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OF THE ROOTS

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 April 2011

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105. There are in Sanscrit, and the languages which are akin to it, two classes of roots: from the one, which is by far the more numerous, spring verbs, and nouns (substantives and adjectives) which stand in fraternal connection with the verbs, not in the relation of descent from them, not begotten by them, but sprung from the same shoot with them. We term them, nevertheless, for the sake of distinction, and according to prevailing custom, Verbal Roots; and the verb, too, stands in close formal connection with them, because from many roots each person of the present is formed by simply adding the requisite personal termination. From the second class spring pronouns, all original prepositions, conjunctions, and particles: we name them Pronominal Roots, because they all express a pronominal idea, which, in the prepositions, conjunctions, and particles, lies more or less concealed. No simple pronouns can be carried back, either according to their meaning or their form, to any thing more general, but their declension-theme (or inflective base) is at the same time their root. The Indian Grammarians, however, derive all words, the pronouns included from verbal roots, although the majority of pronominal bases, even in a formal respect, are opposed to such a derivation, because they, for the most part, end with a: one, indeed, consists simply of a.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2010
First published in: 1843

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  • OF THE ROOTS
  • Franz Bopp
  • Edited by H.H. Wilson
  • Translated by Edward B. Eastwick
  • Book: A Comparative Grammar of the Sanscrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic Languages
  • Online publication: 04 April 2011
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511704505.004
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  • OF THE ROOTS
  • Franz Bopp
  • Edited by H.H. Wilson
  • Translated by Edward B. Eastwick
  • Book: A Comparative Grammar of the Sanscrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic Languages
  • Online publication: 04 April 2011
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511704505.004
Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

  • OF THE ROOTS
  • Franz Bopp
  • Edited by H.H. Wilson
  • Translated by Edward B. Eastwick
  • Book: A Comparative Grammar of the Sanscrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic Languages
  • Online publication: 04 April 2011
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511704505.004
Available formats
×