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4 - The Chinese State and the Politics of Diaspora, 1860s–1940s

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2020

Steven B. Miles
Affiliation:
Washington University, St Louis
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Summary

Chapter 4 examines the politicization of diaspora, that is, the ways in which successive Chinese states made claim upon Chinese overseas, seeking to mobilize overseas Chinese for the cause of the Chinese nation. Concomitant with these efforts was the emergence of a concept of the overseas Chinese, or the Chinese diaspora, as a coherent, ideally unified population. The chapter traces the role of Chinese reformers, revolutionaries, and students in politicizing Chinese in diaspora. It also shows how Chinese states sought to coopt or create such diasporic institutions as native-place associations, schools, and chambers of commerce. The chapter asserts that World War II, known to Chinese as the War of Resistance against Japan, was an important “diasporic moment” in which overseas Chinese channeled resources for the nation. The chapter culminates by introducing the work of the early twentieth-century Chinese sociologist Chen Da, showing how his study of emigrant communities in China sought to answer the question of how Chinese migration affected the Chinese nation.

Type
Chapter
Information
Chinese Diasporas
A Social History of Global Migration
, pp. 136 - 167
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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References

For Further Exploration

Cassel, Pär Kristoffer. Grounds of Judgment: Extraterritoriality and Imperial Power in Nineteenth-Century China and Japan. Oxford University Press, 2012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chan, Shelly. Diaspora’s Homeland: Modern China in the Age of Global Migration. Duke University Press, 2018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chen, Ta. Emigrant Communities in South China: A Study of Overseas Migration and Its Influence on Standards of Living and Social Change. Institute of Pacific Relations, 1940.Google Scholar
Duara, Prasenjit. “Nationalists among Transnationals: Overseas Chinese and the Idea of China, 1900–1911.” In Nonini, Donald M. and Ong, Aihwa, eds., Ungrounded Empires: The Cultural Politics of Modern Chinese Transnationalism (Routledge, 1997), 3960.Google Scholar
Fitzgerald, John. Big White Lie: Chinese Australians in White Australia. UNSW Press, 2007.Google Scholar
Lew-Williams, Beth. The Chinese Must Go: Violence, Exclusion, and the Making of the Alien in America. Harvard University Press, 2018.Google Scholar
Teoh, Karen M. Schooling Diaspora: Women, Education, and the Overseas Chinese in British Malaya and Singapore, 1850s–1960s. Oxford University Press, 2018.Google Scholar
Yun, Lisa. The Coolie Speaks: Chinese Indentured Laborers and African Slaves of Cuba. Temple University Press, 2008.Google Scholar

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