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CHAPTER 3 - Taxation

Render unto Caesar and the Local Elites

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 October 2019

Anthony Keddie
Affiliation:
University of British Columbia, Vancouver
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Summary

Chapter 3 addresses taxation in Early Roman Palestine. It divides taxes into direct taxes (tributes), which were levied by the imperial state, and indirect taxes (tolls, customs duties, sales taxes, etc.), which were more often organized at the provincial and municipal levels. The structure of direct taxation changed repeatedly in the different regions of Early Roman Palestine. In general, the rates of Roman direct taxes were relatively low compared to those of other fiscal regimes. Moreover, censuses brought some regulation to the collection of taxes and thus helped to prevent abuses by officials. While direct taxes were transmitted to Rome, their collection was supervised by councils of local elites. For many Judaeans, indirect taxes were much more exacting. These taxes were levied by local elites and collected, often with little regulation, by tax-farmers and their agents. In addition to their political and economic power over the institutions of taxation, local elites were also involved in market oversight.

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Class and Power in Roman Palestine
The Socioeconomic Setting of Judaism and Christian Origins
, pp. 111 - 151
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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  • Taxation
  • Anthony Keddie, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
  • Book: Class and Power in Roman Palestine
  • Online publication: 03 October 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108656757.004
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  • Taxation
  • Anthony Keddie, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
  • Book: Class and Power in Roman Palestine
  • Online publication: 03 October 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108656757.004
Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Taxation
  • Anthony Keddie, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
  • Book: Class and Power in Roman Palestine
  • Online publication: 03 October 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108656757.004
Available formats
×