Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684899dbb8-gbqfq Total loading time: 0.401 Render date: 2022-05-20T02:26:18.129Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

22 - Rabies virus

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 December 2009

Goura Kudesia
Affiliation:
Sheffield Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Tim Wreghitt
Affiliation:
Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge
Get access

Summary

The virus

Rabies virus belongs to the family Rhabdoviridae.

Epidemiology

Route of spread

Rabies is a zoonotic disease that is transmitted from animals (particularly dogs, foxes, wolves, jackals, monkeys and bats) to man. Infection can be transmitted from a bite or scratch via a puncture wound through the skin, or through a lick on an open wound or sore.

Prevalence

Rabies occurs in every region of the world, but there are some countries, such as the UK, Hawaii, Panama and Australia, that have eradicated the infection. Rabies is common in India, Russia, Africa, the Phillipines, Central Europe, China and Japan. Rabies can be reintroduced into countries that have eradicated it, so it is always wise to check if it is present in countries you are visiting (so you can be aware of the risk and the need for prophylactic rabies vaccine).

Incubation period

The incubation period in man is usually 1–3 months, but it can be as short as 10 days and as long as 2 years, following exposure. The incubation period in the dog is usually from 14 to 60 days, but it may be much longer.

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2009

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×