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Chapter 21 - Pyloric Stenosis

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 November 2019

Adam C. Adler
Affiliation:
Texas Children's Hospital
Arvind Chandrakantan
Affiliation:
Texas Children's Hospital
Ronald S. Litman
Affiliation:
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
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Summary

This chapter provides a review of anesthetic considerations for children with pyloric stenosis. The disease presentation, genetics and risk factors for pyloric stenosis are presented. The chapter provides detailed analysis of the preoperative work-up and considerations, reviews neonatal dehydration and provides the relevant anesthetic considerations for this surgical group.

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Chapter
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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References

Suggested Reading

Cook-Sather, SD, Tulloch, HV, Cnaan, A, et al. A comparison of awake versus paralyzed tracheal intubation for infants with pyloric stenosis. Anesth Analg. 1998;86(5):945–51. PMID: 9585274.Google ScholarPubMed
Graham, KA, Laituri, CA, Markel, TA, et al. A review of postoperative feeding regimens in infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. J Pediatr Surg. 2013;48(10):2175–9. PMID: 24094977.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kamata, M, Cartabuke, RS, Tobias, JD. Perioperative care of infants with pyloric stenosis. Paediatr Anaesth. 2015;25(12):1193–206. PMID: 26490352.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pandya, S, Heiss, K. Pyloric stenosis in pediatric surgery: an evidence-based review. Surg Clin North Am. 2012;92(3):527–39. PMID: 22595707.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ranells, JD, Carver, JD, Kirby, RS. Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis: epidemiology, genetics, and clinical update. Adv Pediatr. 2011;58(1):195206. PMID: 21736982.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sola, JE, Neville, HL. Laparoscopic vs open pyloromyotomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Pediatr Surg. 2009;44(8):1631–7. PMID: 19635317.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

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