herbert A. Simon, The Sciences of the Artificial (MIT Press 1996).Google Scholar
Slawson, (1971): David W. Slawson, Standard Form Contracts and Democratic Control of Lawmaking Power, 84 Harv. L Rev, 529 (1971).Google Scholar
Slawson, (1984): Slawson, David W., The New Meaning of Contract: The Transformation of Contracts Law by Standard Forms, 46 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 21 (1984).Google Scholar
Slawson, (1996): Slawson, David W., Binding Promises: The Late Twentieth Century Reformation of Contract Law (Princeton University Press 1996).Google Scholar
Smith, (1758): Smith, Adam, The Theory of Moral Sentiments (Raphael, D. D and Macfie, A.L (eds.) (Liberty Classics 1982).Google Scholar
Smith, (1762–1763): Smith, Adam, Lectures on Jurisprudence (Meek, R. L., Raphael, D. D., & Stein, L G. (eds.), (Liberty Classics 1982).Google Scholar
Smith, (2012): Smith, Henry E., On the Economy of Concepts in Property, 160 U. Penn L. Rev. 2097 (2012).Google Scholar
Smith, (2004): Smith, Stephen A., Contract Theory (Oxford University Press 2004).Google Scholar
Steinman, (2013): Steinman, Adam N., To Say What the Law Is: Rules, Results, and the Dangers of Inferential Stare Decisis, 99 Va. L Rev. 1 (2013).Google Scholar
Stone, (2016): Rebecca Stone, , Economic Analysis of Contract Law from the Internal Point of View, 116 Colum. L. Rev. 2005, (2016).Google Scholar
Stone, & Stremitzer, (2019): Stone, Rebecca & Stremitzer, Alexander, Promises, Reliance, and Psychological Lock-In (December 2, 2019). UCLA School of Law, Law-Econ Research Paper No. 15–17. Available at SSRN: Scholar
Summers, (1968): Summers, Robert S., Good Faith in General Contract Law and the Sales Provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code, 54 Va. L. Rev. 195 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Summers, (1982): Summers, Robert S., The General Duty of Good Faith – Its Recognition and Conceptualization, 67 Corn. L. Rev. 819 (1982).Google Scholar
Taylor, & Plambeck, (2007): Taylor, Terry & Plambeck, Erica, Supply Chain Relationships and Contracts: The Impact of Repeated Interaction on Capacity Investment and Procurement, 53 Manag. Sci. 1577 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thel, and Siegelmen, (2010): Thel, Steve and Siegelman, Peter, Willful Breach: An Efficient Screen for Efficient Breach, in Ben-Shahar, Omri and Ariel, Porat (eds.), Fault in American Contract Law (Cambridge University Press 2010).Google Scholar
Turner, (2001): Turner, Paul S., Consequential Damages: Hadley v. Baxendale Under the Uniform Commercial Code, 54 S.M.U. L. Rev 655 (2001).Google Scholar
Villanueva, (2002): Villanueva, Enrique (ed.), Legal and Political Philosophy: Social, Legal & Political Philosophy 385 (Rodopi Phil. Studies 2002).Google Scholar
Wagner, (2019): Wendy E. Wagner, Incomprehensible (Cambridge University Press 2019).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
White, & Mansfield, (2002): White, Alan M & Mansfield, Kathy Lesser, Literacy and Contract, 13 Stan. L. & Pol’y Rev. 233 (2002).Google Scholar
White, & Summers, (2010): White, James J. & Summers, Robert S., Uniform Commercial Code 6th Ed. (West Academic Publishing 2010).Google Scholar
Willis, (2015): Lauren Willis, Performance-Based Consumer Law, 82 Chi. L. Rev. (2015).Google Scholar
Williamson, (1975): Williamson, Oliver, Market and Hierarchies, Analysis and Antitrust Implications (The Free Press 1975).Google Scholar
Williamson, (1985): Williamson, Oliver E., The Economic Institutions of Capitalism (Free Press 1985).Google Scholar
Williston, (1920): Williston, Samuel, The Law of Contracts (Baker, Voorhis, & Company 1920).Google Scholar
Yee, (2001): Yee, Woo Lei, Protecting Parties’ Reasonable Expectations: A General Principle of Good Faith, 1 Oxford U. Commonwealth L. J. 195 (2001).Google Scholar
Zacks, (2016): Eric A Zacks, The Restatement (Second) of Contract §211, Unfulfilled Expectations and the Future of Modern Standardized Consumer Contracts, 7 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 733 (2016).Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

  • References
  • Peter M. Gerhart, Case Western Reserve University, Ohio
  • Book: Contract Law and Social Morality
  • Online publication: 04 February 2021
  • Chapter DOI:
Available formats

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

  • References
  • Peter M. Gerhart, Case Western Reserve University, Ohio
  • Book: Contract Law and Social Morality
  • Online publication: 04 February 2021
  • Chapter DOI:
Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • References
  • Peter M. Gerhart, Case Western Reserve University, Ohio
  • Book: Contract Law and Social Morality
  • Online publication: 04 February 2021
  • Chapter DOI:
Available formats