Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684899dbb8-ndjvl Total loading time: 0.37 Render date: 2022-05-25T04:52:23.914Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

25 - Conduct disorders in adolescence

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 August 2009

John E. Lochman
Affiliation:
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
Nancy C. Phillips
Affiliation:
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
Heather K. McElroy
Affiliation:
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
Dustin A. Pardini
Affiliation:
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Philip J. Graham
Affiliation:
Institute of Child Health, University College London
Get access

Summary

In this chapter, the nature of conduct disorder and its symptoms will be reviewed briefly, and then an overview of a set of child, family, peer and community risk factors that can predict the emergence of serious antisocial behaviour in youth will be provided. Based on the contextual social–cognitive risk factors that have been implicated in the development of antisocial behaviour, a set of empirically supported cognitive behavioural interventions have been developed for youths from pre-adolescence through to the adolescent age periods. These programmes will be discussed, along with the research indicating their effectiveness.

Conduct disorder

The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) defines conduct disorder (CD) as symptoms consisting of aggressive conduct that threatens physical harm to other people or animals or non-aggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness and theft and serious violations of rules. CD is a repetitive and persistent pattern of behaviour which violates societal norms or the basic rights of others. These serious conduct problems are differentiated from oppositional defiant disorder which represents a recurrent pattern of defiant and disobedient behaviour (see Chapter 13). In the USA, rates of CD are estimated to be in the range of 6–16% for boys and 2–9% for girls (American Psychiatric Association, 1994), and to be more prevalent in boys than girls at a rate of about 3:1 (Kazdin, 1998).

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2004

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

American Psychiatric Association. (1994). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edn. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association
Angold, A. and Costello, E. J. (2001). The epidemiology of disorders of conduct: nosological issues and comorbidity. In J. Hill and B. Maughan (eds.), Conduct Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 126–68
Baden, A. D. and Howe, G. W. (1992). Mothers' attributions and expectancies regarding their conduct-disordered children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 20, 467–85CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barton, C., Alexander, J. F., Waldron, H., Turner, C. W. and Warburton, J. (1985). Generalizing treatment effects of Functional Family Therapy: three replications. American Journal of Family Therapy, 13, 16–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Borduin, C. M., Mann, B. J., Cone, L. T.et al. (1995). Multisystemic treatment of serious juvenile offenders: long-term prevention of criminality and violence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 569–78CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Brestan, E. V. and Eyberg, S. M. (1998). Effective psychosocial treatment of conduct-disordered children and adolescents: 29 years, 82 studies, and 5,272 kids. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 27, 180–9CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dadds, M. R. and Powell, M. B. (1992). The relationship of interparental conflict and global marital adjustment to aggression, anxiety, and immaturity in aggressive and nonclinic children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 19, 553–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dishion, T. J. and Andrews, D. W. (1995). Preventing escalation in problem behavior with high-risk adolescents: immediate and 1-year outcomes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 538–48CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dishion, T. J., McCord, J. and Poulin, F. (1999). When interventions harm: peer groups and problem behavior. American Psychologist, 54, 755–64CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dodge, K. A., Pettit, G. S., McClaskey, C. L. and Brown, M. M. (1986). Social competence in children. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 51, No. 213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dunn, S. E., Lochman, J. E. and Colder, C. R. (1997). Social problem-solving skills in boys with conduct and oppositional disorders. Aggressive Behavior, 23, 457–693.0.CO;2-D>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eddy, J. M. and Chamberlain, P. (2000). Family management and deviant peer association as mediators of the impact of treatment condition on youth antisocial behavior. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 857–63CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fisher, P. A. and Chamberlain, P. (2000). Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care: a program for intensive parenting, family support, and skill building. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 8, 155–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frick, P. J. (1998). Conduct disorders. In T. H. Ollendick and M. Hersen (eds.), Handbook of Child Psychopathology, 3rd edn. New York: Plenum Press, pp. 213–37CrossRef
Gordon, D. A., Graves, K. and Arbuthnot, J. (1995). The effect of functional family therapy for delinquents on adult criminal behavior. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 22, 60–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haapasalo, J. and Tremblay, R. (1994). Physically aggressive boys from ages 6 to 12: family background, parenting behavior, and prediction of delinquency. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 1044–52CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Henggeler, S. W., Melton, G. B. and Smith, L. A. (1992). Family preservation using multisystemic therapy: an effective alternative to incarcerating serious juvenile offenders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 953–61CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kazdin, A. E. (1998). Conduct disorder. In R. J. Morris and T. R. Kratochwill (eds.), The Practice of Child Therapy, 3rd edn. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, pp. 199–230
Kazdin, A. E., Siegal, T. C. and Bass, D. (1992). Cognitive problem-solving skills training and parent management training in the treatment of antisocial behavior in children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 733–47CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kellam, S. G., Xiange, L., Mersica, R., Brown, C. H. and Ialongo, N. (1998). The effect of the level of aggression in the first grade classroom on the course and malleability of aggressive behavior into middle school. Development and Psychopathology, 10, 165–85CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Klein, N. C., Alexander, J. F. and Parsons, B. V. (1977). Impact of family systems intervention on recidivism and sibling delinquency: a model of primary prevention and program evaluation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 45, 469–74CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kupersmidt, J. B., Griesler, P. C., DeRosier, M. E., Patterson, C. J. and Davis, P. W. (1995). Childhood aggression and peer relations in the context of family and neighborhood factors. Child Development, 66, 360–75CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lochman, J. E. (1992). Cognitive-behavioral interventions with aggressive boys: three-year follow-up and preventive effects. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 426–32CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lochman, J. E. and Wayland, K. K. (1994). Aggression, social acceptance, and race as predictors of negative adolescent outcomes. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 33, 1026–35CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lochman, J. E. and Wells, K. C. (2002a). Contextual social-cognitive mediators and child outcome: a test of the theoretical model in the Coping Power Program. Development and Psychopathology, 14, 971–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lochman, J. E. and Wells, K. C. (2002b). The Coping Power Program at the middle school transition: universal and indicated prevention effects. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 16, S40–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lochman, J. E., Burch, P. R., Curry, J. F. and Lampon, L. B. (1984). Treatment and generalization effects of cognitive behavioural and goal setting interventions with aggressive boys. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 52, 915–16CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lochman, J. E., Dane, H. E., Magee, T. N., Ellis, M., Pardini, D. A. and Clanton, N. R. (2001). Disruptive behavior disorders: assessment and intervention. In H. B. Vance and A. J. Pumareiega (eds.), Clinical Assessment of Child and Adolescent Behaviour. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc, pp. 231–62
Lochman, J. E., Dunn, S. E. and Wagner, E. E. (1997). Anger. In G. Bear, K. Minke and A. Thomas (eds.), Children's Needs II. Washington, DC: National Association of School Psychology, pp. 149–60
Lochman, J. E., Wayland, K. K. and White, K. K. (1993). Social goals: relationship to adolescent adjustment and to social problem solving. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 21, 135–51CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Loeber, R., Burke, J. D. and Lahey, B. (2002). What are adolescent antecedents to antisocial personality disorder?Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 12, 24–36CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Matthys, W., Van de Wiel, N., Maassen, G. and Van Engeland, H. (2001). The Effect of Manualized Parent Training and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with Referred Conduct Disordered Children. Paper presented at the 10th Scientific Meeting of the International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Miller-Johnson, S., Coie, J. D., Maumary-Gremaud, A., Lochman, J. E. and Terry, R. (1999). Relationship between childhood peer rejection and aggression and adolescent delinquency severity and type among African American youth. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 7, 137–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Adolescence-limited and life-course persistent antisocial behavior: a developmental taxonomy. Psychology Review, 100, 674–701CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Myers, M. G., Stewart, D. G. and Brown, S. A. (1998). Progression from conduct disorder to antisocial personality disorder following treatment for adolescent substance abuse. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 479–85CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pakasiahti, L., Asplund-Peltola, R. and Keltlkangas-Jarvinen, L. (1996). Parents' social problem solving strategies in families with aggressive and nonaggressive boys. Aggressive Behavior, 22, 345–563.0.CO;2-I>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pardini, D. A., Lochman, J. E. and Frick, P. J. (2003). Callous/unemotional traits and social cognitive processes in adjudicated youth. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 364–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vitaro, F., Brendgen, M., Pagani, L., Tremblay, R. E. and McDuff, P. (1999). Disruptive behavior, peer association, and conduct disorder: testing the developmental links through early intervention. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 287–304CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Weiss, B., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E. and Petit, G. S. (1992). Some consequences of early harsh discipline: child aggression and maladaptive social information processing style. Child Development, 63, 1321–35CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×