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Chapter 7 - Anesthesia Care for the Premature Infant

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 November 2019

Adam C. Adler
Affiliation:
Texas Children's Hospital
Arvind Chandrakantan
Affiliation:
Texas Children's Hospital
Ronald S. Litman
Affiliation:
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
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Summary

In this chapter, the authors discuss numerous anesthetic considerations related to the care for the premature infant. A host of topics associated with prematurity are reviewed including bronchopulmonary dysplasia, pulmonary hypertension, apnea of prematurity, retinopathy of prematurity, cerebral palsy, neonatal hypoglycemia, hypothermia and acidosis, necrotizing enterocolitis and the performance of neonatal spinal anesthetics.

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Chapter
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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References

Suggested Reading

Bax, M, Goldstein, M, Rosenbaum, P, et al. Proposed definition and classification of cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2005;47(8):571–6. PMID: 16108461.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davidson, AJ, Morton, NS, Arnup, SJ, et al. Apnea after awake regional and general anesthesia in infants. Anesthesiology. 2015;123(1):5565. PMID: 26001028.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kidokoro, H, Andersen, PJ, Doyle, LW, et al. Brain injury and altered brain growth in preterm infants: predictors and prognosis. Pediatrics. 2014;134(2):e444–53. PMID: 25070300.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Taneja, B, Srivastava, V, Saxena, K. Physiological and anesthetic considerations for the preterm neonate undergoing surgery. J Neonatal Surg. 2012;1(1):14. PMID: 26023373.Google ScholarPubMed

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