Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-8kt4b Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-19T10:00:32.944Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

VI - The Exposition and Exegesis of Scripture

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 March 2008

G. W. H. Lampe
University of Cambridge
Dom Jean Leclercq
Pontifical Institute S. Anselm, Rome
Beryl Smalley
St Hilda’s College, Oxford
Erwin I. J. Rosenthal
University of Cambridge
Get access



The ways in which the Bible was interpreted by the Church of the first six centuries had already been partly determined by the Christian communities of the apostolic age itself. From the earliest stage to which the tradition of the Church can be traced, the Scriptures of the Old Testament had been interpreted as a book about Christ. The decisive act of God in human history had taken place; the Gospel events stood as the central and focal point of God's dealings with mankind. The promises to Israel, and the long chain of events in which, according to the Scriptures, these promises were worked out in divine judgements and in saving acts of mercy and deliverance, had reached their fulfilment in the life, death and Resurrection of Christ. This fulfilment could only be apprehended as such in the light of the ancient promises and the entire course of Israel's history, as this had been interpreted in the prophetic-historical tradition of the Old Testament. Conversely, the Scriptures could be rightly understood only when they were seen in the new perspective of the age of fulfilment which had now dawned. God had so acted in Christ that the focal point of history, which gave meaning to the whole process, no longer lay in the remote past, in the deliverance from Egypt, the Sinai Covenant and the entry into the Promised Land. A greater exodus had taken place, a new covenant had been established, and the promised age of the Spirit, the last days foretold by the prophets, had now begun.

Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 1969

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Andrieu, M., ‘Les Ordines Romani du haut moyen-âge’, vols. II–V, Spicilegium sacrum lovaniense, fasc. 23, 24, 28, 29 (Louvain, 1948–61).Google Scholar
Ashworth, H., ‘The psalter collects of pseudo-Jerome and Cassiodorus’, in Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, XLV (1963).Google Scholar
Ayuso Marazuela, T., La Vetus latina Hispana, I. Prolegómenos (Madrid, 1953).Google Scholar
Bacher, W., ‘Die Bibelexegese vom Anfang des 10. bis zum Ende des 15. Jahrhunderts’, in Winter, u. Wünsche, Die Jüdische Litteratur…, Band 2 (Trier, 1894).Google Scholar
Bischoff, B., ‘Wendepunkte in der Geschichte der lateinischen Exegese im Frühmittelalter’, Sacris Erudiri, VI (1954).Google Scholar
Brou, L. (ed.), ‘The Psalter Collects’, in Henry Bradshaw Society, vol. LXXXIII (London, 1949).Google Scholar
Camber, K., ‘Codices liturgici latini antiquiores’, Spicilegium friburgense. Subsidia I (Freiburg (Sw.), 1963) (nos. 1001–50) (nos. 1101–1290).Google Scholar
Camber, K., ‘Die kampanische Lektionsordnung’, Sacris Erudiri, XIII (1962).Google Scholar
Camber, K., ‘Oratio ad collectam. Ein beitrag zür römischen Stationsliturgie’ in Ephem. liturg. LXXXII (1968).Google Scholar
Collins, A. Jeflferies, ‘Manuale ad usum percelebris Ecclesiae Sarisburiensis’, in Henry Bradshaw Society, vol. XCl (Chichester, 1960).Google Scholar
Daniélou, J., ‘The Bible and the liturgy’, Liturgical Studies, III, University of Notre-Dame Press, 1956 (London, 1961).Google Scholar
de Gaar, E. Dekkers-Æ, ‘Clavis Patrum latinorum’, in Sacris Erudiri. Jaarloek voor godsdienstwetenschappen, HI (Steenbrugge, 1951).Google Scholar
de Gaiffier, B., ‘La lecture des Actes des martyrs dans la priere liturgique en Occident’, in Analecta Bollandiana, LXXII (1954) –66.Google Scholar
Dijk, S. J. P., ‘Sources of the modern Roman liturgy. The ordinals by Haymo of Faversham and related documents (1243–1307)’, Studia et documenta franciscana, vols. I, II (2 vols. Leiden, 1963).Google Scholar
Diringer, D., The illuminated book. Its history and production (London [1958]).Google Scholar
Dold, A., Eizenhöfer, L., ‘Das irische Palimpsestsakramentar im CLM 14429 der Staatsbibliothek München’, in Texte and Arbeiten 53–4 (Beuron, 1964).Google Scholar
Driver, S. R. and Neubauer, , Ad., The fifty-third chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters. Texts and translations (Oxford, 1876).Google Scholar
Dubois, R., ‘Hatte die römische Messe je eine dreigliedrige Leseordnung?’, in Heiliger Dienst, xvin (Salzburg, 1964) –37.Google Scholar
Dudden, F. H., Gregory the Great: his place in history and thought (London, 1905), II.Google Scholar
Feder, J., Danchin, M., ‘Choix de lecturespour la liturgie dominicale’, in Ephetn. liturg. LXXIX (1965).Google Scholar
Fischer, B., ‘Bibeltext und Bibelreform unter Karl dem Grossen’, Karl der Grosse. Lebenswerk und Nachleben (Düsseldorf, 1965), II.Google Scholar
Frere, W. H., Studies in early Roman liturgy. II. The Roman gospel-lectionary. III. The Roman epistle-lectionary, in Alcuin club collections, nos. XXX, XXXII (Oxford, 1934–5).Google Scholar
Hamman, A., ‘Reflexions sur les lectures patristiques du breviaire’, in Ephem. liturg. LXXIX (1965) –7.Google Scholar
Hänggi, , A.-Pahl, I., Prex eucharistica. Textus e variis liturgiis antiquioribus selecti, Spicilegium friburgense, XII (Freiburg (Sw.), 1968) f. f. f. f., etc. (institution narratives).Google Scholar
Heinemann, I., ‘Die wissenschaftliche Allegoristik des jüdischen Mittelalters’, Hebrew Union College Annual, XXIII (1950–1).Google Scholar
Henderson, W. G., Missale ad usum insignis Ecclesiae Eboracensis, II, in Surtees Society, vol. IX (1874) –52.
Hennig, J., ‘The first chapter of Genesis in the liturgy’, Catholic Biblical Quarterly, X (1948).Google Scholar
Hermann, H., The Bible in art: miniatures, paintings, drawings and sculpture inspired by the Old Testament (London, 1956).Google Scholar
Hesbert, R.-J., Antiphonak Missarum sextuplex (Brussels, 1935), passim (see index).Google Scholar
Hesbert, R.-J., Antiphonale missarum sextuplex…d'après le graduel de Monza et les antiphonaires de Rhenau, du Mont-Blandin, de Compiègne, de Corbie et de Senlis (Brussels, 1935).Google Scholar
Hesbert, R.-J., Corpus antiphonalium officii. I. Manuscripti ‘cursus romanus’. II. Manuscripti ‘cursus monasticus’. III. Invitatoria et antiphonae. Editio critica, Rerum ecclesiasticarum documenta. Series maior. Fontes VII. VIII. IX. (Rome, 1963, 1965, 1968) (to be continued).Google Scholar
Hughes, A. (ed.), ‘Early medieval music up to 1300’, New Oxford history of music (Oxford, 1954).Google Scholar
Jungmann, J. A., Missarum solemnia. Eine genetische Erklärung der römischen Messe (3rd rev. ed. Vienna, 1952); 2 vols. with, under the same title: Nachträge zur 3. Auflage (Freiburg, 1958).Google Scholar
Jungmann, J. A., English transl. by Brunner, F. A., The Mass of the Roman rite. Its origins and development (Missarum solemnia) (2 vols. New York, 1951, 1954).Google Scholar
Jungmann, J. A., Der Gottesdienst der Kirche; auf dem Hintergrund seiner Geschichte kurz erläutert (2nd rev. ed. Tyrolia, 1957). English transl. by Howell, C., Public worship (London, 1957).Google Scholar
Klesser, O., Officium divinum. Inquisitio de originibus Officd divini Romani hodlerni. cursus ecclesiasttci et monastici syntheseos (Heeswijk (Holland), 1966.Google Scholar
Knowles, D., Great Historical Enterprises (London, 1963).Google Scholar
Kunze, G., Die gottesdienstliche Schriftlesung. I. Stand und Aufgaben der Perikopenforschung (Göttingen, 1947); only I vol. published.Google Scholar
Le Roux, R., Aux origines de l'office festif. Les antiennes et les psaumes de matines et de laudes pour noël et le Ier janvier selon les cursus romain et monastique, Études grégoriennes, IV (1961).Google Scholar
Le Roux, R., Etude de l'office dominical et férial. Les répons ‘de psalmis’ pour les matines de épiphanie à la septuagésime selon les cursus romain et monastique, Études grégoriennes, III (1963).Google Scholar
Leclercq, J., ‘Écrits monastiques sur la Bible aux XIe–XIIIe siècles’, Medieval Studies, XV (1953).Google Scholar
Leclercq, J., The love of learning and the desire for God. A study of monastic culture (Fordham University Press, 1961), ch. V: ‘Sacred Learning’ (and: a Mentor Omega Book, New York, 1962).Google Scholar
Leclercq, J., ‘Bible and Gregorian reform’, Concilium, XVII (1966).Google Scholar
Leclercq, J., ‘Écriture sainte: S. Bernard et le 12e siècle monastique’, Dictionnaire de Spiritualité, IV (Paris, 1960), cols..Google Scholar
Leclercq, J., ‘La Bible dans les homélies de S. Bernard sur “Missus est”’, Studi medievali, V (1964).Google Scholar
Loewe, H. and Trend, J. B. (eds.), Isaac Abravanel (Cambridge, 1937).Google Scholar
Loewe, R. J., ‘Herbert of Bosham's Commentary on Jerome's Hebrew Psalter’, Biblica, XXXIV (1953).Google Scholar
Lubac, H., Exégèse médiévale. Les quatre sens de l'Écriture (4 vols. Paris, 1959–64).Google Scholar
McGurk, P., ‘The Irish Pocket Gospel Book’, Sacris Erudiri, VIII (1956).Google Scholar
McNally, R. E., The Bible in the early middle ages, Woodstock Papers no. 4 (The Newman Press, Westminster, Maryland, 1959).Google Scholar
Ohly, F., Hoheliedstudien. Grundzüge zur Auslegung einer Geschichte der Hoheliedauslegung des Abendlandes bis um 1200 (Wiesbaden, 1958).Google Scholar
Oury, G., ‘Psalmum dicere cum Alleluia’, in Ephem. liuirg. LXXIX (1965).Google Scholar
Parsch, P., Das Jahr des Heiles (13th ed. Klosterneuburg, 1947). English transl. by Heidt, W. C., The church's year of grace (5 vols. Collegeville, 1957–8).Google Scholar
Parsch, P., Messerklärung. English transl. The liturgy of the Mass (Collegeville, 1960).Google Scholar
Poznanski, A., Schiloh (Leipzig, 1904).Google Scholar
Poznanski, S., Eliezer of Beaugency's commentaries on Ezekiel and the minor prophets (Warsaw, 1910–13) (German introduction espec.).Google Scholar
Quacquarelli, A., ‘Retorica e liturgia antenicena’, Ricerche patristiche, I (Desclée, 1960).Google Scholar
Ratcliff, E. C., ‘The institution narrative of the Roman Canon Missae’, in Studio patristica. Papers presented to the second international conference on patristic studies…1955 (Berlin, 1957).Google Scholar
Reese, G., Music in the middle ages. With an introduction on the music of ancient times (New York [1940]).Google Scholar
Righetti, M., Manuale di storia liturgica (2nd ed. 4 vols. Milan, 1950–9).Google Scholar
Rosenthal, Erwin I. J., ‘Rashi and the English Bible’, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, XXIX, i (1940).Google Scholar
Rosenthal, Erwin I. J., ‘Don Isaac Abravanel: financier, statesman and scholar’, ibid. XXI, ii (1937).Google Scholar
Rosenthal, Erwin I. J., ‘Sebastian Münster's knowledge and use of Jewish exegesis’, Essays presented to Dr J. H. Hertz, ed. Epstein, I., Levine, E. and Roth, C. (London, 1943).Google Scholar
Rosenthal, Erwin I. J., ‘Edward Lively: Cambridge Hebraist’, Essays and studies presented to Stanley A. Cook, ed. Winton Thomas, D. (London, 1950).Google Scholar
Rosenthal, Erwin I. J., ‘Anti-Christian polemics in medieval Bible commentaries’, Journal of Jewish Studies, XI (1960).Google Scholar
Rosenthal, Erwin I. J., ‘Medieval Jewish exegesis: its character and significance’, Journal of Semitic Studies, IX, 2 (1964).Google Scholar
Rost, H., Die Bibel im Mittelalter (Augsburg, 1939).Google Scholar
Sahlin, M., Etude sur la carole medievale (Uppsala, 1940).Google Scholar
Scholem, G., Major trends in Jewish mysticism3 (London, 1955).Google Scholar
Smalley, B., The study of the Bible in the middle ages (Oxford, 1952).Google Scholar
Smalley, B., English friars and antiquity in the early fourteenth century (Oxford, 1960).Google Scholar
Smalley, B., The study of the Bible in the middle ages2 (Oxford, 1952).Google Scholar
Spicq, P. C., Esquisse d'une histoire de l'exégèse latine au moyen âge (Paris, 1944).Google Scholar
Stablein, B., ‘Zwei Textierungen des Alleluia Christus resurgens in St. Emmeram-Regensburg’, in Organicae voces. Festschrift Joseph Smits van Waesberghe angeboten anldsslich seines So. Geburtstages 28. April 1961, Instituut voor middeleeuwse muziekwetenschap (Amsterdam, 1963) –67.Google Scholar
Stegmüller, F., Repertorium Biblicum Medii Aevi (Madrid, 1949–61), seven volumes, in progress.Google Scholar
Vagaggini, C. and Penco, G., Bibbia e spiritualità (Rome, 1966).Google Scholar
van Dijk, S. J. P., ‘The urban and papal rites in seventh- and eighth-century Rome’, in Sacris Erudvi, XII (1961) –87.Google Scholar
van Waesberghe, J. Smits, ‘Over het ontstaan van sequens en prosula en beider oorspronkelijke uitvoeringswijze’, in Orgaan koninklijke nederlandsche toonkunstenaars/vereeniging xil, feestafl. (September 1957).Google Scholar
Vandenbroucke, F., ‘Sur la lecture chrétienne du psautier au V e siécle’, in Sacris Erudiri, v (1953).Google Scholar
Vrégille, B., ‘Écriture sainte: du 6e au 12e siècle’, Dictionnaire de Spiritualité, V (Paris, 1960), cols..Google Scholar
Willis, G. G., ‘St Augustine's lectionary’, Alcuin club collections, no. XLIV (London, 1962) (contains much information of later date).Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats